lilliumffloclairervroger

ajugareptansvariegata2a3a

Flower. Photo from R. V. Roger

See photo from Growing Tulips

Foliage

Form

Plant Name

Lilium 'Claire' - Asiatic Hybrid in the Lily Register

Common Name

Lily

Soil

Well-drained Sand or Chalk

Sun Aspect

Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun

Soil Moisture

Moist - see Introduction for further planting and cultivation details in the ground and pots. Plant 3, 7 or 11 bulbs in clumps in the ground from December-April.

Plant Type

Herbaceous Bulb

Height x Spread in inches (cms)
(1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet,
3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms)

24 x 10 (60 x 25)

Foliage

Green

Flower Colour in Month(s). Seed

Bright rich clear Red in June-July

Comment

"Lilium Division I (Asiatic hybrids) - These are generally grown for their large, showy flowers. Each bulb will produce several flowers, held on one, sturdy flower stem, above the narrow leaves. There are three types of flowers in this division, upward facing, outward facing and pendant flower.

Carmine rose flowers. Flowering in June. Height: 70cm." from R. V. Roger.

"Set amongst the beautiful Northamptonshire countryside, this 60 acre, private woodland garden (Evenley Wood Garden) offers a huge variety of plants ranging from trees, shrubs and climbers, to a wide selection of bulbs, including a substantial collection of lilies."

Available from R. V. Roger and Growing Tulips with Flowerbulb in America

Problems

"For the average gardener, Asiatic hybrid lilies are perhaps the easiest lilies to grow. Usually pest free, but potential diseases include:

  • (1) lily mosaic virus (prompt control of aphids which vector the disease is highly recommended, since there is no cure once infection occurs);
  • (2) bulb rot (particularly in wet, poorly drained soils); and
  • (3) Botrytis. Plants may need staking if grown in too much shade (stems weaken) or in locations exposed to strong winds.

" from Missouri Botanical Garden

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Single Flower

Single Leaf

Fruit

 

HIPPEASTRUM AND LILY BULB GALLERY PAGES
Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction

 

FLOWER COLOUR
(o)Bicolour
Blue
(o)Green
(o)Orange
(o)Pink
(o)Purple
(o)Red
Unusual Colours
(o)White
(o)Yellow

FOLIAGE COLOUR
(o)Green
Other Colour

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

HIPPEASTRUM
Species
Cultivars

SEED/BULB COLOUR
Seed/Bulb

BED PICTURES
Garden

LILY DIVISION
(o)I Asiatic Hybrids

(o)II Martagon Hybrids
III Candidum Hybrids
IV American Hybrids
(o)V Longiflorum Hybrids
(o)VI Trumpet Hybrids
(o)VII Oriental Hybrids
(o)VIII Miscellaneous Hybrids
(o)IX Species
(o)Unspecified

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7 Flower Colours per Month in Colour Wheel below in BULB, CORM, RHIZOME and TUBER GALLERY.

Click on Black or White box in Colour of Month.

 

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Besides the above Bulb Flower Colour Comparison Pages, you also have the following Comparison Pages:-
...Bulb Flower Shape -
7 pages of Number of Petals ...... 5 petals,
23 pages of Flower Shape ......... Stars and
7 pages of Natural Arrangements Drumstick

...Bulb Form
-
7 pages of Bulb Form ...Clump-forming
...Bulb Use
-
33 pages of Bulb Use ...Mass Planting,
Groundcover,
Grow in Patio Pot and
Use in Coastal Conditions
...Bulb Preferred Soil

5 pages of Soil preferred by Bulb ...Chalk

BULB, CORM, RHIZOME AND TUBER INDEX - There are over 700 bulbs in the bulb galleries. The respective flower thumbnail, months of flowering, height and width, foliage thumbnail, form thumbnail use and comments are in the relevant index page below:-
(o): A
(o): B
(o): C
(o): D
(o): E
(o): F
(o): G
(o): H
(o): I
....: J
....: K
(o): L
(o): M
(o): N
(o): O
(o): P
....: Q
....: R
(o): S
(o): T
....: U
(o): V
....: W
(o): XYZ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lilium INDEX link to Bulb Description Page

Flower Colour with Flower Thumbnail

Flowering Months

Form Thumbnail
and

Mat,
Cushion,
Spreading,
Clump,
Stemless,
Upright
as its form

Height x Width in inches (cms) -
1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot,
36 inches = 3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms

Seed Head Thumbnail

Soil

Sun Aspect

Soil Moisture

Foliage Colour
with Foliage Thumbnail

Bulb Use

Comments

Above all, it must be remembered that lilies do not like wet feet; they must have good drainage. The lily bulb is never completely dormant. Lilies like to have their feet in the shade and their heads in the sun. This shade can be provided by shrubs or perennials.

I Asiatic Hybrid Lilies
Lilies come mainly from the temperate woodlands of the Northern Hemisphere; therefore, they do not like dry heat.They are usually found growing near shrubs and other plants that shade their roots and keep the bulbs cool and moist. Lilies come in a huge variety of colors, shapes and sizes and can be grown both indoors and out. Some have strict soil requirements while others can be grown in ordinary garden soil. Lilies bloom from mid-spring to early fall depending upon the variety. Most Lilies are excellent cut flowers, each blossom often living for up to 8 days. However, when cutting for indoors, make sure to leave as much of the stem and leaves on the plant as possible in order to store food for the next year's flowers.
See Introduction for further planting and cultivation details in the ground and pots. Plant 3, 7 or 11 bulbs in clumps in the ground from December-April.

"The most important part of any bulb is the basal plate, upon which the scales are arranged.The scales themselves are modified leaves that are used for storage. Unlike a tulip or narcissus, the bulbs of Liliums must be handled with care. When lifting and dividing, for example, it pays to take extra care, especially with the species that produce stoloniferous roots. These roots are able to form new bulbs along their length, often developing at some distance from the original planting location.
Lilies should be planted to a depth that corresponds to twice the height of the bulb. Thus a bulb that is 4 inch (10cms) from top to bottom should be planted with 8 inches (20 cms) of soil on top.The only exception to this is Lilium candidum, which should always be planted close to soil level, burying it only 0.5 or 1 inch (1.25-25 cms) deep. This is because this species produces a rosette or tuft of leaves at soil level which remains green. It prefers to be planted where it will enjoy some shade during the hottest part of the day." from Bulbs Volume II, I-Z by John E. Bryan. Published by Timber Press in 1989. ISBN 0-88192-101-7.

Lilium Division I (Asiatic hybrids) - These are generally grown for their large, showy flowers. Each bulb will produce several flowers, held on one, sturdy flower stem, above the narrow leaves. There are three types of flowers in this division, upward facing, outward facing and pendant flower.

Problems
"For the average gardener, Asiatic hybrid lilies are perhaps the easiest lilies to grow. Usually pest free, but potential diseases include:

  • (1) lily mosaic virus (prompt control of aphids which vector the disease is highly recommended, since there is no cure once infection occurs);
  • (2) bulb rot (particularly in wet, poorly drained soils); and
  • (3) Botrytis. Plants may need staking if grown in too much shade (stems weaken) or in locations exposed to strong winds.

Lilium 'Apollo'
 

Yellow, red-speckled
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Upward-facing flowers

June, July
 

Clump and Erect.
6 petal, star-shaped flowers in a bunch

24 x 20
(60 x 50)
Space 18 inches (45 cms) apart.

Well-drained Sand, Chalk.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist

Green

Particularly well suited to growing in pots as this is a very sturdy variety.
Grow amongst low groundcover in the middle of the bed to allow its flowers in the sun and its roots shaded by the surrounding groundcover

Set amongst the beautiful Northampton-shire countryside, this 60 acre, private woodland garden (Evenley Wood Garden) offers a huge variety of plants ranging from trees, shrubs and climbers, to a wide selection of bulbs, including a substantial collection of lilies.

Lilium 'Cancun'

 

Golden yellow flowers edged in Orange-Red
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Upward-facing flowers

June, July

Clump.
6 petal, star-shaped flowers in a bunch

40 x 10 (100 x 25).
Space
18 inches (45 cms) apart.

Well-drained Sand, Chalk.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist

Narrow, lance-shaped Green

Excellent for bedding. Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
They can be forced into flower to provide good pot plants.

Lilium Division I (Asiatic hybrids) - These are generally grown for their large, showy flowers. Each bulb will produce several flowers, held on one, sturdy flower stem, above the narrow leaves. There are 3 types of flowers in this division,
upward facing, outward facing and pendant flower.

Lilium 'Citronella'
(Lily 'Citronella', Asiatic lily 'Citronella')
 

Black or Red-spotted, bright Yellow with recurved petals

lilliumcflocitronellarvroger1
 

Dowward-facing flowers

June, July

Erect.
Very Fragrant,
6 petal, helmet-shaped flowers in a bunch

48 x 20
(120 x 50)

Well-drained Sand, Chalk.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist

Linear, spirally-arranged, Green leaves

Excellent for bedding. Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
They can be forced into flower to provide good pot plants.

This is a robust erect variety and is one of the easiest varieties to grow.

Lilium 'Claire'
- Asiatic Hybrid in the Lily Register

Red

lilliumcfloclairervroger1
 

June, July

6 petal, helmet-shaped flowers in a bunch

24 x 10
(60 x 25)

Well-drained Sand, Chalk.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist

Green

Use for bedding. Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
They can be forced into flower to provide good pot plants.

What is Garden Flowers for Everyone?

Lilium Cote 'd'Azur'
(Asiatic Lily 'Cote d'Azur')

Fuchsia-Pink

lilliumcflocotedazurrvroger

June, July

6 petal, star-shaped flowers in a bunch

40 x 20
(100 x 50) (Space 9-12 inches (22.5-30 cms) apart)

Well-drained Sand, Chalk.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist

Linear, spirally-arranged, glossy, dark Green with erect stems

Another superb variety for planting in pots as it only gets 45-60cm (18-24”) high and has many flowers per stem.
Use for bedding.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
They can be forced into flower to provide good pot plants.

Upward facing variety with deep rosy-pink flowers, lightly spotted towards the centre.

Lilium
'Fata Morgana
'
(Lily)

Yellow, Maroon spots

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June

6 petal, star-shaped, Upward-facing, double flowers in a bunch

24-36 x 12-18 (60-90 x 30-45)

Well-drained Sand, Chalk.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist

Green

Use for bedding.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
They can be forced into flower to provide good pot plants.

Plant next to Phygelius x rectus 'Moonraker' to provide a stunning combination of Yellows.

An unusual semi-double variety, with many attributes - the flowers are a lovely golden-yellow, very long lasting and the plants are vigorous and sturdy. Highly recommended.

Lilium 'Gironde'
(Gironde Lily)

Golden-Yellow

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June, July, August

6 petal, star-shaped flowers in a spike

24-60 x 12 (60-150 x 30)

Well-drained Acidic Sand.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun and Part Shade.
Moist

Green

It is great for growing in containers and for cutting.

Use for bedding.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
They can be forced into flower to provide good pot plants.

It is quite disease resistant

Lilium
'Gran Paradiso
'
(Lily 'Gran Paradiso')
- Asiatic Hybrid in the Lily Register

Deep Red upward-facing

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June, July

Clump.
6 petal, helmet-shaped flowers in a spike

40-44 x 20 (100-110 x 50)

Well-drained Sand, Chalk.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist

Clump-forming Green leaves

Use for bedding.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
They can be forced into flower to provide good pot plants.

Rich vermillion red flowers which really stand out - the petals are slightly pointed and there is some spotting. Blooms in 90 days from planting

Lilium 'Kingdom'
(Lily)

White upward facing

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June, July

6 petal, helmet-shaped flowers in a spike

38 x 18
(95 x 45)

Well-drained Acidic Sand.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist

Green

It is great for growing in containers and for cutting.

Use for bedding.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
It can be forced into flower to provide good pot plants in a cool greenhouse or on the patio.

It is quite disease resistant with compact growth.

Lilium
'King Pete
'
(Lily) - Asiatic Hybrid in the Lily Register

Lemon-Yellow with Brown freckles, outward-facing

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June, July

Clump.
6 petal, helmet-shaped flowers in a spike

32 x 12
(80 x 30)

Well-drained Sand, Chalk.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist

Erect Green leaves

Use for bedding.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
They can be forced into flower to provide good pot plants in a cool greenhouse or on the patio.

Bred in 1977, this is one of the few outward-facing varieties in this group. Strong stems and rich golden yellow flowers, slightly darker in the centre and lightly covered with small chocolate brown spots.
Plant 3, 7 or 11 bulbs in clumps in the ground from December-April.

Lilium 'Lennox'
(Lily) - Asiatic Hybrid in the Lily Register

White

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June, July

6 petal, trumpet-shaped flowers in a spike

30 x 12
(75 x 30)

Well-drained Sand, Chalk.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist

Green

Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
They can be forced into flower to provide good pot plants in a cool greenhouse or on the patio.
It tends to be leggy, with a typical clearance of 12 inches (30 cms) from the ground, and should be underplanted with lower-growing perennials.

It grows at a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 10 years.

This perennial does best in full sun to partial shade. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This plant can be propagated by multiplication of the underground bulbs.

Lilium 'Lollypop'
(Lily) - Asiatic Hybrid in the Lily Register

Outward-facing, bright Pink flowers with creamy-white speckled throats

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June, July

6 petal, star-shaped flowers in a spike

32 x 12
(80 x 30)

Well-drained Sand, Chalk.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist

Linear, Dark Green leaves

Use for bedding.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
They can be forced into flower to provide good pot plants in a cool greenhouse or on the patio.

A fun, upward facing variety with creamy white flowers, with the appearance that each petal has been dipped in pink paint. Most suited to pots where the wonderful flowers can be really seen.

Lilium 'Montreux'
(Lily) - Asiatic Hybrid in the Lily Register

Upward-facing Dusky Pink , which does not fade or attract birds!

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June, July

Clump.
6 petal, star-shaped flowers in a spike

36 x 20
(90 x 50)

Well-drained Sand, Chalk.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist

Erect and Green leaves

Use for bedding.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
They can be forced into flower to provide good pot plants in a cool greenhouse or on the patio.

Sow seed as soon as ripe in containers in cold frame, or germinate indoors under lights at 65-70ºF/18-21ºC in spring. Remove scales, offsets, or bulbets from dormant bulbs as soon as the foliage dies down, or detach stem bulbils (where these are produced) in late summer.

They'll gradually spread once established, forming bigger and better clumps with each succeeding season.

Lilium
'Orange County
'
(Lily)

Orange

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Great for growing in containers and for cutting and is quite disease resistant.

June, July

6 petal, helmet-shaped flowers in a spike

38 x 18
(95 x 45)

Well-drained Acidic Sand.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun and Part Shade.
Moist

Green

Use for bedding.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
They can be forced into flower to provide good pot plants in a cool greenhouse or on the patio.
Asiatic lilies bloom in early summer, about 1 month before Oriental hybrids, with a different bloom style and color.

Asiatic hybrids were derived from a species that originated in Asia. They bloom in early summer, usually flowering for over a month. Their 4- to 6-inch (10-15 cms) blossoms, which may face up, out, or down, come in shades of red, orange, yellow, pink, lavender, and white. The plants produce compact growth and range from 24 to 60 inches (60-150 cms) high. They are great for growing in containers and for cutting and are quite disease resistant.

Lilium 'Prunotto'
(Lily)

Bright Red

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June, July, August

6 petal, helmet-shaped flowers in a spike

36 x 12
(90 x 30)

Well-drained Acidic Sand.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist

Dark Green

Use for bedding.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
They can be forced into flower to provide good pot plants in a cool greenhouse or on the patio.

Asiatic lilies bloom in early summer, about 1 month before Oriental hybrids, with a different bloom style and color.

Lilium 'Rosella's Dream'
(Lily)

Cream with Pink tips

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June, July, August

6 petal, star-shaped flowers in a spike

24-48 x 18 (60-120 x 45)

Well-drained Acidic Sand.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun and Part Shade.
Moist

Green

Use for bedding.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
They can be forced into flower to provide good pot plants in a cool greenhouse or on the patio.

A cream with pink tips lily which is great for growing in containers and for cutting; and is quite disease resistant.

I Dwarf Asiatic Hybrid Lilies
Asiatic hybrids were derived from a species that originated in Asia. They bloom in early summer, usually flowering for over a month. Their 4- to 6-inch (10-15 cms) blossoms, which may face up, out, or down, come in shades of red, orange, yellow, pink, lavender, and white. The plants produce compact growth and range from 2 to 5 feet (60-150 cms) high. They are great for growing in containers and for cutting and are quite disease resistant.
Short ones are easy in pots.
Asiatic lilies bloom in early summer, about 1 month before Oriental hybrids, with a different bloom style and color.
Asiatic Lilies are easy, dependable perennials that put on a great show in the early summer border. This is one of the dwarf Pixie series, bred originally for their compact habit in containers, but equally as unique and useful in the garden. Plants look their best when massed together in groups towards the front of the border, but are equally at home in the rock garden. Flowers are large, upfacing soft sorbet-orange trumpets, colourful but lacking in fragrance. Excellent for cutting.

Lilium
'Buff Pixie
'
(Lily) - Dwarf Asiatic Hybrid in the Lily Register

Soft Buff Orange

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June, July

6 petal, helmet-shaped flowers in a dome

16-20 x 10-12 (40-50 x 25-30)

Well-drained Acidic Sand.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun and Part Shade.
Moist

Mid-Green

These vibrant lilies are short and sturdy, perfect for pots and flower beds.
Use for bedding or massed together towards the front of the bed or in
the Rock Garden.
Excellent Cut flower.
They can be forced into flower to provide good pot plants in a cool greenhouse or on the patio.

"On the landscaped six acre plot, over 2000 named varieties are grown spanning all nine divisions of the genus lilium, with up to 30,000 seedlings in various stages of growth." from The Lily Nook.

Lilium
'Butter Pixie
'
Lily) - Dwarf Asiatic Hybrid in the Lily Register

Large upturned
Golden Yellow

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June, July

6 petal, trumpet or star shaped flowers in a dome with no fragrance

12-18 x 10-12 (30-45 x 25-30)

Well-drained Acidic Sand , or "they can be planted in deep containers, using loam-based compost, such as John Innes Number 2.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun and Part Shade.
Moist

Leaves alternate and Mid-Green

Butter Pixie lily, along with other dwarf Asiatic lilies, were bred for their compact growth habit in containers and offer no fragrance. The Butter Pixie is perfect for accents,
bedding in beds and
rock gardens. Plant in multiples or
mass plantings for a greater effect.
The Pixie series is the perfect size for small gardens or narrow borders.
Cut flower.
They can be forced into flower to provide good pot plants in a cool greenhouse or on the patio.

Growing the Butter Pixie and other dwarf Asiatic lilies is quite easy. Plant the bulbs in fall or spring approximately 6 inches deep in organic rich soil. Best if planted in the ground or in containers with well draining soil in groupings of 3 or more bulbs. If planting in clay soil that will stay damp during winter, it would be best to plant the bulbs slightly higher as they do not tolerate wet or soggy soil (with a handful of sand under each bulb). After blooming, cut the stems down to no less than half for the fall and winter duration. This will allow the bulbs to absorb necessary nutrients back in for hibernation. The pixie lilies are fast multipliers and will need to be dug and divided every 3 or so years.

Lilium
'Ceb Crimson
'
(Lily) - Dwarf Asiatic Hybrid

Upturned, Deep Crimson

lilliumcflocebcrimsongeetee1a

June, July

6 petal,
star shaped flowers in a dome with no fragrance

14 x 8
(35 x 20)
Well-drained Acidic Sand , or "plant in deep containers, using John Innes Number 2.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun and Part Shade.
Moist

Mid-Green

Use for bedding, speciman and
in Rock Gardens.
Cut flower with no fragrance.
Plant in multiples or
mass plantings for a greater effect.
They can be forced into flower to provide good pot plants in a cool greenhouse or on the patio.

Asiatic Lilies are easy, dependable perennials that put on a great show in the early summer border. This is one of the dwarf Pixie series, bred originally for their compact habit in containers, but equally as unique and useful in the garden. Plants look their best when massed together in groups towards the front of the border, but are equally at home in the rock garden. Flowers are large, upfacing trumpets, colourful but lacking in fragrance. Excellent for cutting.

The Pixie series is the perfect size for small gardens or narrow borders.

Lilium 'Inuvik'
(Lily)

Upturned, Pure White

lilliumcfloinuvikgeetee1a

June, July

6 petal,
star shaped flowers in a spike with no fragrance

16-20 x 10-12 (40-50 x 25-30)
Well-drained Acidic Sand , or "plant in containers, using John Innes No 2. Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun and Part Shade.
Moist

Mid-Green

Use for bedding, speciman and
in Rock Gardens.
Cut flower with no fragrance.
Plant in multiples or
mass plantings for a greater effect.
They can be forced into flower to provide good pot plants in a cool greenhouse or on the patio.

Lilium
'Pink Pixie
'
(Lily) - Dwarf Asiatic Hybrid in the Lily Register

Upturned, Tips clear Pink, Cream to Buff

lilliumcflospinkpixiegeetee1a1

June, July

6 petal,
star shaped flowers in a spike with no fragrance

16-20 x 10-12 (40-50 x 25-30)
Well-drained Acidic Sand , or "plant in containers, using John Innes No 2. Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun and Part Shade.
Moist

Mid-Green

Use for bedding, speciman and
in Rock Gardens.
Cut flower with no fragrance.
Plant in multiples or
mass plantings for a greater effect.
They can be forced into flower to provide good pot plants in a cool greenhouse or on the patio.

Lilium
'Tailor Made
'

Upturned, Bright Orange

lilliumcflostailormadegeetee1a

June, July

6 petal, helmet-shaped flowers in a dome

16-20 x 10-12 (40-50 x 25-30)
Well-drained Acidic Sand , or "plant in containers, using John Innes No 2. Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun and Part Shade.
Moist

Mid-Green

Use for bedding, speciman and
in Rock Gardens.
Cut flower with no fragrance.
Plant in multiples or
mass plantings for a greater effect.
They can be forced into flower to provide good pot plants in a cool greenhouse or on the patio.

II Martagon Hybrid Lilies
Martagon lilies are classic choices for old style gardens. Perfect for the edge of treed woodlots, but as with all bulbs in such areas, protect from tunneling moles, gophers, etc., using wire cages or raised planters with hardware cloth stapled to the bottom as a barrier.
Martagon hybrids are derived from L. Martagon (Martagon Lily; Turk's-Cap Lily). They produce their 2- to 4-inch (5-10 cms), nodding flowers in early summer. The flowers come in white, yellow, orange, tangerine, mahogany, brown, lavender, or lilac. Martagon hybrids can reach heights ranging from 3 to 6 feet (36-72 inches = 90-180 cms).

Lilium x marhan 'Mrs R.O. Backhouse'
(Lily) - Martagon Hybrid (Lilium martagon x Lilium hansonii) in the Lily Register

Down-facing, Golden-Orange flowers speckled with purple dots

lilliumcflomrsrobackhouservroger1a

May, June

6 petal, helmet-shaped flowers in a dome

53 x 8
(132.5 x 20)

Well-drained Sand, Chalk.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist

Green

Frequently used in cottage gardens along with Lilium regale, and in
Woodland edge.
Requires staking.
Speciman plant.
They can be forced into flower to provide good pot plants in a cool greenhouse or on the patio.

The 53 inch tall stalk is topped in June (NC) with lovely pendent, golden-orange flowers that are heavily speckled with purple dots. The buds emerge pink, and the pink color remains on the outside of the petals after opening. Moist soils and cool sites are best.

V Longiflorum Hybrid Lilies
Just like the Asiatic varieties we featured recently, the secret to cultivating lilies successfully is cool soil with good drainage. Choose a spot where the soil will remain cool, for example near shrubs, and ensure the flowerbed is thoroughly dug up. Lilies will struggle to grow if their soil is poor and compacted, as it will stop water from soaking down to the bulb’s deepset roots. A layer of mulch will also aid growth and assist in keeping the soil cool and moist. As long as the soil is cool, Lilium will thrive in a spot that receives light shade to full sun. The sunshine will help the foliage and flowers flourish. Be careful of exposing your potted lilies to full sun though as they prefer to be protected from direct sun and heat.
Longiflorum hybrids, derived from the popular L. longiflorum (Easter Lily), can be grown from zones 6 to 11 and with protection, zone 5. These hybrids produce aromatic, white, trumpet-shaped flowers. They grow to about 3 feet (36 inches = 90 cms) high and bloom in mid-summer, although they can be forced to bloom indoors for Easter.

Lilium formo-sanum var. pricei
'Snow Queen
'
(Easter lily, November Lily, St Joseph Lily)' - Longiflorum Hybrid

Fragrant Creamy-White

lilliumcflosnowqueenrvroger1a

July, August

Clump.
6 petal, helmet-shaped flowers in a dome

40 x 12
(100 x 30)

Well-drained Sand, Chalk.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist

Leafy Green upright stems

They can be forced into flower to provide good pot plants in a cool greenhouse to flower at Easter or on the patio to flower in July or August.
Grow with lower growing perennials to cool their roots and leave the flowers in dappled shade.

A glorious lily which makes the most impressive cut flower - huge long trumpets of the cleanest white and with a wonderful scent to match.

VI Trumpet Hybrid Lilies
Trumpet hybrids were derived from Asiatic species. These Lilies grow from 4 to 6 feet (48-72 inches = 120-180 cms) high and produce large, 6- to 10-inch (15-25 cms) flowers in the summer.
Lilies can be planted at any time from early autumn, to mid-spring. Planting in autumn often helps them settle in and become better established before they start to put on their new spring growth, but spring planting is a better option if your soil is heavy and wet during winter. Choose a sunny spot, preferably where the plant receives a little light shade at its base, and plant each bulb 15-20cm (6-8in) deep in a well-drained soil, enriched with well-rotted organic matter or leaf mould. Space them at approximately 30cm (12") intervals and provide support before the flowers appear. Deadhead the faded blooms promptly and cut the dead stems back to ground level at the end of autumn.

Lilium
'African Queen
'
(Lily) - Trumpet Hybrid in the Lily Register

Fragrant, Burnt-Orange

lilliumcfloafricanqueenrvroger1a

July, August

6 petal, trumpet-shaped flowers in a dome

60 x 12
(150 x 30)
Well-drained Sand, Chalk.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist

Green

It can be planted in deep containers, using loam-based compost, such as John Innes No 2 for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use at edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.

An old favourite (1958) with large, peachy apricot trumpets with a rich scent. It is reliable and looks stunning in the flower border. The buds are often very dark in colour, almost purple.

Lilium
'Golden
Splendour
'
(Trumpet Lily, Trumpet Golden Splendor) - Trumpet Hybrid in the Lily Register

Downward-facing Deepest Gold with a Maroon stripe on the reverse of the petal flowers 6-8 inches long

lilliumcflogoldensplendourrvroger1a1

July, August

6 petal, trumpet-shaped flowers in a dome

48-72 x 12 (120-180 x 30) (Space 18 inches - 45 cms). Well-drained Sand, Chalk.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist

Green

It can be planted in deep containers, using loam-based compost, such as John Innes No 2 for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in middle of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.

Very reliable and tough.

Plant 3, 7 or 11 bulbs in clumps in the ground from December-April.

Lilium 'Pink Perfection'
(Lily)' - Trumpet Hybrid in the Lily Register

Purple-Pink trumpet-shaped flowers with bright Orange anthers

lilliumcflopinkperfectionrvroger1a

June, July

6 petal, trumpet-shaped flowers in a spike
 

80 x 12
(200 x 30)

Well-drained Sand, Chalk.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist

Narrow, Dark green leaves

Choose a sunny site where the plant can catch a little afternoon shade, this will preserve the colour of the petals and the flowers will last longer.

It can be planted in deep containers, using loam-based compost, such as John Innes No 2 for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in middle and edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.

An excellent, showy flower that provides color, contrast and good architectural height in summer to the perennial border. Plant in groups near the patio and enjoy the fragrance when sitting outside on summer evenings.

It has deep pink, heavily scented flowers. The flowers can reach up to 15cm (6”) across and there can be up to 3 dozen per stem.

Goes well with Geranium himalayense 'Gravetye', Iris 'Dusky Challenger', Verbascum phoenicum 'Violetta' and Antirrhinum majus 'Black Prince'.

Lilium 'Regale'
(Regal lily) - Trumpet Hybrid

Extrem-ely scented - especially at night -
White
with a Yellow throat, flushed Purple outside

lilliumcfloregaleplantworld

July

6 petal, trumpet-shaped flowers in a dome

48-60 x 12 (120-150 x 30)
Well-drained Sand, Chalk enriched with leaf mould, or a loam-based potting compost such as John Innes no. 2 for pots.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist

Green

It can be planted in deep containers, using loam-based compost, such as John Innes No 2 for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in middle and edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.

Easy to grow in the flower border, preferring a sunny spot. Mulch in march to protect juvenile growth from frost.

Lilies are best planted in autumn when the bulbs are still plump, but they can still be planted in spring. Between August and March, choose a sunny spot where the plant can keep its feet in the shade. Plant 15-20cm (6-8in) deep in a well-drained soil, enriched with well-rotted organic matter or leaf mould, using a marker to minimise any unnecessary disturbance. Stake with ring stakes or bamboo canes in spring before the flowers appear. Deadhead the faded blooms and cut the stems back to ground level at the end of autumn.

VII Oriental Hybrid Lilies
Oriental hybrids were mostly derived from Lillium auratum and Lillium speciosum. These beautiful plants range in height from 2 to 8 feet. They produce huge flowers up to a foot across. The pleasantly scented blossoms are borne in late summer. They are bowl-shaped with recurving petals. They come in white, pinks, deep reds, and bicolors. These are great for growing in containers, but may need staking because of their size.
Oriental lilies have very large outward facing flowers and are very scented. They need an acid soil.
The bulbs are best planted in autumn while they are still plump. They should go in 2-3 times their own depth and at the equivalent spacing between bulbs. In the border, they enjoy well-drained soil in full sun, with shade at the base. Alternatively they can be planted in deep containers, using loam-based compost, such as John Innes No2.

Lilium 'Acapulco'
(Lily)' - Oriental Hybrid in the Lily Register

Heavily-scented Paspberry-Pink with darker freckles, upward-facing and

lilliumcfloacapulcorvroger1a

July

6 petal, funnel-shaped with recurved petals in a dome

36 x 12
(90 x 30)

Well-drained Acidic Sand, or a loam-based potting compost such as John Innes no. 2 for pots.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist

Lance-shaped , clump-forming, erect Green foliage

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.

It grows at a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 10 years.

It tends to be leggy, with a typical clearance of 12 inches (30 cms) from the ground, and should be underplanted with lower-growing perennials. The flower stalks may require staking in exposed sites or excessively rich soils.

Lilium 'Arena'
(Gold Band Lily) - Oriental Hybrid in the Lily Register

Very fragrant White petals with a Yellow central band that turns into Raspberry-Red at the outer points of the petal

lilliumcfloarenarvroger

July, August

6 petal, helmet-shaped flowers in a dome

44 x 8
(110 x 20)

Well-drained Acidic Sand, or a loam-based potting compost such as John Innes no. 2 for pots.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist

Green

(24 inches - 60 cms - high in years 1 and 2,
36 inches high - 90 cms - in year 3)

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.

Lily bulbs & bulbils are never really dormant, not even in winter, & they do not store well, so should be planted right away, usually around mid to late October.

Cut flowers when the first flower is first opening. The flower lasts from 5-9 days in the vase. Pull the pollen sacks off when the flower opens to keep pollen from staining linens beneath the vase. If pollen should get on clothes or linens, let it dry before wiping it off. If wiped when wet, the pollen will stain.
To grow lilies well, mulch with composted manures or compost and shredded bark to keep the roots cool while adding humus to the soil.

Lilium 'Barbaresco'
(Lily) - Oriental Hybrid in the Lily Register

Fragrant, upward-facing, deep reddish pink flowers with light spotting

lilliumcflot9barbaresco1a

June

6 petal, star-shaped flowers in a dome

36-48 x 7-12 (90-120 x 17.5-30)
Well-drained Acidic Sand, or a loam-based potting compost such as John Innes no. 2 for pots.
Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist

Green

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.

May need staking.

Lilium 'Bergamo'
(Lily) - Oriental Hybrid in the Lily Register

Sweetly fragrant Pink with Yellow markings

lilliumcflobergamotrvroger1a

July, August

6 petal,
bowl-shaped flowers in a spike

48-52 x 9-12 (120-130 x 22.5-30)
Well-drained Acidic Sand, or John Innes no. 2 for pots.
Roots in the shade, flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist

Green

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.

Forcing time is 105 days from planting to flowering.

May need staking.

Lilium
'Black Beauty
'
(Lily) - Oriental Hybrid in the Lily Register

Very dark Red, centre Green

lilliumcflobergamotrvroger1a1

July, August

6 tepal,
helmet-shaped flowers in a spike

48-72 x 12 (120-180 x 30)
Well-drained Acidic Sand, or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flow-ers in the Full Sun. Moist

Green

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.

Fragrant, flowers (to 3 inches = 7.5 cms) have distinctively reflexed tepals with thin white edges, protruding anthers and small green centers.
This is a floriferous mid-summer bloomer (20-50 blooms per mature plant). Good fresh cut flower.

Lilium
'Casa Blanca
'
(Lily)' - Oriental Hybrid in the Lily Register

White, pollen orange-brown

lilliumcflocasablancarvroger1a

July, August

6 tepal,
helmet-shaped flowers in a spike

36-48 x 6 (90-120 x 15)
Well-drained Acidic Sand, or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flow-ers in the Full Sun. Moist

Leaves alternate, dark Green

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.

Space them at approximately 30cm (12") intervals and provide support before the flowers appear.
The flowers are very strongly scented and are produced in abundant numbers.

Lilium 'Cobra'
(Lily)' - Oriental Hybrid

Magenta, White
margins

lilliumcflocobrageetee1a

July, August

6 tepal,
bowl-shaped flowers in a spike

48 x 12
(120 x 30)
Well-drained Acidic Sand, or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flow-ers in the Full Sun. Moist

Linear, spirally-arranged, dark Green leaves.
Bulbils appear in the leaf axils

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
 

A symbol of purity, refined beauty & nurturing. Official flower for 30th Wedding Anniversary & May Birthdays! 
Perennial in Zones 3 - 9. These bold blooms are not only gorgeous, but also fragrant and make EXCELLENT cut flowers. It survives heavy frost winters!

Lilium
'Con Amore
'
(Lily) - Oriental Hybrid in the Lily Register

Inside light to pale purplish pink

lilliumcfloconamorervroger1a

July, August

6 tepal,
bowl-shaped flowers in a spike

42 x 6
(105 x 15)
Well-drained Acidic Sand, or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flow-ers in the Full Sun. Moist

Mid-Green

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
Fragrant flowers

Forcing time from planting to flowers is 85 days. In spring, when lilies are at the spear stage of growth (like aspar-agus), fertilize with a complete organic fertilizer. Do not feed again for the rest of the year; excessive fertilizing can prom-ote disease and soft growth.

Lilium
'Garden Party
'
(Lily) - Oriental Hybrid in the Lily Register

Yellowish-White with red or pink stripes

lilliumcflogardenpartyrvroger1a1

July, August

6 tepal,
bowl-shaped flowers in a spike

14 -18 x 8 (35-45 x 20)
Well-drained Acidic Sand, or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flow-ers in the Full Sun. Moist

Green

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
 

Plant 6 inches deep with sharp sand both under and above the bulb to keep slugs away. A dwarf variety, standing only 60cm tall (24"), this is a great choice for growing in pots or at the front of the border. Lovely perfume.

Lilium
'La Reve
'
(Lily)' - Oriental Hybrid

Pale Pink with Yellow hearts and Pink speckles

lilliumcflolarevervroger1a

June, July

6 tepal,
trumpet-shaped flowers in a spike with little fragrance

48 x 24
(120 x 60)
Well-drained Acidic Sand, or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flow-ers in the Full Sun. Moist

Linear, spirally-arranged, dark Green

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
 

Lilium 'La Reve' was the Fresh Cut Flower of the Month in May 2007 for The Fresh Cut Flower of The Month Club.

This is a great variety to grow where space may be limited and where the taller varieties may dominate too much.

Lilium
'Lovely Girl'
(Lily) - Oriental Hybrid in the Lily Register

Yellowish-White with light Yellow midveins and Red-brown speckles

lilliumcflolovelygirlrvroger1a1

Jul

6 tepal,
helmet-shaped flowers in a spike

30 x 12
(75 x 30)

Well-drained Acidic Sand, or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flow-ers in the Full Sun. Moist

Mid-Green, alternate leaves

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.

Lilies like their roots kept cool so a good mulch or ground covers to shade the soil is a good idea. One way I have planted them was at the base of a Weigelia shrub. When the shrub flowered in May the branches would weep from the flower's weight. Later; as the lilies came up through the branches, the branches supported the taller lilies while shading their bases.

Lilium
'Mona Lisa
'
(Lily) - Oriental Hybrid in the Lily Register

Reddish-Purple with White edge

lilliumfflomonalisakevock1

July, August

4 tepal,
star-shaped flowers in a dome

24 x 12
(60 x 30)
Well-drained Acidic Sand, or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flow-ers in the Part Shade. Moist

Mid-Green

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.

It is great for growing in containers, but may need staking because of their size.

Lilium
'Robert Swanson
'
(Lily) - Oriental Hybrid

Deep Red, edged Yellow

lilliumcflorobertswansongeetee1a1

July, August, September

6 tepal,
trumpet-shaped flowers in a spike and extremely fragrant

48 x 20
(120 x 50)

Well-drained Acidic Sand, or John Innes no. 2 for pots.
Roots in the shade, flowers in the Full Sun or afternoon shade. Moist

Green
 

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
Fragrant flowers

They will attain their full height of 10 feet (300 cms) by the end of the third year. Because they can grow to heights of over 6 feet (180 cms) from their third year on, staking is recommended so they will not fall or blow over.

Orienpet lilies are cross bred between Oriental and Trumpet lilies making them extremely fragrant and much taller than any other lilies.

Lilium 'Siberia'
(Lily)' - Oriental Hybrid in the Lily Register

Yellowish-White

lilliumcflosiberiarvroger1a

July, August

6 tepal, bowl-shaped flowers in a dome and very scented

48 x 16
(120 x 40)
Well-drained Acidic Sand, or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flow-ers in the Full Sun. Moist

Lance-shaped Green

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
Fragrant flowers

Probably the best white Oriental Lily available.
As soon as the foliage dies back, dig bulbs and remove scales, bulbils and offsets from bulb; immediately replant.

Lilium 'Starfighter'
Lily) - Oriental Hybrid in the Lily Register

Purplish-Red, White tips and edges

lilliumcflostarfighterrvroger1a

June, July

6 tepal, bowl-shaped flowers in a dome and scented

36 -41 x 24 (90-102.5 x 60)
Well-drained Acidic Sand, or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flow-ers in the Full Sun. Moist

Mid-Green, leaves alternate

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
Fragrant flowers

A fantastic new introduction, beautifully scented carmine-pink flowers edged with pure white. The outward-facing flowers have deeper red spots towards the centre.

Lilium
'Star Gazer
'
(Lily) - Oriental Hybrid in the Lily Register

Red with dark spots

lilliumcflostargazerrvroger1a

July, August

6 tepal, star-shaped flowers in a dome and superbly scented

60 x 12-16
(150 x 30-40)
Well-drained Acidic Sand, or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flow-ers in the Full Sun. Moist

Dark Green

Stargazer lilies work well with other summer flowering bulbs such as dahlias, gladiolus and peonies.

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
Fragrant flowers

For patio or container gardens, add 3 Stargazer lilies to a container in the early spring, placing them 5" inches (12.5 cms) below the surface. In May add a layer of Proven Winners annuals, mulch, fertilize with an organic liquid kelp fertilizer and enjoy. Mid summer the oriental lilies will push through the annuals and put on a spectacular show.

Lilium
'Visa Versa
'
(Lily) - Oriental Hybrid

Deep Pink

lilliumcflovisaversageetee1a

July, August

6 tepal, trumpet-shaped flowers in a spike with a light scent to tickle the nose.

48 x 18
(120 x 45)
Well-drained Acidic Sand, or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flow-ers in the Full Sun. Moist

Green

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
 

This Oriental-Trumpet mixes beautifully with yellow, soft pink and medium rose tones for elegance in the garden.

VIII Miscellaneous Lilies
Miscellaneous hybrids are any hybrids that do not fall into any other division.

Orienpet lilies tend to have large, broad, trumpet-shaped flowers with a strong sweet fragrance. Once they have flowered they will not bloom again until the following year, so be sure to plant them with ornamentals that look great later in the season. This lily prefers full to partial sun and neutral, well-drained, humus-rich soil. They grow from scaled bulbs that are easily planted. The typical depth is 8 inches (20 cms) for orienpets.

Lilium
'Conca d'Or
'
(Lily) - Miscellaneous Hybrid in the Lily Register

Yellow, pale Yellow
edges

lilliumcfloconcadorrvroger

July, August

6 tepal,
star-shaped flowers in a dome with a heady, spicy lily scent

44 x 18
(110 x 45)
Well-drained Acidic Sand, or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flow-ers in the Full Sun. Moist

Spirally-arrangedGreen alternate leaves

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
Fragrant flowers

I know a lot of gardeners shy away from using yellow, but these pale tones make wonderful companions for blue and purple flowers. It makes a great cut flower because of its long, straight stems and numerous buds. Probably best suited to pot culture.

Lilium
'Red Dutch
'
(Red Dutch Lily) - Miscellaneous Hybrid

Red -Orange with Lemon-Yellow edges

lilliumcfloreddutchrvroger

July, August

6 tepal,
chalice-shaped flowers in a spike with a strong, sweet, fragrance

36-48 x 12-24 (90-120 x 30-60)
Well-drained Acidic Sand, or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flow-ers in the Full Sun. Moist

Green

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
Fragrant flowers

The colorful ‘Red Dutch’ bears huge, fragrant, outward facing, red-orange blooms with lemon yellow edges. It is ideal for perennial borders, large containers and cutting gardens.

Lilium 'Triumphator'
Lily) - Miscellaneous Hybrid in the Lily Register

Purplish-Red, White tips
and edges

lilliumcflotriumphatorrvroger1a1

July, August

6 tepal,
trumpet-shaped flowers in a dome

40 x 16
(100 x 40)
Well-drained Acidic Sand, or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flow-ers in the Full Sun. Moist

Spirally-arranged Green alternate leaves

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
 

Quite unusual, long creamy white trumpets, with deep pink flush in the throat.

A common mistake is not planting lilies deep enough. Put 6 inches (15 cms) of soil over the top of them to keep them from flopping over. They appreciate a regular feeding when grown in containers; in borders, they will be fine with little feeding.

IX Species Lilies
The Wild species are natives to North America, Europe, and Asia. Wild species are the kind that still occur growing in the wild and which haven't yet been affected by hybridization. Lilium auratum (Gold-banded Lily) is one of the most beautiful of the wild species. It bears up to thirty-five, star-shaped, highly aromatic flowers per stem, usually in August and sometimes in September. The large flowers can reach a diameter of 10 to 12 inches (25-30 cms). They are white with a golden-yellow stripe down the center and numerous tiny red speckles. Lilium lancifolium (Tiger Lily) is a well-known native of Japan and China. Its flowers are borne in late summer atop 4- to 5-foot (48-60 inches = 120-150 cms) stems. They consist of reflexed, bright red or orange-red petals covered with little speckles. An interesting characteristic of this flower is that bulbils appear in the leaf axils. This Lily has a played an important part in the development of the Asiatic hybrids and other lilies.

Lilium auratum
(Gold-banded Lily, Golden-rayed lily of Japan) - Species in the Lily Register

White, Gold bands

lilliumcfloauratumrvroger1a1

August, September
6 petal,
star-shaped flowers in a spike and highly aromatic

60 x 12
(150 x 30)
Well-drained Acidic Sand, or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flow-ers in the Full Sun. Moist

Green

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
Fragrant flowers

The bulbs should be topped by 10cm of gritty soil. Don’t be tempted to overfeed this species as it particularly resents it, although in winter it will appreciate a good topping of leaf mould.
This lily does well in plain or acidic soil; rich or fertilised soil will kill the plant. Bulbs should be planted in a hole three times their size in both depth and width in a well drained area. The best position for this plant is one where its top will receive sunlight while its base remains shaded.

Lilium cernuum
(Lily)

A smaller turks-cap species,

Named cernuum for its nodding flowers.

Pale Pink, Carmine
markings

lilliumcflocernuumrvroger1a

June, July

6 petal,
helmet-shaped flowers in a spike with a sweet scent

16-24 x 12 (40-60 x 30)

Well-drained Acidic Sand (Lime-tolerant), or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flowers in the Full Sun. Moist

Narrow Green leaves

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
Fragrant flowers.
Rock Garden.
Very dainty and tolerant of lime.

Stem rooting, the bulbs should be planted 10 - 12cm deep.

Early to mid autumn is the best time to plant out the bulbs in cool temperate areas, in warmer areas they can be planted out as late as late autumn. The plants are short lived in cultivation. The plant is well suited to growing at the foot of a rock garden. The flowers are sweetly scented. The plant should be protected against rabbits and slugs in early spring. If the shoot tip is eaten out the bulb will not grow in that year and will lose vigour.

Lilium duchartrei
Lily) - Species

White, Purple veins

lilliumcfloduchartreirvroger1a1

June, July

6 petal,
helmet-shaped flowers in a spike with scent

20-60 x 16 (50-150 x 40)
Well-drained Acidic Sand, or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flowers in the Part Shade. Moist.
Leafy or peaty soil, in shade, with plenty of space to allow the stolons to creep.

Narrow Green leaves

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
Fragrant flowers

An elegant and easily cultivated species, found at medium to high altitudes in south-western China, growing in forest margins and moist hillsides, even marshy ground. Emerging from small scaly bulbs which produce plentiful offsets when happy, with stems 50-150cm tall carrying narrow grassy leaves crowned by an inflorescence of 1-12 scented turk's-cap flowers, white with speckling of wine-red. For a moist humus rich soil in shade, where it can form a colony.

Lilium formosanum
(Formosan Lily, Taiwanese Mountain Lily, St Joseph's Lily) The species name, formosanum, comes from the name Formosa –an earlier name for Taiwan.

White

liliumcflo9formosanumrvroger

August, September,
October

6 petal,
trumpet-shaped flowers in a spike with scent

24-60 x 24-36 (50-150 x 60-90)
Well-drained Acidic Sand (Lime-tolerant), or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flowers in the Full Sun. Moist

Narrow, lance-shaped Green.

Mulch well with composted manures or compost and shredded bark to keep the roots cool and add humus to the soil.

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
Fragrant flowers

Native habitat is "Grassy slopes, seashores; near sea level to 3500 m. Taiwan.
The plants can get up to ten feet (330 cms) tall, but average height is four to five feet (120-150 cms). They can bear one or two flowers per stem with some selections bearing up to 40 flowers per stem.
After the flowers fade, the stalks turn upward, opening elegantly as the seeds ripen and the pods dry to form a weather-resistant candelabra to adorn the winter garden or to use in dried arrangements

Lilium formosanum
pricei

(Lily) - Species

Long-tubed, White

lilliumcflopriceiformosanumrvroger1a

August, September,
October
6 petal,
trumpet-shaped flowers in a spike with fragrance

12-18 x 8 (30-45 x 20)
Well-drained Acidic Sand, or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flowers in the Full Sun. Moist

Green

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
Fragrant flowers
Best grown on the rockery or scree.

This short variety is reliably hardy even in northern New England, but seems to be short-lived, lasting 2-3 years then dying out, but not to worry, typically a few seedlings show up.
Native habitat is open grassland in sandy or volcanic soils in the alpine zone.

Lilium hansonii
(Hanson's Lily, Yellow martagon lily. Gakeshima-Yuri) - Species

Native to Korea

Yellow-Orange with Chestnut spotting

lilliumcflohansoniirvroger1a

June

6 petal,
helmet-shaped flowers in a dome with sweet scent

12-48 x 20 (30-120 x 50)
Well-drained Acidic Sand, Chalk or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flowers in the Full Sun. Moist

Dense whorls of lance-shaped, mid-to-dark Green leaves

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
Fragrant flowers

It does not suffer late spring frosts well and when hit by a late frost, it will take a couple years to recover. It grows fairly easily in most well drained soils, including those with lime. It does like to be planted deep in partial shade. Plant 3, 7 or 11 bulbs in clumps in the ground from December-April.

Lilium henryi
(Henry's Lily, Tiger Lily) - Species

Deep Orange spotted black

lilliumcflohenryirvroger1a

August

6 petal,
helmet-shaped flowers in a dome with a light scent

120 x 12
(300 x 30)
Well-drained alkaline Sand, Chalk or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flowers in part shade. Moist

Green.
This is good species to start with (it has the RHS Award of Garden Merit) and will grow where many other lilies struggle.

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
Fragrant flowers

As a stem rooting type of lily, the bulbs need to be planted at a depth of at least 3 times the bulb height.The flowers are tough, which will grow just about anywhere except the most acid of gardens. Grow in neutral to alkaline soil in a partially shaded spot, such as under trees.

Lilium leichtilinii
(Lily) - Species

Yellow, Purple spots

lilliumcfloleichtliniirvroger1a

July, August

6 petal,
helmet-shaped flowers in a dome

20-80 x 12 (50-200 x 30)
Well-drained Acidic Sand, or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flowers in the Full Sun. Moist

Narrowly lanceolate, up to 6 inches long, Green

Use at back of border.
It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
 

Requires sufficient drainage.
Native habitat is "Humus-rich soils in river valleys and amongst grass on hills. Sandy places along valleys, mountain grasslands, limestone or serpentine areas, from near sea level to 1300 metres."

Lilium martagon
(Turk's cap Lily) - Species

Pink-Purple,
dark spots

lilliumcflomartagonrvroger1a

June, July

6 petal,
helmet-shaped flowers in a dome with scent

40-80 x 20 (100-200 x 50)
Well-drained Sand, Chalk or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flowers in the Full Sun or Part Shade. Moist

Green

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
Fragrant flowers

Grows in any fertile, well drained soil in sun or partial shade. It thrives in sub-alpine meadows, woods or scrubs up to 7,000feet (210,000 cms) above sea level and tolerates all soils, though it prefers neutral to alkaline conditions.

Lilium nepalense
(The Lily of Nepal) - Species

Lime-Green,
Purple throat

lilliumcflonepalenservroger1a

June, July

6 petal,
funnel-shaped flowers in a spike with scent

36 -54 x 16 (90-135 x 40)
Well-drained Acidic Sand or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flowers in the Full Sun or Part Shade. Moist

Green

It can be planted in deep containers for use in a cool greenhouse.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.

Between 1 and 3 flowers are normally produced. Best grown in a cool greenhouse and give it plenty of root space as they like to travel. Normally unscented, you will also find that these spectacular downward-facing blooms are perfect for flower arranging as they can last for days once cut.

Lilium pardalinum
(Leopard Lily or Panther Lily) - Species

Red-Orange,
Brown spots

lilliumcflopardalinumrvroger2

July

Clump.
6 petal,
helmet-shaped flowers in a spike with scent

80-98 x 24 (200-295 x 30)
Well-drained Acidic Sand, Clay or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flowers in the Full Sun or Part Shade. Moist

Apple-Green

It can be planted in deep containers for use in a cool greenhouse.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.

This species likes a moist soil in sun or partial shade; it will tolerate some lime in the soil. An American native - within woodlands - that bears up to 10 orange-red turk’s caps, the petals are covered in large, maroon spots.

Lilium pumilum
(Lily) - Species

Named pumilum for its small size, compared to other lilies.

Red with Black spots

lilliumcflo9pumilumrvroger1a

June, July

6 petal,
helmet-shaped flowers in a spike with scent

8-28 x 12 (20-70 x 30)
Well-drained Acidic Sand or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flowers in the Full Sun or Part Shade. Moist

Thin and narrow, 4 inch long, Green leaves

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed and rock garden.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
Fragrant flowers

TIt lasts long as a cut flower. The bulbs thrive in any well-drained soil and are equally at home in the rock garden. This species is an exciting edition to summer containers. Does not like lime but otherwise will grow quite happily outdoors. It may be short lived in cultivation, but tends to last longest in well-drained soils.

Lilium superbum
(Turk's cap lily, Turban lily, Swamp lily or American tiger lily) - Species

Yellow to Orange with brownish purple dots

lilliumcflosuperbumrvroger1a1

July, August

6 petal,
helmet-shaped flowers in a spike

36-84 x 5-9 (90-210 x 12.5-22.5)
Well-drained Acidic Sand or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist to Wet

Green

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Use in edge of bed and alongside lakes.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.
 

Does best in a rich, damp soil with plenty of humus. If possible, plant in an area with morning sun and afternoon shade, such as the east side of a house. Habitats include moist meadows in woodland areas, open woodlands and young flatwoods, thickets, and areas along lakes.

Lilium wallichianum
(Lily) - Species
Named wallichianum for Dr. Nathaniel Wallich, early 19th century Danish plant hunter, botanist and physician.

White to Creamy-Yellow

lilliumcflowallichianumrvroger

October, November

6 petal,
chalice-shaped flowers in a spike and fragrant

48 x 12
(120 x 30)
Well-drained Acidic Sand, Chalk or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flowers in the Part Shade.
Moist

Narrow, green leaves

It can be planted in deep containers for use on the patio or cool greenhouse.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of Rhododendrons, small shrubs or conifers.
Fragrant.
 

It is one of the last lilies to flower and therefore should be grown in a large pot or in cool greenhouse where it can be protected from frosts.
A nice humus-rich soil in light shade with the shelter of something like a rhododendron or small shrub, is ideal.
From India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim where it is found on limestone slopes in open coniferous forests.

Unspecified Lilies
Lilies like their roots kept cool so a good mulch or ground covers to shade the soil is a good idea. One way I have planted them was at the base of a Weigelia shrub. When the shrub flowered in May the branches would weep from the flower's weight. Later; as the lilies came up through the branches, the branches supported the taller lilies while shading their bases.
Improper drainage is usually the reason lilies fail in the garden. My lilies are normally planted in raised beds to accomplish good drainage. If the bulbs are spring planted they won't flower as well the first year, but the following year should give maximum bloom. I prefer planting mine in the fall, but sometimes I will plant in spring when a beautiful lily catches my eye.
Lilies rarely go dormant; therefore, they generally require regular water year round. Water when the top 2 inches (5 cms) of soil has dried out. Since many lilies have tall floral stems, it may be best to flood the soil versus using overhead irrigation. Overhead watering can topple tall stems.

Lilium lancifolium
'Splendens'

(Lance-leaved Lily) - Unspecified

Deep Orange-Red with
Black spots

lilliumcflolancifoliumsplendensrvroger1a

June, July,
August, September

6 petal,
helmet-shaped flowers in a spike

80 x 12
(200 x 30)
Well-drained Acidic Sand, humus-rich or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flowers in the Full Sun.
Moist

Green

It can be planted in deep containers for use in a cool greenhouse.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.

The number of flowers borne does vary but it is reliable and remarkably tough. It thrives in a moist acid soil but will grow in alkaline soils as well.

An easy to grow species from Asia.

Lilium speciosum
'Rubrum'

(Lily) - Unspecified

Dark Crimson-Red with White edge and spotted

lilliumcflospeciosumrubrumrvroger1a

August, September,
October

6 petal,
helmet-shaped flowers in a spike and moderately scented

42 x 12
(105 x 30)

Well-drained Acidic Sand, or John Innes no. 2 for pots. Roots in the shade, flowers in the Full Sun or Part Shade from trees or shrubs.
Moist

Dark Green

It can be planted in deep containers for use in a cool greenhouse.
Cut flower.
Can be used at edges of woodland.

These lilies can't cope with lime or chalky soil, so it is essential to grow them either in acid soil or in pots filled with ericaceous compost. The lily is attractive to wildlife, although gardeners should be aware that these lilies are also highly poisonous to domestic cats.

When planting, each bulb should be surrounded with a little sharp sand both under and above the bulb to keep slugs away and to ward off excessive wetness. As most liliums are stem rooting we strongly recommend you plant at 15cm deep. They give a much better display when planted in clumps of 3, 6 or 12 bulbs (45cm apart).
Lilium bulbs will greatly appreciate the shelter of low growing shrubs or other plants near their roots. In active growth, apply water freely and it is advised that every two weeks you apply a high potash liquid fertilizer. Deadhead after flowering and let the stems die back before cutting them back to the ground. Prompt deadheading ensures a vigorous growth the following year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

Site design and content copyright ©January 2012.
Page structure amended November 2012.
Mapped Thumbnails with Height/ Width added and Feet changed to inches (cms), Foliage colour, Bulb Use and Comments, Colour Wheel per Month and Index to other Bulbs in other Bulb Galleries added June 2017.
Index and Mapping completed March 2018.
Menus updated May 2018.

Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

 

There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-

 

 

 

How to Force Lilies to Bloom
While there are numerous flowers that share their wonderful aroma with the world, lilies (Lilium spp.) have a distinctive perfume that wafts through your garden or home. When summer comes and goes and you yearn for the smell and vibrancy of a container full of lilies, consider forcing the bulbs to bloom. Forcing is a gardener’s way of encouraging a bulb to bloom a time of year not typically known for bloom production.

1. Remove any fruit or vegetables from one of your refrigerator’s crisper drawers so you can use it for cold storage of the bulbs. Place the lily bulbs in a brown paper bag, or several bags, and fold over the top to close. Store the bulbs in the refrigerator for about 12 weeks. Do not put vegetables or fruit in the same drawer with the bulbs.

2. Line a shallow gardening pot with landscape fabric or newspaper.

3. Fill a bucket with a mixture of 3 parts garden soil, 2 parts peat moss and 1 part sand.

4. Add about 2 inches (5 cms) of the soil mixture to the container.

5. Place the bulbs in the soil mixture, close together, so the sides almost touch. Position the bulbs so the pointed ends face upward. Bulb forcing is not the same method as planting, so you don’t need to follow the normal spacing considerations.

6. Add more soil to the container so only the top 1/2 to 1 inch (1.25-2.5 cm) of the bulb's noses peek out of the soil.

7. Place a saucer under the pot and water the bulbs and soil thoroughly. Keep the soil moist at all times, but do not allow the soil to become soggy or the bulbs will rot.

8. Place the pot in a bright location in your home or in an enclosed patio that receives a good amount of sun. The optimum temperature for forcing planted bulbs is between 65 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit (18-21 degrees Celsius).

9. Fertilize the bulbs with a water-soluble fertilizer every two to three weeks. You should see lily blooms within eight to 10 weeks.

BULB FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a

alliumcflohaireasytogrowbulbs1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14c2a

irisflotpseudacorus1

aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1

anemonecflo1hybridafoord1

anemonecflo1blandafoord1

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less

1

2

3

4

5

Above 5

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a

alliumcflo1roseumrvroger1

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1a1a1a

paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a

paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a

stachysflotmacrantha1a

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars with Single Flowers

Bowls

Cups and Saucers

Globes

Goblets and Chalices

Trumpets

Funnels

 

digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1

fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a

ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a

 

 

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Bells

Thimbles

Urns

Salverform

 

 

 

 

prunellaflotgrandiflora1

aquilegiacfloformosafoord1

acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1

lathyrusflotvernus1

anemonecflo1coronariastbrigidgeetee1

echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1

centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Tubes, Lips and Straps

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Stan-dards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-Cushions

Tufts and Petal-less Cluster

 

androsacecforyargongensiskevock1

androsacecflorigidakevock1

argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1

armeriacflomaritimakevock1

anemonecflonemerosaalbaplenarvroger1a

 

 

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Cushion

Umbel

Buttons with Double Flowers

Pompoms

Stars with Semi-Double Flowers

 

 

 

bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a

ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1

lamiumflotorvala2a

astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1433a1a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1434a1a1a

androsacecfor1albanakevock1

Natural Arrange-ments

Bunches, Posies and Sprays (Group)

Columns, Spikes and Spires

Whorls, Tiers and Cande-labra

Plumes and Tails

Chains and Tassels

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades

Sphere, Dome (Clusters), Drumstick and Plate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BULB
FORM, BULB USE AND BULB IN SOIL GALLERY PAGES


Bulbs in Cultivation
including vital bulb soil preparation from

Bulbs for Small Garden by E.C.M. Haes. Published by Pan Books in 1967:-

Bulbs in the Small Garden with Garden Plan and its different bulb sections

A choice of Outdoor Bulbs

False Bulbs

Bulbs Indoors

Bulb Calendar

Planting Times and Depth

Composts

Bulb Form

Mat-Forming

Prostrate or Trailing

Cushion or Mound-forming

Spreading or Creeping

Clump-forming

Stemless. Sword-shaped Leaves

Erect or Upright

Bulb Use

Other than Only Green Foliage

Bedding or Mass Planting

Ground-Cover

Cut-Flower
1
, 2

Tolerant of Shade

In Woodland Areas

Under-plant

Tolerant of Poor Soil

Covering Banks

In Water

Beside Stream or Water Garden

Coastal Conditions

Edging Borders

Back of Border or Back-ground Plant

Fragrant Flowers

Not Fragrant Flowers

Indoor House-plant

Grow in a Patio Pot
1
, 2

Grow in an Alpine Trough

Grow in an Alpine House

Grow in Rock Garden

Speciman Plant

Into Native Plant Garden

Naturalize in Grass

Grow in Hanging Basket

Grow in Window-box

Grow in Green-house

Grow in Scree

 

 

Natural-ized Plant Area

Grow in Cottage Garden

Attracts Butter-flies

Attracts Bees

Resistant to Wildlife

Bulb in Soil

Chalk 1, 2

Clay

Sand 1, 2

Lime-Free (Acid)

Peat

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulb Height from Text Border

Brown= 0-12 inches (0-30 cms)

Blue = 12-24 inches (30-60 cms)

Green= 24-36 inches (60-90 cms)

Red = 36+ inches (90+ cms)

Bulb Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

Flowering months range abreviates month to its first 3 letters (Apr-Jun is April, May and June).

Click on thumbnail to change this comparison page to the Plant Description Page of the Bulb named in the Text box below that photo.
The Comments Row of that Plant Description Page links to where you personally can purchase that bulb via mail-order.

Topic
Case Studies
...Drive Foundations with 8 problems caused by clay, ryegrass (kills plants) in Roadstone and CedarGravel creates stable drive surface.
Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden
Construction

with ground drains
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed
Borders

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports
Garden
Maintenance

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Home
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.
Plants
...in Chalk (Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...Poisonous Plants
...Extra Plant Pages

Soil
...
Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
...
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
...
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
...
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
...Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

................

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries

Topic - Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens with
Camera Photo Galleries are in the last row


Bulb with its 7 Flower Colours per Month Comparison Pages
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India

......Lithuania
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil

Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias


Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection


........

If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 flower colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use with 3 separate rose indices on each usage of rose page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable

Wild Flower is below

The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process
dependent on the Garden Style chosen

Garden Style
...
Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...
All Plants Index
...
Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...
Shape, Form
Index

or
use the choices in the following Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12 - My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020, followed by this Website
...User Guidelines
or
Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
or
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos
or
A Foliage Colour Wheel using 212 web-safe colours instead of the best Colour Wheel of 2058 colours in the Pantone Goe System
All Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

Topic - Butterfly Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note

Poisonous
Wildflower Plants

You can find the wild flower in one of the 23 Wild Flower Galleries or the Colour Wheel
Gallery

If
you know its name, use
Wild Flower Plant Index a-h,
Wild Flower Plant Index i-p or
Wild Flower Plant Index q-z

you know which habitat it lives in,
use
Wild Flowers on
Acid Soil
Habitat Table,
on Calcareous
(Chalk) Soil
,
on Marine Soil,
on Neutral Soil,
is a Fern,
is a Grass,
is a Rush, or
is a Sedge

you know which family it belongs to, use
Wild Flower Family Pages menu above and right

you have seen its flower or seed, use
Comparison Pages
in Wild Flower
Gallery
to identify it or

you have seen its flower, use Comparison Pages containing Wild Flower Plants and Cultivated Plants in the Colour Wheel Gallery

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1
(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2
(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3
(o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3
(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4
Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

Topic - Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag to your desktop:-

RHS Garden at Wisley
Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
1
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
,
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.
Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32
,
Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1
with Plant Supports
1
, 5, 10
Plants
2
, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
2
,
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall
Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden
Roses Pages
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger
Roses - Pages
A1,A2,A3,A4,A5,
A6,A7,A8,A9,A10,
A11,A12,A13,A14,
B15,
B16,B17,B18,B19,
B20,
B21,B22,B23,B24,
B25,
B26,B27,B28,B29,
B30,
C31,C32,C33,C34,
C35,
C36,C37,C38,C39,
C40,
C41,CD2,D43,D44,
D45,
D46,D47,D48,D49,
E50,
E51,E52
,F53,F54,
F55,
F56,F57,G58,G59,
H60,
H61,I62,K63,L64,
M65,
M66,N67,P68,P69,
P70,

R71,R72,S73,S74,
T75,
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1
, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54
,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26
, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38
, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166


Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11

Ron and Christine Foord
Garden Flowers - Pages
A1, 2, 3, 4,
5,
6, 7, 8, 9,
10,
11, 12, 13,

The plant with photo in the above Camera Photo Galleries
join

the plants with photos in the other Plant Photo Galleries below in

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens
A 1, Photos
B 1, Photos
C 1, Photos
D 1, Photos
E 1, Photos
F 1, Photos
G 1, Photos
H 1, Photos
I 1, Photos
J 1, Photos
K 1, Photos
L 1, Photos
M 1, Photos
N 1, Photos
O 1, Photos
P 1, Photos
Q 1, Photos
R 1, Photos
S 1, Photos
T 1, Photos
U 1, Photos
V 1, Photos
W 1, Photos
X 1 Photos
Y 1, Photos
Z 1 Photos
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens

Flower Colour, Number of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-

Rock Garden
...within linked page


Bedding

...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Screen-ing
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...
Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Ground-Cover
...Cut-Flower
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Under-plant
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers
...Indoor
House-plant

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Chalk
......Clay
......Sand
......Lime-Free (Acid)
......Peat

Rose
...
Bedding
...
Climber /Pillar
...
Cut-Flower
...
Exhibition, Speciman
...
Ground-Cover

...
Grow In A Container
...
Hedge
...
Climber in Tree
...
Woodland
...
Edging Borders
...
Tolerant of Poor Soil
...
Tolerant of Shade
...
Back of Border
...
Adjacent to Water
...
Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.
...
FRAGRANT ROSES
...
NOT FRAGRANT ROSES

and

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
with
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.

Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bi
rd
...Attract Butterfly
1
, 2
...Climber on House Wall

...
Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Rabbit-Resistant
...Woodland
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3
...Ground-Cover
<60
cm
60-180cm
>
180cm
...Hedge
...Wind-swept
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Poisonous

...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Winter-Flowering
...Fragrant
...Not Fragrant
...Exhibition

...
Standard Plant
is 'Ball on Stick'
...
Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...
Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...
Coastal Conditions
...
Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...
Cut Flower
...
Potted Veg Outdoors
...
Potted Veg Indoors
...
Thornless
...
Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...
Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F
, G-L, M-R,
S-Z
...
Grow in Acidic Soil
...
Grow in Any Soil
...
Grow in Rock Garden
...
Grow Bulbs Indoors

Fragrant Plants:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

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