euonymusflojaponicus

euonymusfoljaponicus

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Flower

Foliage

Form

Plant Name

Euonymus japonicus from Celastraceae Family

Common Name

Japanese Spindle

Soil

Clay or Sand

Sun Aspect

Full Sun or Part Shade

Soil Moisture

Dry

Plant Type

Evergreen Shrub

Height x Spread in inches (cms)
(1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot
12 inches = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet,
3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms)

144 x 72 (360 x 180)

Foliage

Toothed glossy dark green

Flower Colour in Month(s). Fruit

Light Yellow in May-June

Comment

Erect form. Pruning Group 8. May suffer from mildew.

"We have gold and silver versions of Euonymus japonicus but this is the plain green variety. It has tough mid to dark green leaves which are quite glossy, oval shaped and with a serated (but not prickly) edge.

It's very useful for coastal planting (even very windy and cold coastal situations) and forms a lovely lush dark green hedge. It's good in all soils but the wettest. Quite slow growing so although it takes a while to reach height, it's then very easy maintenance.

It will grow to 2m but is very tolerant of clipping so it can just as easily be kept at a more moderate height. To keep the hedge bushy, tip trim the leading and main lateral shoots in May and then tidy up again in September. All parts of the plant are harmful if eaten. " from Hedges Direct .

This and other cultivars are available in the UK from Hedges Direct - is completely dedicated to hedges - in all sizes from 30cm to 3m - growing and selling bare root hedging, cell grown plants, pot grown shrubs or root ball plants, which are evergreen or deciduous.

Cultivars of this are available from Plant Lust in America.

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Flowers

Single Leaf

Fruit

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Hedge

Hedge

Hedge

 

HEDGING PLANT GALLERY PAGES
Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction

FLOWER COLOUR
Blue
Orange
(o)Other Colours
Pink
(o)Red
(o)White
(o)Yellow

FOLIAGE COLOUR
Black
Blue
Brown
Bronze
(o)Green
Grey
Purple
Red
Silver
(o)Variegated White
(o)Variegated Yellow
White
Yellow
(o)Autumn Colour
(o)4 Season Colour

FRUIT COLOUR
(o)Fruit

REASONS FOR USE OF THIS TYPE OF HEDGE
(o)Anti-Graffiti
(o)Formal Edge of Garden Area
(o)Garden Security Screen
(o)Green Screen Wall for Factory Building
(o)Green Screen Wall for Monaco Buildings (o)Informal Boundary
(o)
Parterre Edge
(o)Screen
(o)Security Barrier
(o)Stock Boundary
(o)Thorny Barrier
(o)Windbreak

GROUND-COVER
(o)Ground-cover Mat for embankments
 

Hedge Height from Text Border

Blue =
0-24
inches
(0-60
cms)

Green=
24-72 inches
(60-180 cms)

Red =
72+
inches
(180+
cms)

Hedge Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

Flowering months range abreviates month to its first 3 letters (Apr-Jun is April, May and June).
Click on
thumbnail to change this comparison page to the Hedge Description Page of the Hedge named in the Text box below that photo.
The Comments Row of that Hedge Description Page details where that Hedge can be purchased.

 

 

 

 

 

Hedge INDEX link to Hedge Plant Description Page

Botanical Name / Common Name

Flower Colour

Flowering Months

Height x Spread in inches (cms)

Foliage Colour

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B

 

 

 

 

Berberis darwinii
/ Barberry

Orange-Yellow flowers followed by spherical, blue-glaucous, black fruit

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April, May

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Fruit

144 x 144 (360 x 360)

Glossy Dark Green

Buxus semper-virens
/ Common Box

Whitish-Green flowers followed by shining Black seeds.

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April, May

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Seeds

192 x 120 (480 x 300)

Dark Green

C

Carpinus betulus
/ Common Hornbeam

Yellow

April

600 x 600 (1500 x 1500)

2.5-5 inch long dark green heavily textured with very impressed veins followed by yellow to yellow-green autumn colour

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Crataegus monogyna
/ Common Hawthorn

Fragrant White flowers followed by spherical, glossy, dark Red Haws

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May

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Red Haws

360 x 300 (900 x 750)

Glossy dark green above and paler beneath with numerous thorns on the branches

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Cupress-ocyparis leylandii
/ Leyland Cypress

Dark Brown female cones

...

1440 x 180 (3600 x 450)

Pointed dark green, grey-tinged leaves

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D

 

 

 

 

 

E

Euonymus japonicus
/ Japanese Spindle

Light Yellow

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May, June

144 x 72
(360 x 180)

Toothed glossy dark green

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F

Fagus sylvatica
/ Common Beech

Red Female Flower, Brown Male Flower followed by Brown Masts

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Brown Male Flower

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Red Female Flower

May

 

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Brown Masts

960 x 600 (2400 x 1500)

Silky-haired pale green juvenile becomes glossy dark green in the summer, then yellow to orange-brown in the autumn

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Spring Foliage

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Summer Foliage

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Autumn Foliage

Fagus sylvatica atro-purpurea
/ Copper Beech

Red Female Flower, Brown Male Flower followed by Brown Masts

May

960 x 600 (2400 x 1500)

Glossy dark purple in the summer, then coppery in the autumn

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G, H

 

 

 

 

 

I

Ilex aquifolium
/ Common Holly

White flowers followed by red berries in the female trees

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May, June

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Red Berries in female trees

960 x 300 (2400 x 750)

Dense ovate spine-toothed dark green foliage with grey bark

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J, K

 

 

 

 

 

L

Lonicera nitida
/ Honey-suckle

Creamy-White flowers followed by glossy, blue-purple berries

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April, May

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Blue-Purple Berries

132 x 120 (330 x 300)

Broadly ovate glossy dark green above, lighter beneath.

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M, N, O, P, Q, R, S

 

 

 

 

 

T

Taxus baccata
/ Yew

Yellow male cones in May followed by Green Seeds with red arils

May

840 x 360 (2100 x 900)

Dark Green

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U, V, W, X, Y, Z

 

 

 

 

 

 

We all validate the need of a green environment, but nobody likes to wait for years for establishing this. A green solution for this problem is now available : the Mobilane Green Screen Security Fencing.

The instant Green Screen from Mobilane provides the following for your boundary requirements:-

  • Instant security provided by a weldmesh galvanised steel security fence
  • Instant privacy. The plants are pre-grown and trained around the uprights to the full height of the screen.
  • Provides a green eco-friendly environment
  • Very low maintenance
  • Maximises the space available

Different types and sizes (3 feet 4 inches high- see below - or 6 feet high)are available with:-

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Mobilane Hornbeam Green Screen as delivered.
Photo from Mobilane

Mobilane Hornbeam Green Screen Hedge. just installed.
Photo from Mobilane

Mobilane Hornbeam Green Screen Hedge.
Photo from Mobilane

 

Hedge Uses:-

Use as Screen:-

Beech Hedge behind low wall as Screen of Garden from Drive.

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Use to create Parterre Edge:-

Common Box used to create a parterre as a formal element with the soldier layout of the bricks in the path to create a formal style garden

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Use as Stock Boundary:-

Common Hawthorn hedge in North Yorkshire in June which has been used to form a stock boundary to a field. The best hedge plant since it is easily raised from seed, transplants well when young and stands any amount of close clipping.

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Use as Thorny Barrier:-

The Common Holly leaves provide an excellent thorny barrier against stock and human intruders.

Common Holly Hedge is the finest native evergreen hedge plant. Used here as a stock barrier for a field next to a road from Bedgebury in Kent during June. The grass verge reduces the waste products from the road being splashed onto the hedge during the rain.

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Use as Security Barrier:-

Security Hedge as the Boundary to the road.

Chain-link Fencing used to prevent people or animals walking through the hedge as a security measure.

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Use as Informal Boundary:-

Informal Honeysuckle hedge in July next to the boundary fence in a back garden.

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Use as Windbreak:-

Leyland Cypress hedge in May used as a wind break for the valley below.

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Use to divide garden into sections as Formal Edge of Garden Areas:-

Yew Hedges with yearly clipping can remain in good health for over 200 years. They also do well on calcareous soils, and because of its poisonous properties to stock it is used for interior hedges like the ones alongside to split up the garden.

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Save time on growing by using already grown hedge sections as Garden Security Screens:-

Ivy (Hedera hibernica) Green Screen Hedge from Mobilane in a garden installed in May 2005

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Ivy Green Screen Hedge from Mobilane in May 2006

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Use hedge to screen graffitti as Anti-Graffiti:-

Graffitti on concrete wall.

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Hedge from Mobilane 12 months later on 5th July 2005

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Use to create Green Screen Wall for Factory Building :-

Erecting a Mobilane Green Wall in Mercedes Research and Development Plant.

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Besides using Ivy as a hedge as shown above,
use it as a Ground-cover Mat for embankments:-

This Hedera hibernica (Irish Ivy) Helix Standard Mat creates the following instant ground covering solution:-

  • Instant ground cover over steep banks and embankments, creating immediate results
  • Easy handling and laying
  • Plants established within 6-8 weeks
  • After initial watering programme, only annual maintenance required eliminating any mowing/strimming
  • Size - 3 feet 4 inches square sections
  • Available all year round from www.hedera-screens.co.uk

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Hedera hibernica Helix Standard Mats being installed at Leonberg on a steep slope.

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Stock Friendly Hedging from Ashridge Trees
Native Hedging plants chosen to knit into a classic mixed country hedge that is suitable for horses and other livestock. Sold in packs of 50, these are strong 60/80 cm hedging plants ideal for farm or garden hedges and approved for grant-aided planting. Native hedging plants produce a hedge that should be ready for laying (Hedge Laying Society for further details) - if you want in about 4-5 years from planting although laying is only necessary every 20-25 years or so.
Like all newly planted hedging however, it will need to be protected from the animals for the first few years. The mix is 50% hawthorn and 10% each of 5 species from Crab Apple, Dog Rose, Dogwood, Field Maple, Guelder Rose, Hazel, Pear, Sweet Briar, Wayfaring Tree etc. Please note that they do not include Blackthorn because of the damage its spines can do to horses' eyes.
If stock friendly hedging is not essential for you, why not take a look at some of their other suggestions for native hedging mixes?

 

 

See Hedge Garden Use Page in Plants section for further details of other hedging plants.

Hedgenursery - who are the exclusive provider of Royal Horticultural Society Bare Root Hedging Plants with a range of over 1000 hedge plants sold direct to the trade and public - can provide details about the following:-

  • Privacy or Screening Hedges
  • Intruder Proof Hedges
  • Formal Boundary Hedging
  • Hedges for Polluted Urban Areas
  • Noise Stopping Hedging
  • Hedges for Exposed Sites/Wind Shelters
  • Low Hedging ideas
  • Hedges with Colour
  • Hedges with Fragrance
  • Hedges for Acid Soils
  • Hedges for Chalk or Alkaline Soils
  • Hedges for Wet Places
  • Hedges as a backdrop to a Border
  • Hedges for the Birds
  • Attractive Hedge Stems
  • Hedges for Bees and Butterflies
  • Hedges with Fantastic Leaves
  • Rural, Native and Conservation Hedging
  • How to plant your hedge
  • Caring for your hedge
  • I have a rabbit problem

 

Hedges How to select, plant and grow a living fence by Jeffrey Whitehead (ISBN 0-7090-5566-8) shows hedge design; together with choosing, buying, planting and pruning of recommended hedge plants.

 

 

Practicality Brown Ltd, Iver Stud Nursery, Iver, Bicks. SL0 9LA
Tel: 01753 652022. Email: sales@pracbrown.co.uk. Practicality Brown Limited state the following:-

"Why plant an instant hedge?

  • Shelter, reducing wind strength better than a solid barrier
  • Filter: absorbing dust and noise
  • Privacy: as an effective visual screen
  • Security: a prickly hedge is a great deterrent
  • Beauty and interest from seasonal changes
  • Background texture and colour complement other plants
  • Wildlife: food and shelter for insects, birds and mammals
  • Weather-resistance: much better than fences or brickwalls
  • Economy long term compared with fencing and brickwork
  • Long-lived: hedges can last hundreds of years
  • Easy to maintain: see our notes on maintaining your instant hedge

Practicality Brown Limited have been supplying and planting UK grown Elveden instant hedge in the UK since 2002 and as a guide to help you maintain your hedge, we have produced the following information based on our experiences.

IRRIGATION - The amount of water available to your hedge roots depends on the water retention capacity of the soil (e.g. sandy, or clay soil) and cannot be exactly planned. It is important that you observe the hedge foliage for signs of drought so that your watering regime can be adjusted as necessary.

External signs of drought are that the foliage wilts and sometimes rolls or turns. Please note that it is also easy to over water your hedge and if you notice leaves turning yellow or unseasonal leaf drop then it is likely to be over watered in which case immediate action should be taken to cut back on watering. If the surface looks dry but you have symptoms of over watering then you need to check the moisture content 300 - 400mm below ground level by digging a small hole beside the hedge rootstrip.

The following table shows you the necessary amount of water required per linear metre per week by a newly planted Elveden instant hedge. This should be continued until the hedge has established, which is usually 24 months after planting. Watering can then be reduced as required by the hedge.

Soil type

Weather Conditions

Weekly water requirement per metre

Ideal watering frequency

Clay loam

Average

10 - 15 litres

Every other day

Clay loam

Dry

15 - 20 litres

Every other day

Sandy loam

Average

15 - 20 litres

Every day

Sandy loam

Dry

20 - 25 litres

Every day

 

Please note that this is a guide only and your observation of the hedge is most important.

FEEDING. We advise that you feed your Elveden instant hedge annually with a quality nutrient blend fertiliser and the best application time for this is early spring although any time of the year is beneficial. Our own 20-20-10 Top dress blend which is an 8 month fully coated controlled release fertiliser with a balanced analysis and an increased trace element package is suitable for all year round use on Elveden instant hedge."

 

 

Hedges Direct ( Tel: 01772 603300 or email helpdesk@hedgesdirect.co.uk) is completely dedicated to hedges, who are a specialist grower of a huge range of hedging plants, in all sizes from 30cm to 3m. These hedging plants are available nationally by ordering online or by phone. They are in partnership with a very long established privately owned group of nurseries with over 10 acres, growing well over 500,000 plants each year. 
They can supply very large quantities to commercial buyers or £50 worth of beautiful plants to the individual gardener.

 

 

Mobilane (UK) Limited, PO Box 449, Stoke on Trent, Staffs. ST6 0AE.
Tel: 08702 427710, Email sales@mobilane.co.uk produce

  • Green Screens (3 feet 4inches high by 4 feet long or 6 feet high x 4 feet long with hedging plants grown and trained around the upright to the full height of the screen, and grown in a bio degradable pot. The instant security is provided by a 5mm weldmesh galvanised steel security fence through which the hedging plants grow)for hedges, stand-alone-screens, security hedges and graffitii-removal hedges. The Betafence internal security screen (from the largest supplier of security fencing in Europe) comes with a 10 year guarantee and an expected life of 45 years. Mobilane sell over 4 miles of screens per month throughout Europe and only have 40 Kilometers in stock at any one time.
  • Ground covering mats of Lonicera pileata, Hedera hibernica and Symphoricarpos albus to provide ground cover over steep slopes and embankments with immediate results. This is used where maintenance of a grassed bank would be difficult, time consuming and dangerous to access, and
  • Green Walls erected up the outside of buildings using the Green Screens.

can be installed by www.hederascreens.co.uk or yourself.

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

Site design and content copyright ©October 2008. Page structure amended January 2013. Feet changed to inches (cms) July 2015. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

 

Topic
Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CedarGravel creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.

8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden
Construction

with ground drains
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed
Borders

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports
Garden
Maintenance

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Home
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.
Plants
...in Chalk (Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...Poisonous Plants
...Extra Plant Pages

Soil
...
Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
...
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
...
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
...
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
...Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

................

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries

Topic - Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens with
Camera Photo Galleries are in the last row


Bulb with its 7 Flower Colours per Month Comparison Pages
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India

......Lithuania
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil

Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias


Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection


........

If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 flower colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use with 3 separate rose indices on each usage of rose page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable

Wild Flower is below

The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process
dependent on the Garden Style chosen

Garden Style
...
Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...
All Plants Index
...
Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...
Shape, Form
Index

or
use the choices in the following Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12 - My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020, followed by this Website
...User Guidelines
or
Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
or
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos
or
A Foliage Colour Wheel using 212 web-safe colours instead of the best Colour Wheel of 2058 colours in the Pantone Goe System
All Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

Topic - Butterfly Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note

Poisonous
Wildflower Plants

You can find the wild flower in one of the 23 Wild Flower Galleries or the Colour Wheel
Gallery

If
you know its name, use
Wild Flower Plant Index a-h,
Wild Flower Plant Index i-p or
Wild Flower Plant Index q-z

you know which habitat it lives in,
use
Wild Flowers on
Acid Soil
Habitat Table,
on Calcareous
(Chalk) Soil
,
on Marine Soil,
on Neutral Soil,
is a Fern,
is a Grass,
is a Rush, or
is a Sedge

you know which family it belongs to, use
Wild Flower Family Pages menu above and right

you have seen its flower or seed, use
Comparison Pages
in Wild Flower
Gallery
to identify it or

you have seen its flower, use Comparison Pages containing Wild Flower Plants and Cultivated Plants in the Colour Wheel Gallery

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1
(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2
(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3
(o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3
(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4
Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

Topic - Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag to your desktop:-

RHS Garden at Wisley
Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
1
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
,
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.
Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32
,
Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1
with Plant Supports
1
, 5, 10
Plants
2
, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
2
,
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall
Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden
Roses Pages
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger
Roses - Pages
A1,A2,A3,A4,A5,
A6,A7,A8,A9,A10,
A11,A12,A13,A14,
B15,
B16,B17,B18,B19,
B20,
B21,B22,B23,B24,
B25,
B26,B27,B28,B29,
B30,
C31,C32,C33,C34,
C35,
C36,C37,C38,C39,
C40,
C41,CD2,D43,D44,
D45,
D46,D47,D48,D49,
E50,
E51,E52
,F53,F54,
F55,
F56,F57,G58,G59,
H60,
H61,I62,K63,L64,
M65,
M66,N67,P68,P69,
P70,

R71,R72,S73,S74,
T75,
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1
, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54
,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26
, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38
, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166


Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11

Ron and Christine Foord
Garden Flowers - Pages
A1, 2, 3, 4,
5,
6, 7, 8, 9,
10,
11, 12, 13,

The plant with photo in the above Camera Photo Galleries
join

the plants with photos in the other Plant Photo Galleries below in

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens
A 1, Photos
B 1, Photos
C 1, Photos
D 1, Photos
E 1, Photos
F 1, Photos
G 1, Photos
H 1, Photos
I 1, Photos
J 1, Photos
K 1, Photos
L 1, Photos
M 1, Photos
N 1, Photos
O 1, Photos
P 1, Photos
Q 1, Photos
R 1, Photos
S 1, Photos
T 1, Photos
U 1, Photos
V 1, Photos
W 1, Photos
X 1 Photos
Y 1, Photos
Z 1 Photos
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens

Flower Colour, Number of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-

Rock Garden
...within linked page


Bedding

...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Screen-ing
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...
Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Ground-Cover
...Cut-Flower
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Under-plant
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers
...Indoor
House-plant

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Chalk
......Clay
......Sand
......Lime-Free (Acid)
......Peat

Rose
...
Bedding
...
Climber /Pillar
...
Cut-Flower
...
Exhibition, Speciman
...
Ground-Cover

...
Grow In A Container
...
Hedge
...
Climber in Tree
...
Woodland
...
Edging Borders
...
Tolerant of Poor Soil
...
Tolerant of Shade
...
Back of Border
...
Adjacent to Water
...
Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.
...
FRAGRANT ROSES
...
NOT FRAGRANT ROSES

and

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
with
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.

Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bi
rd
...Attract Butterfly
1
, 2
...Climber on House Wall

...
Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Rabbit-Resistant
...Woodland
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3
...Ground-Cover
<60
cm
60-180cm
>
180cm
...Hedge
...Wind-swept
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Poisonous

...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Winter-Flowering
...Fragrant
...Not Fragrant
...Exhibition

...
Standard Plant
is 'Ball on Stick'
...
Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...
Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...
Coastal Conditions
...
Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...
Cut Flower
...
Potted Veg Outdoors
...
Potted Veg Indoors
...
Thornless
...
Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...
Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F
, G-L, M-R,
S-Z
...
Grow in Acidic Soil
...
Grow in Any Soil
...
Grow in Rock Garden
...
Grow Bulbs Indoors

Fragrant Plants:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2