Ivydene Gardens Companion Planting: Companion Planting Library: G-W

And the following books have further information on
companion planting:-



ISBN Number

Green Manures for organic soil improvement

Practical guides to growing organically

A green manure is a plant which is grown to benefit the soil. The benefits include major improvements in soil fertility and structure, better drainage and water holding, and weed control. This booklet helps you decide which plants to choose, how, when and where to use them. Thin Booklet

HDRA Publishing, Ryton Organic Gardens, Coventry. CV8 3LG

Grow your own organic fruit - getting started

Practical guides to growing organically

States what to grow where. HDRA produce a fact sheet GG22 fruit tree and bush suppliers ( or Ken Muir ‚ Grow your Own Fruit sells fruit trees and bushes Tel: 0870 74 79 111) Thin Booklet

HDRA Publishing, Ryton Organic Gardens, Coventry. CV8 3LG

Growing from seed

Step-by-step guide describing basic details of how seeds grow, then individual methods and varieties and gives tips on how to raise and use some of the more popular flowers and vegetables


Hemero-callis daylilies

Lists of different types with flower colour details, some with colour photo. Cultivation details. Companion plant good descriptions in lists by colour


How green is your garden?

A guide to choosing environmentally safe garden products


How to garden

From design, through construction to maintenance, this superb book provides ideas for style, plants etc and the methods of reducing your work level in a garden to an acceptable level.


How to grow roses

This is one of the Handbooks supplied to new members when they join The Royal National Rose Society. its 58 pages concisely describe the art of growing roses in Britain. There are between 200-300 cases of tetanus each year in Britain. It is sensible to be immune and ones's doctor will see to it.


John Brooke's garden design book

The complete practical guides to planning, styling and planting any garden. Provides good design principles with planting categories of 1) the special, 2) the skeletons, 3) the decoratives, 4) the pretties and 5) infill.


Led by the nose a garden of smells

List 1 is plants and which months they smell in 26 pages. List 2 is months and what you might smell in each. List 3 is plants and what to do when. List 4 is months and what you might be doing in each. List 5 is roses


Making a cottage garden

Essay on cottage gardens. Good description Plant check-list of shrubs, roses, climbing and rambling roses, climbing plants, perennials, bulbs, annuals, biennials and herbs, which are authentic and can be obtained today.


Making a rose garden

Good rose garden design essay. Garden designs: - cottage, Victorian rose, scented, terrace, garden for all seasons and heritage. 100 old-fashioned rose good descriptions, some with colour photo. Good descriptions of underplanting and companion planting plants


Manual of old-fashioned flowers

Plants used between 1596 and 1914, which are available today. Their good descriptions with requirements, cultivation, uses, and where plants and seeds can be obtained now are in alphabetical order.


Manual of old-fashioned shrubs

Plants used between 1596 and 1914, which are available today. Their good descriptions with requirements, cultivation, uses, and where plants and seeds can be obtained now are in alphabetical order.


Mature tree maintenance

Leaflet No. 8

The figures and text clearly demonstrate how to prune a tree. If a tree has a hole in it, where it is or will rot within the branch or trunk, I recommend filling it with expanding polyurethane foam and then painting that foam with exterior masonry paint to stop further rot. Thin Booklet.

Published 1992 by the Arboricultural Association, ampfield house, ampfield, Nr. Romsey, Hampshire SO51 9PA

Mediterra-nean Gardening

How to create a Mediterranean Garden with plant cultivar data. Useful in Southern Britain as climate change is creating the same drought-resistant requirement for plants as in the Mediterranean.


New hedges for the countryside

Tree and shrub species suitable/to be avoided for a hedgerow with good descriptions. Conservation considerations to aid wildlife


Old roses of Special Merit

Highlights some classic roses which make them suitable for todays gardens from Gallica, Damask, Alba, Centifolia, Moss, Speces, China, Portland, Bourbon, Tea, Noisette, Hybrid Perpetual, Hybrid Musks, Polyantha, Rugosa, with Climbers and Ramblers rose groups with their descriptions. Also has tables showing which of those has decorative hips, attractive foliage, fragrance, suitable for shade and those suitable for small gardens.

The Historic Roses Group. May 1999

Older Climbing Roses

This booklet offers a selection of the best for British Gardens from 1500 different species. The descriptions are sorted into:- Early-Flowering climbers & Ramblers; Pillar; Profusely flowering, small-flowered ramblers; repeat-flowering ramblers; large-flowered ramblers (once-flowering); large-flowered, repeat-flowering climbers; climbing sports; and Species & nearly-wild climbers.

The Historic Roses Group. May 2003

Organic by design - creating an organic garden

Practical guides to growing organically

If you are creating a new organic garden from scratch, or are redesigning an existing one, it pays to think organic from the start. This booklet is designed to help you do just that. Thin Booklet

HDRA Publishing, Ryton Organic Gardens, Coventry. CV8 3LG

Organic grounds maintenance manual

This aims to encourage the use of organic methods in schools grounds. It is aimed at schools of all types. It has been produced by HDRA as part of a DETR sponsored project - Go organic in school grounds.


Organic Pest & Disease Management

Practical guides to growing organically

Describes cultural methods of control -biological pest control – barriers, traps and deterrents- along with commercial products suitable for organic gardens Thin Booklet

HDRA Publishing, Ryton Organic Gardens, Coventry. CV8 3LG

Organic, Biodynamic and Conventional Cropping Systems: A long Term Comparison

Investigation into the effect of fertilisation of agricultural annual rotation of summer wheat, clover/grass mix, potatoes and beets over a 20 year period from 1958 on a clay soil in Sweden concluded that organic fertilisation with the addition of biodynamic preparations produced more improvement to the soil and subsoil than inorganic.


Perennials and their garden habitats

How to use perennials in parks and gardens on ecological rather than aesthetic grounds leading to low maintenance. Based on parks in Germany


Phosyn Product handbook. Deficiencies and analytical services guide

Phosyn specialise in the formulation and production of micro-nutrients for a wide range of crops from cereals and potatoes to every kind of fruit and for animals at grass.

Phosyn plc, Manor Place, Wellington Road, The Industrial Estate, Pocklington, York. YO42 1DN. Published 1/1/00

picture perfect

mowing techniques for lawns, landscapes and sports

This details how to create patterns of mown grass. A single grass plant has 387 miles of root. Turfgrass sod is a superior form of erosion control, with tests documenting: -

A dense lawn is 6 times more effective than a wheat field and 4 times better than a hayfield at absorbing rainfall.
Sediment losses from sodded areas will be 8 to 15 times less than for tested man-made erosion control materials and 10 times less than for a straw covered area.
Runoff from a sodded area will take 28 to 46 times longer than from 5 popular erosion control materials.
A 50 by 50 foot lawn releases enough oxygen for a family of 4, whilst absorbing carbon dioxide and hydrogen fluoride.


Planting Companions

How to combine plants in the garden


Planting Green Roofs and Living Walls

Provides techniques for constructing green roofs and walls with planting directories for each


Planting the country way

Using native plants and the planting guide lists, then plants can be put in the right place and they will grow naturally with no need for intensive cultivation


Plants for ground-cover

Lists of plants for - requiring lime-free soils, thrive in limy soils, tolerate clay, dry shady places, moist soils, shady positions, hot sunny places on dry soils, maritime districts, which create barriers, for town gardens, covering rose-beds. Good descriptions in alphabetically ordered tables of ground cover shrubs, climbing plants, conifers, herbaceous, grasses and rushes, and ferns. Good essays on how to use these plants in private gardens


Raised bed gardening the organic way

Intensive Raised Bed vegetable gardening. Thin Booklet


Reader's Digest 1001 Hints and Tips for the Garden

An A to Z of gardening hints and tips, a guide to plant disorders, the gardener's year in monthly order and a guide to Gardening Terms


Reader's digest gardener's guide to growing roses

Good descriptions of roses with colour photo split into 19 categories of use


Reader's digest guide to creative gardening

A guide to the best plants and how to use them - annuals and biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbing plants, rock garden plants, roses, shrubs, trees, water garden plants. Index and plant selection chart of all these plants. Plant lists for special purposes. Some plant associations are given in photographic/essay form.

Edited and designed by The Reader's Digest Association Limited, 25 Berkeley Square, London. W1X 6AB. Reprinted with amendments 1986

Self-sustaining garden a gardener's guide to matrix planting

When matched successfully, plants form self-sustaining communities through successive layers of vegetation, based on a matrix of roots, stems and leaves, as the seasons change. All we have to do is provide the correct conditions plants need to recreate these communities. Plant lists with informative comment. Examples of garden design and construction with history, review of garden requirements. Outcome of design/construction, plants used.


Success with Vegetables for pots

A comprehensive guide to growing vegetables in containers with design ideas for them, herbs and flowers


Take two plants

400 plant pairs with colour photo, each of which is made up of plants that not only enjoy the same conditions but also work together visually to create pleasing associations of colour, texture and plant form


Taylor's guide to bulbs

466 good descriptions, also name, height, flower length, hardiness, sun/shade, blooming time period data with its colour photo. Flower chart. Garden design with bulb plans, and bulb suggestions for different gardens


The art of planting

150 pages of plant lists for different purposes. Planting design methodology


The beekeeper's garden

Beginner's bee-keeping data, planning a bee garden, good descriptions of bee plants and hedges


The Companion Garden

Vegetable garden companion planting


The cottage garden

This analyses exactly what makes a cottage garden. All of Cottage garden plants essay. Cottage-garden features. 6 cottage garden plans help design your own garden


The cottage gardener's companion

A seasonal guide to plants & plantings for informal gardens

Cottage garden Plant associations. Essays on spring, summer, autumn and winter plants. Great book for cottage garden plants


The encyclopedia of planting combinations

Photos and plant details of plant combinations for: Shrubs and Small Trees, Rhododendrons, Climbers, clematis, Roses, Perennials, Bulbs and Annuals, with further plant combination suggestions in the same entry.


The flower colour directory

Instructions on planting for colour. Good descriptions of plants split into 9 colours, yellow, orange, red, pink, purple, blue, green, white and assorted colours.


The flower garden planner

140 press-out flower illustrations with good descriptions. Open folds of the border page, press out the plants selected and "plant" in 3 rows of border to give colour and shape of proposed garden


The Flowering Year

Monthly planting plans with good description and photograph of each plant in that group


The garden plant selector
The guide to choosing the right plants for your garden conditions

3000 good descriptions, 1200 with colour photo. Lists of plants for sunny dry conditions, waterside and bog plants, tolerant of dry shade, heavy clay soil, alkaline soils, moist acid conditions and coastal gardens. One essay on plants in the wild and another on plants in the garden show that a successful garden is one made by matching plants to the conditions available.


The garden tree

22 lists of trees for different purposes with alphabetical list of 500 trees accompanied by colour photo, cultivation data, soil requirements, foliage, growth rates and height at 10, 20 years and maturity.


The gardens of gertrude jekyll

Jekyll plants chapter gives the benefit that derives from a disciplined and positive use of a few good plants at a time. Bisgrove has selected the best of jekyll's plans, analyzed and interpreted them to explain jekyll's design ideas and methodology.


The Harmonious Garden

Plant combinations and cultivar data


The HDRA Encyclopedia of organic gardening.

The complete guide to natural & chemical-free gardening.


The lost science of organic cultivation.
The most sustainable method for the manufacture of humus for the kitchen garden or thousand acre farm.

A single process, which could be worked continuously throughout the year from the vegetable, animal and human wastes and which could be relied upon to yield a supply of humus, uniform in chemical composition and ready for incorporation into the soil. This work was accomplished at the Plant Industry at Indore (India). This Indore process for the manufacture of humus is described in detail in this book.

Originally published in 1931 as The ISHCON book of The Waste Products of Agriculture. Now published by Brahma publications – scientific and available from the Biodynamic Association.

The natural garden book
Gardening in harmony with nature

This promotes Gaian gardening as a replacement for conventional gardening by stressing the need to integrate the various demands of the gardener with the distinctive features of habitat or climate. Extensive plant lists for different gardens and sections of gardens.


The new small garden book

A completely fresh approach to transforming any small space outside with small garden design principles explained.


The one hour garden

The one hour a week in the summer garden is a carpet of grass given shape and character by hedges and trees. Lists of plants to suit all sizes of garden.


The organic lawn
Practical guides to growing organically

Mowing , weed control, pest and diseases control and maintenance of a lawn using organic methods. Thin Booklet.

HDRA Publishing, Ryton Organic Gardens, Coventry. CV8 3LG

The permaculture garden

How Permanent Agriculture can be applied in the garden to make it more green with good diagrams and plant lists to integrate the garden with the other living organisms.


The plant growth planner

500 good descriptions with habitat, planting, care and maintenance together with illustrated growth chart over several years to give comparisons between slow, medium and fast growers.


The plantfinder's guide to ornamental grasses

Good description of grasses, some with colour photo. Orchestrating the grasses includes combination plants. Complete alphabetical list good description of all ornamental grasses in tabular form. Lists of grasses for special uses


The planting design handbook
Second edition

A definitive text on landscape architecture courses throughout the world for public, institutional and private landscapes. It describes planting design principles, process and practice. Planting design helps us to make the best use of our environment. It helps us to restore and maintain a sustainable relationship between people and their environment in a context of change as ecology. Thirdly, it offers aesthetic delights as complex and intense as those found in galleries or exhibitions.


The pruning of trees, shrubs and conifers

The general principles of pruning, with pruning for trees and conifers, shrubs and climbers, special circumstances and specific pruning needs of the genera


The right hedge for you

5 steps to choosing a hedge: 1 why do you want it, 2. how much maintenance work? 3. Consult table for suitable plants. 4. Discuss boundary hedge with your neighbour. 5. Any house deed restriction or local planning conditions affecting your choice of hedge plant, height or allowed to have one in the first place?
Thin Booklet.

Published by DETR June 1999. Product code 99WACDO215B

The ultimate planting guide

Is it a 'backbone plant' used to create the structural framework of the planting, or is it a 'filler' for seasonal impact? Plant lists with essay on combining plants followed by planting plans


The wild garden

Lists of Good descriptions of plants to attract wildlife with planting plans for different sites


The wildlife trusts guide to Gardening for Wildlife

There are approximately 15 million private gardens covering one million acres in Britain. Encourage wildlife with its details on a Hedge, a pond, with butterfly gardening and bird boxes/tables. Thin Booklet.

The Wildlife Trusts, the green, witham park, waterside south, Lincoln LN5 7JR

Tree Planting & Aftercare - a practical handbook

This handbook is designed for use by conservation volunteers and others interested in planting trees. This provides practical information for gardeners planting trees or shrubs and looking after them.


Tree roots Leaflet No. 6

Tree roots need to obtain water, nutrients and oxygen from the soil. These are usually most readily available near to the surface, and carbon dioxide produced by the roots disperses more readily there. As a consequence, most roots are normally found in the upper 600mm(2ft) or less ( clay soils in the upper 300mm). The roots of most trees sub-divide rapidly, so that most of the roots are relatively thin except within 2 or 3 metres of the main stem. All roots contribute to the stability of the tree and the root limit is the same as the height of the tree. Ploughing, trenching, raising or lowering the soil level, or digging even the top 200mm (8") of soil may destroy a major proportion of the root system of a tree. Thin Booklet.

Published 1991 by the Arboricultural Association, ampfield house, ampfield, Nr. Romsey, Hampshire SO51 9PA

Trees for small gardens. Leaflet No. 1

This very useful table lists most common trees suitable for a small garden except for conifers. Thin Booklet.

Published 1991 by the Arboricultural Association, ampfield house, ampfield, Nr. Romsey, Hampshire SO51 9PA


Treeshelters can reduce losses caused by mammal damage and improve the growing environment of the young tree


Veganic gardening the alternative system for healthier crops

An alternative system of horticulture which avoids all chemical or animal fertilizers for vegetables, herbs and fruit with cultivar data. Garden design with plants for each area


Vegetable varieties for organic growers

Vegetable varieties which growers can use with organic production methods - Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrot, leek, lettuce, onion and parsnip. Thin Booklet

Published by the National Institute of Agricultural Botany, Cambridge, 1989

Water Gardens

Plant cultivar data with lists for water plants and bog plants


Water-saving gardening

Shows how to design a garden to use less water and which plants to use in it. Reasonable descriptions with colour photos in colour plate section of ground covers, trees and shrubs suitable for water-saving gardens


Wild about the garden

How to create a garden which is in tune with its natural wild surroundings - Woodland, meadow, wetland, seashore, hedgerow, and mountain moor and heath. Each has its own essay on plants with good description lists of plants in tables.


Wildlife in my garden

Book to read before designing a garden for wildlife


Winter garden glory
How to get the best from your garden from autumn through to spring

Good descriptions of best plants for continuing interest in the garden throughout the year of trees, shrubs, conifers, perennials, ferns, grasses, heaths and heathers, alpines and bulbs. Winter colour garden plans.


Worm composting
Practical guides to growing organically

'Worm Composting' is an organic system which uses worms to create dark, crumbly compost from your kitchen and garden waste. Booklet with complete instructions. Thin Booklet

HDRA Publishing, Ryton Organic Gardens, Coventry. CV8 3LG



Site design and content copyright ©December 2006 Chris Garnons-Williams. Page structure amended September 2012. May 2017 Template created May 2017 for all pages.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  


Gertrude Franck's Companion Planting Method with

her Vegetable Garden Plan.
Vegetable Garden with Plan followed by
Katie Thears answer to rotation/companion problems
with another answer for vegetables by Louise
How to use Companion Planting in your Garden.

Companion Plant A This shows:-
Companion Plant B 1 - Name of Original Plant
Companion Plant C .....in alphabetical order.
Companion Plant D 2 - Name of Pest/Disease
Companion Plant E .....of that Original Plant.
Companion Plant F 3 - Name of Antidote to
Companion Plant G .....that Pest/Disease as a
Companion Plant H .....companion plant, or name
Companion Plant I ......of Companion Plant
Companion Plant J ......or Beneficial Insect or Animal
Companion Plant K .....to the Original Plant.
Companion Plant L 4 - Name of Antagonistic Plant
Companion Plant M .....to that Original Plant
Companion Plant N .....or name of a
Companion Plant O .....Pest/Disease that this
Companion Plant P .....Original Plant is
Companion Plant Q ......antagonistic to.
Companion Plant R
Companion Plant S
Companion Plant T
Companion Plant UV
Companion Plant W
Companion Plant XYZ

Pest/Disease Control by Companion Planting

Companion Planting References.
Companion Planting Books from the
Ivydene Library AG
Companion Planting Books from the
Ivydene Library GW
. *

Biodynamics as next step from Companion Planting .
Preparations with their
Biodynamic Preparation and Use.
Advantages of use of these
Biodynamic Preparations, with

the biodynamic Rotation and
the Biodynamic Cropping Sequence.
How to use Biodynamics in your Garden.

Companion Planting Site Map



Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines Page for those photo galleries with Photos
(of either ones I have taken myself or others which have been loaned only for use on this website from external sources)


Choose 1 of these different Plant selection Methods:-

1. Choose a plant from 1 of 53 flower colours in the Colour Wheel Gallery.

2. Choose a plant from 1 of 12 flower colours in each month of the year from 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery.

3. Choose a plant from 1 of 6 flower colours per month for each type of plant:-
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Herbaceous Perennial
Odds and Sods
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Wild Flower

4. Choose a plant from its Flower Shape:-
Shape, Form

Flower Shape

5. Choose a plant from its foliage:-

6. There are 6 Plant Selection Levels including Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers in
Plants Topic.


7. When I do not have my own or ones from mail-order nursery photos , then from March 2016, if you want to start from the uppermost design levels through to your choice of cultivated and wildflower plants to change your Plant Selection Process then use the following galleries:-

  • Create and input all plants known by Amateur Gardening inserted into their Sanders' Encyclopaedia from their edition published in 1960 (originally published by them in 1895) into these
    • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery,
    • Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery being the only gallery from these 7 with photos (from Wikimedia Commons) ,
    • Stage 3 - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2
    • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery,
    • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery with
    • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery and
    • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery
    • Unfortunately, if you want to have 100's of choices on selection of plants from 1000's of 1200 pixels wide by up to 16,300 pixels in length webpages, which you can jump to from almost any of the pages in these 7 galleries above, you have to put up with those links to those choices being on
      • the left topic menu table,
      • the header of the middle data table and on
      • the page/index menu table on the right of every page of those galleries.


I like reading and that is shown by the index in my Library, where I provide lists of books to take you between designing, maintaining or building a garden and the hierarchy of books on plants taking you from

There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-




Before reaching for the pesticides, here are a few alternative natural, non-toxic methods of slug control:  

• Watering Schedule - Far and away the best course of action against slugs in your garden is a simple adjustment in the watering schedule. Slugs are most active at night and are most efficient in damp conditions. Avoid watering your garden in the evening if you have a slug problem. Water in the morning - the surface soil will be dry by evening. Studies show this can reduce slug damage by 80%.


• Seaweed - If you have access to seaweed, it's well worth the effort to gather. Seaweed is not only a good soil amendment for the garden, it's a natural repellent for slugs. Mulch with seaweed around the base of plants or perimeter of bed. Pile it on 3" to 4" thick - when it dries it will shrink to just an inch or so deep. Seaweed is salty and slugs avoid salt. Push the seaweed away from plant stems so it's not in direct contact. During hot weather, seaweed will dry and become very rough which also deters the slugs.


• Copper - Small strips of copper can be placed around flower pots or raised beds as obstructions for slugs to crawl over. Cut 2" strips of thin copper and wrap around the lower part of flower pots, like a ribbon. Or set the strips in the soil on edge, making a "fence" for the slugs to climb. Check to make sure no vegetation hangs over the copper which might provide a 'bridge' for the slugs. Copper barriers also work well around wood barrels used as planters.
A non-toxic copper-based metallic mesh Slug Shield is available which can be wrapped around the stem of plants and acts as a barrier to slugs. When slugs come in contact with the mesh they receive an electric-like shock. The mesh also serves as a physical barrier. These slug shields are reusable, long-lasting and weather-proof.


• Diatomaceous Earth - Diatomaceous earth (Also known as "Insect Dust") is the sharp, jagged skeletal remains of microscopic creatures. It lacerates soft-bodied pests, causing them to dehydrate. A powdery granular material, it can be sprinkled around garden beds or individual plants, and can be mixed with water to make a foliar spray.
Diatomaceous earth is less effective when wet, so use during dry weather. Wear protective gear when applying, as it can irritate eyes and lungs. Be sure to buy natural or agricultural grade diatomaceous earth, not pool grade which has smoother edges and is far less effective. Click for more information or to purchase Food Grade Diatomaceous Earth.


• Electronic "slug fence" - An electronic slug fence is a non-toxic, safe method for keeping slugs out of garden or flower beds. The Slugs Away fence is a 24-foot long, 5" ribbon-like barrier that runs off a 9 volt battery. When a slug or snail comes in contact with the fence, it receives a mild static sensation that is undetectable to animals and humans. This does not kill the slug, it cause it to look elsewhere for forage. The battery will power the fence for about 8 months before needing to be replaced. Extension kits are availabe for increased coverage. The electronic fence will repel slugs and snails, but is harmless to people and pets.


• Lava Rock - Like diatomaceous earth, the abrasive surface of lava rock will be avoided by slugs. Lava rock can be used as a barrier around plantings, but should be left mostly above soil level, otherwise dirt or vegetation soon forms a bridge for slugs to cross.

• Salt - If all else fails, go out at night with the salt shaker and a flashlight. Look at the plants which have been getting the most damage and inspect the leaves, including the undersides. Sprinkle a bit of salt on the slug and it will kill it quickly. Not particularly pleasant, but use as a last resort. (Note: some sources caution the use of salt, as it adds a toxic element to the soil. This has not been our experience, especially as very little salt is used.)

• Beer - Slugs are attracted to beer. Set a small amount of beer in a shallow wide jar buried in the soil up to its neck. Slugs will crawl in and drown. Take the jar lid and prop it up with a small stick so rain won't dilute the beer. Leave space for slugs to enter the trap.

• Overturned Flowerpots, Grapefruit Halves, Board on Ground - Overturned flowerpots, with a stone placed under the rim to tilt it up a bit, will attract slugs. Leave overnight, and you'll find the slugs inside in the morning. Grapefruit halves work the same way, with the added advantage of the scent of the fruit as bait.
Another trap method, perhaps the simplest of all, is to set a wide board on the ground by the affected area. Slugs will hide under the board by day. Simply flip the board over during the day to reveal the culprits. Black plastic sheeting also works the same way.


• Garlic-based slug repellents
Laboratory tests at the University of Newcastle-Upon-Tyne (UK) revealed that a highly refined garlic product (ECOguard produced by ECOspray Ltd, a British company that makes organic pesticides) was an effective slug killer. Look for garlic-based slug deterrents which will be emerging under various brand names, as well as ECOguard.

• Coffee grounds; new caffeine-based slug/snail poisons - Coffee grounds scattered on top of the soil will deter slugs. The horticultural side effects of using strong grounds such as espresso on the garden, however, are less certain. When using coffee grounds, moderation is advised.
A study in June 2002 reported in the journal Nature found that slugs and snails are killed when sprayed with a caffeine solution, and that spraying plants with this solution prevents slugs from eating them. The percentage of caffeine required in a spray (1 - 2%) is greater than what is found in a cup of coffee (.05 - 07%), so homemade sprays are not as effective. Look for new commercial sprays which are caffeine-based.



It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-


Closed Bud


Opening Bud


Juvenile Flower


Older Juvenile Flower


Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."


Mature Flower


Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower


Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!


Topic -
Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CEDAdrive creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.
8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants
to provide a Companion Plant to aid your selected plant or deter its pests


with ground drains
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.

...in Chalk
(Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy
Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...in Light
Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...Poisonous Plants.
...Extra Plant Pages
with its 6 Plant Selection Levels

Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years.

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed


Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries

If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 or 7 flower colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries, as a low-level Plant Selection Process
...by Flower Shape

Bulb with its 7 Flower Colours per Month Comparison Pages
...Allium/ Anemone
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Gladiolus with its 40 Flower Colours
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil

Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs



...Forcing Lily of the Valley



...Hyacinths in Pots


...Lilium in Pots
...Narcissi in Pots



Half-Hardy Bulbs



Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-




...Plant Bedding in

...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr

...P -Herbaceous
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Odds and Sods

...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use - page links in row 6. Rose, RHS Wisley and Other Roses rose indices on each Rose Use page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Pruning Methods
Photo Index
R 1, 2, 3
Peter Beales Roses
RV Roger

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit

Wild Flower and
Butterfly page links are in next row

Topic -
Butterflies in the UK mostly use native UK wildflowers.

Butterfly Species.

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly Usage
of Plants.

Plant Usage by
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly.

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
Site Map page in its flower colour NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Botanical Names
...Cream Common Names
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note

Wildflower Plants.

You know its name, use
Wild Flower Plant Index a-h, i-p, q-z.
You know which habitat it lives in, use
Acid Soil,
(Chalk) Soil
Marine Soil,
Neutral Soil,
is a
is a
is a
Rush, or
is a
You have seen its flower, use Comparison Pages containing Wild Flower Plants and Cultivated Plants in the
Colour Wheel Gallery.

Each plant named in each of the 180 Wildflower Family Pages within their 23 Galleries may have a link to:-
1) its Plant Description Page in its Common Name column in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links,
2) to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name column,
3) to see photos in its Flowering Months column and
4) to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

(o)Adder's Tongue
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 1

(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 2

(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 3

(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
Clover 1

Clover 2

Clover 3

(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Rannock Rush
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Water Fern
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort

Topic -
The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process

dependent on the Garden Style chosen
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form

Topic -
Plant Selection Process comparing relevant plants of all types within each of the number of colours for each Flower or Foliage Colour Gallery.

All Flowers 53 with
...Use of Plant and
Flower Shape
- page links in next row

All Foliage 53
instead of redundant
...(All Foliage 212)

All Flowers
per Month 12

Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers
per Month

Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours
per Month Index

...All Plants Index

Topic -
Use of Plant in your Plant Selection Process

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.
Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bird
...Attract Butterfly
, 2
...Climber on House Wall
...Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
, 2, 3
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Not Fragrant
...Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'
...Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...Coastal Conditions
...Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...Cut Flower
...Potted Veg Outdoors
...Potted Veg Indoors
...Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R,
...Grow in Acidic Soil
...Grow in Any Soil
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Grow Bulbs Indoors

Uses of Bedding
...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Uses of Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Lime-Free (Acid)

Uses of Rose
...Climber /Pillar
...Exhibition, Speciman
...Grow In A Container
...Climber in Tree
...Edging Borders
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Tolerant of Shade
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water

Topic -
Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop as part of a Plant Selection Process:-

RHS Garden at Wisley

Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.

Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1

with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall

Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden

Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger

Roses - Pages
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page


Topic -
Fragrant Plants as a Plant Selection Process for your sense of smell:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
, 2

Topic -
Website User Guidelines

My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020.