Flower. Photo from R. V. Roger


Click on photos from Crocus


Click on photos from J. Parkers

Plant Name

Lilium 'African Queen' - Trumpet Hybrid in the Lily Register

Common Name



Well-drained Sand or Chalk

Sun Aspect

Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun

Soil Moisture

Moist - see Introduction for further planting and cultivation details in the ground and pots. Plant 3, 7 or 11 bulbs in clumps in the ground from December-April.

Plant Type

Herbaceous Bulb

Height x Spread in inches (cms)
(1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet,
3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms)

60 x 12 (150 x 30)



Flower Colour in Month(s). Seed

Fragrant, Burnt-Orange trumpet-shaped flowers in July-August


"Trumpet hybrids were derived from Asiatic species. These Lilies grow from 4 to 6 feet (48-72 inches = 120-180 cms) high and produce large, 6- to 10-inch (15-25 cms) flowers in the summer." from

"An old favourite (1958) with large, peachy apricot trumpets with a rich scent. It is reliable and looks stunning in the flower border. The buds are often very dark in colour, almost purple. Flowers in July. Height 1.5m (5ft)." from R. V. Roger.

"Lilies can be planted at any time from early autumn, to mid-spring. Planting in autumn often helps them settle in and become better established before they start to put on their new spring growth, but spring planting is a better option if your soil is heavy and wet during winter. Choose a sunny spot, preferably where the plant receives a little light shade at its base, and plant each bulb 15-20cm (6-8in) deep in a well-drained soil, enriched with well-rotted organic matter or leaf mould. Space them at approximately 30cm (12") intervals and provide support before the flowers appear. Deadhead the faded blooms promptly and cut the dead stems back to ground level at the end of autumn." from Crocus.

"They can be planted in deep containers, using loam-based compost, such as John Innes No2." from BBC.

"Set amongst the beautiful Northamptonshire countryside, this 60 acre, private woodland garden (Evenley Wood Garden) offers a huge variety of plants ranging from trees, shrubs and climbers, to a wide selection of bulbs, including a substantial collection of lilies."

Available from R. V. Roger , Gee Tee and Crocus with Plant Buddy in America.




Single Flower. Photo from Gee Tee

Single Leaf



Site Map of pages with content (o)



Unusual Colours

Other Colour

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines




(o)I Asiatic Hybrids

(o)II Martagon Hybrids
III Candidum Hybrids
IV American Hybrids
(o)V Longiflorum Hybrids
(o)VI Trumpet Hybrids
(o)VII Oriental Hybrids
(o)VIII Miscellaneous Hybrids
(o)IX Species









7 Flower Colours per Month in Colour Wheel below in BULB, CORM, RHIZOME and TUBER GALLERY.

Click on Black or White box in Colour of Month.



Besides the above Bulb Flower Colour Comparison Pages, you also have the following Comparison Pages:-
...Bulb Flower Shape -
7 pages of Number of Petals ...... 5 petals,
23 pages of Flower Shape ......... Stars and
7 pages of Natural Arrangements Drumstick

...Bulb Form
7 pages of Bulb Form ...Clump-forming
...Bulb Use
33 pages of Bulb Use ...Mass Planting,
Grow in Patio Pot and
Use in Coastal Conditions
...Bulb Preferred Soil

5 pages of Soil preferred by Bulb ...Chalk

BULB, CORM, RHIZOME AND TUBER INDEX - There are over 700 bulbs in the bulb galleries. The respective flower thumbnail, months of flowering, height and width, foliage thumbnail, form thumbnail use and comments are in the relevant index page below:-
(o): A
(o): B
(o): C
(o): D
(o): E
(o): F
(o): G
(o): H
(o): I
....: J
....: K
(o): L
(o): M
(o): N
(o): O
(o): P
....: Q
....: R
(o): S
(o): T
....: U
(o): V
....: W
(o): XYZ








Lilium INDEX link to Bulb Description Page

Flower Colour with Flower Thumbnail

Flowering Months

Height x Width in inches (cms) -
1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot,
36 inches = 3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour

Bulb Use


Above all, it must be remembered that lilies do not like wet feet; they must have good drainage. The lily bulb is never completely dormant. Lilies like to have their feet in the shade and their heads in the sun. This shade can be provided by shrubs or perennials.

I Asiatic Hybrid Lilies



Yellow, red-speckled

Upward-facing flowers

June, July

24 x 20
(60 x 50)
Space 18 inches (45 cms) apart.


Particularly well suited to growing in pots as this is a very sturdy variety.

Set amongst the beautiful Northampton-shire countryside, this 60 acre, private woodland garden (Evenley Wood Garden) offers a huge variety of plants ranging from trees, shrubs and climbers, to a wide selection of bulbs, including a substantial collection of lilies.



Golden-Yellow edged in Orange-Red

Upward-facing flowers

June, July


40 x 10
(100 x 25).

Space 18 inches (45 cms) apart.

Narrow, lance-shaped Green

Lovely orange flowers with golden yellow throats appear on this sturdy variety in late June. Excellent for bedding.

Lilium Division I (Asiatic hybrids) - These are generally grown for their large, showy flowers. Each bulb will produce several flowers, held on one, sturdy flower stem, above the narrow leaves. There are 3 types of flowers in this division,
upward facing, outward facing and pendant flower.

Lilium 'Citronella'

Black or Red-spotted, bright Yellow


Dowward-facing flowers

June, July

48 x 20
(120 x 50)

Linear, spirally-arranged, Green leaves

Very Fragrant Black or Red-spotted, bright Yellow flowers with recurved petals.

This is a robust erect variety and is one of the easiest varieties to grow.





June, July

24 x 10
(60 x 25)


Bright rich clear Red

What is Garden Flowers for Everyone? Established in 1991 as a small gardening and flower shop, the venue is run by a couple who decided it was time to put their passion for plants to good use and help people who were in need for flowers, gardening tools and various elements that are aimed at helping one improve his or her gardening skills.

'Cote 'd'Azur'




Upward-facing flowers

June, July

40 x 20
(100 x 50) (Space 9-12 inches (22.5-30 cms) apart)

Linear, spirally-arranged, glossy, dark Green with erect stems

Another superb variety for planting in pots as it only gets 45-60cm (18-24”) high and has many flowers per stem.


'Fata Morgana

Yellow, Maroon spots


Upward-facing flowers


24-36 x 12-18 (60-90 x 30-45)


An unusual semi-double variety, with many attributes - the flowers are a lovely golden-yellow, very long lasting and the plants are vigorous and sturdy. Highly recom-mended.

Plant next to Phygelius x rectus 'Moonraker' to provide a stunning combination of Yellows.

Lilium 'Gironde'



Upward-facing flowers

June, July, August

24-60 x 12 (60-150 x 30)


Asiatic hybrids were derived from a species that originated in Asia. They bloom in early summer, usually flowering for over a month. The plants produce compact growth. They are great for growing in containers and for cutting and are quite disease resistant.

Asiatic lilies are the easiest to grow with upward facing flowers and no special soil requirements. Short ones are easy in pots

'Gran Paradiso



Upward-facing flowers

June, July

40-44 x 20 (100-110 x 50)

Clump-forming Green

Blooms in 90 days from planting

Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun

Lilium 'Kingdom'



Upward-facing flowers

June, July

38 x 18
(95 x 45)




'King Pete

Lemon-Yellow with Brown freckles


Outward-facing flowers

June, July

32 x 12
(80 x 30)

Clump-forming, erect, Green

Bred in 1977, this is one of the few outward-facing varieties in this group. Strong stems and rich golden yellow flowers, slightly darker in the centre and lightly covered with small chocolate brown spots.






Trumpet-shaped flowers

June, July

30 x 12
(75 x 30)


This RHS Award of Garden Merit variety produces some of the cleanest flowers in the group - up to 12 pure white flowers per plant, with slightly reflexed petals and chocolate brown anthers.

Lennox Lily will grow to be about 26 inches (65 cms) tall at maturity, with a spread of 12 inches (30 cms). It tends to be leggy, with a typical clearance of 1 foot (30 cms) from the ground, and should be underplanted with lower-growing perennials

Lilium 'Lollypop'

Pink with Creamy-White speckled throat


Outward-facing flowers

June, July

32 x 12
(80 x 30)

Linear, Dark Green

Most suited to pots where the wonderful flowers can be really seen, this one flowers in June / July and gets 35-45cm (14-18”) tall.


Lilium 'Montreux'

Dusky Pink


Upward-facing flowers

June, July

36 x 20
(90 x 50)

Erect and Green

Dusky Pink flowers, which does not fade

They'll gradually spread once established, forming bigger and better clumps with each succeeding season.

'Orange County



June, July

38 x 18
(95 x 45)




Lilium 'Prunotto'



June, July, August

36 x 12
(90 x 30)

Dark Green



Lilium 'Rosella's Dream'

Cream with Pink tips


June, July, August

24-48 x 18 (60-120 x 45)




I Dwarf Asiatic Hybrid Lilies

'Buff Pixie

Buff Orange


Upward-facing flowers

June, July

16-20 x 10-12 (40-50 x 25-30)


Asiatic Lilies are easy, dependable perennials that put on a great show in the early summer border. This is one of the dwarf Pixie series, bred originally for their compact habit in containers, but equally as unique and useful in the garden.

Plants look their best when massed together in groups towards the front of the border, but are equally at home in the rock garden. Flowers are large, upfacing soft sorbet-orange trumpets, colourful but lacking in fragrance. Excellent for cutting.

'Butter Pixie



June, July

12-18 x 10-12 (30-45 x 25-30)

Leaves alternate and Mid-Green

The Butter Pixie is perfect for accents, border plants, rock gardens, containers and small yards. Plant in multiples or mass plantings for a greater effect.

The Butter Pixie lily produces large upturned bright yellow blossoms that are trumpet or star shaped. Butter Pixie lily, along with other dwarf Asiatic lilies, were bred for their compact growth habit in containers and offer no fragrance.

'Ceb Crimson



June, July

14 x 8
(35 x 20)


These vibrant lilies are short and sturdy, perfect for pots and flower beds.





June, July

16-20 x 10-12 (40-50 x 25-30)




'Pink Pixie

Buff with Pink tips


June, July

16-20 x 10-12 (40-50 x 25-30)




'Tailor Made'



June, July

16-20 x 10-12 (40-50 x 25-30)




II Martagon Hybrid Lilies

Lilium x marhan
'Mrs R.O. Backhouse'

Golden-Orange speckled with Purple dots


Down-facing flowers

May, June

53 x 8
(132.5 x 20)


Bloom size is small, anywhere from one and one half to two inches (2.5-5 cms) across when the petals are tightly curled. Frequently used in cottage gardens, along with Lilium regale, Martagon lilies are classic choices for old style gardens. Perfect for the edge of treed woodlots.

They produce their 2- to 4-inch (5-10 cms), nodding flowers in early summer. The flowers come in white, yellow, orange, tangerine, mahogany, brown, lavender, or lilac. Martagon hybrids can reach heights ranging from 3 to 6 feet (36-72 inches = 90-180 cms)

V Longiflorum Hybrid Lilies

Lilium formosanum var. pricei 'Snow Queen'



July, August

40 x 12
(100 x 30)

Clump-forming, leafy Green upright stems

A glorious lily which makes the most impressive cut flower - huge long trumpets of the cleanest white and with a wonderful scent to match.

These hybrids produce aromatic, white, trumpet-shaped flowers. They grow to about 3 feet (36 inches = 90 cms) high and bloom in mid-summer, although they can be forced to bloom indoors for Easter.

VI Trumpet Hybrid Lilies

'African Queen



July, August

60 x 12
(150 x 30)


An old favourite (1958) with large, peachy apricot trumpets with a rich scent. It is reliable and looks stunning in the flower border. The buds are often very dark in colour, almost purple.

Trumpet hybrids were derived from Asiatic species. These Lilies grow from 4 to 6 feet (48-72 inches = 120-180 cms) high and produce large, 6- to 10-inch (15-25 cms) flowers in the summer.
They can be planted in deep containers, using loam-based compost, such as John Innes No2.


Gold with Maroon stripe on reverse


Downward-facing flowers

July, August

48-72 x 12 (120-180 x 30) (Space 18 inches - 45 cms). In America - 5-6 feet (150-180 cms), up to 8 feet (240 cms) when established in ideal environ-ments, typically 36-48 inches (90-120 cms) (90-120 cms) the first year


Beautiful deep golden yellow trumpets, heavily scented, each petal with a deep purple stripe running down the back of it. Very reliable and tough.


'Pink Perfection



June, July

80 x 12
(200 x 30)

Narrow, Dark Green

Another superb trumpet variety, this time with deep pink, heavily scented flowers. The flowers can reach up to 15cm (6”) across and there can be up to 3 dozen per stem. Definitely one to impress with!

An excellent, showy flower that provides color, contrast and good architectural height in summer to the perennial border.

Plant in groups near the patio and enjoy the fragrance when sitting outside on summer evenings.
Goes well with Geranium himalayense 'Gravetye', Iris 'Dusky Challenger', Verbascum phoenicum 'Violetta' and Antirrhinum majus 'Black Prince'.

"Choose a sunny site where the plant can catch a little afternoon shade, this will preserve the colour of the petals and the flowers will last longer.


White with Yellow Throat, flushed Purple outside



48-60 x 12 (120-150 x 30)


Easy to grow in the flower border, preferring a sunny spot.
The bulbs themselves are very hardy, but the shoots appear early in the season and may be damaged by frost unless sheltered. Plants can be raised from seed very quickly, and often flower in their second year. They may require staking.

The plant is stem-rooting. Leaves are borne at irregular intervals on the stem. Plants grow up to 2 meters high, though 1.2 to 1.5 meters is more common in the garden. The flowers are 14 cm long, funnel or trumpet shaped, large, white with a yellow throat inside, flushed purple outside. They are strongly fragrant, especially at night.

VII Oriental Hybrid Lilies

Lilium 'Acapulco'

Pink with freckles


Oriental lilies have very large outward facing flowers and are very scented. They need an acid soil.


36 x 12
(90 x 30)

Lance-shaped, clump-forming, erect, Green foliage

It tends to be leggy, with a typical clearance of 1 foot (12 inches = 30 cms) from the ground, and should be underplanted with lower-growing perennials. The flower stalks may require staking in exposed sites or excessively rich soils. It grows at a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 10 years.

Oriental hybrids were mostly derived from Lillium auratum and Lillium speciosum. These beautiful plants range in height from 2 to 8 feet. They produce huge flowers up to a foot across. The pleasantly scented blossoms are borne in late summer. They are bowl-shaped with recurving petals. They come in white, pinks, deep reds, and bicolors. These are great for growing in containers, but may need staking because of their size.


White with Yellow and Red band


July, August

44 x 8
(110 x 20)
(24 inches - 60 cms - high in years 1 and 2, 36 inches high - 90 cms - in year 3)


On-sale "left over" bulbs sold late in their season are not as apt to be a bargain as are the more storable bulbs. Lily bulbs & bulbils are never really dormant, not even in winter, & they do not store well, so should be planted right away, usually around mid to late October.

Cut flowers when the first flower is first opening. The flower lasts from 5-9 days in the vase. Pull the pollen sacks off when the flower opens to keep pollen from staining linens beneath the vase. If pollen should get on clothes or linens, let it dry before wiping it off. If wiped when wet, the pollen will stain.

To grow lilies well, mulch with composted manures or compost and shredded bark to keep the roots cool while adding humus to the soil.

Lilium 'Barbaresco'

Reddish-Pink with


Upward-facing flowers


36-48 x 7-12 (90-120 x 17.5-30)


Highly fragrant flowers on 120 cm stems


Lilium 'Bergamo'

Pink with Yellow


July, August

48-52 x 9-12 (120-130 x 22.5-30)


Sweetly fragrant Pink with Yellow markings in July-August. Forcing time is 105 days from planting to flowering.


'Black Beauty

Red, margins White


July, August

48-72 x 12 (120-180 x 30)


A stunning flower and one of the most reliable lilies around. The speciosum style flowers are held in a pyramid and last for many weeks. The colour is very dark crimson, in the right light they look black.

It typically grows on rigid stems to 4-7’ (48-84 inches = 120-210 cms) tall. Fragrant, dark raspberry flowers (to 3” = 7.5 cms) have distinctively reflexed tepals with thin white edges, protruding anthers and small green centers. This is a floriferous mid-summer bloomer (20-50 blooms per mature plant). Good fresh cut flower.

'Casa Blanca



July, August

36-48 x 6 (90-120 x 15)
Space them at approximately 30cm (12") intervals and provide support before the flowers appear.

Leaves alternate, Dark Green

In spring, when lilies are at the spear stage of growth (like asparagus), fertilize with a complete organic fertilizer. Do not feed again for the rest of the year; excessive fertilizing can promote disease and soft growth.

Cut flowers when the first flower is first opening. The flower lasts from 5-9 days in the vase. Pull the pollen sacks off when the flower opens to keep pollen from staining linens beneath the vase. If pollen should get on clothes or linens, let it dry before wiping it off. If wiped when wet the pollen will stain.

To grow lilies well, mulch with composted manures or compost and shredded bark to keep the roots cool while adding humus to the soil.


Magenta, White


July, August

48 x 12
(120 x 30)

Linear, spirally-arranged, Dark Green leaves

This deep red makes a dramatic appearance in any summer garden and is still a perennial in areas receiving heavy frost winters!

These bold blooms are not only gorgeous, but also fragrant and make EXCELLENT cut flowers.
A symbol of purity, refined beauty & nurturing. Official flower for 30th Wedding Anniversary & May Birthdays! 
Perennial in Zones 3 - 9.

'Con Amore

Purplish-Pink, Red


July, August

42 x 6
(105 x 15)


Forcing time from planting to flowers is 85 days.

The bulbs are best planted in autumn while they are still plump. They should go in 2-3 times their own depth and at the equivalent spacing between bulbs. In the border, they enjoy well-drained soil in full sun, with shade at the base. Alternatively they can be planted in deep containers, using loam-based compost, such as John Innes No2.

'Garden Party

White, Red stripe


July, August

14 -18 x 8 (35-45 x 20)


Plant 6 inches (15 cms) deep with sharp sand both under and above the bulb to keep slugs away.

A dwarf variety, standing only 60cm tall (24"), this is a great choice for growing in pots or at the front of the border. The flowers are white with tiny pink dots, each petal having a central golden stripe which turns to red at the end of the petals. Lovely perfume.

'La Reve

Pink with Yellow hearts and Pink speckles


June, July

48 x 24
(120 x 60)

Linear, spirally-arranged, Dark Green

Lilium 'La Reve' was the Fresh Cut Flower of the Month in May 2007 for The Fresh Cut Flower of The Month Club.

A softer, more delicate looking pink variety with small red dots covering the petals. The flowers are trumpet shaped, with little fragrance. This is a great variety to grow where space may be limited and where the taller varieties may dominate too much as it only gets 90cm (3ft).

'Lovely Girl'

Yellowish-White with light Yellow midveins and Red-brown speckles



30 x 12
(75 x 30)

Mid-Green, alternate leaves

Lilies rarely go dormant; therefore, they generally require regular water year round. Water when the top 2 inches (5 cms) of soil has dried out. Since many lilies have tall floral stems, it may be best to flood the soil versus using overhead irrigation. Overhead watering can topple tall stems.

Lilies like their roots kept cool so a good mulch or ground covers to shade the soil is a good idea. One way I have planted them was at the base of a Weigelia shrub. When the shrub flowered in May the branches would weep from the flower's weight. Later; as the lilies came up through the branches, the branches supported the taller lilies while shading their bases.

'Mona Lisa

Reddish-Purple with White edge


July, August

24 x 12
(60 x 30)


It has bright rosy pink flowers, liberally splashed with darker pink spots and with the same dark pink at the centre.

Moist soil - see Introduction for further planting and cultivation details in the ground and pots. Plant 3, 7 or 11 bulbs in clumps in the ground from December-April.

'Robert Swanson

Red, edged Yellow


July, August, September

48 x 20
(120 x 50) (They will attain their full height of 10 feet (300 cms) by the end of the third year)


Orienpet lilies are cross bred between Oriental and Trumpet lilies making them extremely fragrant and much taller than any other lilies. They produce huge blooms (from 4 inches to 8 inches (10-20 cms) across) and large-sturdy stems to support the massive blooms.

Because they can grow to heights of over 6 feet (72 inches = 180 cms) from their third year on, staking is recommended so they will not fall or blow over. In most cases, they can withstand hot or afternoon sun and will adapt to most soils very well. However, they are best grown in morning sun and afternoon shade.




July, August

48 x 16
(120 x 40)

Lance-shaped, Green leaves

As soon as the foliage dies back, dig bulbs and remove scales, bulbils and offsets from bulb; immediately replant.

Probably the best white Oriental Lily available- large vivid white flowers with a fresh lime green throat and dark orange anthers. The petals are slightly recurved and have slightly waved at the edges.

Lilium 'Starfighter'

Purplish-Red, White tips and edges


June, July

36 -41 x 24 (90-102.5 x 60)

Mid-Green, leaves alternate

It has beautifully scented carmine-pink flowers edged with pure white. The outward-facing flowers have deeper red spots towards the centre.


'Star Gazer

Red with dark spots


July, August

60 x 12-16 (150 x 30-40)

Dark Green

For patio or container gardens, add 3 Stargazer lilies to a container in the early spring, placing them 5" below the surface. In May add a layer of Proven Winners annuals, mulch, fertilize with an organic liquid kelp fertilizer and enjoy.

Mid summer the oriental lilies will push through the annuals and put on a spectacular show. Enjoy your Stargazer lilies in the patio container garden, or use as cut flowers in your home.
A common mistake is not planting lilies deep enough. Put 6 inches (15 cms) of soil over the top of them to keep them from flopping over. They appreciate a regular feeding when grown in containers; in borders, they will be fine with little feeding.

'Visa Versa'

Deep Pink


July, August

48 x 18
(120 x 45)


It mixes beautifully with yellow, soft pink and medium rose tones for elegance in the garden. 3 to 4 foot (36-48 inches = 90-120 cms) stems.

This Oriental-Trumpet, quite different from the ordinary, has smooth, outfacing flowers of medium raspberry with just a hint of coral, a green nectary outlined by lemon yellow and a soft, light scent to tickle the nose.

VIII Miscellaneous Lilies

'Conca d'Or

Yellow, pale Yellow


July, August

44 x 18
(110 x 45)

Spirally-arranged Green alternate leaves

Very exotic variety. Probably best suited to pot culture. Flowers rich amber and cream. Very dramatic.

Lemon yellow seems to be the "It" color this year. I know a lot of gardeners shy away from using yellow, but these pale tones make wonderful companions for blue and purple flowers.

'Red Dutch

Red-Orange, Yellow


July, August

36-48 x 12-24 (90-120 x 30-60)


These chalice-shaped flowers are borne in succession from mid- to late-summer on tall sturdy stems lined with lance-shaped green foliage.

Orienpet lilies tend to have large, broad, trumpet-shaped flowers with a strong sweet fragrance. Once they have flowered they will not bloom again until the following year, so be sure to plant them with ornamentals that look great later in the season.
This lily prefers full to partial sun and neutral, well-drained, humus-rich soil.

Lilium 'Triumphator'

Red, White tips
and edges


July, August

40 x 16
(100 x 40)

Spirally-arranged Green alternate leaves

Quite unusual, long creamy white trumpets, with deep pink flush in the throat.


IX Species Lilies



White, Gold bands


August, September

60 x 12
(150 x 30)


Gold-banded Lily is one of the most beautiful of the wild species. It bears up to thirty-five, star-shaped, highly aromatic flowers per stem, usually in August and sometimes in September. The large flowers can reach a diameter of 10 to 12 inches (25-30 cms).

The bulbs should be topped by 10cm of gritty soil. Don’t be tempted to overfeed this species as it particularly resents it, although in winter it will appreciate a good topping of leaf mould.
This lily does well in plain or acidic soil; rich or fertilised soil will kill the plant. Bulbs should be planted in a hole three times their size in both depth and width in a well drained area. The best position for this plant is one where its top will receive sunlight while its base remains shaded.

Lilium cernuum

Pink, Carmine


June, July

16-24 x 12 (40-60 x 30)

Narrow, Green leaves

A smaller turks-cap species, with unusual nodding flowers which are pale lavender pink. Very dainty and tolerant of lime.

Prefers an open free-draining humus-rich loamy soil with its roots in the shade and its head in the sun. Stem rooting, the bulbs should be planted 10 - 12cm deep in Early to mid autumn.

Lilium duchartrei

White, Purple veins


June, July

20-60 x 16 (50-150 x 40)

Narrow, Green leaves

The flowers are scented. This looks superb when in flower and always manages to make people stop and look.

Leafy or peaty soil, in shade, with plenty of space to allow the stolons to creep.

Grows in forest margins and moist hillsides, even marshy ground. Emerging from small scaly bulbs with stems 50-150cm tall carrying narrow grassy leaves crowned by an inflorescence of 1-12 scented turk's-cap flowers, white with speckling of wine-red. For a moist humus rich soil in shade, where it can form a colony.

Lilium formosanum



August, September,

24-60 x 24-36 (50-150 x 60-90)

Narrow, lance-shaped Green leaves

The plants can get up to ten feet (330 cms) tall, but average height is four to five feet (120-150 cms). They can bear one or two flowers per stem with some selections bearing up to 40 flowers per stem.

From late August through early October, this lily bears eight or more 10-inch-long (25 cms), deliciously scented, pristine-white trumpets (sometimes blushed pink on the outside) upon each stem.
Native habitat is Grassy slopes, seashores.

Lilium formosanum



August, September,

12-18 x 8 (30-45 x 20)


A dwarf species, with a long cream trumpet. Best grown on the rockery or scree.

Native habitat is open grassland in sandy or volcanic soils in the alpine zone.


Yellow-Orange with Chestnut spotting



12-48 x 20 (30-120 x 50)

Dense whorls of lance-shaped, mid-to-dark Green leaves

It grows fairly easily in most well drained soils, including those with lime. It does like to be planted deep in partial shade.

It crosses with various Lilium martagon varieties. It does not suffer late spring frosts well and when hit by a late frost, it will take a couple years to recover.


Orange spotted Black



120 x 12
(300 x 30)


The flowers are tough, as is the plant, which will grow just about anywhere except the most acid of gardens. This is good species to start with and will grow where many other lilies struggle.

This vigorous lily is easy to grow in neutral to alkaline soil in a partially shaded spot, such as under trees. It produces tall stems of lightly scented, deep orange flowers, with dark red anthers, in late summer. As a stem rooting type of lily, the bulbs need to be planted at a depth of at least three times the bulb height.

Lilium leichtilinii

Yellow, Purple spots


July, August

20-80 x 12 (50-200 x 30)

Narrowly lanceolate, up to 6 inches
(15 cms) long, Green

A wonderful turks-cap species, with bright golden yellow flowers which are heavily spotted. Slightly shorter and less showy than the tiger lilies, but a lovely addition to the back of any border.

Lilium leichtlinii is from Japan. It grows among tall grasses in rich, moist meadows.
One of the easiest lilies which can adapt to virtually each garden condition provided it has sufficient drainage. 
Native habitat is Humus-rich soils in river valleys and amongst grass on hills. Sandy places along valleys, mountain grasslands, limestone or serpentine areas.

Lilium martagon

dark spots


June, July

40-80 x 20 (100-200 x 50)


The lovely characteristic with this species is the huge variation of shades from very light to very dark purple. Grows in any fertile, well drained soil in sun or partial shade.

It thrives in sub-alpine meadows, woods or scrubs up to 7,000ft above sea level and tolerates all soils, though it prefers neutral to alkaline conditions.

Lilium nepalense

Purple throat


June, July

36 -54 x 16 (90-135 x 40)


An absolutely stunning species that bears large, drooping lime-green bells. The inside of each flower is a dark maroon or purple. Between 1 and 3 flowers are normally produced. Best grown in a cool greenhouse and give it plenty of root space as they like to travel.

Lilium nepalense is much-prized for its large funnel-shaped flowers which can be as many as eight on each stem. With a suitable background or foil, this contrasts dramatically with their royal-purple throats and spots. Normally unscented, you will also find that these spectacular downward-facing blooms are perfect for flower arranging as they can lasts for days once cut.

Lilium pardalinum

Brown spots



80-98 x 24 (200-295 x 30)


Now, most lilies are indeed rather particular as to growing conditions, and if you are blessed with a cool, humus-rich, somewhat acid, moisture-retentive yet free-draining sandy soil, then you need read no further, since you can (and probably already do) grow practically any lily you desire. However, if, like me, you garden on a nice stodgy clay in conditions where it never stops raining in winter, then here is a lily for you.

I grow it..... well, anywhere, really. Like all lilies it benefits from a good feed periodically, though it certainly does not require it. The plants also like a moisture-retentive soil, and I suspect that they could be grown to perfection in "clematis conditions"--top in sun, base of stems & roots in shade; they would no doubt look good with red Astilbes.

One point of caution though--this lily more than many others takes exception to being transplanted, especially while in growth. It has never died on me, but often sulks in the first year and doesn't really settle down for about two years. Thereafter it makes a splendid display though, and can be left to form a magnificent clump in time.

Lilium pumilum

Red with Black spots


June, July

8-28 x 12 (20-70 x 30)

Thin and narrow, 4 inch long, Green leaves

Bears small, bright red scented, turk’s caps, held in a pyramid shape. Does not like lime but otherwise will grow quite happily outdoors

This is a choice lily for the cutting garden. It lasts long as a cut flower, and not only that, one stem gives you an instant bouquet. The bulbs thrive in any well-drained soil and are equally at home in the rock garden. This species is stunning in the landscape; as well as an exciting edition to summer containers.

Lilium superbum

Yellow to Orange with Purple dots


July, August

36-84 x 5-9 (90-210 x 12.5-22.5)


One of the finest of all the American Lilies. The gorgeous orange and yellow flowers bloom from mid July into August, and make a great centerpiece in any garden!

Does best in a rich, damp soil with plenty of humus. If possible, plant in an area with morning sun and afternoon shade, such as the east side of a house.

Lilium wallichianum

White to


October, November

48 x 12
(120 x 30)

Narrow, Green leaves

A lovely species with long, narrow, creamy white, sweetly scented trumpets. It is one of the last lilies to flower and therefore should be grown in a large pot or in cool greenhouse where it can be protected from frosts.

A nice humus-rich soil in light shade with the shelter of something like a rhododendron or small shrub, is ideal. Then you just need a nice long, warm summer (such as global warming seems to be providing) to work the oracle on this one.

Fully hardy and not difficult to grow, but seldom seen in view of its late flowering season.

Unspecified Lilies

Lilium lancifolium


Orange-Red with
Black spots


June, July,
August, September

80 x 12
(200 x 30)


An easy to grow species from Asia. It bears a pyramid of slightly drooping turk’s caps in varying shades of orange and red with many dark purple spots. The number of flowers borne does vary but it is reliable and remarkably tough.

It thrives in a moist acid soil but will grow in alkaline soils as well.

Lilium speciosum

Crimson-Red with White edge and spotted


August, September,

42 x 12
(105 x 30)

Dark Green

This dramatic looking lily is one of the last lilies to flower each summer, so place it somewhere that it will be seen and enjoyed. It flowers profusely, and its bold dark-pink speckled petals curl back on themselves as the buds open.

These lilies can't cope with lime or chalky soil, so it is essential to grow them either in acid soil or in pots filled with ericaceous compost. The lily is moderately scented and it is attractive to wildlife, although gardeners should be aware that these lilies are also highly poisonous to domestic cats.








Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©January 2012.
Page structure amended November 2012.
Mapped Thumbnails with Height/ Width added and Feet changed to inches (cms), Foliage colour, Bulb Use and Comments, Colour Wheel per Month and Index to other Bulbs in other Bulb Galleries added June 2017.
Index and Mapping completed March 2018.
Menus updated May 2018.

Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  


There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-




How to Force Lilies to Bloom
While there are numerous flowers that share their wonderful aroma with the world, lilies (Lilium spp.) have a distinctive perfume that wafts through your garden or home. When summer comes and goes and you yearn for the smell and vibrancy of a container full of lilies, consider forcing the bulbs to bloom. Forcing is a gardener’s way of encouraging a bulb to bloom a time of year not typically known for bloom production.

1. Remove any fruit or vegetables from one of your refrigerator’s crisper drawers so you can use it for cold storage of the bulbs. Place the lily bulbs in a brown paper bag, or several bags, and fold over the top to close. Store the bulbs in the refrigerator for about 12 weeks. Do not put vegetables or fruit in the same drawer with the bulbs.

2. Line a shallow gardening pot with landscape fabric or newspaper.

3. Fill a bucket with a mixture of 3 parts garden soil, 2 parts peat moss and 1 part sand.

4. Add about 2 inches (5 cms) of the soil mixture to the container.

5. Place the bulbs in the soil mixture, close together, so the sides almost touch. Position the bulbs so the pointed ends face upward. Bulb forcing is not the same method as planting, so you don’t need to follow the normal spacing considerations.

6. Add more soil to the container so only the top 1/2 to 1 inch (1.25-2.5 cm) of the bulb's noses peek out of the soil.

7. Place a saucer under the pot and water the bulbs and soil thoroughly. Keep the soil moist at all times, but do not allow the soil to become soggy or the bulbs will rot.

8. Place the pot in a bright location in your home or in an enclosed patio that receives a good amount of sun. The optimum temperature for forcing planted bulbs is between 65 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit (18-21 degrees Celsius).

9. Fertilize the bulbs with a water-soluble fertilizer every two to three weeks. You should see lily blooms within eight to 10 weeks.

Case Studies

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants Garden Maintenance
Offbeat Glossary
Plants Chalk (Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z Heavy Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z Lime-Free (Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z Light Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...Poisonous Plants
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data


Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens
A 1, Photos
B 1, Photos
C 1, Photos
D 1, Photos
E 1, Photos
F 1, Photos
G 1, Photos
H 1, Photos
I 1, Photos
J 1, Photos
K 1, Photos
L 1, Photos
M 1, Photos
N 1, Photos
O 1, Photos
P 1, Photos
Q 1, Photos
R 1, Photos
S 1, Photos
T 1, Photos
U 1, Photos
V 1, Photos
W 1, Photos
X 1 Photos
Y 1, Photos
Z 1 Photos
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens
Flower Shape and Plant Use of
Evergreen Perennial
Herbaceous Perennial

Bedding Flower Shape

Bulb with its 7 Flower Colours per Month Comparison Pages
...Allium/ Anemone
...Colchicum/ Crocus

......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty


...Hippeastrum/ Lily *
...Late Summer
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil

Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs



...Forcing Lily of the Valley



...Hyacinths in Pots


...Lilium in Pots
...Narcissi in Pots



Half-Hardy Bulbs



Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding Windowboxes Border
...naturalized in Grass Bulb Frame Woodland Garden Rock Garden Bowls Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-




...Plant Bedding in

...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley
...Flower Shape
Odds and Sods
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit


Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Wildflower Plants


Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form

you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index


Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-


(o)Adder's Tongue
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels


(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)


(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Rannock Rush
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses


(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Water Fern
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort


It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-


Closed Bud


Opening Bud


Juvenile Flower


Older Juvenile Flower


Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."


Mature Flower


Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower


Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!


Links to external sites were valid when I inserted them but they may no longer connect since either the page has been removed or that website is no longer active, so you will have to use your search engine to find either the plant or data yourself


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