"Pruning roses - the sissinghurst method

Pruning roses the Sissinghurst way helps create those wonderful fountains of roses you see in summer gardens - delicious-smelling, out-of-control geysers of flowers that effuse all over the garden. Pruning roses like this means you don't get those boring little twiggy bushes, all leg and no body, surrounded by bare ground.

The Sissinghurst rose pruning technique originated at Cliveden with the Astors' head gardener Jack Vass, who moved to Sissinghurst in 1939.

Vita Sackville-West loved her roses, particularly the dark, rich Gallicas such as 'Charles de Mills', 'Tuscany Superb' and 'Cardinal de Richelieu', but it was Jack Vass who started to grow them in this exceptional way, and roses have been pruned and trained like this at Sissinghurst ever since. Other National Trust properties send their gardeners here to learn this ingenious technique.

The rose pruning philosophy can be summed up as "treat them mean, keep them keen". If you put every stem of a rose plant under pressure, bending and stressing it, the rose will flower more prolifically. The plant's biochemistry tells the bush it's on the way out and so needs to make as many flowers as possible.

THE SISSINGHURST ROSE PRUNING TECHNIQUE

Climbers and ramblers

The rose pruning season at Sissinghurst starts in November with the climbers and ramblers that cover almost every one of the terracotta brick walls.

First, the gardeners cut off most of that year's growth. This keeps the framework of the rose clear and prevents the plant from becoming too woody.

Next, large woody stems are taken out - almost to the base - to encourage new shoots. These will flower the following year.

The remaining branches are re-attached to the wall, stem by stem, starting from the middle of the plant, working outwards, with the pruned tip of each branch bent down and attached to the one below.

Climbers such as 'Paul's Lemon Pillar' are a bit more reluctant than ramblers like 'Albertine' and the famous Rosa mulliganii on the frame in the centre of the White Garden, which are very bendy and easy to train.

Shrub roses

Once the wall roses are done, it's the turn of the border shrubs. They should be pruned before they come into leaf to prevent leaf buds and shoots from being damaged as their stems are manipulated. Depending on their habit, shrub roses are trained in one of three ways.

The tall, rangy bushes with stiffer branches (such as 'Charles de Mills', 'Ispahan', 'Gloire de France', 'Cardinal de Richelieu' and 'Camayeux') are twirled up a frame of four chestnut or hazel poles. Every pruned tip is bent and attached to a length below.

The big leggy shrubs, which put out great, pliable, triffid arms that are easy to tie down and train, are bent on to hazel hoops arranged around the skirts of the plant. Roses with this lax habit include 'Constance Spry', 'Fantin-Latour', 'Zéphirine Drouhin', 'Madame Isaac Pereire', 'Coupe d'Hébé', 'Henri Martin' and 'Souvenir du Dr Jamain'.

All the old and diseased wood is removed and then, stem by stem, last year's wood is bent over and tied onto the hazel hoop. You start at the outside of the plant and tie that in first and then move towards the middle, using the plant's own branches to build up the web and - in the case of 'Constance Spry' and 'Henri Martin' - create a fantastic height, one layer domed and attached to the one below. Without any sign of a flower, this looks magnificent as soon as it's complete, and in a couple of months, each stem, curved almost to ground level, will flower abundantly.

That leaves just the contained, well behaved, less prolific varieties ('Petite de Hollande', 'Madame Knorr', 'Chapeau de Napoléon', ( syn. Rosa x centifolia 'Cristata') and those that produce branches too stiff to bend ('Felicia' and the newish David Austin rose, 'William Shakespeare 2000'). These are pruned hard, then each bush is attached to a single stake, cut to about the height of the pruned bush and attached by twine. Without the stake, even these will topple under the weight of their summer growth.

For those who live in the North, where some roses are yet to leaf, you could get bending now. If your roses are already too advanced for this year, come and see how it's all done at Sissinghurst." from Sarah Raven.

"The 5 P’s For Easy Rose Growing

1. Planning

2. Preparation

3. Planting

4. Pruning

5. Preservation

Planning

Try to plan well in advance of purchasing your roses. Roses come in a multitude of sizes, habits and colours. They prefer a sunny position and a neutral or slightly acidic well drained soil. Certain roses will tolerate differing degrees of shade and some will thrive in poor soils. Do your homework.

Preparation

The area to be planted should be free of weeds and deeply dug with the addition of plenty of organic matter such as well rotted farmyard manure or garden compost plus bonemeal. Soil that has previously grown roses should be removed to a depth of 45cms and replaced with fresh soil from elsewhere. This should be completed well before planting to allow the soil to settle.

Planting

Bare root roses can be planted from November until March provided the soil is workable. Dig a hole large enough to accommodate the roots. Mix a handful of bonemeal with the excavated soil. Spread the roots out in the hole and gradually replace the soil firming well so the union (where the shoots meet the roots) is 2-3 cms. below the soil, water well. If conditions are very wet or frosty when your roses arrive they can be kept unopened in their packaging for a week or more and planted as soon as things improve.

Pruning

This is a way to maintain a healthy, productive and well balanced plant. Different types of roses require different strategies so see the group headings on the website for more detailed pruning guides. Always use sharp secateurs or loppers and try to prune just above an outward facing bud (where the leaf stalk meets the stem) with a cut sloping down away from the bud. Remove any dead, damaged or diseased wood before pruning.

Preservation

Roses can be long lived plants provided they are properly maintained. They require plenty of moisture and nutrients to stay healthy and flourish. In dry spells water well, especially in the first few years after planting. The application of a deep mulch in the spring will help to retain water. Feed twice a year on heavy soils (March and June) and more regularly on lighter soils with a good rose fertilizer or fish blood and bone. Pests and diseases are best controlled with good husbandry. There are some good organic products on the market now that can be used to help maintain your plants health. Any suckers (shoots growing from the rootstock) should be pulled off (not cut) as soon as possible." from Trevor White Old Fashioned Roses.

 

Site design and content copyright ©October 2014. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

 

 

Ivydene Gardens Other Roses A-F Gallery:
Introduction:
 

Flower Colour

Other Colours

Orange

Pink

Red

White

Yellow

2 or More Colours Page 1

2 or More Colours Page 2

Produces Hips

Rose Use

Bedding

Climber / Pillar

Cut-Flower

Exhibition , Speciman

Ground-Cover

Grow in a Container

Hedge

Climber in Tree

Woodland

Edging Borders

Tolerant of Poor Soil

Tolerant of Shade

Back of Border

Adjacent to Water

On North-Facing Wall

Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.

FRAGRANT ROSES Page 1 and FRAGRANT ROSES Page 2 - The roses inserted into each page are described as Moderately Fragrant or Very Fragrant in the relevant Rose Plant Description Page.

NOT FRAGRANT ROSES - The roses inserted into this page are described as Slightly Fragrant or No Fragrance or nothing mentioned about fragrance in the relevant Rose Plant Description Page.

Rose Plant Height from Text Border
(1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet)

Blue = 0-2 feet
Cyan = 0-2 feet

Green=2-6 feet
Green=2-6 feet

Red = 6+ feet
Pink = 6+ feet

Rose Plant Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

Click on thumbnail to add the Rose Plant Description Page of the Rose Plant named in the Text box below that photo - or - click that Rose Plant name in the relevant "Roses in this Gallery Link Index" menu for non-users of pop-up windows such as for IPHONE users.
Click on thumbnail to change to Plant Description Page of the Rose Plant named in the text below that photo where its text border is Cyan, Green or Pink.
The Comments Row of that Rose Plant Description Page details where that Rose Plant is available from.

OTHER ROSES A-F GALLERY PAGES
Other Roses A-F Site Map of pages with content (o)



FOLIAGE COLOUR
(o)Green 1

(o)Green 2
(o)Green 3

MODERN SHRUB ROSE TYPE SHAPE
(o)1 Recur Large-Flo

(o)2 Recur Cluster-Flo
(o)3 Ground-Cover Recur
(o)4 Hybrid Tea
(o)5 Floribunda
6 Dwarf Cluster-Flo
(o)6a Dwarf Large-Flo
(o)7 Polyantha
(o)8 Miniature and Patio
9 Non-Recur Large-Flo
(o)10 Non-Recur Cluster-Flo
(o)11 Ground-Cover Non-Recur

MODERN CLIMBER ROSE TYPE SHAPE
(o)12 Rambler Recur

(o)13 Large-Flo Recur
(o)14 Cluster-Flo Recur
15 Miniature Recur
(o)16 Rambler Non-Recur
(o)17 Large-Flo Non-Recur
(o)18 Cluster-Flo Non-Recur
19 Miniature Non-Recur
(o)19a-d English Roses - Austin Roses

OTHER ROSES A-F GALLERY PAGES

OLD GARDEN SHRUB ROSE TYPE SHAPE

(o)20 Alba

(o)21 Bourbon
22 Boursalt
(o)23 China
(o)24 Damask
(o)25 Gallica
26 Hybrid Perpetual
(o)27 Moss
(o)28 Portland
(o)29 Provence
(o)30 Sweet Briar
(o)31 Tea

OLD GARDEN CLIMBER ROSE TYPE SHAPE
32 Rambler Ayrshire

33 Bourbon
34 Boursalt
35 Tea
(o)36 Noisette
(o)37 Sempervirens

WILD ROSE TYPE SHAPE
(o)38 Non-Climbing
(
o)39 Climbing

HIP COLOUR
(o)Hip Colour

BED PICTURES
(o)Garden Pictures

 

 

Website Structure Explanation and
User Guidelines


There are 3 groups of roses, whose Rose Use Flower Images are compared in Rose Use Gallery and whose Flower Colour and Rose Type Shape are compared in the Rose gallery

There are 720 roses in this website:-

 

Other Roses from R.V. Roger Nurseries in 2014

 

Bloom Colour

Rose Use:-
Bedding .
Climber / Pillar .
Cut-Flower .
Exhib-ition, Speciman.
Ground-Cover .
Grow in a Container .
Hedge .
Climber in Tree .
Woodland.
Edging Borders.
Tolerant of Poor Soil.
Tolerant of Shade.

Rose Name / Rose Class Number

White background indicates that its Rose Description is only in this Index with links to Mail-order suppliers in Height and Width Column - Click
'Buy From' Menu on Help-Me-Find Website

Height x Width in inches (cms) -

1 inch = 2.5 cms

12 inches = 1 foot

2 feet = 24 inches = 60 cms

3 feet = 1 yard = 90 cms

40 inches = 100 cms

Bloom Colour

Other Rose
Uses on Page:-
Use on Arch,
Use on Pergola, Trailer Rose,
Wall
Rose, Standard Rose, Weeping Standard Covering Banks, Use in Green-house Cult-ivation

Rose Name / Rose Class Number

White background indicates that its Rose Description is only in this Index with links to Mail-order suppliers in Height and Width Column - Click
'Buy From' Menu on Help-Me-Find Website

Height x Width in inches (cms) -

1 inch = 2.5 cms

12 inches = 1 foot

2 feet = 24 inches = 60 cms

3 feet = 1 yard = 90 cms

40 inches = 100 cms

A

M

Photo required

Bedding, Back of Border

Amelia

48 x 40
(120 x 100)

rosamargiebaileycflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition

Margie Bailey
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosaambiancecflo2garnonwilliams

Bedding, Cut-Flower, Grow in Pots, Exhib-ition

Ambiance
/ 6a

30 x 24
(75 x 60)

rosamanyhappyreturnscflogarnonwilliams

Grow in Pots

Many Happy Returns
/ 5

36 x 48
(90 x 120)

rosamargaretfuchscflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition,
Cut-flower

Margaret Fuchs
/ 4

36 x 24
(90 x 60)

rosaandreastelzercflogarnonwilliams

Hedge, Cut-flower, Exhib-ition

Andrea Stelzer
/ 4

48 x 36
(120 x 90)

rosamariamismailjeecflogarnonwilliams

Grow in Pots,
Cut-flower, Exhib-ition

Mariam Ismailjee
/ 6a

30 x 15
(75 x 38)

rosaangelacflogarnonwilliams

Bedding, Grow in Pots,
Cut-flower Exhib-ition,
 

Angela
/ 5

36 x 28
(90 x 70)

rosamarlonsdaycflogarnonwilliams

Cut-flower, Exhib-ition

Marlon's Day
/ 4

48 x 32
(120 x 80)

rosaanisleydicksoncflogarnonwilliams1

Bedding, Grow in Pots,
Cut-flower

Anisley Dickson
/ 5

36 x 30
(90 x 75)

rosamaverickcflogarnonwilliams1

Exhib-ition

Maverick
/ 4

60 x 32
(150 x 32)

rosaapricotingridcflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition

Apricot Ingrid
/ 6a

Unknown. Ask R V Roger Ltd for its height and width

rosamaximaromanticacflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Maxima Romantica
/ 4

36 x 32
(90 x 80)

rosaapricotrexcflogarnonwilliams

Bedding, Grow in Pots, Exhib-ition

Apricot Rex
/ 5

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosamelodymakercflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Melody Maker
/ 5

36 x 24
(90 x 60)

rosaarcanumcflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition

Arcanum
/ 8

20 x 16
(50 x 40)

rosamichaelmandercflogarnonwilliams

Grow in Pots, Cut-flower, Exhib-ition

Michael Mander
/ 6a

30 x 24
(75 x 60)

Photo required of Golden Yellow Bloom

Climber

Arthur Bell (Climbing)
/ 13

120 x 40
(300 x 100)

rosamiddlesboroughfootballclubcflogarnonwilliams

Bedding, Hedge

Middles-borough Football Club
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

 

 

 

rosamidnightcflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition

Midnight
/ 4

Unknown
Ask R V Roger Ltd for its height and width

 

 

 

rosaminnehahacflogarnonwilliams

Climber, Grow in Pots

Minnehaha
/ 16

240 x 96
(610 x 245)

 

 

 

rosaminniethemoochercflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding, Grow in Pots,
Cut-flower

Minnie The Moocher
/ 8

18 x 18
(45 x 45)

 

 

 

rosamischiefcflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Mischief
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

 

 

 

rosamissharpcflogarnonwilliams

Bedding, Grow in Pots

Miss Harp
/ 4

80 x 48
(200 x 120)

 

 

 

rosamisslakelandcflogarnonwilliams

Grow in Pots,
Cut-flower, Exhib-ition

Miss Lakeland
/ 8

16 x 16
(40 x 40)

 

 

 

rosamomcflogarnonwilliams

Bedding, Grow in Pots

Mom
/ 5

36 x 28
(90 x 70)

 

 

 

rosamonicabellucicflogarnonwilliams

Cut-flower, Grow in Pots, Edging Border

Monica Belluci
(Anis Perfumella)
/ 4

48 x 28
(120 x 70)

 

 

 

rosamoonstonecflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding, Cut-flower, Grow in Pots

Moonstone
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

 

 

 

rosamyjoycflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition,
Cut-flower

My Joy
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

 

 

 

rosamysterygirlcflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Mystery Girl
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

B

N

rosabarbarastackcflogarnonwilliams1

Bedding, Grow in Pots,
Cut-flower

Barbara Stack
/ 5

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosanightowlcflogarnonwilliams1

Climber

Night Owl
/ 13

150 x 40
(375 x 100)

rosabellachristinacflogarnonwilliams1

Cut-flower, Exhi-bition, Hedge

Bella Christina
/ 5

48 x 34
(120 x 85)

rosanormamajorcflogarnonwilliams1

Exhib-ition, Bedding, Cut-flower

Norma Major
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosabelladianacflogarnonwilliams1

Exhib-ition, Bedding, Grow in Pots,
Cut-flower

Bella Diana
/ 5
Thornless

32 x 24
(80 x 60)

rosanorthumberlandwicflogarnonwilliams1

Bedding, Grow in Pots

North-umberland
W .I.
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosabettyssmilecflogarnonwilliams1

Bedding, Grow in Pots,
Cut-flower

Betty's Smile
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

 

 

 

rosabillbaileycflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Bill Bailey
/ 1

60 x 40
(150 x 100)

 

 

 

rosabirthdayboycflogarnonwilliams

Bedding, Cut-flower, Grow in Pots

Birthday Boy
/ 4

24 x 24
(60 x 60)

 

 

 

rosablackbaccaracflogarnonwilliams

Bedding, Cut-flower

Black Baccara
/ 4 and
Florists Rose

36 x 16
(90 x 40)

 

 

 

rosablackgoldcflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Cut-flower, Grow in Pots, Edging Border

Black Gold
/ 6a

40 x 28
(100 x 70)

 

 

 

rosablaydonracescflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Blaydon Races
/ 4

40 x 28
(100 x 80)

 

 

 

rosabrightsmilecflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding

Bright Smile
/ 5

24 x 20
(60 x 50)

 

 

 

rosabrooksredcflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding

Brook's Red
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

 

 

 

C

O

rosacajunmooncflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding

Cajun Moon
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosaourmilliecflogarnonwilliams

Ground-cover, Exhib-ition

Our Millie
/ 4

35 x 36
(88 x 90)

rosacajunsignaturecflogarnonwilliams

Cut-flower, Exhib-ition

Cajun Signature
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

 

 

 

rosacanadiannorthlightcflogarnonwilliams

Cut-flower, Exhib-ition

Canadian North-light
/ 4

48 x 25
(120 x 63)

 

 

 

rosacelebrationtimecflogarnonwilliams

Bedding, Edging Borders, Cut-flower

Celebration Time
(Cinco de Mayo in America)
/ 5

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

 

 

 

rosachampagnecocktailcflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Champagne Cocktail
/ 5

36 x 28
(90 x 70)

 

 

 

rosachryslerimperialcflogarnonwilliams

Bedding, Cut-flower, Exhib-ition, Grow in Pots

Chrysler Imperial
/ 4

48 x 32
(100 x 80)

 

 

 

rosacliffrichardcflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Cliff Richard
/ 5

48 x 32
(100 x 80)

 

 

 

rosacongratulationscflogarnonwilliams

Bedding, Cut-flower, Exhib-ition

Con-gratulations
/ 4

48 x 36
(120 x 90)

 

 

 

rosacreamdreamcflogarnonwilliams

Cut-flower, Bedding, Exhib-ition

Cream Dream
/ 19b

24 x 16
(60 x 40)

 

 

 

rosacreamsiclecflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Creamsicle
/ 8

20 x 16
(50 x 40)

 

 

 

D

P

Photo required of Vermillion Bloom

Exhib-ition, Bedding

Dale Farm
/ 5

36 x 24
(90 x 60)

rosapapameillandcflogarnonwilliams

Bedding, Cut-flower, Grow in Pots

Papa Meilland
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosadancingpinkcflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding

Dancing Pink
/ 5

40 x 32
(100 x 32)

rosapedrosaquariuscflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding

Pedros Aquarius
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosadavidsstarcflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Davids Star
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosapeggynetherthorpecflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding

Peggy Nether-thorpe
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosadesperadocflogarnonwilliams

Bedding, Cut-flower, Exhib-ition

Desperado
/ 4

60 x 40
(150 x 100)

rosaperceptioncflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding

Perception
/ 4
Honors the Royal National Institute for the Blind

48 x 32
(120 x 80)

rosadiamondjubileecflogarnonwilliams

Ground-cover,
Bedding

Diamond Jubilee
/ 5

32 x 24
(80 x 60)

rosapetercottontailcflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding, Grow in Pots,
Cut-flower

Peter Cottontail
/ 6a

32 x 22
(80 x 55)

rosadogwoodcflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition

Dogwood
/ 1

60 x 40
(150 x 100)

rosapeterfrankenfieldcflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding, Cut-flower

Peter Frankenfeld
/ 4

48 x 28
(120 x 70)

rosadrmichaelnoblecflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding, Grow in Pots, Cut-flower

Dr Michael Noble
/ 6a

24 x 16
(60 x 40)

rosapiccadillycflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Piccadilly
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

 

 

 

rosapicoteecflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding, Grow in Pots,
Cut-flower

Picotee
/ 6a

18 x 18
(45 x 45)

 

 

 

rosapicturecflogarnonwilliams

Bedding, Cut-flower

Picture
/ 4
Rain tolerant

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

 

 

 

rosapinkfavouritecflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Pink Favourite
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

 

 

 

rosapinnaclecflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding, Grow in Pots,
Cut-flower

Pinnacle
/ 5

36 x 24
(90 x 60)

 

 

 

rosaplaygrouprosecflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition

Playgroup Rose
/ 5

36 x 24
(90 x 60)

 

 

 

rosapolarstarcflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition

Polar Star
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

 

 

 

rosapollycflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Polly
/ 4
Almost Thornless

36 x 30
(90 x 75)

E

P continued

rosaeddiebaileycflogarnonwilliams

Climber

Eddie Bailey
/ 13

48 x 36
(120 x 90)

rosapowerpointcflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding, Grow in Pots, Cut-flower

Power Point
/ 6a

32 x 24
(80 x 60)

rosaemmaclarecflogarnonwilliams

Grow in Pots

Emma Clare
/ 19b

24 x 16
(60 x 40)

rosaprideoflakelandcflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition

Pride of Lakeland
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosaemmamaycflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition

Emma May
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosaprincessalicecflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding

Princess Alice
/ 5

40 x 28
(100 x 70)

rosaernesthmorsecflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Ernest H Morse
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosaprincessnobukocflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding, Grow in Pots, Cut-flower

Princess Nobuko
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosaeuropeantouchcflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding, Cut-flower

European Touch
/ 4

48 x 34
(120 x 85)

 

 

 

F

R

rosafjgrootendorstcflogarnonwilliams

Grow in pots, Hedge, Tolerant of Poor Soil

F J Groot-endorst
/ 2

80 x 48 (200 x 120)

rosaramblingrosiecflogarnonwilliams

Climber, Pillar Rose

Rambling Rosie
/ 12

140 x 60
(350 x 150)

rosafaithcflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Faith
/ 4

48 x 36
(120 x 90)

rosared4cbudogarnonwilliams

Open Bud

rosared4cflojuvgarnonwilliams

Juvenile Flower

rosared4cflomidgarnonwilliams

Juvenile Flower

rosared4cflogarnonwilliams

Mid-aged Flower

rosared4cflomatgarnonwilliams

Mature Flower

Bedding, Grow in Pots,
Cut-flower

Red 4
/ 5
Named in 2012 in honour of Flt Lt Jon Egging, who tragically lost his life on the 20th August 2011 whilst completing an air display at the Bournemouth Air Festival; he was coming to the end of his first year with the world-famous Royal Air Force Red Arrows aerobatic team, flying in the Red 4 position

32 x 32
(80 x 80)

rosafelicitascflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Felicitas
/ 2

72 x 72
(180 x 180)

rosaredperfumellacflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Red Perfumella
/ 4

36 x 32
(90 x 80)

rosaffioncflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition

Ffion
/ 6a

28 x 16
(70 x 40)

rosarobinalonsocflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding, Grow in Pots, Cut-flower

Robin Alonso
/ 6a

30 x 16
(75 x 40)

rosaflandersfieldcflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Flanders Field
/ 5

48 x 36
(120 x 90)

 

 

 

rosaflorencemayercflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding

Florence Mayer
/4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

 

 

 

rosaflowercarpetpinkcflogarnonwilliams

Ground-cover, Hanging Basket

Flower Carpet Pink
/ 3

24 x 28
(60 x 70)

 

 

 

rosafoolishpleasurecflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition,
Cut-flower, Bedding

Foolish Pleasure
/ 6a

36 x 24
(90 x 60)

 

 

 

rosaforeverroyalcflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Forever Royal
/ 5

42 x 32
(105 x 80)

 

 

 

rosafostersrubyglowcflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding, Grow in Pots, Cut-flower

Foster's Ruby Glow
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

 

 

 

rosafragrantplumcflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition

Fragrant Plum
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

 

 

 

G

S

rosagaryplayercflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Gary Player
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosasaddleworthcflomid1garnonwilliams1

Bedding, Edging Border

Saddle-worth Male Voice Choir
/ 5

42 x 30
(105 x 75)

rosagatesheadfestivalcflogarnonwilliams

Bedding used by Gateshead Council in their parks

Gateshead Festival
/ 4

Bred by Battersby Roses for the Gateshead Festival.

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosasallyholmescflomid2garnonwilliams1

Bedding, Climber, Hedge, Cut-flower, Grow in Pots, Exhib-ition, Spec-iman, Tolerant of poor Soil, Tolerant of Shade, Edging Border, Thornless Rose

Sally Holmes
/ 1a

45 x 36
(112 x 90)

rosageminicflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Grow in Pots

Gemini
/ 4

48 x 36
(120 x 90)

rosasandracflomid1garnonwilliams1a

Exhib-ition, Spec-iman

Sandra
/ 4

48? x 48?
(120 x 120)

rosagoldglowcflogarnonwilliams

Bedding, Cut-flower

Gold Glow
/ 4

32 x 28
(80 x 70)

rosasandralorrainecflomid1garnonwilliams1

Bedding, Cut-flower, Grow in Pots, Edging Border

Sandra Lorraine
/ 5

34 x 24
(85 x 60)

rosagoldenberylcflo1garnonwilliams

 

rosagoldenberylcflo2garnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding

Golden Beryl
/ 8
It is a yellow blend whose colour depends on the weather. In cool weather it is a clear yellow but in warmer, sunny weather, the yellow is brushed with tinges of orange to orange/red.

16 x 12
(40 x 30)

rosasatchmocflomid1garnonwilliams1

Bedding, Cut-flower, Grow in Pots, Edging Border

Satchmo
/ 5

30 x 24
(75 x 60)

rosagoldeneurekacflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Golden Eureka
/ 4

48 x 32
(120 x 80)

rosasaxilbybellecflomidgarnonwilliams1

Bedding, Cut-flower, Grow in Pots, Edging Border

Saxilby Belle
/ 8

45 x 45
(112 x 112)

Photos required of Light Yellow, ages to White Bloom

Climber

Goldfinch
/ 12

Almost Thornless

120 x 40
(300 x 100)

rosaseaoffirecflomidgarnonwilliams1

Exhib-ition

Sea of Fire
/ 5

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosagracesharingtoncflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding, Grow in Pots,
Cut-flower

Grace Sharington
/ 6a

32 x 24
(80 x 60)

rosasexyrexycflomidgarnonwilliams1

Bedding, Hedge, Cut-flower, Grow in Pots, Exhib-ition, Tolerant of Shade, Edging Border, Stand-ard Rose, Cover Banks

Sexy Rexy
/ 5

30 x 24
(75 x 60)

 

 

 

rosashereedanielscflomidgarnonwilliams1

Bedding, Cut-flower, Grow in Pots, Edging Border

Sheree Daniels
/ 5

24 x 48
(60 x 120)

 

 

 

rosashirynnecowancflomidgarnonwilliams1

Bedding, Cut-flower, Grow in Pots, Exhib-ition, Edging Border

Shirynne Cowan
/ 6a

28 x 20
(70 x 50)

 

 

 

rosashowstoppercflomidgarnonwilliams1

Cut-flower, Grow in Pots, Exhib-ition, Spec-iman

Show Stopper
/ 6a

36 x 36
(90 x 90)

 

 

 

rosasolarflaircflomidgarnonwilliams1

Cut-flower, Exhib-ition

Solar Flare
/ 6a

28 x 16
(70 x 40)

 

 

 

rosasoroptimistinternationalcflogarnonwilliams

Bedding, Cut-flower, Grow in Pots, Tolerant of Shade, Edging Border

Soroptimist Inter-national
/ 6a

22 x 20
(55 x 50)

 

 

 

rosastjohncflogarnonwilliams

Bedding, Grow in Pots, Cut-flower

St John
/ 5

40 x 36
(100 x 90)

 

 

 

rosastandingovationcflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition

Standing Ovation
/ 4

48 x 40
(120 x 100)

H

S continued

rosahannahgordoncflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition

Hannah Gordon
/ 5
Raspberry Ice in New Zealand

60 x 32
(150 x 80)

rosastarryeyedcflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Starry Eyed
/ 2

40 x 40
(100 x 100)

rosahansacflogarnonwilliams

Hedge

Hansa
/ 2
Rugosa Rose

The Swedish Rose Society recommends Hansa for northern Sweden.

60 x 48
(150 x 120)

rosastephaniedianecflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Stephanie Diane
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosahappytimescflogarnonwilliams

Bedding, Grow in Pots

Happy Times
/ 19b

24 x 16
(60 x 40)

rosastephenrulocbudogarnonwilliams

Open Bud

rosastephenrulocflojuvgarnonwilliams

Juvenile Flower

rosastephenrulocflomidgarnonwilliams

Middle-aged Flower

Exhib-ition,
Cut-flower, Bedding

Stephen Rulo
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosahazelmccallioncflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding, Grow in Pots,
Cut-flower

Hazel McCallion
/ 6a

This rose is named for Mississauga, Ontario, Canada's locally revered and internationally honored Mayor, Hazel McCallion. She is 85 years old and has been Mayor of Mississauga since 1978.

26 x 16
(65 x 40)

rosasunrisecflogarnonwilliams

Climber, Shrub

Sunrise
/ 2

60 x 72
(150 x 180)

rosaheathersproulcflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding, Grow in Pots,
Cut-flower

Heather Sproul
/ 6a

18 x 18
(45 x 45)

rosasunsetstripcflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition,
Low thorny Hedge

Sunset Strip
/ 8

18 x 18
(45 x 45)

rosahollywoodstarcbudogarnonwilliams

Open Bud

 

rosahollywoodstarcflomidgarnonwilliams

Middle-aged Flower

rosahollywoodstarcflomatgarnonwilliams

Mature Flower

Exhib-ition, Cut-flower

Hollywood Star
/ 4

Hollywood Star is a "Phototropic" Exhibition Rose which may display a wide range of color variations depending on the amount of sunlight it receives. Spray carefully as the foliage may be damaged from excessive spraying.

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosasweetlissiecflogarnonwilliams

Bedding, Grow in Pots,
Cut-flower

Sweet Lissie
(Sweet Lizzie)
/ 5

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosahotprincesscflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition,
Cut-flower

Hot Princess
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

 

 

 

I

T

rosaingridcflogarnonwilliams1

Exhib-ition,
Cut-flower
 

Ingrid
/ 6a

30 x 16
(75 x 40)

rosathewainwrightrosecflogarnonwilliams1

Exhib-ition, Bedding

The Wainwright Rose
/ 4

Named after Alfred Wainwright, author and painter of Pictorial Guides to the Lakeland Fells.

38 x 30
(95 x 75)

rosaivoryromanticacflogarnonwilliams1

Bedding

Ivory Romantica
/ 4

36 x 32
(90 x 80)

rosatheyorkshireregimentcflogarnonwilliams1

Bedding, Grow in Pots,
Cut-flower

The Yorkshire Regiment
/ 4

"Money from the sale of every 'The Yorkshire Regiment' will be donated to 'The Yorkshire Regiment Association'" from R.V. Roger

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosaivorysilkcflogarnonwilliams1

Exhib-ition

Ivory Silk
/ 8

20 x 16
(50 x 40)

rosatripledelightcflo1garnonwilliams1

Middle-aged Flower

rosatripledelightcflo2garnonwilliams1

White petals overlaid with a strong marbling of hot pink

Exhib-ition

Triple Delight
/ 2
 

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

J

UV

rosajeanrosenkrantzcflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Jean Rosen-krantz
/ 26

48 x 36
(120 x 90)

rosaunbridledcflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding, Grow in Pots,
Cut-flower

Unbridled
/ 6a

36 x 24
(90 x 60)

rosajourneysendcflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding

Journey's End
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosaveteranshonorcflogarnonwilliams

Bedding, Cut-flower, Grow in Pots

Veterans' Honor
/ 4

48 x 36
(120 x 90)

rosajoycflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding, Grow in Pots,
Cut-flower

Joy
/ 6a

24 x 20
(60 x 50)

 

 

 

rosajuliaskisscflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition

Julia's Kiss
/ 4

48 x 36
(120 x 90)

 

 

 

rosajuliederwantzcflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Julie Derwanz
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

 

 

 

K

W

rosakathryncflogarnonwilliams

Bedding, Cut-flower

Kathryn
/ 5

Almost Thornless

34 x 28
(85 x 70)

rosawhirlawaycflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition,
Cut-flower, bedding

Whirlaway
/ 6a

36 x 24
(90 x 60)

rosakorbastacflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding

Korbasta
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

 

 

 

L

W continued with XYZ

rosaleadingladycflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding, Grow in Pots, Cut-flower, Speciman

Leading Lady
/ 6a

32 x 24
(80 x 60)

rosawhiteperfumellacflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

White Perfumella
/ 4

36 x 32
(90 x 80)

rosaletsdancecflogarnonwilliams

Bedding, Cut-flower

Lets Dance
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosawhitleybaycbudogarnonwilliams

Open Bud

rosawhitleybaycflojuvgarnonwilliams

Juvenile Flower

rosawhitleybaycflomidgarnonwilliams

Middle-aged Flower

rosawhitleybaycflomatgarnonwilliams

Mature Flower

Bedding, Exhib-ition

Whitley Bay
/ 5

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

rosalightfantasticcflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding, Grow in Pots

Light Fantastic
/ 5

28 x 28
(70 x 70)

rosawimicflojuvgarnonwilliams

Juvenile Flower

rosawimicflomidgarnonwilliams

Middle-aged Flower

rosawimicflomatgarnonwilliams

Mature Flower

Exhib-ition

Wimi
/ 4

48 x 36
(120 x 90)

rosalittlewhitepetcflogarnonwilliams

Bedding, Grow in Pots

Little White Pet
/ 7

"White Pet is sometimes known as Little Dot in New Zealand.

[From A Year of Roses, by Stephen Scanniello, pp. 146-147:] Tree roses, also called standard roses, are often displayed to their best advantage when planted in containers. Tree roses come in heights anywhere from two feet high (most common with miniature roses) to over six feet. There are two forms of standard roses available. One is the common form of a long stem supporting a bushy display of roses, sort of like a large lollipop. The other is a weeping standard, the only style I think worth using.


Tree roses are created by attaching three buds of a rose cultivar to a long straight stem of another rose. The most common stem stock to use is an unnamed rugosa rose variety. Other roses have been used for creating standards, but the rugosa seems to be the strongest, surviving the longest." from Help Me Find

24 x 24
(60 x 60)

 

 

 

rosaliverpoolechocflogarnonwilliams

Bedding

Liverpool Echo
/ 5

36 x 24
(90 x 60)

 

 

 

rosalouisestescflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition, Bedding, Grow in Pots, Cut-flower

Louise Estes
/ 4

48 x 34
(120 x 85)

 

 

 

rosaloveandpeacecflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition,
Cut-flower, Grow in pots, Bedding

Love and Peace
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

 

 

 

rosalowricflogarnonwilliams

Exhib-ition

Lowri
/ 4

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

 

 

 

 


Topic
Case Studies
...Drive
...Foundations

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants
...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

................

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Bulb
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
Climber
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley
...Flower Shape
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F *
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Poisonous
Wildflower Plants

............

Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

or
you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

or
these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

............

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1


(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2


(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3


(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4


Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot91a1a

Closed Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot92a1a

Opening Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot93a1a

Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot94a1a

Older Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot95a1a

Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot96a1a

Mature Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot97a1a

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot98a1a

Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

 

Comment

"Bush roses were bred for use in formal rose beds. The large-flowered bushes are best for formal rose beds near the house, and for cutting. Cluster-flowered bushes are ideal for beds of showy colour and could also be planted in groups at the front of a shrub border, or even singly. Cluster-flowered bushes are better suited to poor conditions, especially wet areas, because their flowers withstand rain better.

Choosing bush roses is a matter of personal taste, but there are do’s and don’ts. Choose either large-flowered bushes or cluster-flowered bushes. Do not mix them – the results can be very messy. Neither should varieties of large-flowered bushes be mixed in the same bed because mixed colours take from the effect of formal elegance.

The more showy cluster-flowered bushes can be mixed, but stick to two or three varieties – avoid the ‘fruit-salad’ effect. Try to match the varieties for height – use the taller ones to the back, or the middle of a bed, mixed border or island bed – and choose complementary colours. Research the variety and try to see it growing – visit St. Anne’s Rose Garden, Clontarf, Dublin, or a rose nursery during the flowering season.

Standard roses are used in the middle, or at the back of large rose beds, to add some height. They have long been used as specimens on their own, but less so nowadays. They could also be used in groups, or singly, in a shrub border behind low, non-competitive plants to give summer colour.

Being true shrubs, the shrub roses are best placed among other flowering and non-flowering shrubs. They bring colour to a shrub border in late spring and early summer. The shrub roses can also be planted as specimens on their own and some of them make good informal, secure hedges

The climbing habit of growth of climbing and rambling roses makes them ideal for covering walls and unsightly large objects. They can also be grown on flowering garden trees to give more interest, or on an old tree stump, pillar or pergola.

Miniature roses have become very popular for patio and container growing. They can also be used on rockeries, and as house plants." from Using Roses in the Garden by Ireland's Gardening Community.


There are 2 retail roses called Mermaid.
This demonstrates the reason why there needs to be a rose classification system where a member of the public can uniquely identify the correct rose for buying from retail sources.
 

item1f item1f item7a item7a item3a item3a item70c1 item70c1 item72a item72a item45d1 item45d1 item1b2 item1b2 item48a item48a item73a item73a item39b1 item39b1 item1b1a item1b1a item4a item4a item5a item5a