Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill3 Plants Index Gallery:
Climber - Climbers and Wall Shrubs with Interesting Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill3 Plants Index Gallery:
Climber - Climbers and Wall Shrubs with Interesting Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour

Sun Aspect of Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months

with row in each month that it flowers in that colour in
STAGE 4A
12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
/

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour


with row in relevant pages that it has foliage of that colour in
STAGE 4B
12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

or
Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

 

with data for rows in
STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY and
STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Pages

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with links to
STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2, 3
and
STAGE 3
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2
pages
 

Use

Description

Pruning

Training

Average Height and spread
5 years

10 years

20 years

Problems

Similar Forms of Interest

Acacia (Hardy Forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acer negundo (variegated forms)

 

Acer negundo is Box elder, Ashleaf maple
acercflosnegundowikimediacommons
Acer negundo male inflorescens. By Rasbak, via Wikimedia Commons

Pendent, 2-4 inches (5-10 cms) long sulphur-yellow, fluffy flowers appear before the leaves.

These flowers appear in pendant clusters in spring on separate male and female trees. Flowers are not showy. Female flowers give way to fruits (samaras) which mature in fall and often persist on the tree well into winter. Fruiting can be abundant.

Apr

360-600 x 360-600
(900-1500 x 900-1500)

Light Green turning yellow in the autumn

Fastest covering Climbers and Wall Shrubs

Tr D

Native UK tree and native American tree.

Does well on all soil types, except very dry where it may survive but may not thrive. Severely alkaline soils may cause chlorosis. Tolerates a moderately exposed aspect in full sun or light to mid shade.

Use - As a fan-trained tree for large walls, as a shade tree and as a hedge.

Foliage - Light green pinnate leaves, 6-8 inches (15-20 cms) wide and long, with three to five and sometimes up to nine leaflets. Some varieties with pink, gold or white variegation. Soft texture; slightly pendulous habit. Good yellow autumn colour.

Stem - Light to mid green, grey/green with downy texture when young. Upright at first, becoming more branching with age. Medium to fast rate of growth.

Fruit - Pendent, 3 inch (7.5 cms) long winged fruits, grey/green when young, ageing to light yellow-brown. On mature trees seed can be plentiful.

Pruning - Cut young trees hard back to within 18 inches (45 cms) of their base in spring following planting. Select resulting five to seven shoots and tie into a fan-trained shape. In subsequent years remove all side and forward growths back to 2 inch (5 cms) from their origin but maintain and encourage main branches in fan shape.

Training - Will require tying to wires or individual anchor points.

Height/spread
5 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)
10 years - 240 x 240 (600 x 600)
20 years - 300 x 300 (760 x 760)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cms) from support.

Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 0 degrees Fahrenheit (-18 degrees Centigrade). Intolerant of shade.

Acer negundo 'Auratum'. Golden-yellow foliage from spring through summer. Slightly smaller than average.

Acer negundo californicum. A green-leaved form with pink, pendulous fruits. Less hardy than most.

Acer negundo 'Elegans' (Acer negundo 'Elegantissima'). Variegated foliage with yellow edges. Slightly less than average height and spread.

Acer negundo 'Flamingo'. Pale to rosy pink variegated leaves at tips of all new rowths from late spring, through early summer and often into autumn. Mature leaves variegated white.

Acer negundo 'Variegatum' (Acer negundo 'Argenteovariegatum'). Broad, white leaf margins but likely to revert to green.

Acer negundo violaceum. Young shoots purple to violet and covered with white bloom. Long, pendent pink flower tassels in spring. Good autumn colours. Slightly less hardy. May have to be bought from specialist nurseries.

Actinidia chinensis is Chinese Gooseberry, Kiwifruit
actinidiacflochinensiswikimediacommons
Female Kiwifruit-flower, about 5 cm in diameter. By Mnolf, via Wikimedia Commons.

Creamy-white becoming buff yellow, 1.5 inches (4 cm) wide, five-petalled, incurving cup shaped. Male or female on different plants both needed for pollination.

May-Jun


actinidiacfruschinensiswikimediacommons
Actinidia chinensis "Ashoka" / Frucht / Botanischer Garten Berlin. By Gerhard Elsner put it under the GFDL, via Wikimedia Commons.

After 10 years 240 x 240 (600 x 600)

Extremely ornamental light green foliage adorning a vigorous grower which can produce edible fruit in hot summers.

Twining Climber for Non-House Walls, Fences, Pergolas

Cl D

A deep, well-fed, light soil for best results although it is tolerant to a wide range except extremely waterlogged.

Use- As a fast-growing deciduous climber for non-house walls, fences, or through trees and large shrubs.

Foliage - Large, almost round, heavily veined, 5-8 inch (12-20 cm) across. Downy undersides. Light green when young becoming more brown/green with age, good yellow/light orange autumn colour.

Stem - Mid green when young becoming light brown. Vigorous, twisting yet not clinging, wide ranging habit. Medium to fast growing.

Fruit - Small, hairy, oblong, round-ended. Up to 2 inches (5 cm) long with gosseberry flavour, not always reliable in all but hottest areas.

Pruning - Train shoots to cover required area, prune back all surplus shoots either after fruiting or in late summer to 2 buds from the point of origin.

Training - Tie young shoots of newly planted plants to wires on no-house walls and fences; they normally become sel-twining and supporting. In trees and large shrubs, clings by twining.

Height/spread
5 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)
10 years 240 x 240 (600 x 600)
20 years (456 x 456 (1200 x 1200)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cms) from support.

Problems - Often planted in areas too small to accomodate it. Can be shy to fruit. Male and female plants may be difficult to find. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 14 degrees Fahrenheit (-10 degrees Centigrade0. Some damage to the tips of growth may be caused in spring by frost but normally to no great harm.

Actinidia chinensis 'Atlas'. A good male form for pollinating other varieties; free flowering.

Actinidia chinensis 'Heywood'. Good female form, heavy cropping on warm south walls, will require a male variety for pollination.

Actinidia chinensis 'Tomurii'. Male, free flowering, disease resistant.

Actinidia kolomikta is Kolomikta vine, michurin actinidia
actinidiacfloskolomiktawikimediacommons
The fly on the flower of cultivated Actinidia kolomikta. Moscow region, Russia. By Bff, via Wikimedia Commons.

Unattractive white fragrant flowers with yellow anthers 0.5 (1 cm) wide; borne in groups of one to 3.

Requires some shelter from exposed aspects. Tolerates light shade but prefers full sun.

Jun


actinidiacfruskolomiktawikimediacommons
Kiwis arctiques (Actinidia kolomikta) du Jardin de la Paix de l'école primaire Louis-Colin à Montréal, Québec, Canada. By Linsouciant1, via Wikimedia Commons.

200 x 160
500 x 400)

Tips start white and age to pink, contrasting with dark green remainder, some yellow autumn colour.

Twining Climber for Non-House Walls, Fences, Pergolas

Cl D

Tolerates both alkaline and acid conditions but may produce more growth on neutral to acid types. Well drained and well fed soil is advised.

Use - As an attractive foliaged climber for sunny positions both on non-house walls and fences.

Foliage - 3-6 inch (7.5-15 cm) long 2-4 inches (5-10 cm) wide oblong ovate leaves with pronounced veins and toothed edges; tips start white and age to pink, contrasting with dark green remainder, some yellow autumn colour.

Stem - Slender, deep mahogany brown. Not normally self clinging. Medium to fast growing.

Fruit - Oval, yellow, 1 inch 92.5 cm) long, sweet and edible but not normally used for culinary or dessert purposes.

Pruning - Normally requires none other than cutting in early spring to keep within bounds.

Training - Tie main vines to wires against walls and fences as required.

Height/spread
5 years - 60 x 60 (150 x 150)
10 years - 156 x 156 (400 x 400)
20 years - 240 x 240 (600 x 600)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support.

Problems - Can, on very dry soils, lose its leaves prematurely in late summer. Attractive to cats which claw the vines, causing damage. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 14 degrees Fahrenheit (-10 degrees centigrade).

 

Akebia quinata is Chocolate vine
akebiacflosquinatawikimediacommons
Akebia quinata in Mount Ibuki ,female flower and 5 male flowers. By Alpsdake, via Wikimedia Commons.

Pendent racemes 3-5 inches (7.5-12.5 cm) long of male flowers up to 0.25 inches (5mm) wide, pale purple in colour. Fragrant. Chocolate-purple female flowers, usually in pairs and 1-1.25 inches (2.5-3 cm).

Needs some protection in exposed aspects. From light shade to full sun, but needs protection from strong, midday summer sun.

Mar-May


akebiacfrusquinatawikimediacommons
Fruits of Chocolate Vine (Akebia quinata (Houtt.) Decne. ) in Mount Ibuki, Shiga prefecture, Japan. By Alpsdake, via Wikimedia Commons.

After 10 years - 216 x 216 (550 x 550)

Light to mid green giving good yellow autumn colour

Twining Climber for Non-House Walls, Fences, Pergolas

Cl D to E

Tolerates most soil conditions except waterlogged. Good on alkaline types.

Use - For growing up through other shrubs or small trees or against non-house walls and fences giving a display of unusual fruit, or in a conservatory or greenhouse.

Foliage - 5 leaflets carried on a single stalk up to 3-5 inches 97.5-12 cm) long; each leaflet oblong to oval in shape, 1.5-3 inches (4-7.5 cm) long with short 1.5 inch (4 cm) stalk,; light to mid green giving good yellow autumn colour.

Stem - Light green to grey green, loosely twining, wiry in nature. Medium to fast growing.

Fruit - Attractive sausage-shaped grey/violet fruit, 2.5-3.5 inches (6-9 cm) long, splitting lengthwise when ripe. Produced in early autumn.
You do need 2 plants of the same species for fertilisation.

Pruning - Allow to grow free; every 5 or 6 years lightly trim in early spring with hedging shears.

Training - Leave to ramble over wires on walls and fences, or over shrubs and trees.

Height/spread
5 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
10 years - 216 x 216 (550 x 550)
20 years - 240 x 360 (600 x 900)
Protrudes up to 24 inches (60 cms) from support.

Problems - A little unruly in its habit. Flowers and fruit may be hidden both by its own foliage and that of the host it is climbing in.
Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 4 degrees Fahrenheit (-15 degrees Centigrade)

 

Albizia julibrissin is Pink Mimosa, Pink siris, Silk Tree
albiziacflosjulibrissinwikimediacommons
合欢树

摄于北京植物园 Beijing Botanical Garden. By Shizhao, via Wikimedia Commons.

Terminal clusters of flowerheads on long stalks, producing a mop-like cluster of pink stamens up to 1 inch (2.5 cm) across. Dense all-over flowering makes a spectacular effect.

Requires a very sheltered aspect. Full sun to very light shade.

Jun-Aug

The seeds are used as a food for livestock and by wildlife, and the sweet-scented flowers are a good nectar source for honeybees and butterflies.

After 10 years - 192 x 192 (490 x 490)

Its grey/green leaves slowly close during the night and during periods of rain, the leaflets bowing downward.

Climbers and Wall Shrubs needing or responding
well to Con-servatory or Green-house

Tr D

Any soil types except dry. In the wild, the tree tends to grow in dry plains, sandy valleys, and uplands.

Use - As a small fan-trained tree for large walls or for fan-training on conservatory walls. The broad crown of a mature tree makes it useful for providing dappled shade.

Folage - Bipinnate leaves, 9-18 inches 923-45 cm) long. Each of the 6-12 branches of the pinnate leaf carries 20-30 pairs of small, oblong, grey/green leaflets.

Stem - Grey-green, upright when young, quickly spreading. Medium rate of growth, slower in container.

Fruit - Insignificant

Pruning - Prune young trees hard in the spring following planting. Tie resulting 5 to 7 shoots into a a fan-trained shape. In subsequent year, remove all side growths back to 2 points from their origin and maintain original main branches in fan shape.

Training - Will require fixing to wires or individual anchor points.

Height/spread
5 years - 96 x 96 (240 x 240)
10 years - 192 x 192 (490 x 490)
20 years - 288 x 288 (730 x 730)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support.

Problems - Often chosen because seen growing well in warm climates, but not adaptable to harsher conditions.
Can only flourish in frost-free areas. It has become an invasive species in Japan. Because of its invasive tendencies and disease susceptibility, it is rarely recommended as an ornamental plant in the US, though it is still widely planted in parts of Europe.

Albizia julibrissin 'Rosea'. Smaller variety with bright pink flowers, reaching two-thirds average height and spread. It is often used for non-traditional bonsai.

Ampelopsis breviped-unculata 'Elegans'
ampelopsiscflosbrevipedunculataeleganswikimediacommons
Ampelopsis breviped-unculata 'Elegans'. Real Jardín Botánico, Madrid. By A. Barra, via Wikimedia Commons.

Small clusters of creamy white inconspicuous flowers. May in hot summers produce 0.375 inch (2 mm) wide clear blue berries with black spots.

Requires a sheltered aspect. Light shade for preference, will tolerate full sun if adequate moisture is available; if not, scorching may be a problem.

Jun-Jul

After 10 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)

Grey/green undersides, upper surface white to pink with green variegation.

Self-Clinging Climber for Non-House Walls, Fences, Pergolas

Cl D

Moderately alkaline to acid, requiring a high degree of organic content with good moisture retaining qualities.

Use - As an attractive coloured foliage deciduous climber for sheltered non-house walls and fences or under protection in greenhouses or conservatories. May also be grown without support along the ground to cover old stumps or rock piles.

Foliage - Hand-shaped leaves with some lobed indentations on outer edges varying in size from 2-4 inches (5-10 cm) long; some with toothed edges. Grey/green undersides, upper surface white to pink with green variegation.

Stem - Attractive, pink to red when young becoming green to green/brown with age, not sel-clinging but twining, interlacing itself around a support. Slow to medium growth rate

Fruit - None of interest.

Pruning - Prune back all side shoots produced last year to within 2 buds of origin except shoots which are required for training the main framework, so encouraging a high production of good new pink foliage.

Training - Allow to ramble over wires and secure as required, or allow to scramble through an uninteresting shrub both in the open or under protection.

Height/spread
5 years - 60 x 60 (150 x 150)
10 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)
20 years - 180 x 144 (460 x 370
Protrudes up to 24 inches (60 cm) from support.

Problems - Foliage scorching may be caused by late frosts and strong midday summer sun. Can be attacked by mildew in mid to late summer. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 23 degrees Fahrenheit (-5 degrees Centigrade).

Ampelopsis megalophylla (Giant Pepper Vine) is hardy to -5 degrees Centigrade. Large, vigorous climber with huge deeply cut leaves to 2ft across and small green flowers followed by clusters of green, ripening to purple berries in autumn. The leaves turn red in autumn adding to the season of interest. Looks spectacular growing over a large pergola. Best for medium to large gardens. For part shade in moisture retentive soil. Deciduous. Prune side shoots back to 2-3 buds in when dormant.

Aristolochia macrophylla is Dutchman's Pipe
aristochiacflosmacrophyllawikimediacommons
Pipevine (Aristolochia macrophylla) in a garden in Rade (municipality of Tangstedt), near Hamburg, Germany, May 2011. By Olaf Studt (Hämbörger), via Wikimedia Commons.

1-1.5 inch (2.5-4 cm) long yellow-green siphon-shaped flowers with open mouth effect at top, coloured purple/brown around edges; produced in pairs at leaf axils and carried on tall shoots.

Requires a sheltered aspect. Best in very light shade but will tolerate degrees either side.

Aug-Sep

After 10 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)

Light Green

I think Australia would prefer it if this plant was not grown in Australia

Fastest covering Climbers and Wall Shrubs

Cl D

Moderately alkaline to acid, requires a good rich organic content to maintain adequate moisture to support the large leaf structure.

Use - As a deciduous climber for sheltered walls including house-walls, fences and pillars. Has been used for many years to screen front porches, and is capable of creating a deep shade.

Foliage - Large, kidney- or heart-shaped, sometimes blunt, sometimes pointed; 4-10 inches (10-25 cm) long and wide with downy undersides, light green upper surface; presented on stalks 1-3 inches (2.5-7.5 cm) long, yellow autumn colour.Very attractive for shape and size.

Stems - Long, light grey/green turning green/brown twining stems, not sel-supporting. Medium to fast rate of growth.

Fruit - None of interest.

Pruning - Shorten back previous season's growth in early spring to encourage good production of new foliage and flowers.

Training - Tie to wires in a fan-shape to show foliage off to best effect.

Height/spread
5 years - 72 x 48 (180 x 120)
10 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)
20 years - 240 x 240 (600 x 600)
Protrudes up to 24 inches (60 cm) from support.

Problems - May be difficult to find. Can take 2 years to establish before really good new growth is seen, in which time foliage will be small. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 4 degrees Fahrenheit (-15 degrees Centigrade).

Poisonous - Aristolochia macrophylla contains the natural substance aristolochic acid. Aristoclochic acid is found in all plants of the Aristolochiaceae family. Aristolochic acid is a very dangerous compound in that this acid is a potent mutagen and carcinogen that can cause urological cancers as well as permanent kidney failure.

Aucuba japonica is Japanese aucuba, spotted laurel, himalayan laurel and japanese laurel
aucubacflosjaponicawikimediacommons
Blütenstand von Aucuba japonica, aufgenommen am Standort in einem Wald in der Nähe von Kyoto. ByMichael Becker via Wikimedia Commons.

Small purple-red Flowers. Each variety carries either male or female flowers, which are similar in appearance; for fruiting, plants of both sexes are needed.

Tolerates all aspects. Dislikes full sun, tolerates deep shade.

Apr-May

After 10 years - 84 x 84 (210 x 210)

Dark, glossy, green.

Evergreen Climbers and Wall Shrubs

Sh E

Tolerates almost any soil, including dry and alkaline.

Use - As a freestanding or fan-trained shrub for large walls and fences in shady positions. This plant is valued for its ability to thrive in the most difficult of garden environments, dry shade. It also copes with pollution and salt-laden coastal winds. It is often seen as an informal hedge and used as evergreen screening.

Foliage - Lanceolate, dark, glossy green leaves 3-8 inches (7.5-20 cm) long and 1-3 inches (2.5-7.5 cm) wide.

Stem - Bright green and glossy. Strong, upright and branching, forming a round-topped shrub. Medium growth rate.

Fruit - On female plants clusters of bright red round fruits appear in autumn and remain through winter and possibly into spring. Produced only if male plant grows nearby.

Pruning - None required but may be cut back hard in spring to control size.

Training - Allow to grow freestanding or fan-trained to wires or individual anchor points.

Height/spread
5 years - 60 x 60 (150 x 150)
10 years - 84 x 84 (210 x 210)
20 years - 180 x 180 (460 x 460)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support if fan-trained, 72 inches (180 cms) untrained.

Problems - None, apart from wind chill hazard. The process of fan-training may be a slow operation. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 4 degrees Fahrenheit (-15 degrees Centigrade), although some foliage damage may be caused by severe wind chill or late spring frosts.

Aucuba japonica 'Crotonifolia'. A slightly less vigorous variety with spotted and blotched golden leaves. Ideal as a privacy screen, windbreak and noise barrier.

Aucuba japonica 'Golden Spangles'. Bright golden variegation.

Aucuba japonica 'Mr Goldstrike'. A new golden variegated variety with red berries. Female plant.

Aucuba japonica 'Picturata'. Dark green leaves boldly splashed chrome yellow, slightly less vigorous than Aucuba japonica. Male plant.

Aucuba japonica 'Salicifolia'. A green-leaved form with very narrow, tooth-edged dark green foliage. Freely fruiting but not easy to find. Female plant.

Aucuba japonica 'Variegata'. Leaves liberally splashed golden and yellow. One of the most variegated forms. Female plant.

Aucuba japonica 'Variegata Gold Dust'. A very good form with golden variegated foliage and red berries in autumn. Female plant.

Azara microphylla
azaracflormicrophyllawikimediacommons
Azara microphylla at the San Francisco Botanical Garden. By Stan Shebs, via Wikimedia Commons
azaracflomicrophyllawikimediacommons
with a flower cluster

Numerous very small, vanilla-scented, yellow to yellow/green flowers carried in clusters at leaf joints between late winter and early spring. Flowering can be very variable in performance.

Best in light to medium shade but will tolerate full sun if required as long as adequate moisture is available.

Attractive to bees.

Apr-May

After 10 years - 96 x 60 (240 x 150)

Small, obovate, entire or toothed, very dark green.

Hardy through most of the UK apart from inland valleys, at altitude and central/northerly locations. May suffer foliage damage and stem dieback in harsh winters in cold gardens.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh E

Soil - Tolerates a wide range of soil conditions, only disliking extremely wet or dry types.

Use - As a freestanding or fan-trained shrub for large walls and fences offering attractive evergreen foliage and formation in a sheltered position.

Foliage - Very attractive small oval leaflets, 1 inch (2.5 cm) long, round-ended, tooth-edges, dark shiny green, carried uniformly along branches in interesting formation.

Stem - Light green to dark green, becoming grey/green. Upright, slow to medium growth rate. Responds well to fan-training.

Fruit - None of interest.

Pruning - Not normally required but can have individual limbs removed in spring if necessary for training.

Training - Tie to wires or individual anchor points in a fan shape or allow to grow freestanding.

Height/spread
5 years - 60 x 36 (150 x 91)
10 years - 96 x 60 (240 x 150)
20 years - 192 x 120 (490 x 300)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support if fan-trained, 84 inches (210 cm) untrained.

Problems - Can reach the dimensions of a small tree given time and this should be allowed for in initial planting - it is worth remembering what the factors are that cause subsidence of buildings, especially tree roots in clay soils. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 14 degrees Fahreheit (-10 degrees Centigrade). Late spring frost may damage new growth.
Both of these below could be grown in conservatories in the UK:
Azara integrifolia plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).
Azara petiolaris plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).

Azara microphylla 'Variegata'. Edges of leaves creamy yellow. An interesting plant less hardy than its parent, so use in a conservatory.

Catalpa bignonioides - Indian Bean Tree, Southern Catalpa
catalpacflosbignonoideswikimediacommons
Catalpa bignonioides, Bignoniaceae, Southern Catalpa, Indian Bean Tree, flowers; Karlsruhe, Germany. By H. Zell, via Wikimedia Commons.

Native to the southeastern United States in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, and Mississippi.

Upright panicles 8-10 inches |(20-25 cm) long of white, trumpet-shaped flowers with frilled edges, yellow markings and purple spotted throats, produced mid summer.

Requires a moderately sheltered aspect. Golden-leaved varieties scorch in full sun.

Jun-Jul

The flowers refuse to be self-fertilized. Each flower has its own stamens and its own stigma but the lobes of the stigma remain closed until after the anthers have opened and discharged their pollen; after they have withered and become effete then the stigma opens and invites the wandering bee. The entire Pink family behave in this way.

After 10 years - 360 x 360 (900 x 900)

The bright green leaves appear late and as they are full grown before the flower clusters open, add much to the beauty of the blossoming tree. They secrete nectar, a most unusual characteristic for leaves, by means of groups of tiny glands in the axils of the primary veins.

Fastest covering Climbers and Wall Shrubs

Tr D

Requires a deep, rich, moist soil to do well. Shows signs of chlorosis on extremely thin alkaline soils.

Use - As a large, fan-trained tree for walls.

Foliage - Broadly ovate leaves, 6-10 inches (15-25 cm) long and 3-8 inches (7.5-20 cm) wide, presented on long stalks. Good yellow autumn colour. Foliage smells unpleasant when crushed.

Stem - Light grey/green, becoming green/brown. Strong and upright. Pruning increases branching. Medium to fast growth rate, becoming slower and more spreading after the first 5 years.

Fruit - Long, narrow, green, ageing to black, slender pods, 8-15 inches (20-38 cms) long, produced in early autumn and retained into early winter.

 

Ceratomia catalpae caterpillars. have a longstanding ecological relationship with the tree, and may defoliate a tree three or more times in a summer without killing it. Fishing enthusiasts prize the caterpillars as bait, particularly for catfish, and may freeze them for months after collecting them in the spring.

Pruning - Prune young trees hard in spring following planting. Select and train resulting 5 to 7 shoots and tie into a fan-trained shape. In subsequent years, remove all side growths back to 2 points from their origin and maintain main branches in fan shape.

Training - Will require tying to wires or individual anchor points.

Height/spread
5 years - 192 x 192 (490 x 490)
10 years - 360 x 360 (900 x 900)
20 years - 468 x 468 (1200 x 1200)
Protrudes up to 60 inches (150 cm) from support.

Problems - Flowering may be decreased by fan-training but leaves will increase in size, particularly on golden-leaved varieties. May be damaged by high winds or heavy snow; consider location when planting. Young trees rarely look attractive, especially while in nursery production.
Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 4 degrees Fahrenheit 9-15 degrees Centigrade), but stem damage can be caused by winter frosts, especially in the golden-leaved varieties; however, this may in fact be an advantage in encouraging the plant to branch.

Catalpa bignonioides 'Aurea'. Attractive, broad, large, golden-yellow leaves. A less hardy form, even slightly tender. One-third average height and spread, but may reach more in ideal conditions.

Catalpa bignonioides 'Variegata'. Attractive large-leaved foliage, grey/green leaves margined with gold.

Catalpa x hybrida 'Purpurea'. New growth purple to purple/green, ageing to dark green. White flowers. Two-thirds average height and spread.

This intense desire to get people closer to nature is the reason Nativ Nurseries was founded. For years, Toxey had collected special seed and hand grew many plants and trees in his backyard. As Mossy Oak grew, we needed a source for plants and trees for our own properties; one that carried the many wildlife varieties that you couldn’t find readily available and one that appreciated their effects on habitat and food sources. Not only did we need a source for these "naturally beneficial" plants and trees, but we wanted a source that would provide us with genetically advanced varieties from superior parent trees; varieties that had preferred characteristics like taste, vigorous growth, health and early abundant mast production; characteristics that wildlife and outdoor enthusiasts prefer.

Choisya ternata is Mexican Orange Blossom
choisyacflosternatawikimediacommons
Choisya ternata. By MPF, via Wikimedia Commons

Fragrant, single, 0.5 inch (1 cm) wide, white, star-shaped, orange-scented flowers, borne in flat-topped clusters, late spring to early summer.

Tolerates all but the most exposed aspects. Equally good in full sun or deep shade.

They produce attractive white flowers (citrus fragrance) from late April to early June and sometimes a second flowering in October / November.

After 10 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)

Leaves glossy, mid to dark green, which when crushed give off an aromatic scent.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh E

Does well on most, although very severe alkaline soils may lead to chlorosis.

Use - As a very attractive evergreen shrub for scented, late spring to early summer flowering, but with training can become ann interesting wall shrub or an excellent low hedge. Choisyas can be grown in containers although they do need a bit of care in the winter. Potted plants are more susceptible to frost damage compared to those in the ground so we recommend placing your potted Choisya in a porch, open garage or in a protected position up against the house during the winter - November to March ideally.

Foliage - Leaves glossy, mid to dark green, trifoliate, 3-6 inches (7.5-15 cm) long, which when crushed give off an aromatic scent.

Stem - Light to bright green, glossy, upright, becoming spreading and twiggy with age, forming a fan-shaped shrub. Fast to medium rate of growth when young or pruned back, slowing with age.

Fruit - Insignificant.

Pruning - 3 methods of pruning are advocated:

  • cut back to within 12 inches (30 cm) of ground level after 3 to 4 years so it can rejuvenate itself and repeat process every third or fourth year following. This keeps the foliage glossy and encorages flowering.
  • Otherwise, on mature shrubs, remove one third of the oldest wood to ground level after flowering to encorage rejuvenation from centre and base and repeat annually. (I tend to prefer this method when I have maintained client's gardens)
  • Prune established plants in spring immediately after flowering, removing 25-30cm (10-12in) of the flowered stems. This encourages a second flush of flowers in late-summer and autumn. At the same time, remove any frost-damaged stems to the base.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

Height/spread
5 years - 60 x 60 (150 x 150)
10 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
20 years - 84 x 84 (210 x 210)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support.

Problems - If pruning is neglected, plant becomes old, woody and unproductive. Plants are always relatively small when purchased but quickly mature when planted out.
Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 14 degrees Fahrenheit (-10 degrees Centigrade). Leaf damage can occur in lower temperatures or in severe wind chill. In some winters, may die back to ground level but can normally rejuvenate itself the following spring.

Choisya 'Aztec Pearl'. Clusters of fragrant, pink-tinged white flowers in late spring.

choisyacfloternataaztecpearlwikimediacommons
Choisya 'Aztec Pearl' (hybride between Choisya arizonica en Choisya ternata). By Wouter Hagens, via Wikimedia Commons

Choisya ternata 'Sundance'. Yellow/green foliage in spring, quickly becoming golden yellow which persists through winter. Slightly more tender. Two thirds average height an spread. Requires very light shade.

 

Partner plants - The glossy, evergreen leaves provide an excellent backdrop for medium-sized perennials and pale-grey or purple foliage plants.

The secret to stunning shrubs? Mix woody plants with perennials.

Cistus (grey-leaved forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cleyera fortunei

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abutilon vitifolium 'Tennant's White' , Corynabutilon vitifolium 'Tennant's White'
abutiloncflovitifoliumtennantswhitewikimediacommons
7155 Abutilon Vitifolium "Tennant's White". By crabchick from Bristol, England, via Wikimedia Commons

Large, delicate white flowers

May-Jul

120-180 x
(300-450 x )

Grey-green leaves.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Use - As a deciduous wall shrub in warmer regions or for growing in conservatories.

Foliage - Young shoots and foliage are covered with hair.

Pruning - Remove one third of old flowering wood on established shrubs in early to mid spring.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to achieve a fan-trained shape.

 

Cotinus coggygria (purple-leaved forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cotoneaster horizontalis (variegated forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cytisus battandieri

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Decaisnea fargesii

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Decumaria barbara

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Desfontainea spinosa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Drimys winteri

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elaeagnus commutata

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elaeagnus x ebbingei

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elaeagnus pungens

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eriobotrya japonica

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Euonymus fortunei (variegated forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Euonymus japonicus (variegated forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

x Fatshedera lizei

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fatsia japonica

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Feijoa sellowiana

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ficus carica

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fremonto-dendron californicum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Garrya elliptica

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ginkgo biloba

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gleditsia triacanthos 'Sunburst'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hedera canariensis (variegated forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hedera colchica (variegated forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hedera helix (all forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hedysarum multijugum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Humulus lupulus 'Aureus'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hydrangea aspera

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hydrangea quercifolia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hydrangea villosa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ilex x altaclarensis (variegated forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ilex aquifolium (variegated forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jasminum officinale

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jasminum officinale (variegated forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ligustrum lucidum (variegated forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ligustrum ovalifolium (variegated forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ligustrum sinense (variegated forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lonicera japonica 'Aureoreticulata'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lonicera japonica repens

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lonicera splendens

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Magnolia grandiflora

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mahonia x 'Charity'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mahonia fremontii

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malus (Purple-leaved form)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Melianthus major

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Myrtus communis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Parthenocissus henryana

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Parthenocissus tricuspidata

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Parthenocissus tricuspidata 'Veitchii'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Philadelphus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Phlomis fruticosa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Photinia x fraseri 'Red Robin'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Photinia stranvaesia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pileostegia viburnoides

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Piptanthus laburnifolius

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pittosporum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pyracantha (variegated forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pyrus (silver-leafed forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rhamnus alaterna 'Argenteo-variegata'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Robinia pseudoacacia 'Frisia'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rubus henryi bambusarum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Schizophragma hydrangeoides

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Solanum dulcamara 'Variegatum'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sophora tetraptera

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sorbus aria

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stauntonia hexaphylla

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Teucrium fruticans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trachelo-spermum jasminoides 'Variegatum'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Viburnum (Large-leaved Forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Viburnum tinus (purple and variegated forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vinca major (variegated forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vitis 'Brant'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vitis coignetiae

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Xanthoceras sorbifolium

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Many other climbers and wall shrubs may perform well with this type of cultivation but those listed above are the most reliable." from The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.
 

Abutilon mega-potamicum (Large-leaved and Flowering Forms)

Hanging, large, bell-shaped flowers up to 1.5 inches (4 cms) long and 1.5 inches (4 cms) wide. Wide range of colours including red, pink, yellow and apricot.

 

 

 

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh D

Moderately alkaline to acid, with adequate moisture and food content for rapid growth.

Use - As a fan-trained wall shrub for walls and fences, or for growing in conservatories, both as a fan-shaped wall shrub or as a pillar.

Foliage - Leaves oval, up to 5 inches (12 cms) long with toothed edges. Mid to olive-green in colour. Some yellow tints. Some variegated forms.

Stem - Upright, becoming spreading. Vigorous, up to 60 inches (150 cms) of growth per year.

Fruit - Insignificant.

Pruning - Remove one third of old flowering wood on established shrubs to ground level in early to mid spring. Can be severely cut back to a stool in early spring if required and will quickly rejuvenate.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage a fan-trained shape.

Height/spread
5 years 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
10 years 84 x 84 (210 x 210)
20 years 108 x 108 (270 x 270)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cms) from support.

Problems - Always susceptible to damage by severe cold.

Abutilon x milleri. Orange petals and crimson stamens in Apr-Sep. Very large dark green leaves.

Abutilon x milleri 'Variegatum'. Orange petals, crimson stamens in Jul-Sep. Foliage splashed gold. Very tender.

Abutilon 'Ashford Red'. Foliage apple green. Flowers deep red/pink in Jul-Oct. Tender.

Abutilon 'Canary Bird'. Pure yellow flowers in Jul-Oct. Can flower all winter in a conservatory.

Abutilon 'Cerise Queen'. Cerise flowers in Apr-Oct. Less hardy.

Abutilon 'Hinton Seedling'. Vermilion flowers in Jul-Oct.

Abutilon 'Louise Marignac'. Good pink flowers in Apr-Oct. Less hardy.

Abutilon 'Nabob'. Crimson-red flowers in Jul-Oct. Less hardy.

Abutilon 'Souvenir de Bonn'. Soft Apricot flowers in Year-round if temperatures are warm enough.

Acer palmatum f. atropurpureum is Japanese Maple
acercforpalmatumatropurpureumwikimediacommons
Acer palmatum 'Atropurpureum'. By Jerzy Opioła, via Wikimedia Commons

Tiny purple flowers

Apr-May

We ship our seeds worldwide via Canada Post.

240 x 200
(600 x 500)

Deeply lobed dark purple-red leaves that turn fiery red in autumn.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Tr D

Grow best in partly shaded situations and fertile, moist, well-drained neutral to acid rich soil.

Use - As a freestanding, upright or fan-trained deciduous tree. It also looks good in a container.

Acer palmatums benefit from shelter from fierce winds and cold in early spring as bad weather can burn the young leaves. It is slow growing with many different leaf forms and colours; all turn to brilliant reds in autumn.

Foliage - Deeply indented, pointed leaves of a deep maroon-purple.

Pruning - Add a top-dressing of a well-balanced fertiliser around the base of a recently planted tree in late spring and keep it well watered. No routine pruning is required, just remove any dead, damaged or crossing branches in late autumn or winter when they are fully dormant.

Acer japonicum aureum. Soft yellow leaves.

Acer dissectum palmatifidum. Very finely cut leaves.

Acer palmatum var. dissectum variegatum - with photos of other Acer Palmatums you could also use as a Wall Shrub for The Prime Site. Slightly variegated, cream and pink.

Caragana arborescens 'Lorbergii' is Lorberg Peashrub, Peatree
caraganacfloarborescenswikimediacommons
Flower of Caragana arborescens. By Andrew Butko via Wikimedia Commons.

Small, yellow, pea-shaped 0.25 inch (5 mm) long flowers borne in clusters of up to 4 on thin stalks, mid to late spring.

Tolerates all aspects, very wind resistant. Best in full sun, but tolerates light shade.

May

After 10 years - 156 x 156 (400 x 400)

Feathery, light grey/green leaves. Yellow autumn colour.

Climbers and Wall Shrubs for difficult, exposed positions

Tr D

Well drained soil. Caragana tolerates very alkaline soils and will also do well in very poor conditions, although it dislikes and will not grow well in a heavy, waterlogged soil.

Use - As a small fan-trained tree or shrub for large walls to show off its attractive feathery foliage.

Foliage - Very thin, wispy, feathery, light grey/green leaves up to 2 inches (5 cm) long. Yellow autumn colour.

Stem - Grey/green with attractive pronounced buds on branches. Moderately fast growing, slowing with age.

Fruit - Small pods, 1.5-2 inches (4-5 cm) long, containing 4 to 6 seeds, produced in autumn.

Pruning - Prune young bush trees hard in spring following planting. Select and train resulting 5 to 7 shoots and tie into a fan-trained shape. In subsequent years, remove all side growths back to 2 inches (5 cm) from their origin after flowering and maintaining main branches in fan shape.

Training - Requires tying to wires or individual anchor points.

Height/spread
5 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
10 years - 156 x 156 (400 x 400)
20 years - 216 x 216 (550 x 550)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support.

Problems - May be late to break leaf in spring and can appear dead, but grows quickly once established. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 0 degrees Fahrenheit (-18 degrees Centigrade).

Partner plants -
Planted in-ground, 'Walker' could be a welcome high point to a bed of heathers and dwarf conifers.  In Winter, its bare branches would also provide some relief from all of that evergreenity.

That said, the tree's feathery foliage is shown to best advantage when larger leaves are nearby.  The foliage is only present in the warm months, and since 'Walker' loves sun—although not the day-and-night swelter of Zone 7 and warmer—consider pairing with sun-loving tropicals such as cannas, elephant ears, gingers, or bananas.

 If your 'Walker' is old enough that its canopy is (finally) broadening out to provide a bit of shade at the ground, you could underplant with low hostas.  Or, if the shrub is located where you have easy view of it in the Winter, you could choose hellebores.  They appreciate the good drainage that the 'Walker' needs, as well as the feathery shade it would provide in the Summer.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3
PAGES

Site Map

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY PAGES Links to pages in Table alongside on the left with Garden Design Topic Pages

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Plant Type
 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 with its Cultivation Requirements

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border
1
, 2

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime 1, 2

Alpines and Walls
Dry Sunny Walls 1a, b
Tops of Walls 2a, b
Dry Shady and Conifers 3a, b

Alpines and
Paving
1
, 2

Sink and Trough gardens
1
, 2

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion River-bank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
1
, 2

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Water-side Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
1
, 2

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------



 

 

ANY PLANT TYPE for
Cut Flowers in
January 1, 2
February
March 1, 2
April
May 1, 2
June 1, 2
July 1, 2
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Con-tainers

Cut Flowers
1
, 2, 3 Ever-lasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attract-ing bene-ficial insects
1
, 2

Scent / Fra-grance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas and Colour Schemes with Annuals
1
, 2

Low-Growing Annuals
1
, 2

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers and Cut Flowers
Page
1
, 2, 3

White Flowers
1
, 2

Yellow or Orange Flowers
1
, 2

Dec-orative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade
1
, 2

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attract-ive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elabo-rated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screen-ing

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

 

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens
1
, 2

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Con-tainers with Biennials for Pots in Green-house / Con-servatory

Bene-ficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explan-ation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
Dec-ember
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for Sep-tember
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes
1
, 2

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs natural-ised in Grass

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Apr-May
Jun-Aug 1, 2, 3, 4

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Any Plant Type Blooming in Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Wood-land Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achi-menes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Aris-aemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomar-eas, Calad-iums

Clivias,
Colo-casias, Crinums, Cyclam-ens, Cyrt-anthuses, Euchar-ises, Urceo-charis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachen-alias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone 1, 1a

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloom-eria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calo-chorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Col-chicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Mon-tbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Ery-thrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Gal-anthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hya-cinth, Hya-cinths in Pots,
Scilla, Pusch-kinia, Chion-odoxa, Chiono-scilla, Muscari

Iris,
Kniphofia, Lapey-rousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip,
Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidan-thera, Albuca, Alstroe-meri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixio-lirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogal-ums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooper-ias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant each Bedding Plant with a Ground, Edging or Dot Plant for
Spring
1
, 2
or
Summer
1
, 2

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with

Any Plant Type flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1, 2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec
 

----------
Choosing the right Plant

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vege-tables

1d.
Cut
flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised
Bed
for Wheel-chair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least prot-ruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Ground-cover

1,2
Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conserv-atory or Green-house

Large
Pots and Con-tainers
1
, 2

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming
Salverform

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elaborated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a
Standards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock
Disks and Florets

andosacecforyargongensiskevock
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms

 

STAGE 4A 12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Brown

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Cream

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
White

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Multi-Colou-red

1
Each Flower Diff-

1
erent Colour

 

STAGE 4B 12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
Deciduous Shrubs or Trees, Herbaceous Perennials or Bulbs- if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.
Evergreen Shrubs or Trees, Evergreen Perennials - if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.

Jan Win

Feb Win

Mar Spr

Apr Spr

May Spr

Jun Sum

Jul Sum

Aug Sum

Sep Aut

Oct Aut

Nov Aut

Dec Win

Decid
Herba

Ever-green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Black

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Bronze

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Grey

1
White

1
Silver

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Varie-gated

1

1

1

1

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©October 2016.
Top menus revised June 2018. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

Ivydene
Horticultural
Services

Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders - was first published in 1977 and this paperback edition was published on 1 August 1994 ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-
This comprehensive book looks at scented flowers and leaves of plants from all over the world. The work has been prepared to the standards of the Index Kewensis, and is filled with the most interesting facts about the scented flora of the world.

I am using the above book from someone who took 30 years to compile it from notes made of his detailed observations of growing plants in preference to
The RHS Companion to Scented Plants Hardcover – 16 Oct 2014 by Stephen Lacey (Author), Andrew Lawson (Photographer) ISBN 978-0-7112-3574-8 even though this is the only major reference work on scent and scented plants which is endorsed by the Royal Horticultural Society. See reasons for stopping infilling of previous Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page.

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species. Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design

...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants

...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens

A 1, Photos
B 1, Photos
C 1, Photos
D 1, Photos
E 1, Photos
F 1, Photos
G 1, Photos
H 1, Photos
I 1, Photos
J 1, Photos
K 1, Photos
L 1, Photos
M 1, Photos
N 1, Photos
O 1, Photos
P 1, Photos
Q 1, Photos
R 1, Photos
S 1, Photos
T 1, Photos
U 1, Photos
V 1, Photos
W 1, Photos
X 1 Photos
Y 1, Photos
Z 1 Photos
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens
Flower Shape and Plant Use of
Bedding
Bulb
Evergreen Perennial
Herbaceous Perennial
Rose


Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...Infill2 Plants
...Infill3 Plants *
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...All2 Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden

1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9, 10,
11,12,
13,14,
15,16,
uses of tree/ shrub

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

1

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

Growing Plants for the Church

1



1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9,10,
11,12,
13,14

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Trumpets
acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1a1a

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club.
Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN
13:978
0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb
Growing by
Edward Pearson
. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in
Window-boxes.

Colour All The
Year In My Garden
: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour
in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book
from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.
The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by
Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to
Bulbs by Patrick
M. Synge
. ISBN
0 00 214016-0
First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and
republished by Forgotten Books in 2012
(Forgotten Books
is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have
372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or
purchase in print.).

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated
Gardening Encyclopedia
by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by
Daily Express Publication,
reprinted 1941
for the individual
cultivar names with evergreen/
deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Tree and Shrubs in Garden Design -

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Clay Soils (neutral to slightly acid)

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Dry Acid Soils

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Shallow Soil over Chalk

Trees and Shrubs tolerant of both extreme Acidity and Alkalinity

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Damp Sites

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Industrial Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Cold Exposed Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Seaside Areas

Shrubs suitable for Heavy Shade

Shrubs and Climbers suitable for NORTH- and EAST-facing Walls

Shrubs suitable for Ground Cover

Trees of Pendulous Habit

Trees and Shrubs of Upright or Fastigiate Habit

Trees and Shrubs with Ornamental Bark or Twigs

Trees and Shrubs with Bold Foliage

Trees and Shrubs for Autumn Colour

Trees and Shrubs with Red or Purple Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Golden or Yellow Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Grey or Silver Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Variegated Foliage

Trees and Shrubs bearing Ornamental Fruit

Trees and Shrubs with Fragrant or Scented Flowers

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Foliage

Flowering Trees and Shrubs for Every Month:-
Jan
, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec

The following table shows the linkages for the information about the plants
described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening in The Gardeners' Golden Treasury, revised by A. G. L Hellyer F.L.S, Editor of 'Amateur Gardening', (thirty-first impression of original published in 1895) was published in 1960 by W. H. & L. Collingridge Limited,
between:-

  • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery (in this Table) and Stage 1 Fragrant Plants (in Table on left), then
  • Stage 2 - 3 Infill Plants Index Galleries (in Table on right), then
  • Stage 3a - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2 (in this Table)
  • Stage 3b - All2 Plants Index Gallery for Alpines without a Garden for your health and productivity (in this Table)
  • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right)
  • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right) with
    column for Deciduous / Herbaceous plants with the same foliage colour during their growing season and
    column for Evergreen plants with the same foliage colour during the entire year
  • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery (in Table on left)
  • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery (in Table on left)

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
It would be useful if when you decide to change your garden that you use a uniform garden style throughout your garden and the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY aims to provide pointers.
The new pages (April 2016) in the gallery will have a suitable list of plants on each page (as that plant gets further detailed in the ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY), then each row containing that plant name in the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY will also be updated. I aim to input details of plants starting with A in alphabetical order to Z.

Private Garden Design:-
What is your Budget and What are the purposes for your garden?
Designing for a purpose: Areas which require answers before answering your Designing for a Purpose Questionaire.
Then, do the Site Survey with Photographs, before putting the Current Garden Design on paper or in your computer.
Using the Broad Design elements of Scale, which Garden Style to use:-
Low Maintenance Garden Style, Cottage Garden Style, Wildlife Garden Style or Japanese Garden Style and the
Hard and Soft Landscaping elements, create the Broad Proposed Design. Then, the Detailed Design of each Hard Landscaping item followed by the Soft Landscaping elements: The Soil, changing the Microclimate; and the
Plant Selection is influenced by the Colour Wheel, with Plant Quantities determined by time to establish versus width between plants and Companion Planting will provide helpful neighbouring plants
or
Click on text in cells below to jump to that page describing that data
.

 


Container

Gardening at my work-place

 

<----

 

Yes
|
v


Do you want to garden and grow plants?

 

No

Cannot be bothered.
If you wish to improve your productivity and health, then, plant an Alpine Pan in your work area or at home using the information within Alpines without a Garden by Lawrence D. Hills, using these pages:-


Potted
House-plant


<----
|
|
v


No
Garden

At Home with Gard-ening Area


Yes


---->

Balcony Garden or Roof Garden


Yes
---->

Grow flowers for flower arranging and vegetables on Balcony Garden or Roof Garden

Pan Plant Back-grou-nd Colour

STAGE 3b
ALL2 PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

|
v


Conservatory Gardening

|
<--
|

 

|
No
-->

Outside Garden
|
v

Pan, Trough and Window-Box Odds and Sods
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14,
15

The beginner's dozen for the small pan

Plants for the pan gar-den


Stovehouse for Tropical Plants

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An extra dozen for the larger pan

Kinds of Pan Plants that may be split up and tucked in Corners and Crevices

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Miniature trees and shrubs for pan

The leafy soil pan

The gritty soil pan

The Limy Soil Plan

Blue Flower Colour Pan Plants

Lilac, Violet and Purple Flower Colour Pan Plants

Reds, Carm-ines Flower Colour Pan Plants

Pinks Flower Colour Pan Plants

White Flower Colour Pan Plants and Bicol-ored

Yellow Flower Colour Pan Plants

Blue Flower Colour Trough Plants

Violet, Lilac and Purple Flower Colour Trough Plants

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Reds and Carm-ines Flower Colour Trough Plants

Pinks - all shades Flower Colour Trough Plants

Yellow Flower Colour Trough Plants

White and Cream Flower Colour Trough Plants

Bi-colour-ed Flower Colour Trough Plants

Feb Flower Season Pan

Mar Flower Season Pan

Apr Flower Season Pan

May Flower Season Pan

Jun Flower Season Pan

Jul Flower Season Pan

Aug Flower Season Pan

Sep Flower Season Pan

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Oct Flower Season Pan

Nov Flower Season Pan

Pans for Semi-shade

Pans for In-doors

Mini-ature Pot

Feb Flower Season Trough

Mar Flower Season Trough

Apr Flower Season Trough

May Flower Season Trough

Jun Flower Season Trough

Jul Flower Season Trough

Aug Flower Season Trough

Sep Flower Season Trough

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Oct Flower Season Trough

Nov Flower Season Trough

Dec Flower Season Trough

Bulb Pan

Bulb Cover-ing Carp-eters

Trough and Window-box plants 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trough and Window-Box Background Colour

Pan Plant
Alpines without a Garden

ABC 1
Pan Plants

DEF 1
Pan Plants

GHI
Pan Plants

JKL 1
Pan Plants

|
|
v

MNO 1
Pan Plants

PQR 1
Pan Plants

STU 1
Pan Plants

V 1
Pan Plants

WXYZ 1
Pan Plants

You need to know the following:-
1. How much time per week are you prepared to look after your garden or prepared to pay someone else to do it for you?
2. How much are you are prepared to spend on creating your garden and then on its maintenance for its feeding and replacement of its plants and hard landscaping?
3. In order for you to go into your garden, there must be mystery in it, so that from any position in the house you cannot see all the garden, otherwise you will not be tempted to go out into it.
4. You must decide what garden style you are going to use THROUGHOUT the garden and make sure of using 3. the mystery in it as well.
5. What plants do you want to keep in your existing garden and incorporate into your new garden?
6. What Human Problems do you have and what Site Problems are there?

A) Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers List leads onto the
B) Bee Pollinated Bloom in Month galleries and
C) extra Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers.


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Human Prob-lems
v


---->

Blind,
Deaf,
in a Wheelchair, or
you cannot bend easily

 

 

 

Garden Style, which takes into account the Human Problems above

 

 

Classic Mixed Style


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Cottage Garden Style


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v


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Naturalistic Style

Formal English Garden

 

Mediterranean Style


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Meadow and Corn-field


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v


---->

Paving and Gravel inland,
Coastal Conditions near the sea, Seashore with shingle/sand

 

 

 

 

Problem Sites within your chosen Garden Style from the above

 

 

Exposure to Wind


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Excess Shade


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Exce-ssively Dry Shade


<----


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.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Exce-ssively Hot, Sunny and Dry Site is suitable for Drought Resistant Plants

Excessively Wet Soil - especially when caused by poor drainage

Control of Pests (Aphids, Rabbits, Deer, Mice, Mole, Snails) / Disease by Companion Planting in Garden

Whether your Heavy Clay or Light Sandy / Chalk Soil is excessively Alkaline (limy) / Acidic or not, then there is an Action Plan for you to do with your soil, which will improve its texture to make its structure into a productive soil instead of it returning to being just sand, chalk, silt or clay.


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.
.
.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Problems caused by builders:- 1. Lack of soil on top of builders rubble in garden of just built house.
2. Clay soil of Garden slopes towards house with no drainage of this rainwater by the house wall.

In planning your beds for your garden, before the vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman planting is inserted into your soft landscaping plan, the following is useful to consider:-
1. The ground plan usually depends upon 1 or more unalterable existing features. The position of the doors of the house will dictate the positions of paths, the shortest route to the kitchen may indicate the best place for a paved area for eating and drinking out of doors, or the kept trees/shrubs may indicate what garden style is used.
2. Rules of Proportion -
A. A border should be roughly 1/2 as wide as the hedge or wall behind it.
B. The proportion of planted areas to paved or turfed areas should be 1/3 to 2/3, or a 1/4 to 3/4, not 1/2 and 1/2.
C. Within a bed or border, unless a 2-dimensional pattern on the ground is the objective, the height and bulk of the plants should be varied to avoid monotony; it is particularly important to provide strong planting, in terms of either height or bulk or both, at either end of a long bed.
D. The ground surface provides a background to the plants that is as important as the hedges, walls or fences that surround it. Grass is perhaps the most satisfying carpet to use, the cool green forming a restful antidote to the dancing colours of the flowers. Use different coloured pea-shingle inside Cedar Gravel for people in wheelchairs, or infirm in their legs or who suffer from Hay Fever.

Reasons for stopping infilling of Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page. From September 2017 will be creating the following new pages on Sense of Fragrance using Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders.
ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-

 

 

 

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v

 

 

 

 

 

After you have selected your vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman plants for each bed or border, you will need to infill with plants taking the following into account:-

 

 

 

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark 1, 2, 3
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Sandy Soil 1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves 1, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit 1, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants 1, 2
Scented Aquatic Plants.
Plants with Scented Fruits.
Plants with Scented Roots 1, 2
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.
Scented Cacti and Succulents.
Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell 1, 2

Flower Perfume Group:-
Miscellaneous Group with scents - Balm, Brandy, Cedar, Cloying, Cowslip, Cucumber, Damask Rose, Daphne, Exotic, Freesia, Fur-like, Gardenia, Hay-like, Heliotrope, Honeysuckle, Hops, Hyacinth, Incense-like, Jasmine, Laburnham, Lilac, Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette, Mint, Mossy, Muscat, Muscatel, Myrtle-like, Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg, Piercing, Primrose, Pungent, Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras, Seductive, Slight, Soft, Stephanotis, Sulphur, Starch, Sweet, Sweet-briar, Tea-rose, Treacle and Very Sweet.

Flower Perfume Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.
Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.
Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.
Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-
Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.
Honey Group.
Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint
Sulphur and
Urinous,

Leaf Perfume Group:-
Turpentine Group.
Camphor and Eucalyptus Group.
Mint Group.
Sulphur Group.
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Heavy Group.
Aromatic Group.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group.
Fruit-scented Group.
Animal-scented Group.
Honey Group.

Scent of Wood, Bark and Roots Group:-
Aromatic Group.
Turpentine Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Stale Perspiration Group.

 

Scent of Fungi Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Sulphur Group.
Aromatic Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Fruit Group.
Animal Group.
Honey Group

Sense of Sight

Emotion of
Hot /Cool; Calm / Agitated

Emotion of
Low-key / High Key


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v

Emotion of
Inviting
/ Forbidding

Emotion of Intellectual versus Emotional

Sense of Touch

Sense of Taste

Sense of Sound

 

 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 for
lists of plants of 1 plant type for 1 cultivation requirement is in Table on right

 

 

 

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
Click on Blue or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour in the
Other Plant Photo Galleries. RedPP is Red, Pink, Purple and Other is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

ABC

DEF

GHI

JKL

MNO

PQR

STU

VWX

YZ

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial,
Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Aquatic

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Annual/ Biennial

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bamboo

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bedding, 25
RHS Mixed Border Beds 75 and
Flower Shape, Flower Colour and Bedding Plant Use

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb, 746 with Use, Flower Colour/Shape of
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus and Tulip

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Climber 71 Clematis, 58 other Climbers with Use, Flower Colour and Shape

1

Blue

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Conifer

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Deciduous Shrub 43 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Deciduous Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Evergreen Perennial 104 with Use, Flower Colour, Flower Shape and Number of Petals

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Shrub 46, Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather 74 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Fern with 706 ferns
within 21 types and 41 uses

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Grass

1

1

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

Herbaceous Perennial 91,
RHS Mixed Border Beds 176 and
Peonies 46 with Flower Colour/Shape

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Herb

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Odds and Sods

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rose with 720 roses within Flower Colour, Flower Shape, Rose Petal Count and Rose Use

1

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

 

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Soft Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Sub-Shrub

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Top Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Vegetable

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Wildflower 1918 with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK
I am inserting the plants described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening into STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

Red

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Multi-colour

Cream

Mauve

Brown

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Finally, you might be advised to check that the adjacent plants to the one you have chosen for that position in a flower bed are suitable; by checking the entry in Companion Planting - like clicking A page for checking Abies - and Pest Control page if you have a pest to control in this part of the flower bed.
Companion Planting
- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Pest Control using Plants

 

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
The planning a Rose Garden chapter from Rose Gardens by Jane Fearnley-Whitingstall ISBN 0 7011 3344 9 and
Plant Solutions by Nigel Colborn provides information for this gallery.

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 Reference books for these galleries in Table on left

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
In addition to these 10 galleries, there are links to the Other Plant Photo Galleries in the table above like Bulb , which have plant descriptions accessed by clicking a flower thumbnail in its flower comparison page. Click the respective flower colour - like Green - to change page to that flower colour comparison page. Then, you can also choose these other plants.
It will also state the Plant Combinations for each plant from The Ulimate Visual Guide to Successful Plant Harmony - The Encyclopedia of Planting Combinations by Tony Lord ISBN 1-55209-623-8

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY
Some extra details about the Cultivation Requirements of Plant:- Outdoor /Garden Cultivation, Indoor / House Cultivation, Cool Green-house Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter, Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year, and Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

Since 2006, I have requested photos etc from the Mail-Order Nurseries in the UK and later from the rest of the World. Few nurseries have responded.
I worked for a lady, who with her husband took 35 mm slides of plants in the 1960's and 1970's. She allowed me to digitise some of her Kodachrome slides, which I have used in my website. I discovered that at least the green colour of the foliage became very much darker over that period of years to 2008, by comparing wildflower photos from her slides with digital photos supplied by a current Wildflower mail-order nursery, so I stopped creating my Foliage Galleries.
I bought myself a camera some years ago and started taking photos, some of which have been put into the website. I started taking photos of the Heathers at the Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley garden. I have displayed the Heathers foliage in closeup since their leaves are 2mm long and in macro-scale in the Heather Galleries - sometimes the foliage colour at the terminal end of the foliage stem is only a few leaves, whereas others have the same foliage colour throughout the stem. I discovered that some of the heathers did not have the correct plant label, since the flower colour did not correspond with the flower colour in the literature. I was informed that since kids have free rein, that perhaps they move the plant labels. Since, I cannot rely that the heather plant label next to the heather plant is valid, I have stopped taking photos of those heathers.
This leaves a small problem, especially since very few gardens open to the public have their plants labelled so that the public can use the data on their label to buy that named plant from a nursery or garden centre. Currently (June 2018) I insert photos from Wikimedia Commons as well as my own.
I have found the above book - which does not contain any colour plant photos. Since it had the following experts help in creating it, I have decided to use its information in these 10 galleries to help the public:-

  • T.W. Sanders Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1895.
  • A.J Macself Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1926 - both Sanders and Macself had worked entirely to the handlists published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • A.G.L. Hellyer in this work of revision and also in checking the all-important cultural notes sought the help of experts in the various classes of plant:-
    • Mr S.A. Pearce, Assistant Curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew undertook the revision of those genera of plants which in this country are mainly grown under glass.
    • Mr Will Ingwersen dealt with the Rock plants,
    • Mr N. Catchpole made himself responsible for trees and shrubs;
    • Mr G.A Phillips for herbaceous plants,
    • Mrs Francis Perry for water plants,
    • Mr A.J. Macself for ferns,
    • Mr E. Cooper for orchids,
    • Mr J.S Dakers for annuals,
    • Miss Doreen Crowther for fruit and vegetables

with the aid of further information from other books, magazines and cross-checking on the internet.
In this edition of the book Sander's Encyclopaedia, the individual soil mixtures to grow plants have been retained, for it was considered that many gardeners might still wish to use them in certain circumstances. The John Innes mixtures may be substituted wherever desired. Details of these individual mixtures will be put into these galleries.