Topic
Case Studies
...Drive
...Foundations

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants
...in Chalk (Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free (Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

................

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens
A 1, Photos
B 1, Photos
C 1, Photos
D 1, Photos
E 1, Photos
F 1, Photos
G 1, Photos
H 1, Photos
I 1, Photos
J 1, Photos
K 1, Photos
L 1, Photos
M 1, Photos
N 1, Photos
O 1, Photos
P 1, Photos
Q 1, Photos
R 1, Photos
S 1, Photos
T 1, Photos
U 1, Photos
V 1, Photos
W 1, Photos
X 1 Photos
Y 1, Photos
Z 1 Photos
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens
Flower Shape and Plant Use of
Bedding
Bulb
Evergreen Perennial
Herbaceous Perennial
Rose
Evergreen Shrub
Deciduous Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Deciduous Tree
Annual
Fern
Wildflower

Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Bulb
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
Climber
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Poisonous
Wildflower Plants

............

Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

or
you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

......Use of Plant and
...Flower Shape
*
All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Index A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, NO, PQ, R, S, T, UVWXYZ
...Rock Plant Photos

or
these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

............

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries

and does have links:-

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1


(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2


(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3
(o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3


(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4


Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot91a1a1a

Closed Bud

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Opening Bud

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Juvenile Flower

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Older Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot95a1a1a

Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot96a1a1a

Mature Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot97a1a1a

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot98a1a1a

Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

 

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves.

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves.

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves.

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers.

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit.

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers.

Night-scented Flowering Plants.

Scented Aquatic Plants.

Plants with Scented Fruits.

Plants with Scented Roots.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.

Scented Cacti and Succulents.

Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-

Indoloid Group.

Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.

Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.

Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.

Violet Group.

Rose Group.

Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.

Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.

Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.

Honey Group.

Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint,
Sulphur and
Urinous.

Miscellaneous Group with scents -
Balm,
Brandy,
Cedar,
Cloying,
Cowslip,
Cucumber,
Damask Rose, Daphne,
Exotic,
Freesia,
Fur-like,
Gardenia,
Hay-like,
Heliotrope, Honeysuckle,
Hops,
Hyacinth,
Incense-like, Jasmine,
Laburnham,
Lilac,
Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette,
Mint,
Mossy,
Muscat,
Muscatel,
Myrtle-like,
Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg,
Piercing,
Primrose,
Pungent,
Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras,
Seductive,
Slight,
Soft,
Stephanotis,
Sulphur,
Starch,
Sweet,
Sweet-briar,
Tea-rose,
Treacle and
Very Sweet.

 

Ivydene Gardens Colour Wheel - Plant Use and Flower Shape Gallery:
Plant Use of Single Flower provides pollen for Bees Page 2 of 3

 

If a plant is polinated by a bee, then it is not wind-pollinated. This means that the plants mentioned on this page and in the book "Garden Plants Valuable to Bees" (written by the International Bee Research Association) will be suitable for people who suffer from hay fever.

You can compare the flower colour of the bee-pollinated plants with all the other bee-pollinated plants (who have Plant Description Pages in this website) using the Bee-pollinated 12 colours of Bloom in each Month Gallery. There are also 218 additional bee-pollinated plants (who may not have any Plant Description Page in this website) in the 12 colours per month pages of the Bee-pollinated Index Gallery.

The importance of garden plants yielding nectar and pollen is that together they provide a continuous food supply - from willows and crocuses in early spring to ivy in late autumn. Colonies of bees need food through their active season , so that they can develop and rear new bees. This food supply used to be provided by pastures that came into flower before they were cut, by verges and hedgerows, and by abundant weeds. Nowadays the efficiency of agriculture has greatly reduced these resources for the bees.

The list for gardens exclude most crop plants, most fruits and all very invasive plants that are difficult to control.

It is designed for Britain, Ireland, Denmark, Belgium, France, Germany and the Netherlands.

"Ordinary garden soil" is pH 5-7 and contains some humus-forming material.

 

Flowering Months range abbreviates month
to its first 3 letters (Apr-Jun is April, May and June).

Click on centre of thumbnail to move from this page to the
Plant Description Page of the Plant named in the Text box below that photo.

The Comments Row of that Plant Description
links to where you personally can purchase that plant via mail-order.

Bulb and Perennial Height from Text Border Colour

Brown =
0-12
inches
(0-30
cms)

Blue = 12-24 inches (30-60 cms)

Green = 24-36 inches (60-90 cms)

Red = 36-72 inches (90-180 cms)

Black = 72+ inches (180+ cms)

Bulb and Perennial Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

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Shrub
Height from Text Border Colour

Brown =
0-12
inches
(0-30
cms)

Blue = 12-36 inches (30-90 cms)

Green = 36-60 inches (90-150 cms)

Red = 60-120 inches (150-300 cms)

Black = 120+ inches (300+ cms)

Shrub
Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

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BAR-BERRY Oregon Grape EVER-GREEN SHRUB IN HEDGE-ROWS, ROAD VERGES, WOOD-LAND

Mar-May

 

 

 

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams2a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tree
Height from Text Border Colour

Brown =
0-240
inches
(0-600
cms)

Blue = 240-480 inches (600-1200 cms)

Green = 480+ inches (1200+ cms)

Red = Potted

Black = Use in Small Garden

Tree
Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams1b1a

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams3b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Climber
Height from Text Border Colour

 

Blue = 0-36 inches (0-90 cms)

Green = 36-120 inches (90-300 cms)

Red = 120+ inches (180+ cms)

 

Climber
Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams1c1a

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams3c1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Aquatic, Bamboo, Bedding, Conifer, Fern, Grass, Herb, Rhododendron, Rose, Soft Fruit, Top Fruit, Vegetable and Wildflower
Height from Text Border Colour

 

Blue = 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

Green = 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

Red =
72+ inches (180+ cms)

 

Aquatic, Bamboo, Bedding, Conifer, Fern, Grass, Herb, Rhododendron, Rose, Soft Fruit, Top Fruit, Vegetable and Wildflower
Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams1d1a

 

 

 

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BALSAM Himal-ayan Balsam WATER-WAY BANKS

Jul-Oct

Annual. Wild-flower

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Landscape Noise Reduction

Road Noise, Airport Noise, Industrial Units and Railway Noise next to gardens is detrimental to humans living in those houses within those gardens.
Using these bee-pollinated plants between estates in the public ambling area between the houses/gardens and the noise will reduce that relevant noise level; and be suitable for everyone including Hay Fever sufferers:-

  • 1. Install chain link fence on strong supports with 12 inch (30 cms) gap at bottom (to allow local wildlife - hedgehogs, foxes, badgers, frogs and newts access) and 48 inch (120 cms) chainlink between 12 and 60 inch (30 and 150 cms) from ground on estate boundary. Add 4th Line Wire on top links to prevent that chainlink from sagging. Plant ivy, Rosa with it's 'Single Flowers' cultivars (see below) and thornless blackberries so that they can then climb onto that chainlink fencing within the inside of that public ambling area.
  • 2. Plant mixture of bulbs, evergreen perennials, herbaceous perennials, deciduous shrubs, evergreen shrubs, which grow between 18 and 96 inches (45 and 240 cms) high - add the eventual width of a pair and divide that by 2 as the planting distance between them. This combined with their different heights will produce a random effect in this minimumwidth of 96 inches (240 cms) area and 72 inch width (180 cms) of area 4. It is also most likely that viewing from one side to the estate boundary, you are unlikely to see the bottom of the chainlink. Use 30% evergreen and the rest is herbaceous/deciduous to provide a change throughout the year for the estate inhabitants to enjoy on their rambles. The blackberries on the estate boundary and the fruit from each of the 3 cherries, 3 apple and 3 pear for each estate can either be enjoyed by the humans or the wildlife. Mulch the area with 4 inch thick (10 cms) of Bark before planting and thoroughly soak the ground after planting. Then, sow White Clover (see Green Manure) over the whole of both areas 2 and 4 to provide Nitrogen to the other plants and reduce evaporation of the irrigated water in between the 2 soakings each year.
    Thoroughly soak the ground in August to provide the shrubs and fruit trees with the water to be stored in their roots and then be used during the spring foliage production. Thoroughly soak the ground again in April to provide their water supply during the later spring and summer.
  • 3. 48 inch wide (120 cms) path using Cedargravel. After the Cedargravel is installed, use different coloured pea-shingle to create games like snakes and ladders, hopscotch or noughts and crosses or a picture. This path allows the rain to drain through and be used by the plants on either side. If you wear women's high heels, you will have no problem walking on this path. You can also use it for remote-controlled model cars or landing remote-control model aircraft.
  • 4. A repeat of of 2. without the blackberries or fruit trees - If the fruit is only on the other side of the path, then the fruit pickers will not be tempted to try the home owners side.
  • 5. Install chain link fence on strong supports with 72 inch (180 cms) chainlink ontop of ground level on private garden boundary. Add 4th Line Wire on top links to prevent that chainlink from sagging. Plant ivy so that it can then climb onto that chainlink fencing from inside the public ambling area.

If the house owner has a noise problem from outside their property, then they can use the same solution as above using 1, 2, 3 and 4 only. Their sheds and storage facilities can be installed in area 4 with path 3. leading to them.

 

Single flowered cultivars (some are marked as 'Single Flowers') are more useful to bees than double flowered cultivars.
Bloom type depends on the number of petals for Roses:-

  • Single blooms are fully opened and almost flat, consisting of 1-7 petals per bloom.
  • Semi-double blooms consist of 8-15 petals in two rows.
  • Double blooms consist of 16-25 overlapping petals in three or more rows.
  • Full: 26-40 petals in three or more rows.
  • Very full: 40+ petals in three or more rows.

 

Bee-pollinated plants for hay fever sufferers page provides a detailed list.

Colour Wheel - Plant Use and Flower Shape Gallery

Site Map

 

Dark Tone
or Shades (Colours mixed with Black) is the outer circle of colours.

Mid-Tone
(Colours mixed with Grey) is the next circle of colours.

Pure Hue
(the Primary, Secondary or Tertiary Colour named) is the next circle of colours.

Pastel
(Colours mixed with White) is the innermost circle of colours.

 

These 12 colour spokes of Dark Tone, Mid-Tone, Pure Hue and Pastel are split into:-

Number

Primary Colour Name

Pure Hue Colour Name Used

1

Red

Red

2

Yellow

Yellow

3

Blue

Blue

Number

Secondary Colour Name

Pure Hue Colour Name Used

10

Orange

Vitamin C

11

Green

Lime

12

Violet

Magenta

Number

Tertiary Colour Name

Pure Hue Colour Name Used

100

Red Orange

Orange

101

Yellow Orange

Tangerine

102

Yellow Green

Lovely Lime

103

Blue Green

Light Teal

104

Blue Violet

Grape

105

Red Violet

Process Pagenta

Plant Bloom
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Plant Bloom
Apr-May
Jun-Aug

Plant Bloom
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-

item76a1a1a

 

item78a1a1a

 

item80a1a1a

 

 

 

Click on Flower Colour above Colour Name to compare flowers of same colour and different plant types or 1,
then 2, 3, or 4 for following pages

 

 

 

item81a1a1a

 

item82a1a1a

 

item83a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White 1, 2

 

White 3

 

White Wild-flower 1, 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gray

 

Silver
1
, 2

Black

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item87a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

105

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

100

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item60a1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item95a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blood Red 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item89a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dried Blood
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chocolate 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

item62a1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item97a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

 

item51b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fuzzy Wuzzy 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item103a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item91a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forbidden
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heatland 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Royal Purple
1

 

 

item53b1a

 

 

item64a1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item99a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item105a1a1a

 

 

 

Rusty Pelican
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Red 1, 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item93a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Calihoe
1

 

item55a1a1

 

Process Pagenta
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Orange
1

 

item107a1a1a

 

 

Tuscany
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item66a1a1

 

 

item101a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Flat Pink
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Magenta
1

item57a1a1

 

 

 

 

item109a1a1a

 

Vitamin C 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pink
1
, 2

 

Orangelin
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

104

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

101

item43b1a

 

item45b1a

 

item47b1a

 

item49b1a

 

Magenta Shift
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Atomic Tangerine
1

item117a1a1a

 

item115a1a1a

 

item113a1a1a

 

item111a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Violet
1

The Bands
1

 

Grape
1

 

Mauve
1

item41b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item10b1a

 

Sand
1

 

Tang-erine
1

Buddha Gold
1

Browser Caramel 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item39b1a

 

Off-White Blue
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bone
1
, 2

 

item8b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item33b1a

 

 

 

 

 

item18b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item37b1a

 

 

Blue
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yellow
1
, 2

 

item5b1a2a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Baby Blue
1

 

 

 

 

 

Lime-ade
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item31b1a

 

item26b1a

 

item16b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

item35b1a

 

 

 

Periwinkle 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pine Glade
1

 

 

 

item3a1a2a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Light Teal
1

 

Offwhite Green 1

 

Lovely Lime
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Navy Blue
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item30b1a

 

 

 

 

item24b1a

 

 

 

 

item14b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grass Stain
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

103

 

Aqua
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lime 1

 

 

 

Slimer 2
1

 

102

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item28b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item22b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item12b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blue Stone
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weak Green 1

 

 

 

Verdun Green
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item20b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pakistan Green 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

When you have reached the required Flower Colour Page, then click on Flowering Months of the required plant to compare this flower with others
from the same Plant Type - Bulbs, Climbers, Evergreen perennials - in that month
OR
with others from the plants at RHS Wisley in that month

Plant Selection by Flower Colour

Blue Flowers

Bedding.
Bulb.
Climber.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Wild Flower.
 

Orange Flowers

Bedding.

Wild Flower.

Other Colour Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Wild Flower.

Red Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.

White Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Decid Tree.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.
 

Yellow Flowers

Bedding.
Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.
 

 

Plant Index to all compared thumbnails of this flower colour in this page:-

Click on Flowering Period Month to compare this flower EITHER with others from the same Plant Type - Bulbs, Climbers, Evergreen Perennials - in that month OR with others from the plants at RHS Wisley in that month

Plant Name

Flower Colour with
Flower Thumbnail

Flowering
Months
with Link to Flower Colour Comparison Page in that month

Form Thumbnail

Height x Width in inches (cms) -
1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot,
36 inches = 3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour with Foliage Thumbnail

Plant Use

Comments

Bulbs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Herbaceous Perennials

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Perennials

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mahonia aquifolium
BAR-BERRY
Oregon Grape

Yellow

Mar-Apr

48 x 36
(120 x 90)

Glossy pinnate green, turning red in winter

Wildflower Groundcover,
Low hedge, Grows in Full Shade.

Grows in any soil. Bird friendly. Bee friendly. Not fragrant. Prevents entry by human or animal. Grown for its foliage.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Climber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Climber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aquatic, Bamboo, Bedding, Conifer,
Fern,
Grass,
Herb,
Rhodo-dendron,
Rose,
Soft Fruit,
Top Fruit, Vegetable and Wildflower

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annual

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impatiens glandulifera (Himalayan Balsam)

Purplish-Pink
himalayanflotbalsam1

Jul-Oct
Pink Wild-flowers

72 x 36
(180 x 90)

Green

Annual stabilising stream banks. Background in Bog garden. Thornless.

Invasive in spreading its seeds. Best kept beside ponds and lakes, so that seeds do not escape outside your property.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

Site design and content copyright ©July 2017. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the breakage of the link to the Safety Regulations for man walking with Red Flag before Automobile.  

If you are looking for specialist nurseries or garden centres in the UK our plant finder comes complete with an easy to use A-Z list of garden plants that makes finding plants for sale online easy. To help with plant identification we include many photographs and individual plant descriptions.

Once you have found the plant you are looking for we provide easy access to growers and nurseries who have these species for sale, many with mail order or 'online' buying facilities

 

PLANT USE AND FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

 

This Gallery compares the use and flower shape of plants in this website combined with those already compared in
Bedding, Bulb, Evergreen Perennial, Herbaceous Perennial and Roses pages as linked to in the table at the end of this page.
 

PLANTS FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

alliumcflohaireasytogrowbulbs1a1a1a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14c2a1a1a1a1a1

irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1

aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a2a1a1a1a

anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a2a1a1a1a

anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less

1

2

3

4

5

Above 5

 

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

alliumcflo1roseumrvroger1a1a1a1

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a

paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1

stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars with Single Flowers

Bowls

Cups and Saucers

Globes

Goblets and Chalices

Trumpets

Funnels

 

digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a2a1a1a1a

fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1

ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1

Rose Petal Count from Rose Use Gallery
 

Single:
1-7 Petals

Semi-Double:
8-15 Petals
 

Flower Shape - Simple

Bells

Thimbles

Urns

Salver-form

Double:
Page 1
,
Page 2
16-25 Petals

Full:
26-40 Petals

Very Full:
40+ Petals

 

prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a

aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a2a1a1a1

acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a2a1a1a1

lathyrusflotvernus1a2a1a1a1

anemonecflo1coronariastbrigidgeetee1a1a1a1

echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a2a1a1a1

centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Tubes, Lips and Straps

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Stan-dards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-Cushions

Tufts and Petal-less Cluster

 

androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a

androsacecflorigidakevock1a1a1a1a

argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1b1a1a

armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a

anemonecflonemerosaalbaplenarvroger1a1a1a1a

Rose Bloom Shape from Rose Use Gallery

High-Centred,

Cupped,
 

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Cushion

Umbel

Buttons with Double Flowers

Pompoms

Stars with Semi-Double Flowers

Flat,

Globular,
 

Pompon,

Rosette

 

bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a

ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1

lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a

astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1433a1a1a1a1a1a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1434a1a1a1a1a1a1a

androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1

Natural Arrange-ments

Bunches, Posies and Sprays (Group)

Columns, Spikes and Spires

Whorls, Tiers and Cande-labra

Plumes and Tails

Chains and Tassels

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades

Sphere, Dome (Clusters), Drumstick and Plate

Plant Use

Bedding Out and Bedding Out of Roses

Bedding for Filling In

Bedding for Screening

Bedding for Pots and Troughs

Bedding in Window Boxes

Bedding in Hanging Baskets

Bedding Foliage

Bedding:- Spring

Summer

Winter

Foliage Only

Other than Green Foliage

Trees in Lawn

Trees in Small Gardens
 

Wildflower Garden

Attract Bird
Attract Butterfly
1
, 2

Climber on House Wall

Climber not on House Wall

Climber in Tree

Rabbit-Resistant
 

Woodland

Pollution Barrier

Part Shade

Full Shade

Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3

Ground-Cover
<60c
m
60-180cm
>180cm

Hedge

Wind-swept

Covering Banks

Patio Pot

Edging Borders

Back of Border

Poisonous

Adjacent to Water

Bog Garden
 

Tolerant of Poor Soil

Winter-Flowering
 

Fragrant

Not Fragrant

Exhibition

Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'

Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves

Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal

Coastal Con-ditions

Tolerant on North-facing Wall

Cut Flower

Potted Veg Outdoors

Potted Veg Indoors
 

Thornless

Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
 

Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R, S-Z

Grow in Acidic Soil

Grow in Any Soil

Grow in Rock Garden

Grow Bulbs Indoors

Potted Fruit Outdoors

Potted Fruit Indoors

Fruit Outdoors

Plants for Outdoor
Containers Index
A-C
,
D-M,
N-Z

 

 

 

The list is sorted in the following table under the height of plant range:-

Below 2 feet - 24 inches (60 cms) - in height
Between 2 and 6 feet - 24 and 72 inches (60 and 180 cms) - in height
Above 6 feet - 72 inches (180 cms) - in height
 

The final column shows the value of the plant to bees (honeybees and hive bees):

  • N and P indicate that they collect Nectar and Pollen, respectively.
  • Plants especially used by Bumble Bees are marked B.
  • The absence of all 3 entries (N,P,B) for a few plants reflects insufficiency of observations as to what it is that bees collect from that plant.
     

Plant Name

with link to mail-order nursery in UK / Europe

Common Name

Flowering Months of Plant Named but not "and it's cultivars"

Flowering Colour of Plant Named but not "and it's cultivars"

Height x Spread in inches (cms).
Plants between
24 and 72 inches (60 and 180 cms) in Height

Plant Type
(Per = Perennial)
with link to
Plant Description Page,
Companion Planting Page, Rock Garden Index Page
and/or Wildlife Family Page in this website

N for Nectar
P for Pollen
B for Bumble Bee

Agastache foeniculum

 

 

 

48 x 12 (120 x 30)

 

N

Acanthus hungaricus

 

 

 

36 x 24 (90 x 60)

 

B

Acer palmatum 'Dissectum Atropurpureum'

 

 

 

36 x 60 (90 x 150)

 

N P

Anchusa azurea

 

 

 

48 x 24 (120 x 60)

 

N

Alcea rosea and it's cultivars

 

 

 

72 x 24 (180 x 60)

 

N P B

Achillea clypeolata 'Coronation Gold'

 

 

 

36 x 18 (90 x 45)

 

N B

Achillea clypeolata 'Moonshine'

 

 

 

24 x 20 (60 x 50)

 

N B

Achillea and it's cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 24 (120 x 60)

 

N B

Anchusa azurea and it's cultivars

 

 

 

36 x 36 (90 x 90)

 

N B

Anthemis tinctoria and it's cultivars

Yellow Chamomile

Jul-Aug

 

36 x 24 (90 x 60)

Wildflower

N B

Antirrhinum majus and it's cultivars

Common Snapdragon

Jul-Sep

Many colours

60 x 24 (150 x 60)

Wildflower

B

Aster novae-angliae and it's cultivars

Michaelmas Daisy

Aug to first frosts

Many colours

48 x 36 (120 x 90)

Wildflower

N P

Aster novi-belgii and it's cultivars

Michaelmas Daisy

Aug to first frosts

Many colours

48 x 24 (120 x 60)

Wildflower

N P

Aster sedifolius and it's cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 30 (120 x 75)

 

N P

Berberis thunbergeii 'Helmond Pillar'

 

 

 

72 x 48 (180 x 120)

 

N P B

Berberis thunbergeii 'Red Chief'

 

 

 

24 x 30 (60 x 75)

 

N P B

Berberis thunbergeii 'Atropurpurea Nana'

 

 

 

36 x 60 (90 x 150)

 

N P B

Berberis wilsoniae

 

 

 

24 x 18 (60 x 45)

 

N P B

Borago officinalis and it's cultivars

Borage

Jun to first frosts

 

72 x 120 (180 x 300)

Wildflower

N P B

Brachyglottis greyi

 

 

 

30 x 12 (75 x 30)

 

P B

Camassia and it's cultivars

 

 

 

54 x 24 (135 x 60)

 

N P

Campanula lactiflora 'Pritchard's Variety' and other lactiflora cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 24 (120 x 60)

 

N P

Campanula medium and it's cultivars

Canterbury Bell

Jun

Many colours

36 x 12 (90 x 30)

Wildflower

N P

Campanula persicifolia 'Telham Beauty'

 

 

 

36 x 12 (90 x 30)

 

N P

and other Campanula persicifolia cultivars

 

 

 

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

 

N P

Ceanothus 'Gloire de Versaille'

 

 

 

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

 

N P B

Ceanothus 'Marie Simon'

 

 

 

36 x 96 (90 x 240)

 

N P B

Ceanothus thyrsiflorus repens

 

 

 

48 x 36 (120 x 90)

 

N P B

Chrysanthemum and its cultivars

 

 

 

36 x 24 (90 x 60)

 

P

Chrysanthem maximum and its cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 24 (120 x 60)

 

P

Cichorium intybus

Chicory

Jun to first frosts

 

24 x 36 (60 x 90)

Wildflower

N P B

Cistus 'Silver Pink'

 

 

 

36 x 60 (90 x 150)

 

N P B

Cistus x corbariensis

 

 

 

36 x 36 (90 x 90)

 

N P B

Cistus and it's cultivars

 

 

 

30 x 12 (75 x 30)

 

N P B

Clarkia amoena and it's cultivars

 

 

 

24 x 8 (60 x 20)

 

N P

Clarkia unguiculata 'Single flowers'

 

 

 

60 x 18 (150 x 45)

 

N P

Cleome hassleriana and it's cultivars

 

 

 

30 x 18 (75 x 45)

 

N

Coreopsis grandiflora and its cultivars

 

 

 

30 x 18 (75 x 45)

 

N P

Coreopsis verticillata and its cultivars

 

 

 

72 x 72 (180 x 180)

 

B

Cornus alba 'Elegantissima'

 

 

 

72 x 72 (180 x 180)

 

N P

Cornus alba 'Kesselringii'

 

 

 

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

 

N P

Cornus alba 'Siberica Variegata'

 

 

 

72 x 144 (180 x 360)

 

N P

Cornus stolonifera 'Flaviramea'

 

 

 

72 x 144 (180 x 360)

 

N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cornus stolonifera and it's cultivars

 

 

 

60 x 18 (150 x 45)

 

N

Cosmos bipinnatus and it's cultivars

 

 

 

60 x 72 (150 x 180)

 

N

Cotoneaster conspicuus and it's cultivars

 

 

 

36 x 60 (90 x 150)

 

N P B

Cotoneaster horizontalis and its cultivars

Wallspray

May-Jun

 

72 x 60 (180 x 150)

Wildflower

N P B

Cotoneaster 'Hybridus Pendulus'

 

 

 

36 x 60 (90 x 150)

 

N P B

Cotoneaster integrifolius

 

 

 

72 x 48 (180 x 120)

 

N P B

Cynara scolymus

 

 

 

36 x 36 (90 x 90)

 

B

Cytisus scoparius f. andreanus

 

 

 

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

 

N P B

Cytisus and its cultivars

 

 

 

72 x 36 (180 x 90)

 

N P B

Dahlia merckii

 

 

 

24 x 18 (60 x 45)

 

N P B

Dahlia 'Yellow Hammer'

 

 

 

24 x 24 (60 x 60)

 

N P B

Dahlia all 'Single Flowers' cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 36 (120 x 90)

 

N P B

Daphne mezereum and its cultivars

Mezereon

Feb-Apr

 

48 x 48 (120 x 120)

Wildflower

N P

Deutzia x kalmiiflora

 

 

 

28 x 12 (70 x 30)

 

P

Dianthus barbatus and it's cultivars

 

 

 

36 x 24 (90 x 60)

 

N B

Dictamnus albus

 

 

 

36 x 60 (90 x 150)

 

N P

Diervilla sessilifolia

 

 

 

30 x 18 (75 x 45)

 

N

Doronicum plantagineum and its cultivars

 

 

 

...

 

N P B

Echinops ritro

 

 

 

24 x 18 (60 x 45)

 

N B

Echium vulgare and it's cultivars

Viper's Bugloss

Jun-Sep

 

36 x 12 (90 x 12)

Wildflower

N P

Erica erigena 'W.T. Rackliff'

 

 

 

30 x 22 (75 x 55)

 

N P B

Eryngium tripartitum

 

 

 

36 x 20 (90 x 50)

 

N B

Euonymus alatus

 

 

 

72 x 120 (180 x 300)

 

N

Eupatorium and its cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 36 (120 x 90)

 

N P

Fritallaria imperialis and its cultivars

 

 

 

60 x 12 (150 x 30)

 

N B

Fuchsia 'Mrs Popple'

 

 

 

60 x 30 (150 x 75)

,
Companions

N P B

Fuchsia and it's 'Single Flowers' cultivars

 

 

 

36 x 24 (90 x 60)

,
Companions

N P B

Gaillardia hybrids

 

 

 

30 x 24 (75 x 60)

 

N P

Galtonia candicans

 

 

 

36 x 4 (90 x 10)

 

N

Genista lydia

 

 

 

24 x 36 (60 x 90)

 

B

Genista tinctoria

Dyer's Greenweed

Jun-Aug

 

24 x 36 (60 x 90)

Wildflower

B

Geranium phaeum and its cultivars

Dusky Cranesbill

May-Jun

 

30 x 18 (75 x 45)

Wildflower ,
Companions

N

Geranium pratense and its cultivars

Meadow Cranesbill

Jun to first frost

 

24 x 24 (60 x 60)

Wildflower ,
Companions

N

Gypsophila elegans and it's cultivars

 

 

 

24 x 12 (60 x 30)

 

N

Hebe 'Autumn Glory'

 

 

 

24 x 36 (60 x 90)

 

N B

Hebe x franciscana 'Blue Gem'

 

 

 

24 x 48 (60 x 120)

 

N B

Hebe and its cultivars

 

 

 

24 x 48 (60 x 120)

 

N B

Hedera helix 'Ivalace'

Ivy

Sep to first frost

 

36 x 48 (90 x 120)

Wildflower

N P B

Helenium and its cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 24 (120 x 60)

 

N P B

Helianthus and its cultivars

 

 

 

60 x 24 (150 x 60)

 

N P

Heliotropium arborescens and it's cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 18 (120 x 45)

 

N B

Hydrangea quercifolia

 

 

 

60 x 84 (150 x 210)

 

N P

Hydrangea and its cultivars

 

 

 

36 x 60 (90 x 150)

 

N P

Hypericum 'Hidcote'

 

 

 

48 x 60 (120 x150)

 

P B

Hypericum calycinum

Rose of Sharon

June to first frost

 

24 x indefinite (
60 x indefinite)

Wildflower ,

P B

Impatiens and its cultivars

 

 

 

24 x 24 (60 x 60)

 

N P B

Lavandula angustifolia 'Hidcote'

 

 

 

24 x 24 (60 x 60)

 

B

Lavandula angustifolia 'Rosea'

 

 

 

24 x 24 (60 x 60)

 

N P B

Lavandula and its cultivars

 

 

 

36 x 60 (90 x 150)

 

N P B

Lavatera trimestris and it's cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 18 (120 x 45)

 

N P

Liatris spicata and its cultivars

 

 

 

60 x 18 (150 x 45)

 

N

Ligularia dentata and its cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 36 (120 x 90)

 

N P

Lobelia cardinalis and its cultivars

 

 

 

36 x 12 (90 x 30)

 

B

Lonicera x purpursii 'Winter Beauty'

 

 

 

72 x 96 (180 x 240)

 

N P

Lonicera standishii

 

 

 

72 x 72 (180 x 180)

 

N P

Lunaria annua and it's cultivars

 

 

 

36 x 12 (90 x 30)

 

N P

Lupinus and its cultivars

 

 

 

36 x 30 (90 x 75)

Wildflower ,

P B

Lysimachia vulgaris

Yellow Loosestrife

Jul-Aug

 

36 x 36 (90 x 90)

Wildflower ,

P B

Mahonia aquifolium and its cultivars

Oregon Grape

Mar-May

 

24 x 48 (60 x 120)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Monarda didyma

 

 

 

36 x 18 (90 x 45)

 

B

Nicotiana and it's cultivars

 

 

 

24 x 12 (60 x 30)

 

N P B

Nigella damascena and it's cultivars

 

 

 

20 x 10 (50 x 25)

 

N P

Oenothera and its cultivars

Evening Primrose

 

 

36 x 12 (90 x 30)

Wildflower ,

P

Oleria x haastii

 

 

 

60 x 72 (150 x 180)

 

N P B

Origanum marjorana

 

 

 

30 x 18 (75 x 45)

 

N

Origanum onites

 

 

 

24 x 12 (60 x 30)

 

N

Origanum vulgare and it's cultivars

Marjoram

Jul-Sep

 

30 x 24 (75 x 60)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Paeonia with its 'Single Flowers' cultivars

Peony

May

 

36 x 36 (90 x 90)

Wildflower ,

P B

Papaver orientale and its cultivars

Poppy

 

 

36 x 24 (90 x 60)

 

P B

Penstemon and its cultivars

 

 

 

24 x 12 (60 x 30)

 

N B

Perovskia atriplicifolia

 

 

 

48 x 36 (120 x 90)

 

N

Persicaria amplexicaule and its cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 48 (120 x 120)

 

N P

Persicaria campanulata and its cultivars

 

 

 

36 x 36 (90 x 90)

 

N

Phacelia tanacetifolia

 

 

 

48 x 18 (120 x 45)

 

N P

Philadelphus and its cultivars

 

 

 

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

 

N P B

Polemonium caeruleum

Jacob's Ladder

Jun-Jul

 

36 x 12 (90 x 30)

Wildflower ,

N P

Polygonatum x hybridum

 

 

 

60 x 12 (150 x 30)

 

N B

Potentilla fruticosa var. arbuscula

Shrubby Cinquefoil

 

 

36 x 60 (90 x 150)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Potentilla fruticosa 'Elizabeth'

 

 

 

36 x 60 (90 x 150)

 

N P B

Potentilla fruticosa 'Longacre'

 

 

 

24 x 24 (60 x 60)

 

N P B

Potentilla fruticosa 'Red Ace'

 

 

 

36 x 60 (90 x 150)

 

N P B

Potentilla fruticosa 'Sunset'

 

 

 

36 x 36 (90 x 90)

 

N P B

Prunus laurocerasus 'Otto Luyken'

 

 

 

72 x 72 (180 x 180)

 

N P

Ribes sanguineum and its cultivars

 

 

 

72 x 72 (180 x 180)

 

N P B

Ribes speciosum

 

 

 

72 x 72 (180 x 180)

 

N P B

Rosa with it's 'Single Flowers' cultivars

 

 

 

60 x 36 (150 x 90)

,
Companions

P B

Rosa rugosa and its cultivars

 

 

 

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

,
Companions

P B

Rosmarinus officinalis and its cultivars

 

 

 

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

,
Companions

N P B

Rudbeckia and its cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 24 (120 x 60)

 

N B

Rudbeckia laciniata

 

 

 

72 x 36 (180 x 90)

 

N

Salvia officinalis and it's cultivars

 

 

 

24 x 36 (60 x 90)

 

N

Salvia x superba and it's cultivars

 

 

 

24 x 24 (60 x 60)

 

N

Salix caprea 'Kilmarnock'

Pussy Willow

Mar-Apr

 

60 x 72 (150 x 180)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Salix repens and its cultivars

Creeping Willow

Apr-May

 

24 x 60 (60 x 150)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Sidalcea and its cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 18 (120 x 45)

 

N

Skimmia japonica and its cultivars

 

 

 

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

 

N P

Skimmia japonica 'Rubella'

 

 

 

60 x 48 (150 x 120)

 

N P

Solidago and its cultivars

Golden-Rod

Jul-Sep

 

36 x 18 (90 x 45)

Wildflower ,

N P

Stachys and its cultivars

Woundwort

 

 

24 x 12 (60 x 30)

Wildflower ,

N B

Syringa microphylla 'Superba'

 

 

 

72 x 72 (180 x 180)

 

P

Symphoricarpos and its cultivars

Snowberry

Jun-Sep

 

72 x 72 (180 x 180)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Thalictrum

Meadow-Rue

 

 

36 x 18 (90 x 45)

Wildflower ,

P B

Tigridia pavonia

 

 

 

60 x 4 (150 x 10)

 

N

Tulipa and it's cultivars

Tulip

 

 

30 x 2 (75 x 5)

Wildflower ,

P

Ulex eurapeus 'Flore Pleno'

Gorse

 

 

36 x 48 (90 x 120)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Verbascum 'Cotswold Beauty'

Mullein

 

 

48 x 18 (120 x 45)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Verbascum 'Gainsborough'

Mullein

 

 

36 x 18 (90 x 45)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Verbascum and its cultivars

Mullein

 

 

48 x 24 (120 x 60)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Veronica austriaca subsp.teucrium

 

 

 

36 x 24 (90 x 60)

 

N

Viburnum opulus 'Compactum'

Guelder Rose

Jun-Jul

 

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

Wildflower ,

N

Weigela florida 'Follis Purpureis'

 

 

 

30 x 54 (75 x 135)

 

N B

Weigela florida 'Variegata'

 

 

 

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

 

N B

Yucca filamentosa

 

 

 

30 x 60 (75 x 150)

 

P B

Zinnia elegans and it's cultivars

 

 

 

24 x 12 (60 x 30)

 

N P

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

plantsforbeesbook

"Plants For Bees BOOK

(By WDJ Kirk and FN Howes; Published by IBRA)

This is a ‘must-have’ book for anyone serious about gardening for bees

This would make an ideal gift for any budding gardener, with some emphasis on which plants are suitable for growing in the British Isles, though would be applicable to any country with a similar temperate climate, as honeybees around the world have pretty much the same tastes and tongue-length. Bumblebees will also forage on any plant which provides nectar, and pollen, to their liking within reach of their tongue, regardless of the origin of the plant. So bees are not prejudiced against non-native plants. Nor should we be, as long as their benefits outweigh any capacity to become invasive weeds, of course.

It is an extremely well researched work; though the author is quick to remind us that this volume by no means contains all the bees favourite plants; though it contains enough to keep us very busy and bees very happy (review by Sarah Holdsworth)" from Bee Happy Plants.

"Bee Happy Plants based at Lakehayes Organic Nursery, is a small family run business, established and put into Soil Association organic conversion in 2002. Now run by Sarah and daughter Joy, with help from other family members, various local part-time and seasonal workers; all have contributed to what has become an efficient production line of seed-raised, organic, wild species plugs, plants and more seeds.

Sarah (with experience on organic farms since the 1980’s and RHS Level 3 at Bicton Agricultural College), would say the inspiration behind Bee Happy Plants began way back on the isolated smallholding of her childhood, in countryside untouched by modern agriculture. Watching parents, Fitz and Brygid and salt-of-the-earth land-worker Fred Shire care for 25 acres: planting trees, wild and formal gardens, fruit and vegetable garden, and maintaining permanent pasture and orchard, with nothing much more than a few grazing animals, a fork, a scythe and a sense of humour. It was this idyllic, magical place brimming with wildlife in all its weird and wonderful forms, from the gentle and regular hoot of owls, to the humming and buzzing of insects.

The shock came later when it dawned that the place of her childhood was unique. Few other places like this jewel of unspoilt countryside still exist. Instead the ‘green deserts’ of monoculture expand; where weeds, insects and wildflowers are no longer welcome, birds no longer gather, and bees go hungry. Understanding that it is down to ordinary people like us, in our own gardens, to nurture something wild or heritage – we can all help to save bees’ favourite plants. Bee Happy Plants was conceived to help us do this. Sarah Holdsworth 2014  ".

For my recommendation on what to do with your prunings, kitchen scraps and grass mowings see Compost Bins in Companion Planting Page C, instead of composting them in a small 1 cubic yard domestic garden compost bin.

 

To locate mail-order nursery for plants from the UK in this gallery try using search in RHS Find a Plant.

To locate plants in the European Union (EU) try using Search Term in Gardens4You and Meilland Richardier in France.

To locate mail-order nursery for plants from America in this gallery try using search in Plant Lust.

To locate plant information in Australia try using Plant Finder in Gardening Australia.

 

The following details come from Cactus Art:-

"A flower is the the complex sexual reproductive structure of Angiosperms, typically consisting of an axis bearing perianth parts, androecium (male) and gynoecium (female).    

Bisexual flower show four distinctive parts arranged in rings inside each other which are technically modified leaves: Sepal, petal, stamen & pistil. This flower is referred to as complete (with all four parts) and perfect (with "male" stamens and "female" pistil). The ovary ripens into a fruit and the ovules inside develop into seeds.

Incomplete flowers are lacking one or more of the four main parts. Imperfect (unisexual) flowers contain a pistil or stamens, but not both. The colourful parts of a flower and its scent attract pollinators and guide them to the nectary, usually at the base of the flower tube.

partsofaflowersmallest1a

 

Androecium (male Parts or stamens)
It is made up of the filament and anther, it is the pollen producing part of the plant.
Anther This is the part of the stamen that produces and contains pollen. 
Filament This is the fine hair-like stalk that the anther sits on top of.
Pollen This is the dust-like male reproductive cell of flowering plants.

Gynoecium (female Parts or carpels or pistil)
 It is made up of the stigma, style, and ovary. Each pistil is constructed of one to many rolled leaflike structures.
Stigma
This is the part of the pistil  which receives the pollen grains and on which they germinate. 
Style
This is the long stalk that the stigma sits on top of ovary. 
Ovary
The part of the plant that contains the ovules. 
Ovule
The part of the ovary that becomes the seeds. 

Petal 
The colorful, often bright part of the flower (corolla). 
Sepal 
The parts that look like little green leaves that cover the outside of a flower bud (calix). 
(Undifferentiated "Perianth segment" that are not clearly differentiated into sepals and petals, take the names of tepals.)"

 

 

 

The following details come from Nectary Genomics:-

"NECTAR. Many flowering plants attract potential pollinators by offering a reward of floral nectar. The primary solutes found in most nectars are varying ratios of sucrose, glucose and fructose, which can range from as little a 8% (w/w) in some species to as high as 80% in others. This abundance of simple sugars has resulted in the general perception that nectar consists of little more than sugar-water; however, numerous studies indicate that it is actually a complex mixture of components. Additional compounds found in a variety of nectars include other sugars, all 20 standard amino acids, phenolics, alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenes, vitamins, organic acids, oils, free fatty acids, metal ions and proteins.

NECTARIES. An organ known as the floral nectary is responsible for producing the complex mixture of compounds found in nectar. Nectaries can occur in different areas of flowers, and often take on diverse forms in different species, even to the point of being used for taxonomic purposes. Nectaries undergo remarkable morphological and metabolic changes during the course of floral development. For example, it is known that pre-secretory nectaries in a number of species accumulate large amounts of starch, which is followed by a rapid degradation of amyloplast granules just prior to anthesis and nectar secretion. These sugars presumably serve as a source of nectar carbohydrate.

WHY STUDY NECTAR? Nearly one-third of all worldwide crops are dependent on animals to achieve efficient pollination. In addition, U.S. pollinator-dependent crops have been estimated to have an annual value of up to $15 billion. Many crop species are largely self-incompatible (not self-fertile) and almost entirely on animal pollinators to achieve full fecundity; poor pollinator visitation has been reported to reduce yields of certain species by up to 50%."

 

The following details about DOUBLE FLOWERS comes from Wikipedia:-

"Double-flowered" describes varieties of flowers with extra petals, often containing flowers within flowers. The double-flowered trait is often noted alongside the scientific name with the abbreviation fl. pl. (flore pleno, a Latin ablative form meaning "with full flower"). The first abnormality to be documented in flowers, double flowers are popular varieties of many commercial flower types, including roses, camellias and carnations. In some double-flowered varieties all of the reproductive organs are converted to petals — as a result, they are sexually sterile and must be propagated through cuttings. Many double-flowered plants have little wildlife value as access to the nectaries is typically blocked by the mutation.

 

There is further photographic, diagramatic and text about Double Flowers from an education department - dept.ca.uky.edu - in the University of Kentucky in America.

 

"Meet the plant hunter obsessed with double-flowering blooms" - an article from The Telegraph.

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