Ivydene Gardens Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery:
Rock Garden Plant Index: B

Botanical Plant Name



Height and Spread in Inches


Position and Pro-tection

Flower Colour / Nearest Colour Wheel - Flowers Colour

Months of Flowering




"One species of evergreen shrublet from Japan to Kamtchatca. It forms a dense mat clad with mid-green, sometimes bronzed, linear leaves and starry flowers with four petal lobes borne in short racemes. In cultivation, however, the flowers are rarely produced.

Can be used effectively to trail over the edge of a trough or sink garden in a sunny position where the redected warmth from the stone may induce flower bud formation. A well-drained, peaty compost which never becomes totally arid is essential. Propagation by cuttings in late summer or seed in spring." from Encyclopedia of Alpine Garden Society.

gmelinii (musciformis)



1 x 8



























The following information comes from "The Culture of Bulbs, Bulbous Plants and Tubers Made Plain" by Sir J. L. Cotter; published by Hutchinson & Co in 1925:-

I think a bulb may be most clearly defined as an underground stem, surrounded at its base by fleshy scales which are rolled into each other in the case of bulbs such as those of the Tulip and Daffodil, and are overlapping as in the case of the Lily.
I think as a speciman of a really perfect bulb, we can find no better example than an Onion.
The scales of the bulb are there for a two-fold purpose:-

  • They are firstly really a modified form of leaves, whose duty is to hold food in reserve for the embryo stem and flowers.
  • Secondly, they are the covering which Nature has provided for these young growths during the period of rest.

When everything is favourable to the culture of bulbs more food is stored up than is required for the sustenance of the embryo growths; then young bulblets or off-shoots are formed on the side of the bulb, and this is the manner in which many varieties are increased, or in some cases by which the stock is maintained. It must not be thought, however, that all bulbs grow in this manner. Some last for several seasons, suich as the Daffodil and Hyacinth; while others appear to be completely absorbed by the stem in the act of flowering. The most common example of this disappearance is found in the case of the Tulip. It is curious how many people, even among experienced gardeners, are unaware of this habit of Tulips. Often I have heard the remark: "My Tulip bulbs do not seem to increase in size," the speaker being quite unaware that he was dealing with a completely new bulb.



In appearance a corm is very like a bulb to the casual observer, and indeed the 2 terms are very loosely intermixed. How often, when at a bulb merchant's, do we hear a customer enquiring for Gladiolus "bulbs".
Cut a bulb and corm in two, and the difference will be at once apparent;

  • instead of the scales of the former with a fairly large disc in the centre,
  • we find a solid substance with just a few slight ridges showing, these ridges being the remains of thin scales that the corm developed in its early days.

By the way, I might mention at this point that if corms are carefully cut through the centre from top to bottom, and the freshly-cut sides protected by some substance such as lime, in 9 cases out of 10 each half will grow.
The habit of growth of a corm is quite unlike that of bulbs with the exception of the Tulip, the whole contents going to supply the stem and flower spike, and a fresh corm being formed on the base of that which has been used up. This can be most clearly seen in the case of the Gladiolus and the Montbretia. On being lifted, the corm attached to the stem will be found to be a shrivelled and useless husk, with a plump newly-formed corm attached to the lower side. Sometimes there are 2 and even 3 fresh growths.




I think may be best described as an enlarged underground stem, its function being precisely the same as in the case of a bulb or corm - the storing of supplies for the future stem and flower.

Tubers vary immensely in both appearance and habits, some being of one season's duration only; (I think probably the best known example of this sort of tuber is Tropaelum Tubersosum), or, of a perennial nature, such as those of the Anemone, Tuberous Rooted Begonia, etc.

In the case of those tubers having the habit of the Tropaelum, the whole reserve of food is given up to the new growth, the old tuber, its function having been fulfilled, dying. Another striking example of this class of tuber is the potato, well-known to everybody. Those tubers which have a perennial habit have the power of giving forth sufficient sustenance to maintain the stems and flowers, at the same time retaining sufficient nourishment to considerably increase in size themselves. This, I think, is particularly noticeable in the case of Tuberous Rooted Begonia and Gloxinias. I have frequently found tubers of these plants to increase to double and treble their original size in a single season, and yet give a prolific mass of bloom.

I may mention here that tubers can be increased by cutting in the same manner as potatoes, care being exercised to see that each part has at least one living "eye". I invariably practised this method of propagation when dealing with choice Begonia or Gloxinia tubers, many thousands of which I raised each year from seed.



The care of the leaves of all bulbous plants is of the greatest importance if any success is to be expected. The leaves of plants eat the carbon and oxygen in the atmosphere in the form of carbon-dioxide. Under the influence of sunlight the oxygen is given off again, while the carbon is retained for the production of starch and other materials necessary to plant life. These materials undergo a special preparation by the aid of chlorophyll in the leaves, and are conducted down in due course to the bulb, corm or tuber, as the case may be, to form the reservoirs for the next season's growth. Chlorophyll is a chemical which is rsponsible for the general health of all plants, and among other things for the green colour of the leaves. Its absence in sufficient quantities produces a general debility of the plant, with a consequent paling of the foliage, one might almost describe it as anaemia. The correct botanical name of the complaint is chlorosis, and is sometimes artificially produced to obtain a bizarre effect,as in the case of the variegated Aspidistra.

It will be seen from what I have said that the maintenance in good health of the leaves of bulbous plants is of the utmost importance. On no account should they be removed until they have turned yellow, when it will be known that their work is finished. For this reason bulbs should only be naturalised in grass, where it can be left unmown until July without causing annoyance. Time after time, I have had the complaint made to me that bulbs naturalised in clumps or ribbons along the edges of drives were gradually ceasing to flower, and in every case found that the grass had been mown as soon as the flowers had begun to fade.

It may here be mentioned that leaves can only become green through the action of daylight, and although the majority of bulbous plants are intolerant of full sunlight, it should not be excluded altogether.

Partial shade I have always found to give the most suitable results."

Beggars can't be choosers:-

Recorded in John Heywood's Dialogue of Proverbs of 1546, this phrase means that when you can't have exactly what you want, you should be satisfied with whatever you are given.


I wanted a dog blanket, but this arrangement is warmer!!

(from National Geographic's best photos for 2010!)



Site Map for Direct Link to Plant Description Page from their Petal Colour being nearest Colour to Colour in a Colour Wheel Page


Small size plant in Flower Colours
Miniature size plant in Flower Colours
Small Size plant flower in Month
Miniature Size plant flower in Month


Dark Tone or Shades
(Colours mixed with Black)
(Colours mixed with Grey)
Pure Hue
(the Primary, Secondary or Tertiary Colour named)
(Colours mixed with White)

(o)Rock Plant: A
(o)Rock Plant: B *
(o)Rock Plant: C
(o)Rock Plant: D
(o)Rock Plant: E
(o)Rock Plant: F
(o)Rock Plant: G
(o)Rock Plant: H
(o)Rock Plant: I
(o)Rock Plant: J
(o)Rock Plant: K
(o)Rock Plant: L
(o)Rock Plant: M
(o)Rock Plant: NO
(o)Rock Plant: PQ
(o)Rock Plant: R
(o)Rock Plant: S
(o)Rock Plant: T
(o)Rock Plant: UVWXYZ

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Rock Plant Colour Wheel - Flowers Link Map

Click on Number in Colour Wheel or Black sections below:-



Some abbreviations have been used in compiling the list of Rock Plants for small gardens in order to make it possible to provide all the required information at a glance in a condensed form.


First is the name of the genus to which the plant belongs which is given in capitals. Under the generic name the names of the species and varieties are recorded.

Link to photos, cultivation details or mail-order business that sells it.

Link in *** to Rock Garden Colour Wheel Page with photo of the plant at bottom of page. Then, More Photos Page links to further photos / description in its Rock Plant Photos Gallery Page.


Details of which container to grow the plant in:-


Abbreviated to:-

  • B for Bulb
  • H for Herb - any non-woody plant that is not a tree or shrub
  • HP for Herbaceous Perennial
  • S for Shrub
  • SS for Sub-shrub

followed by

  • E for Evergreen
  • D for Deciduous

Height and Spread

The approximate height is given first in inches, followed by the approximate spread, when mature. 1 inch (") = 25.4 millimetres (mm)


The figures A, B, C and D denote that the plant in question requires one of the following soil mixtures:-

  • A. Equal parts of loam, leafmould and sand. This is a suitable mixture for plants which require a light, open, porous soil with good drainage. A good mixture for troughs in a sheltered position in part shade. All bulbs and conifers do well in this medium.
  • B. Equal parts of loam, leafmould, peat and sand. This is more retentive of water but is well-drained and will grow all the plants in this Rock Plant List which are suitable for full sun, and it is ideal for woodland plants in part shade.
  • C. Four parts leafmould and one part each of loam and sand. A soil for growing dwarf rhododendrons and other ericaceous plants in the raised bed type of trough and peat beds.
  • D. Three parts Cornish silver sand and one part flaked leafmould. For all difficult and rare high alpines, including most of the cushion type. The trough containing this mixture is best situated in part shade.

which may be followed by

  • N for when a neutral pH medium is required.
  • L for when a limey pH medum is required.

Where no additional letter is given, the plant will thrive under either condition.

Position and Protection

The following terms and abbreviations used singly or in combination will minimize the risk of planting in an unsuitable spot:-

  • C --- This means that the plant will do well planted on its side in a crevice built up on the rocks for preference.
  • P --- This plant requires a pane of glass suspended over it in winter, generally from October to the end of March.
  • PS -- A part-shady spot or facing west with protection from the south by a shadow cast by either a rock or shrub.
  • SA -- Shady position either facing north or protected by a rock.
  • Sun - This means that the plant will require a normal amount of direct sunlight.
  • W --- The plant will do well planted in a vertical position in the side of a trough or scree frame.

Flower Colour, Nearest Colour Wheel - Flowers Colour and Months of Flowering

These 3 columns are self-explanatory;
for example, Orange June, means that

  • the flowers are orange (if the plant has a Plant Description Page in this website then the link from here will be to that Plant Description Page otherwise to a Plant Description found on the Internet),
  • orange3 in the Colour Wheel - Flowers is the nearest colour for the majority of the flower petal (either from a flower image in this website or an image found on the Internet), with link to the Colour Wheel - Flowers Colour and
  • the flowering month is June with link to the flower photo on the Internet.

A double entry such as
Orange August
Red October
means that the plant has orange flowers in August and red fruits or berries in October.


A general idea to the best method of increasing the stock:-

  • C ---- Half-ripened wood at the end of July.
  • D ----- Division.
  • GC ---- Green Cuttings in late spring.
  • L ------ Layering.
  • Leaf C - The plant is best propagated by leaf cuttings.
  • RC ----- Fully ripened wood at the end of September.
  • Root C - The plant is best propagated by cutting the thick root thongs at the end of September.
  • S ------- The best method is by seed.

may be followed by

  • H - Where this letter is placed after any of the above abbreviations, it means that bottom heat is essential to obtain a fair percentage of strikes.
    The omission of this letter does not mean that bottom heat cannot be employed; in fact, its use will certainly save an appreciable amount of time taken to increase the stock.

A combination of the above will denote that the plant can be increased by all the methods which those abbreviated letters stand for.

Propagation Seed Composts

"I am giving 3 types of composts which will be numbered 1, 2 and 3 so that they will not be confused with the potting mixtures. The number of the compost will be noted under the heading of propagation in the list of plants. These are not offered as the only types in which seedlings may be grown, but they have proved their worth over many years. As it will only be on rare occasions that a bushel of compost of any one of the seed mixtures will be required, I will give the size of the box which can be constructed easily to hold a quarter of a bushel, an amount more in keeping with the average amateur's need. The inside measurements of the box, which is best made of wood are 10 by 10 x 5.5 inches deep (25 by 25 x 13.25 cms). By doubling the depth a half bushel measure is available.

Compost 1
A mixture that has been found suitable for all the ordinary and easy types of alpine seed is the John Innes seed compost.
It can of course be mixed at home as required. Only the amount needed at the time should be made for its lasting qualities are strictly limited. All the following ingredients are mixed by bulk, not weight, and are best used dry after mixing, storing the compost for a day or 2 before use.

  • Take 2 parts of medium-heavy sterilised loam from a reliable source, full of rotted grass roots. The soil should be rubbed down between the hands into a light granular texture. All fibrous material must be retained and if large; cut into small pieces with scissors and mixed into the loam. On no account should the loam be sieved. This will spoil the texture of the finished compost and cause it to pack readily, a state of affairs to be avoided, for it is essential that the soil be open and granular in texture.
  • Add 1 part of sieved peat,
  • 1 part of Cornish sand

and well mix the whole together dry. Afterwards to this is added

  • 1.5 ounces of superphosphate of lime and
  • 0.75 ounces of chalk

to each bushel of compost. If this mixture is to be used for plants which are lime haters, the chalk should be omitted.


Compost 2
The more difficult and rare plants need a light, open soil in which to germinate and the following has been tried and found suitable. Equal parts by bulk of medium heavy fibrous loam and leaf-mould. Both the loam and leaf-mould should be sterilised and then rubbed down to a fine granular texture. The particles are better if small, but should not be sieved. To this is added 2 parts of Cornish sand, after sieving through a 1/16 inch sieve (2 mm) as the larger particles are not needed.


Compost 3
Shade-loving dwarf rhododendrons and other ericaceous and woodland plants like a more spongy yet still open medium. This consists of equal parts leaf-mould, peat and Cornish sand. The leaf-mould must be sterilised and rubbed down fine, the peat and sand should be sieved though a 1/16 inch (2 mm) sieve, and the wole well mixed together.


Both composts 2 and 3 need a very fine sprinkling of superphosphate of lime, just under 0.5 ounce for a quarter of a bushel of mixture or to be more precise 3/8 of an ounce. The superphosphate is needed by the seedlings in their early growth. In fact it is essential as a plant food as soon as the seed starts to germinate, so it must be mixed with the composts, not applied afterwards. " from Collector's Alpines by Royton E. Heath published in 1964 by Collingridge Limited.



Site design and content copyright ©October 2010. Page structure amended November 2012. Rock Plant Photos Gallery added August 2013. Topic Menu amended July 2015. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677



Vancouver Island Rock and Alpine Garden Society is a club of plant lovers living near Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, who visit, study, photograph, draw and grow alpine plants, bog dwellers and woodlanders, whether native or exotic. We encourage the propagation and distribution of plants.


List of Desirable Plants (from Vancouver Island Rock
and Alpine Garden Society)

Asterisks following entries in the list denote plants known to the author from local gardens. Double asterisks indicate species which have done particularly well in the author's rock garden which is located mostly on south-facing slopes. No, or only short-term experience is available for the unmarked species, but they are expected to perform well and should be tried wherever obtainable.

Acantholimon, various spp. - still being tested; more information wanted*
• Achillea ageratifolia [= Anthemis aizoon] (Greece)**
Achillea chrysocoma (Balkans, Asia Minor)**
• Achillea umbellata (Greece)
Aethionema, all spp. (SE Europe, Asia Minor)**
• Allium flavum, A. moly, A. neapolitanum (S Europe)*
• Allium insubricum (Lago di Garda, L.d.Como, Italy)
• Allium moschatum (Mediterr.) white
• Allium narcissiflorum (SE Europe)
• Allium ostrovskianum (Central Asia)*
• Allium triquetrum (E Mediterranean), and many others
• Alyssum argenteum (SE Europe)
• Alyssum armenum (Turkey)
• Alyssum atlanticum (W Mediterranean, Morocco)
• Alyssum cuneifolium (Mediterr.) - very low cushions
• Alyssum doerfleri (Balkans)
• Alyssum lycaonicum (Turkey)
Alyssum montanum (Mediterranean, Eurasia)*
• Alyssum olympicum (Greece)
Alyssum saxatile (Europe and Balkans)*
• Alyssum serpyllifolium (W Mediterranean)
• Anacyclus depressus (N Africa)*
• Anagallis linifolia (S Europe to N Africa)**
• Androsace armeniaca var macrantha (Turkey) - monocarpic*
Androsace villosa (Asia Minor) sun-loving, lime
• Andryala aghardii (S.Spain) silvery-leaved subshrub*
• Anemone appennina (S Europe)
Anemone blanda, A. coronaria, A. fulgens, A. hortensis,
A. pavonina (all in Greece, Asia M)*
• Anthemis biebersteiniana (Asia Minor)
• Anthemis cretica and subspecies (Asia M.)*
• Aphyllanthes monspeliensis (S France)*
• Aquilegia discolor (Spain)**
• Arabis caucasica (SE Europe to Iran)*
• Arabis procurrens (SE Europe)*
Arenaria balearica (Sardinia, Corsica, Balearic Islands)*
• Arenaria montana and form 'Grandiflora` (S Alps, Pyrenees)*
• Arenaria purpurascens (Spain)*
Arenaria tetraquetra (Italy, Spain) sun-loving
Armeria caespitosa (Pyrenees)**
• Asarina procumbens (Spain)*
• Asperula boissierii (Greece) - v. short, cushion-forming, pink-fl.
• Asperula gussonii (Sicilian mtns.) less compact than boissierii
Asperula lilaciflora (Mediterranean)
• Asperula nitida (Greece, Turkey)*
• Asperula sintenisii (Turkey) glaucous
• Asperula suberosa (Greece, Bulgaria) white hairy - no winter wetness
• Asphodeline lutea, A. liburnica (Mediterr.)*
• Asphodeline taurica (Taurus M.) - inflorescence w. silvery bracts
• Asteriscus maritimus (Mediterr.) - subshrubby, tender*
• Astragalus angustifolius (Balkans, Asia Minor)
• Astragalus sempervirens (Pyrenees, S Alps, Balkans)
• Aubrieta, all spp. and cultivars (E Mediterranean)**
• Buxus sempervirens (Mediterranean, S Europe, W Asia),
only the dwarf form 'Suffruticosa`
• Campanula andrewsii (Peloponnese)
• Campanula arvatica (N. Spain) - only 5 cm
• Campanula elatines (NW Italy) hot cliffs
• Campanula fragilis (S. Italy) - like turbinata; coastal limestone rocks
• Campanula garganica (SE Italy, Greece)*
• Campanula isophylla (N. Italy)*
• Campanula oreades (E Greece) among rocks, crevices*
• Campanula portenschlagiana (Dalmatia).**
• Campanula poscharskyana (W Yugoslavia) stony places*
• Campanula rupicola (Greece, Mt.Parnassus) limestone cliffs
• Campanula saxatilis (Aegean Islands) limestone crevices*
• Catananche caespitosa (Atlas)
• Cerastium tomentosum (Italy) - may be invasive*
• Chionodoxa gigantea, C. luciliae (Asia Minor)*
• Chrysanthemum hosmariense (Atlas Mts.)**
• Chrysanthemum pallidum ssp. spathulifolium (SE Spain)
• Chrysanthemum radicans (SE Spain) soft yellow
• Chrysanthemum tomentosum (Corsica)
• Cistus: With age, some of the species are too expansive
for small rock gardens
• Cistus albanicus (Albania) white, low
• Cistus clusii (S Spain, S Italy) white, low
• Cistus ladaniferus [frost hardiness marginal] (W Mediterr.)*
• Cistus salviaefolius (Mediterranean)*
• Colchicum, all spp., except C. autumnale (Europe, Mediterranean,
to Central Asia)*
• Convolvulus boissieri (Spain to Greece) - lime
• Convolvulus cneorum (W Mediterr.) - small shrub**
• Convolvulus compactus (Turkey)
• Crepis incana (Greece)
• Crocus, the vast majority of all spp., except C. vernus and
some of its hybrids. (S Europe,
• Mediterranean, to C Asia)*
• Cyclamen, all hardy spp., except Cyclamen purpurascens
(Mediterranean to W Asia)*
• Cytisus ardoinii (SW Alps)
• Cytisus decumbens (S Europe)*
• Cytisus demissus (Greece)*
• Cytisus pulchellus (Albania)
• Daphne blagayana (SE Europe) creamy white, limestone
• Daphne collina (S Italy)
• Daphne jasminea (Greece, N Africa) evergreen,
wh.-fld., purplish buds, borderline
• Daphne oleoides (S Europe and Asia Minor)
• Daphne sericea (Crete) - similar to collina**
• Dianthus, the following and others, except
those from high elevations in Alps.
• Dianthus brevicaulis (Turkey) - lime*
• Dianthus deltoides (Europe, Asia)**
• Dianthus erinaceus (Asia Minor)
• Dianthus gratianopolitanus (Europe)**
• Dianthus haematocalyx and
ssp. pindicola (Yugoslavia to Greece)**
• Dianthus microlepis (Bulgaria) no lime
• Dianthus monspessulanus (S Europe)*
• Dianthus spiculifolius (Balkans, Carpathians)**
• Dictamnus albus (N Mediterr.) limestone
• Doronicum columnae (Alps to Asia Minor)*
• Draba acaulis (Turkey, Ala Dag)
• Draba bruniifolia (Asia Minor)**
• Draba dedeana (Spain) white-fl.*
• Draba elegans (Cilician Taurus)
• Draba hispanica (E and S Spain)
• Draba rigida (Armenia)*
• Draba rosularis (Turkey)*
• Echinospartium horridum (Spain, Portugal)
• Edraianthus dalmaticus (Dalmatia)*
• Edrainathus graminifolius (Italy and Greece)**
• Edraianthus dinaricus, E. pumilio**, E. serpyllifolius (Dalmatia)
• Epimedium perralderianum (Algeria) yellow*
• Eranthis cilicica (Asia Minor)*
• Eranthis hiemalis (S Europe)*
• Erinacea anthyllis (Spain and N Africa)*
• Erodium absinthoides (Asia Minor)
• Erodium cazorlanum (Spain)
• Erodium chamaedrioides (Majorca)
• Erodium corsicum (Corsica)*
• Erodium supracanum (Pyrenees) grey finely divided foliage
• Erysimum sp., known mistakenly
as E."kotschyanum" in local gardens - low**
• Erysimum wilczeckianum (N Africa) - low, large pale yellow flowers*
• Euphorbia capitulata (Greece) - lime*
• Euphorbia myrsinites (Mediterranean)**
• Fritillaria, virtually all old-world spp., except F. meleagris*
• Galanthus, all spp., except G. nivalis
(SE Europe to W Asia); G. elwesii most suitable.*
• Genista dalmatica (Balkans) low
• Genista lydia (Balkans, Asia Minor)*
• Genista hispanica (SW Europe) spiny, lower than radiata
• Gentiana: Most spp. demand summer moisture
• Gentiana dinarica, some acaulis-group hybrids
after the roots have reached depth*
• Gentiana olivieri (Turkey to Central Asia) summer-dormant
• Gentiana septemfida (Asia Minor) when well established*
• Geranium cazorlense (Spain) very low
• Geranium cinereum and forms (Spain to Caucasus)*
• Geranium dalmaticum (Dalmatia)**
• Geranium incanum (S Africa)
• Globularia cordifolia (Europe and N Mediterranean)**
• Globularia nudicaulis (Alps to Yugoslavia)*
• Gypsophila repens (Alps and N Mediterranean Mts.)*
• Gypsophila petraea (Carpathians)*
• Haberlea rhodopensis (Balkans) - some shade**
• Halimiocistus ingwersonii - generic hybrid - (Portugal)*
• Halimium lasianthum (Portugal, Spain)*
• Helianthemum appenninum (N Mediterranean to Asia Minor)*
• Helianthemum lunulatum (S Europe)*
• Helianthemum nummularium and
ssp. grandiflorum (Europe, Asia M.)
• Helichrysum frigidum (Corsica)
• Hypericum athoum (Greece)*
• Hypericum balearicum (Balearic Islands) - 50 cm shrub**
• Hypericum empetrifolium (Greece)**
• Hypericum olympicum, H. polyphyllum (Asia Minor)**
• Hypericum repens (Asia Minor)
• Iberis gibraltarica (Spain)
• Iberis saxatilis (S Europe)**
• Iberis sempervirens (S Europe to Asia Minor)**
• Iberis tauricum (Turkey)*
• Iris attica (Yugoslavia to Turkey)
• Iris lutescens [=chamaeiris] (W Spain and Portugal)**
• Iris melitta [=suaveolens] (Bulgaria to Turkey)**
• Iris pumila (Austria and E)**
• Iris reichenbachii (Balkans)
• Iris reticulata -section, most spp.*
• Leucojum autumnale (Portugal, N Africa)
• Leucojum roseum (Corsica, Sardinia)
• Leucojum trichophyllum (Spain, Portugal, N Africa)
• Lilium candidum (S Mediterranean) lime
• Lilium chalcedonicum ? (Greece)
• Lilium croceum (S Alps)
• Lilium pomponium (N Mediterranean)
• Linaria pallida (Italy)
• Linum campanulatum (Spain, Italy) yellow
• Linum capitatum (E Mediterr., S Europe) y.,
woody base, better than compactum*
• Linum "Gemmel's Hybrid", mound-forming
• Linum leucanthum (Greece) white; very short cushion
• Linum punctatum (C and E Mediterr) mat-forming, blue
• Linum suffruticosum (W Meditterr.) pale pink;
'Salsoloides` and 'Prostratum`
• Linum tauricum (Greece +?) yellow, v.delicate,
narrow lvs and branches, short
• Lithodora diffusa (S Europe)*
• Matricaria oreades (Asia Minor)
• Moltkia petraea (Greece)
• Moltkia suffruticosa (N Italy)
• Morina persica (Greece to Iran)
• Morisia monantha (Corsica, Sardinia)*
• Muscari, all spp. (S Europe, Mediterranean, Asia Minor)*
• Narcissus, all dwarf spp. (Portugal to N Africa)
and most others, except some derived from N.
• pseudonarcissus, N. cyclamineus, and N. jonquilla*
• Onosma albo-roseum (Turkey, Iraq, Syria)*
• Onosma frutescens (Greece)
• Onosma nanum (Turkey)
• Onosma polyphyllum (Crimea)
• Onosma stellulatum (W Yugoslavia)
• Onosma tauricum (SE Europe to Turkey)*
• Origanum amanum (Anatolia)
• Origanum dictamnus (E Mediterr.)
• Origanum scabrum v. pulchrum (S Greece)
• Ornithogalum nutans (SE Europe)**
• Ornithogalum sibthorpii (Balkan to Crete)
• Paeonia cambessedessii (Balearic Islands, Corsica)*
• Paeonia clusii (Crete) white, smallest
• Paeonia tenuifolia (SE Europe, Asia Minor)
• Paraquilegia grandiflora (from Afghanistan E)
• Pelargonium endlicherianum (Turkey)*
• Polygala chamaebuxus (Alps)*
• Polygala microphylla (W Spain, Portugal)
• Polygala nicaensis (S Europe to Russia)
• Polygala stocksiana (Turkey to Transcaucasia)
• Primula fedtschenkoi (C Asia) summer-dormant
• Primula juliae (SE Caucasus)*
• Primula kaufmanniana (C Asia) summer-dormant
• Primula palinurii (S Italy) summer-dormant
• Primula vulgaris (W and S Europe, to Asia Minor, Armenia)**
• Primula vulgaris var. rubra [= P. abchasica] (E Mediterranean)
• Primula vulgaris ssp. sibthorpii (Balkans)*
• Prunus prostrata (Mediterranean)
• Pterocephalus parnassii (Greece)**
• Pterocephalus pinardii (Turkey)*
• Pterocephalus spathulatus (SE Spain)
• Ptilotrichum purpureum(SE Spain)
• Ptilotrichum spinosum (N Spain)**
• Puschkinia hyacinthoides, P. libanotica (Asia Minor)*
• Ramonda myconii (Pyrenees) [Note: Ramondas need shade]*
• Ramonda nathaliae (Macedonia, Albania)
• Ranunculus abnormis (Spain, Portugal) yellow
• Ranunculus calandrinioides (N Africa)**
• Ranunculus gramineus (Mediterranean)**
• Ranunculus kochii (from Turkey S and E) ficaria-type
• Ranunculus millefoliatus (Mediterr)
• Ranunculus millefolius (from Turkey S)
• Ranunculus parnassifolius (Pyrenees)
• Ranunculus rupestris (W Mediterr)
• Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus` (Mediterranean)*
• Rosularia aizoon, R. pallida , others (Asia Minor)*
• Salvia albimaculata (Turkey)
• Salvia blepharochlaena (Turkey)
• Salvia caespitosa (Turkey)*
• Salvia eriophora (Turkey)
• Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Corsica`,
also known as S. incana nana (Mediterranean)*
• Saponaria caespitosa (Spain)*
• Saponaria ocymoides (SW Europe)**
• Saponaria x olivana [infertile cross S. caespitosa x S. pumilio]**
• Saponaria pulvinaris (Asia Minor)
• Saponaria pumilio (SE Europe to Lebanon)
• Satureja croatica (Balkans)
• Satureja montana (Mediterranean to S Russia)*
• Saxifraga canaliculata (Spain)*
• Saxifraga lingulata [=callosa] var. australis (Italy)*
• Saxifraga lingulata var. catalaunica (Spain)
• Saxifraga longifolia (E Spain)
• Saxifraga trifurcata (N Spain)
• Scabiosa graminifolia (Pyrenees to Dalmatia)*
• Scilla hispanica (Spain, Portugal)*
• Scilla sibirica (Balkans, Asia M., to S Russia)*
• Scutellaria orientalis (Balkans,
Asia Minor) [needs scree conditions]*
• Sedum acre (N Africa to N Asia)*
• Sedum album (N Africa to N Asia)**
• Sedum atlanticum (Atlas)
• Sedum brevifolium (Spain)
• Sedum caeruleum (Corsica to N Africa)
• Sedum dasyphyllum (Europe, N Africa)*
• Sedum gypsicolum (Spain to Atlas)
• Sedum idaeum (Crete)
• Sedum jaccardianum (Atlas)
• Sedum laconicum (Greece)
• Sedum lagascae (Iberia)
• Sedum magellense (Mediterr)
• Sedum sediforme (S Europe, N Africa, Asia Minor)
• Sedum sempervivoides (Turkey)
• Sedum tenuifolium (Mediterr)
• Sedum tristriatum (Greece)
• Sedum urvillei (Balkans)
• Sempervivum, all spp. (Mediterranean,
S Europe, Asia Minor)*
• Silene boryi (S Spain)
• Silene caryophylloides (Turkey)
• Silene parnassica (E Mediterr.)
• Silene pindicola (N Greece)
• Silene schafta (E Caucasus, N Iran)**
• Silene vallesiaca (S France to Greece)
• Stachys amanica (Turkey)
• Stachys candida (Greece)
• Stachys chrysantha (Greece)
• Stachys citrina (Turkey)
• Stachys lavandulifolia (Turkey, Iran, Iraq)
• Stachys spruneri (SE Greece)
• Sternbergia clusiana, S. lutea (Mediterranean)*
• Tanacetum pallidum (Spain)
• Tanacetum pulverulentum (N Spain, Portugal)
• Teucrium aroanicum (Greece)
• Teucrium pyrenaicum (Pyrenees, W France)*
• Teucrium polium aureum (Turkey)**
• Thalictrum orientale (Greece, Asia Minor)
• Thalictrum tuberosum (Spain) as above
• Thlaspi nevadense (Spain)
• Thlaspi sintenisii (Turkey)
• Thlaspi stylosum (Appenines)
• Thymus caespititius (Portugal)
• Thymus capitatus (Portugal) small shrub
• Thymus cilicicus (Asia Minor)
• Thymus longiflorus (Spain)
• Tulipa (Mediterranean to Central Asia): Almost
all species tulips are ideal for our conditions.
• Recommended are: T. bakeri**, T. batalinii**,
T. chrysantha, T. clusiana, T. humilis**, T.
• linifolia**, T. pulchella, T. saxatilis**,
T. sprengeri, T. tarda**, T. urumiensis.**
• Verbascum acaule (S Greece)
• Verbascum arcturus (Crete)
• Verbascum dumulosum (Asia Minor) and hybrid 'Letitia`**
• Verbascum pestalozzae (Turkey)
• Veronica armena, V. cinerea (Asia Minor)
• Veronica bombycina (Turkey)
• Veronica caespitosa (Lebanon, Turkey)
• Veronica pontica (Balkans)
• Veronica prostrata (Europe, Asia Minor, Siberia)*
• Veronica saturejoides (Dalmatia)*
• Veronica whittallii (Asia Minor)**
• Viola bertolonii and ssp. corsica (Italy, Balkans)*
• Viola cazorlensis (S Spain) shrubby, beautiful
• Viola crassiuscula (S Spain)
• Viola doerfleri (Yugoslavia)
• Viola eugeniae (Italy)
• Viola eximia (Balkans)
• Viola graeca (Greece, Italy)
• Viola gracilis (Balkans, Asia Minor)*



There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-





Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines Page for those photo galleries with Photos
(of either ones I have taken myself or others which have been loaned only for use on this website from external sources)




when I do not have my own or ones from mail-order nursery photos , then from March 2016, if you want to start from the uppermost design levels through to your choice of cultivated and wildflower plants to change your Plant Selection Process then use the following galleries:-

  • Create and input all plants known by Amateur Gardening inserted into their Sanders' Encyclopaedia from their edition published in 1960 (originally published by them in 1895) into these
    • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery,
    • Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery being the only gallery from these 7 with photos (from Wikimedia Commons) ,
    • Stage 3 - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2
    • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery,
    • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery with
    • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery and
    • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery
    • Unfortunately, if you want to have 100's of choices on selection of plants from 1000's of 1200 pixels wide by up to 16,300 pixels in length webpages, which you can jump to from almost any of the pages in these 7 galleries above, you have to put up with those links to those choices being on
      • the left topic menu table,
      • the header of the middle data table and on
      • the page/index menu table on the right of every page of those galleries.



I hope that you find that the information in this website is useful to you:-

I like reading and that is shown by the index in my Library, where I provide lists of books to take you between designing, maintaining or building a garden and the hierarchy of books on plants taking you from

There are these systems for choosing plants as shown in

  • Plants topic
  • Garden Style Index Gallery
  • Colour Wheel of All Flowers 53 flower colours
  • Colour Wheel of All Flowers per Month 53 flower colours
  • Flower Shape
  • This All Bee-Pollinated Flowers gallery compares 13 flower colour photos per month for many plants from the other Galleries, by clicking on the 1 in the relevant Flower per month Colour in the Colour Wheel down on the right,
  • the Bee-pollinated Index Gallery provides the tabular index of another 264 plants with the relevant colour in that respective month:-
    • 51 ANNUALS
    • 11 BIENNIALS
    • 4 CLIMBERS
    • 2 GRASSES which cause hayfever

82 rock garden plants (with photos) suitable for small garden areas; split into:-

3 BULBS - Spring Catalogue. For planting in February/ May
2 BULBS - Late Summer Catalogue. For planting in July/ September
7 BULBS - Autumn Catalogue. For planting in September/ November
2 Bulbs - Winter Catalogue. For planting in November/ March
in the Rock Plant Flowers Gallery.
All the remaining rock garden plants detailed in the Rock Garden Plant Index pages in the Rock Plant Flowers are waiting to receive photos, before they can be added to the 1 of the 52 Rockgarden Colour Wheel - Flowers Pages and then the above list.

I am taking photos of rock garden plants suitable for small gardens and if they do not have their own Plant Description Page in this website, then each photo of each plant will be located at the bottom of the relevant 1 of 52 Rockgarden Flower Colour Wheel pages. Usually a link in *** to that page of 35 will be included in the Name field of the respective Index Page, for:-

Then a link using More Photos Page links to the Rock Plant Photos Gallery for each of the above 35 Rock Garden Plants


Case Studies
Companion Planting
Garden Construction Garden Design
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants Garden Maintenance
Offbeat Glossary
Tool Shed
Useful Data


Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
...by Flower Shape

...Allium/ Anemone
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley
...Flower Shape
Odds and Sods
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit


Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note


Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour Colour Wheel Galleries
Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form

you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours

All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12


Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53
...Rock Plant Photos

Further details on Alpine plants for Rock Gardens from the Infill galleries:-
...for other uses
...Meadow 1, 2 , 3
...Lime dislikers
...For Walls 1, 2, 3
...Between Paving
...in Troughs
...Grow on Walls
Other Websites:-

......Green walls: How to grow a garden vertically from The Telegraph
......Green Walls by Royal Horticultural Society
......What you can grow in
shady spaces
Other Galleries:-
...Alpine List
...Evergreen Pers
...Herb Pers
...Plants used by the Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly
...Wildflowers including those for Old Buildings and Walls



these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further

All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index


Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant




Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves.

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves.

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves.

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers.

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit.

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers.

Night-scented Flowering Plants.

Scented Aquatic Plants.

Plants with Scented Fruits.

Plants with Scented Roots.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.

Scented Cacti and Succulents.

Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell.

Flower Perfume Group:-

Indoloid Group.

Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.

Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and

Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and

Violet Group.

Rose Group.

Lemon Group with scent -

Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.

Animal-scented Group with scents -
Human Perspiration,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.

Honey Group.

Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Stale Lint,
Sulphur and

Miscellaneous Group with scents -
Damask Rose, Daphne,
Heliotrope, Honeysuckle,
Incense-like, Jasmine,
Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette,
Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg,
Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras,
Treacle and
Very Sweet.


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