Flower. Photo from Deeproot Plant Base


See photos from Paghat with text showing why not to put these narcissus into the shade


See photo from Dan Pearson with article which bulbs to plant for a splash of colour in the earlest weeks of spring

Plant Name

Narcissus 'Jack Snipe' 6W-Y

See Narcissus Introduction for details about Division Number followed by Flower Colour Code for the Narcissus Classification above. Miniature is added to any of the Divisions 1 to 13.

(Narcissus cyclamineus 'Jack Snipe')

Common Name



Well-drained Acidic Sand or Chalk (Ideally the pH should be around 7 to 6.5)

Sun Aspect

Full Sun (require at least half a days sun)

Soil Moisture

Moist. (Daffodils need lots of water while they are growing. Water immediately after planting and keep them moist until the rains come. Continue watering for three weeks or so after blooming time; then stop watering. The bulbs make their next year's bloom after flowering.)

Plant Type

Herbaceous Bulb

Height x Spread in inches (cms)
(1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet,
3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms)

10 x 4 (25 x 10)


Dark Green

Flower Colour in Month(s). Seed

White perianth and short Lemon-Yellow corona in March-April


"Unlike other narcissi, this prefers slightly acid, moist soil, with plenty of compost or leaf-mould. It seeds very freely and, if the bulbs are to be encouraged to spread rapidly, the faded blooms should not be deadheaded." from Gardeners' World.

If you intend to plant your Daffodils in pots, then read Pot Culture of Exhibition Daffodils in The Complete Guide for Growing and Exhibiting Daffodils irrespective of whether you are likely to exhibit your daffodils or not.

Wherever possible, choose ground that has not previously been used for growing daffodils in the last 5 years. Ideally the pH should be around 7 to 6.5 and should be cultivated to a depth of 2 spits with well-rotted animal manure or compost incorporated into the lower spit. Before planting the following fertiliser can be incorporated at the rate of four ounces (110 grammes) per square yard ( 1 square yard = 0.81 square metres) - 5 parts by weight of superphosphate, 5 parts of bone meal, 5 parts of suphate of potash and 1 part of hoof and horn.

Available from Kevock Garden and Crocus with Brent and Becky's Bulbs in America.



Flowers. Photo from Kevock Garden



Functional combinations in the border from the International Flower Bulb Centre in Holland:-

"Here is a list of the perennials shown by research to be the best plants to accompany various flower bulbs. The flower bulbs were tested over a period of years in several perennial borders that had been established for at least three years.


In combination with narcissi:

For narcissi, the choice was difficult to make. The list contains only some of the perennials that are very suitable for combining with narcissi. In other words, narcissi can easily compete with perennials.

In combination with tulips:

In combination with hyacinths:

In combination with specialty bulbs:

7 Flower Colours per Month in Colour Wheel below in BULB, CORM, RHIZOME and TUBER GALLERY.

Click on Black or White box in Colour of Month.



Besides the above Bulb Flower Colour Comparison Pages, you also have the following Comparison Pages:-

...Bulb Flower Shape -
7 pages of Number of Petals ......
5 petals,
23 pages of Flower Shape .........
Stars and
7 pages of Natural Arrangements

...Bulb Form
7 pages of Bulb Form ...

...Bulb Use -
33 pages of Bulb Use ...
Mass Planting,
Grow in Patio Pot and
Use in Coastal Conditions

...Bulb Preferred Soil
5 pages of Soil preferred by Bulb ...

BULB, CORM, RHIZOME AND TUBER INDEX - There are over 700 bulbs in the bulb galleries. The respective flower thumbnail, months of flowering, height and width,
foliage thumbnail,
form thumbnail
use and
comments are in the relevant index page below:-
(o): A
(o): B
(o): C
(o): D
(o): E
(o): F
(o): G
(o): H
(o): I
....: J
....: K
(o): L
(o): M
(o): N
(o): O
(o): P
....: Q
....: R
(o): S
(o): T
....: U
(o): V
....: W
(o): XYZ

Daffodil Bulb INDEX link to Bulb Description Page

Flower Colour
with Thumbnail

Flowering Months

Height x Width in inches (cms) -

1 inch = 2.5 cms,

12 inches = 1 foot,

36 inches = 3 feet = 1 yard,

40 inches = 100 cms


Narcissus is very versatile in its planting position. It can be grown amongst shrubs in a border, in meadows, woodland, lawns and containers. Some of the smaller species are suitable for the rock garden, although some, like Narcissus cantabricus, Narcissus romieuxii and Narcissus rupicola will need extra protection in an alpine house.

Narcissus - Division 1: Trumpet Daffodil Cultivars

'Brabazon' 1Y-Y



February, March

16 x 6
(40 x 15)

Large, deep golden yellow flowers with bold trumpets. Free flowering, sturdy and strong growing.
Plant with Rosa banksiae 'Lutea' (Yellow banksia rose)

'Bravoure' 1W-Y



March, April

18-24 x 4 (44-60 x 10)

Very large flowers with broad creamy white petals and large lemon yellow trumpets with slightly frilled edges. Strong growing with strappy blue-green foliage. Mid-spring flowering.

'Dutch Master'

Golden Yellow/Yellow



18 x 4
(45 x 10)

Strong growing and reliable. Large golden yellow flowers in mid-spring.
Dutch Master or King Alfred Improved has been America's favorite daffodil for decades. It's great for naturalizing and creates the perfect early burst of classic yellow color.

'Golden Harvest' 1Y-Y

Golden Yellow/Yellow


February, March,
April, May

18 x 6
(45 x 15)

Large golden yellow flowers. Often one of the earliest flowering daffodils, from February. Narrow, linear to strap-shaped leaves. Strong growing habit.

This cultivar is suitable for Winter forcing.

'Little Beauty'




6 x 4
(15 x 10)

This little daffodil may be naturalised in short fine grass, but its ideal situation is at the front of a border or rock garden, in sun or dappled shade. Plant it at one and a half times its own depth, or slightly deeper if the soil is light, or if it is being naturalised in grass. Good in pots.

'Rijnveld's Early

Yellow, Yellow


December, January, February, March

14 x 6
(35 x 15)

It can tolerate cold, snowy weather and it has a long blooming period. 'Rijnveld's Early Sensation' combines nicely with early crocuses and dwarf irises.

'Small Talk'

Golden Yellow/Yellow


March, April

5 x 3
(12.5 x 7.5 )

Dwarf and very short growing, but will eventually form good neat clumps. Well formed miniature golden yellow flowers, from very early in the season.




March, April

20 x 4
(50 x 10)

Vigorous daffodil with large sulphur-lemon yellow trumpeted flowers, fading as they age almost to white.
The flowers face a southerly direction towards the sun, so you want to plant them where they will be seen with their flower faces towards the viewer.




March, April, May

18 x 6
(45 x 15)

Very large, rich yellow flowers, the trumpet being slightly deeper. Mid-season flowering, vigorous grower.

Narcissus - Division 2: Large-Cupped Daffodil Cultivars

'Altun Ha'

Lemon Yellow/Cream


April, May

18 x 6
(45 x 15)

Shapely reversed bi-colour flowers with broad lemon-yellow perianth petals and large pale cream trumpets. Mid to late season flowering. A frequent show-winner

'Armada' 2Y-O



April, May

24 x 6
(60 x 15)

Spring flowering bulb with bright yellow perianth segments and orange cups with frilled edges. Sturdy habit and vigorous growing.

'Border Beauty'




18 x 6
(45 x 15)

Large shapely flowers with rounded clear yellow perianth segments and bowl-shaped deep reddish orange cups. Strong growing habit

'Carlton' 2Y-Y




18 x 12-18 (45 x 30-45)

One of the few all yellow flowers in this group. The cup is extra large and broad and it makes a good, strong cut flower. Flowers early.
The perfect ‘Golden Daffodil' and one of the best for naturalizing. Widely cultivated for commercial cut flower production, because it is so very vigorous and long lasting it is also one of the best for the home gardener looking for a classic border display.

'Ceylon' 2Y-O



March, April

16 x 6
(40 x 15)

Flowers have golden yellow petals and an orange-red cup, produced one per stem in early to mid spring. Narrow, linear to strap-shaped leaves.

'Glen Clova'

Golden Yellow/Orange
eye-zone, Red mid-zone and rim


March, April

16 x 4
(45 x 10)

Broad golden yellow perianth segments, slightly reflexing, and long trumpet shaped cups shading from orange to reddish at the mouths.
Flowered for 55 days in 2008 and 21 days in 2009 at the Daffodil Trial 2008-2009 at Royal Horticultural Society in Wisley with these other Daffodils.

'Home Fires'




20 x 6
(50 x 15)

Mid-spring flowering daffodil with pointed, bright yellow perianth segments and short brilliant orange cups.

The only other well known event in Saint Narcissus' life took place when, on an unknown date, he was accused by three men of an unnamed, yet horrible, sin. The way these men sought to bring down the holy bishop leads one to wonder if demonic possession was at work. Each man asked that he might, respectively, be killed by fire, devoured by leprosy, and struck blind if what he said was proved false.

Narcissus kept his composure throughout this ordeal and simply looked at it as an opportunity to live the life of a hermit. After forgiving his accusers, he disappeared into the desert. Later on, one of the men, along with his entire family, died during a house fire. The second contracted leprosy and the third cried from fear and contrition to the extent that he lost his sight

'Ice Follies'



March, April

18 x 4
(45 x 10)

Large creamy-white flowers with wide, frilly-edged cups opening lemon-yellow but soon fading to white. Very prolific.
"Although sometimes forced in January for early cutting, and also grown as pot plant for display, it is a fine variety for massing in borders, parts of the lawn or under trees.
Grow them outdoors, or in containers on a bright windowsill indoors. Also excellent as cut flowers to make a really pretty posy!

'Redhill' 2W-OR



April, May

16 x
(40 x )

Good red and white daffodil. Broad white petals around a bowl shaped vivid orange-red cup


White/Rose-Pink eye-zone and mid-zone with Orange rim



14 x 6
(35 x 15)

Attractive fragrant flowers with overlapping rounded white perianth petals and shapely cups, opening apricot then aging to rose-pink. Vigorous and increases quickly.

'Rustom Pasha'

Lemon Yellow/Orange



16 x 6
(40 x 15)

Large-cupped daffodil with broad rounded, yellow petals and a neat orange cup. Narrow, linear to strap-shaped leaves. Strong growing.
RUSTOM PASHA, 1930 Named for a prize-winning “red” stallion raced back then by the Aga Khan, this bright, cheerful flower was one of the first with a truly orange, sun-proof cup.
Hortus’ home town of Presteigne is the cradle of no fewer than 470 varieties of daffodil, bred by four significant breeders. Gwendolen Evelyn in collaboration with Alec Wilson created this Narcissus.

'St. Keverne'

Yellow /Yellow


March, April

18 x 4
(45 x 10)

Large, well formed, clear yellow flowers with flat, broad pointed perianth segments and bold trumpet-shaped cup. Sturdy growing, resistant to heavy rain and wind.

Narcissus - Division 3: Small-Cupped Daffodil Cultivars

'Badbury Rings'

Lemon-Yellow/ Yellow eye-zone, Yellow mid-zone and Orange rim


March, April

26 x 4
(65 x 10)

Tall stems carry attractive, well formed flowers with rounded, bright lemon yellow perianth segments and a small, fluted and flared, darker cups with a red-orange-red rim.
A leader on the show bench as well as a good garden plant.
Plant with: Cotinus coggygria 'Royal Purple' (Smoke bush 'Royal Purple'), Cotinus coggygria Rubrifolius Group (Smoke bush Rubrifolius Group )

'Merlin' 3W-YYR

White/ Yellow with
Red rim



14-16 x 4 (35 x 10)

Beautiful medium sized daffodil. Pure white perianth segments and a pale yellow flattened cup edged by a narrow intense red rim.

'Triple Crown'

Golden-Yellow perianth with corona of Green eye-zone, Yellow mid-zone and Orange-Red



26 x 4
(65 x 10)

Well formed flowers with golden yellow perianth segments and a small flared cups rimmed with deep orange-red. Free flowering in mid season and increases well.

Narcissus - Division 4: Double Daffodil Cultivars

'Abba' 4W-O



February, March, April

24 x 6
(60 x 15)

Fairly upright habit, with some leaves arching over. Flowers facing outward with an average of 5 flowers per stem. Stem reaching 61cm in height, glaucous grey green foliage to 51cm. Flowers 5cm in diameter. Flowered for 60 days in 2007 (from 19 February), with 45 flowering stems per 10 bulbs. _A good double; stands up well to the weather; lots of secondary flowering stems providing an extremely long flowering display.

'Replete' 4W-P



March, April

20 x 6
(50 x 15)

Large double flowers with ivory white outer petals and salmon pink inner ones. The colouring is rather varible, often opening peachy yellow-orange then turning to coral-orange, salmon or rose-pink as they age. Scented.

'Sir Winston
' 4W-O



March, April

16 x 4
(35 x 10)

Each stem carries 4 or more double flowers of creamy white with yellow-orange centres, on strong stems in late spring. Sweetly scented.

obvallaris 'Thomas' Virescent Daffodil' 4Y-Y




8 x 6
(20 x 15)

It has been described as the ugliest daffodil in the world, but the Derwydd Daffodil (Narcissus obvallaris ‘Thomas’ Virescent Daffodil’) is special to South Wales after being rediscovered here only twenty years ago or so. This flore pleno variety is characterised by its green-tinged, double flowers, which often appear twisted and messy


White perianth and corona with Chrome Yellow eye-zone, Mid-zone and Rim or Chrome Eye-zone, White mid-zone and White Rim



26 x 6
(65 x 15)

Fully double flowers with petals of pure white interspersed with bright chrome yellow.

'White Lion'



April, May

18 x 6
(45 x 15)

Double flowers, white with soft yellow petals in centre, in April and May.
Looks good with Doronicum orientale 'Magnificum' and Danae racemosa.
Fantastic for cut flowers.

Narcissus - Division 5: Triandrus Daffodil Cultivars

'Hawera' 5Y-Y



April, May

8 x 4
(20 x 10)

Narcissus ‘Hawera’ (pre-1950, Zones 3–8) is a miniature triandrus-type daffodil with many elfin, pale-yellow nodding bells per stem, each with a demitasse-shaped cup surrounded by swept-back petals. This adaptable daffodil can grow in dry areas, in pots, in full sun, and in partial shade. It contrasts nicely with Muscari armeniacum and is exquisite with hellebores.

'Thalia' 5W-W


March, April


14 x 6
(35 x 15)

A multi-headed trumpet daffodil that emerges from its bud a greeny-white and opens to reveal a delightful, pure white flower that looks really good planted in big swathes. This is quite an old variety that was a firm favourite of the Victorians. Excellent cut flowers. Goes well with Buxus sempervirens and Exochorda x macrantha 'The Bride'.

Narcissus - Division 6: Cyclamineus Daffodil Cultivars

'Beryl' 6Y-YYO

eye-zone and mid-zone, Orange rim


March, April

8 x 3-6
(20 x 7.5-15)

Vigorous spring flowering bulb. Reflexed yellow perianth segments which quickly fade to creamy white small yellow-orange cups.

'February Gold'



February, March

12 x 4
(30 x 10)

They also do really well in pots and windowboxes.

'Garden Princess' 6Y-Y



March, April

18 x 4
(45 x 10)

Sturdy growing with clear soft yellow flowers, reflexing perianth segments and tapering trumpets with frilled mouths.

'Jack Snipe'



March, April

10 x 4
(25 x 10)

Unlike other narcissi, this prefers slightly acid, moist soil, with plenty of compost or leaf-mould. It seeds very freely and, if the bulbs are to be encouraged to spread rapidly, the faded blooms should not be deadheaded.

Jetfire' 6Y-O



March, April

8 x 4
(20 x 10)

As with most daffodils, Narcissus "Jetfire' is first-rate for forcing and wonderful as a cut flower. In the vase daffodils last four to six days. Preservatives do not prolong the flowers; this step is not necessary. The blossoms secrete a mucous from their stems that is unfavorable to other cut flowers. Daffodils can be used alone in the vase or hardened for 12-24 hours in fresh water by themselves, with at least one water change. Rinse stems before placing with other cut flowers.

'Peeping Tom'



February, March

15 x 4 (37.5 x 10)

Usually the earliest Daffodil to flower and also in bloom for a long period, up to 8 weeks. Strong golden yellow with narrow trumpets. Will naturalise easily.

'Spring Dawn'

Pale Yellow/
Bright Yellow


January, February,

8 x 5
(20 x 12.5)

Spring flowering bulb, pale creamy yellow perianth segments and bright yellow trumpets. Early flowering, usually in February and March.




March, April

10 x
(25 x )

A good, strong variety suitable for the garden or pots. It has reflexed, milk-white perianth and a pale yellow cup with a wide, flared mouth. With time the cup fades to almost white. The flowers are quite large and solid for such a dwarf variety.

Narcissus - Division 7: Jonquilla and Apodanthus Daffodil Cultivars

'Baby Moon'
7Y-Y Min



April, May

8 x 6
(20 x 15)

It bears petite, scented, bright yellow flowers with Narrow, Dark Green, often reed-like leaves.

'Bell Song' 7W-P



April, May, June

12-15 x 8 (30-37.5 x 20)

Jonquil bulbs are planted 4 inches (10 cms) deep in autumn. Most jonquils like a very sunny location, but also do well in partial shade. However, salmon to pink-trumpet varieties like 'Bell Song' require a bit of protection and would in the main prefer dappled sunlight, or their rare color rapidly fades.
When ours first start blooming in April (2003), the surrounding deciduous shrubbery permitted them sufficient light as they were not yet completely re-leafed. But since small jonquils bloom until June, they were quite deeply shaded by the end of their cycle, so our choice of location was not the best planned

'Golden Dawn'

Rich Yellow/Orange


February, March, April

20 x 4
(50 x 10)

Spring bulb, clusters of several sweetly scented flowers per stem, rich yellow with light orange cups. Vigorous grower with sturdy stems and good erect foliage, naturalises well.
'Golden Dawn' is a Tazetta daffodil with spreading foliage and up to 5 fragrant flowers per stem, each 4.5 cm in width with light yellow perianth segments and orange corona

'Kokopelli' 7Y-Y

Yellow/Golden Yellow



12 x 6
(30 x 15)

Kokopelli is a jonquilla seedling that is very fragrant and very floriferous. Each bulb produces a bouquet of 3 or more stems, each bearing 3-5, button-eyed, bright yellow flowers. Kokopelli has won many prizes on the daffodil show bench but is even more striking when massed in the garden.

'Pipit' 7Y-Y

Lemon Yellow/Yellow


April, May

12 x 4
(30 x 10)

Small spring bulb, 2 or 3 sweetly scented, lemon yellow flowers with cups which quickly fade to cream or nearly white. Mid to late spring.
During the fading & changing process they often have a yellow & white streaked stage, while the trumpet, likewise starting out a soft yellow, fades to ivory white on the outside & along the ruffles first, still having a yellow interior for a while.

'Quail' 7Y-Y

Golden Yellow/Yellow


April, May

16 x 4
(35 x 10)

Narcissus ‘Quail’ is a delicate daffodil in appearance but actually is robust in nature and looks most effective planted in a large drift where its stems, which hold two or three small yellow flowers, can be fully admired. At RHS Garden Hyde Hall we use it in large drifts around the Lower Pond where it looks fantastic against winter stem shrubs such as dogwoods and willows. We also use it in smaller groups through the Eastern Courtyard to add a splash of spring colour as visitors arrive.

'Suzy' 7Y-O



April, May

16 x 6
(40 x 15)

Bulbs produce 2 or 3 stems, each bearing 1 or 2 flowers with broad bright yellow perianth segments and flattish red-orange cups. Mid to late spring. Scented

'Sweet Love'

White perianth with corona of soft Yellow eye-zone, Yellow mid-zone - which fades to White - and White rim



18 x 6
(45 x 15)

Inhale the sweet perfume from this pretty white Jonquilla hybrid! Its bowl-shaped, yellow-orange cup is broadly ribbed and finished with a white ruffled edge, a bicolor effect that is both subtle and beguiling. Vigorous and sun-proof, 'Sweet Love' produces several flowers per stem and multiple stems.


Lemon Yellow/ Lemon-Yellow



18 x 6
(45 x 15)

Vigorous Jonquilla daffodil producing up to 4 sweetly scented, lemon-yellow flowers about 7cm across, with rounded perianth segments and short flared cups. Very narrow leaves.
Upright habit and excellent cut flowers
A long-lived plant for bedding or naturalizing.

Narcissus - Division 8: Tazetta Daffodil Cultivars

'Falconet' 8Y-O



March, April

14 x 6
(35 x 15)

Early to mid spring flowing bulb. 3 to 5 small flowers per stem, bright golden yellow perianth petals and small orange cups. Fragrant, reliable and spreads easily.
Habit of being an overly rapid multiplier, necessitating frequent digging and 

'Geranium' 8W-O



March, April

16 x 6
(40 x 15)

Richly scented flowers appear in clusters of up to six on top of sturdy stems in March and April. The pure white petals contrast brilliantly with the bright orange cup. Plant in groups where they can be left undisturbed and the clumps will get bigger each year. This is also a good variety for pots.

'Minnow' 8Y-Y



March, April, May

18 x 6
(45 x 15)

Dwarf, robust early to mid spring flowing bulb. 4 or more small flowers per stem. Creamy yellow petals and a lemon cup. Fragrant. Reliable and spreads easily.

It prefers a great deal of sun but will tolerate a bit of shade, & is hardy for zones 5 through 9. On Puget Sound the turf emerges in December. It begins flowering lightly by about mid-March but really picks up steam in April. The blooms sometime linger into May. When it dies back in summer, the bulb needs to remain relatively dry.

In a warmer climate it can bloom as early as November. It rather likes Puget Sound weather patterns of wet winter & dry summers, so that it can go in a low-maintence roadside garden. Ours wasn't originally on the roadside, but near the house, growing at the foot of a Lady Bank's Rose that requires no watering to speak of. The location was chosen because this daffodil, like the Bank's Rose, mainly needs no more than ordinary rainfall.

This spot underneath the enormous climbing rose turned out to be too shady, so that the blooms were only moderately good in 2002 & 2003. So as autumn 2004 arrived, I lifted the bulbs, adding five more newly obtained 'Minnow' bulbs, & planted them along a ledge in the roadside's xeriscape rugosa rose garden. They flowered much better the following March than ever they had in the previous location



January, February,


14 x
(35 x )

The white flowers are borne in bunches and are strongly fragrant. It is frequently grown as a house plant, often forced to flower at Christmas. Paperwhites do not require chilling to promote bloom. The bulbs begin to grow as soon as they are planted, with flowers appearing in 3–4 weeks.
Narcissus papyraceus thrives in moist, peat moss based potting mix. Plants can also be grown in containers of water. Cool temperatures between 50–65 °F (10–18 °C) and indirect light will help to prolong the bloom time.

Narcissus - Division 9: Poeticus Daffodil Cultivars






Narcissus - Division 10: Bulbocodium Daffodil Cultivars

'Golden Bells'



April, May

3 x 6 (7.5cm x 15cm)

Particularly vigorous and reliable selection of this species, with golden yellow flared trumpet flowers.

There is one important difference in the two strains, however. Golden Bells blooms later than our patch of regular Narcissus bulbocodium. Our wild patch is veritably a winter bloomer at their height of blossom throughout March, whereas "Golden Bells" is in at its height of flower in April. If this were the one & only distinguishing feature, that would be enough to justify having two otherwise identical strains, for between the two, this means hoopskirts are flowering a long while, eight to nine weeks combined.

bulbocodium subsp. obesus



March, April

6 x 4
(15 x 10)

Rarely offered this tetraploid form from southern Portugal has narrow, prostrate leaves and short stems with large flowers of bright golden yellow. Reputed to do well in limey soils, however all of our Narcissus grow in slightly limey soils here.

pseudonarcissus 10W-Y



February, March, April

12 x 8
(30 x 20)

Very variable bulbous wildflower, erect, strap-shaped, usually glaucous, mid-green leaves and flowers with yellow trumpets surrounded by narrow, twisted, creamy perianth segments, but can vary from white to deep yellow. Early spring flowering and leaves usually die back by mid-summer. Good for naturalising in grass or woodland.






12 x 8
(30 x 20)

Early spring bulb with erect, strap-shaped leaves and nodding flowers with yellow trumpets surrounded by twisted, cream perianth segments. Good for naturalising

Narcissus - Division 11: Split-Corona Daffodil Cultivars a) Collar Daffodils




March, April

16 x 6
(40 x 15)


Narcissus - Division 11: Split-Corona Daffodil Cultivars b) Papillon Daffodils

'Broadway Star'

White/Orange stripe



16 x 8
(40 x 20)

White flowers with an bold orange stripe on the segments of the split corona, which lie flat against the perianth, making a an irregular star shape. Mid spring flowering.

'Sunny Side Up'

Lemon Yellow/ Lemon-Yellow



18 x 6 (45 x 15)

Very large, split corona type flowers with frilly lemon yellow petals.

Narcissus - Division 12 Other Daffodil Cultivars




February, March, April

6 x 6
(15 x 15)

Standing at only 15cm (6in) high, its small size makes it ideal for planting in patio containers or at the front of the border. The deep golden yellow flowers appear in early spring, with each stem bearing up to 3 blooms. Plant the bulbs in early autumn, at one and half times their own depth.

'Toto' 12W-Y



March, April

12 x 6
(30 x15)

Dwarf spring flowering bulb. Several flowers per stem with white perianth petals and straight pale yellow cups, ageing to creamy white.

Narcissus - Division 13: Daffodils distinguished solely by Botanical Name


Fading Yellow/
Darker Yellow


January, February,

4 x 4
(10 x 10)

Narcissus asturiensis is an almost perfect miniature form of the ever popular King Alfred daffodil and is one of the smallest daffodils. At a height of 2 ½ - 5 inches (10-12 cm) it needs careful placement in a regular garden to show to best effect. Wonderful in miniature bulb gardens and small containers. This tiny daffodil can easily be forced and is a good candidate for unusual small containers such as tea cups and miniature strawberry pots. It grows best in sandy, peaty soil which is not allowed to completely dry out in summer. Prefers full sun. Protect from slugs.




March, April, May

8 x 4 (20 x 10) (takes from 2-5 years to reach ultimate height)

Narcissus bulbocodium is a delicate low-growing daffodil. In mid-spring, it produces funnel-shaped, pale to deep yellow flowers 3.5cm across with wide inflated trumpets and insignificant, pointed petals. The flower is reminiscent of a hoop petticoat caught in the wind, hence its common name.

The leaves of Narcissus bulbocodium are slender, semi-cylindrical and dark green 10-40cm long.
It makes a striking specimen plant for an alpine display house or cool glasshouse. Blooms can last up to two to three weeks, adding cheerfulness to overcast winter days. It is suitable for naturalising in damp, rough grass that dries out in summer.





6 x 6
(15 x 15)

It would be a duller place if these brightly coloured, miniature daffodils, with their distinctive and characteristic swept-back petals, were not present to liven up an alpine bed or warm the cold spaces under deciduous shrubs.




March, April

12 x 6
(30 x 15)

This is the variety that grows wild in South Wales, and is described as having perfect proportions. It has an all yellow flower and is extremely hardy. It is ideal for planting into rough grass or meadows where it will spread when left undisturbed. The tidy appearance makes it equally good for beds and borders throughout the garden and could even be used in pots and windowboxes. Goes well with Athyrium filix-femina, Viola odorata and Helleborus argutfolius.

poeticus var


White/Green eye-zone, Yellow mid-zone, Red-Orange rim



8-12 x 6 (20-30 x 15)

Narrow, erect, strap-shaped, channelled leaves. Solitary, scented flowers in late spring, with flat, pure white perianth segments and very small yellow cups edged with red-orange. Good for naturalising.



The American Daffodil Society prides itself with the ever growing Display Garden program and its popular Youth Program. This section is dedicated to information about the American Daffodil Society organization, programs and awards. You will also find detailed information about local daffodil societies throughout the United States.


Dr Tom Throckmorton of Iowa computerized much data in the early 1970's regarding the flower colour of daffodils. With the support of the American Daffodil Society, the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) was approached and asked to consider certain modifications to its admittedly good classification. The RHS, after due consideration, approved the Revised Classification and published this in the International Register of Daffodil names in 1975 as follows:-

1. The classification of a daffodil cultivar shall be based on the description and measurements submitted by the person registering the variety, or shall be the classification submitted by such person.

2. Colours applicable to the description of daffodil cultivars are abbreviated as follows:

  • W white or whitish
  • G green
  • Y yellow
  • P pink
  • O orange
  • R red

3. For purposes of description, the daffodil flower shall be divided into perianth and corona (a crownlike appendage on a plant, esp. on the inner side of a corolla, as in the narcissus.).

4. The perianth shall be described by the letter or letters of the colour code most appropriate.

5. The corona shall be divided into 3 zones:an eye-zone, a mid-zone, and the edge or rim. Suitable coded colour descriptions shall describe these 3 zones, beginning with the eye-zone and extending to the rim - see Introduction Page

6. The letter or letters of the colour code most accurately describing the perianth shall follow the division designation. Narcissus Altun Ha is given the classification code 2YYW-W as the Champion Bloom at the 2011 Tulip and Daffodil Festival for the New Zealand's Daffodil Society. This code indicates a Yellow rim and edge, Yellow mid-zone and White inside part next to the corona of the perianth with White corona.

7. The letters of the colour code most accurately describing the zones of the corona shall then follow, from the eye-zone to the rim separated from the perianth letters by a hyphen. In Division 4, the letters of the colour code most accurately describing the admixture of petals and petaloids replacing the corona shall follow in proper order, using 3, 2, or 1 colour codes as appropriate - see Introduction Page.

8. If the corona is substantially of a single colour, a single letter of the colour code shall describe it.






Carpet a Woodland in Bulbs from December 2000, Issue number 76, of "Fine Gardening Magazine" by Judy Glattstein:-

Plant bulbs that flower in sequence to extend the season

Bloom times are approximate in my USDA Hardiness Zone 6 garden. Though the sequence will generally be the same from year to year, exact bloom times will vary depending upon your location and weather conditions.

Snowdrops - Galanthus spp.
Spring snowflake - Leucojum vernum
Winter aconite - Eranthis hyemalis

Crocus tommasinianus
Snowdrops - Galanthus spp.
Spring snowflake - Leucojum vernum
Winter aconite - Eranthis hyemalis
Narcissus 'Rijnveld's Early Sensation'

Corydalis solida
Fritillaria thunbergii (See photos of fritillaria)
Glory of the snow- Chionodoxa spp.
Grape hyacinth - Muscari armeniacum
Siberian squill - Scilla sibirica
Narcissus 'Beersheba' with their companions
Narcissus 'Dove Wings'
Narcissus 'Rip Van Winkle'
Narcissus 'Trevithian'

Narcissus 'Actaea'
Narcissus 'Thalia'
Guinea hen flower - Fritillaria meleagris
Spanish bluebell - Hyacinthoides hispanicus


Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

The Spruce is a new kind of home website offering practical, real-life tips and inspiration to help you create your best home. Whether you’re looking to retile your bathroom, upgrade your baking skills, conquer a craft or simply tackle your to-do list, The Spruce can show you how to make a Leprachaun Trap.

Site design and content copyright ©February 2012.
Page structure amended November 2012.
Mapping and Index completed March 2018.
Menus changed May 2018. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

If you know the name of the plant you wish to see, you can ask Google and get information; otherwise for the public this website may help you choose your plants using foliage, shape and seed/fruit as well as flower photos before you buy them mailorder directly from the nursery / seed company that has donated the use of their photos!

With free advertising of their plants, I am asking for photos from the public / nurseries / seed companies / suppliers in the UK, or any other country in the European Union, who would supply plants / seeds mailorder direct to the public in the UK and/or the rest of the world. This also applies to American nurseries for America, Chinese Nurseries for China, etc since the plants from most other countries in the world can also be grown in the UK as well as their own country; providing the appropriate growing conditions are stated. See Page for Contact details and the Copyright Permissions Page.


Well-drained Acidic Sand or Chalk (Ideally the pH should be around 7 to 6.5).

Moist Soil. (Daffodils need lots of water while they are growing. Water immediately after planting and keep them moist until the rains come. Continue watering for three weeks or so after blooming time; then stop watering. The bulbs make their next year's bloom after flowering.)

If you intend to plant your Daffodils in pots, then read Pot Culture of Exhibition Daffodils in The Complete Guide for Growing and Exhibiting Daffodils irrespective of whether you are likely to exhibit your daffodils or not.

Wherever possible, choose ground that has not previously been used for growing daffodils in the last 5 years.


Ideally the pH should be around 7 to 6.5 and should be cultivated to a depth of 2 spits with well-rotted animal manure or compost incorporated into the lower spit. Before planting the following fertiliser can be incorporated at the rate of four ounces (110 grammes) per square yard ( 1 square yard = 0.81 square metres) - 5 parts by weight of superphosphate, 5 parts of bone meal, 5 parts of suphate of potash and 1 part of hoof and horn.


If you have heavy clay, you can amend it with river sand to improve porosity; if you have sand, chopped leaves are the recommended amendment. DO NOT USE MANURE OR MUSHROOM COMPOST. Heavy, rich compost leads to a quick case of summer bulb rot! Also, when you amend clay, ensure you dig much deeper than the bulbs' root systems will travel - do not create a bowl that holds water and thus promotes rot. Chopped leaves are the recommended mulch - the weight is light enough not to smother emerging foliage, and the nutrients released by their slow decay function as slow-release fertilizer in good proportions for what daffodils desire.
You can collect and chop your own leaves by using a rotary mower set to its highest setting and mowing the lawn during the autumn when the deciduous tree leaves are falling in your own garden. Then, since you may already have planted your bulbs, lay a 2 inch (5 cm) depth mulch of these chopped leaves/grass over the newly planted bulb area and the worms will pull the mulch into the soil.


There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-





2 Explanatory Pages:-
Site Map of pages with content (o)



Other Colour

(o)1 Trumpet
(o)2 Large-Cupped
(o)3 Small-Cupped
(o)4 Double
(o)5 Triandrus
(o)6 Cyclamineus
(o)7 Jonquilla / Apodanthus
(o)8 Tazetta
9 Poeticus
(o)10 Bulbocodium
11 Split-Corona
(o)11a Collar
(o)11b Papillon
(o)12 Other Cultivars
(o)13 Species and Wild Variants and hybrids

Seed Colour


Case Studies

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants Garden Maintenance
Offbeat Glossary
Plants Chalk (Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z Heavy Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z Lime-Free (Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z Light Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...Poisonous Plants
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data


Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens
A 1, Photos
B 1, Photos
C 1, Photos
D 1, Photos
E 1, Photos
F 1, Photos
G 1, Photos
H 1, Photos
I 1, Photos
J 1, Photos
K 1, Photos
L 1, Photos
M 1, Photos
N 1, Photos
O 1, Photos
P 1, Photos
Q 1, Photos
R 1, Photos
S 1, Photos
T 1, Photos
U 1, Photos
V 1, Photos
W 1, Photos
X 1 Photos
Y 1, Photos
Z 1 Photos
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens Flower Shape and Plant Use of
Evergreen Perennial
Herbaceous Perennial

Bedding Flower Shape

Bulb with its 7 Flower Colours per Month Comparison Pages
...Allium/ Anemone
...Colchicum/ Crocus

......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty


...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus *
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil

Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs



...Forcing Lily of the Valley



...Hyacinths in Pots


...Lilium in Pots
...Narcissi in Pots



Half-Hardy Bulbs



Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding Windowboxes Border
...naturalized in Grass Bulb Frame Woodland Garden Rock Garden Bowls Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-




...Plant Bedding in

...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley
...Flower Shape
Odds and Sods
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit


Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Wildflower Plants


Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form

you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index


Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-


(o)Adder's Tongue
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels


(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)


(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Rannock Rush
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses


(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Water Fern
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort


It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-


Closed Bud


Opening Bud


Juvenile Flower


Older Juvenile Flower


Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."


Mature Flower


Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower


Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!


Links to external sites were valid when I inserted them but they may no longer connect since either the page has been removed or that website is no longer active, so you will have to use your search engine to find either the plant or data yourself


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