Topic
Case Studies
...Drive
...Foundations

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants
...in Chalk (Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free (Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

................

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens
A 1, Photos
B 1, Photos
C 1, Photos
D 1, Photos
E 1, Photos
F 1, Photos
G 1, Photos
H 1, Photos
I 1, Photos
J 1, Photos
K 1, Photos
L 1, Photos
M 1, Photos
N 1, Photos
O 1, Photos
P 1, Photos
Q 1, Photos
R 1, Photos
S 1, Photos
T 1, Photos
U 1, Photos
V 1, Photos
W 1, Photos
X 1 Photos
Y 1, Photos
Z 1 Photos
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens
Flower Shape and Plant Use of
Bedding
Bulb
Evergreen Perennial
Herbaceous Perennial
Rose
Evergreen Shrub
Deciduous Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Deciduous Tree
Annual
Fern
Wildflower

Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Bulb
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
Climber
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Poisonous
Wildflower Plants

............

Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

or
you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

......Use of Plant and
...Flower Shape
*
All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Index A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, NO, PQ, R, S, T, UVWXYZ
...Rock Plant Photos

or
these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

............

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries

and does have links:-

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1


(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2


(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3
(o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3


(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4


Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot91a1a1a

Closed Bud

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Opening Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot93a1a1a

Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot94a1a1a

Older Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot95a1a1a

Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot96a1a1a

Mature Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot97a1a1a

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot98a1a1a

Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

 

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves.

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves.

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves.

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers.

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit.

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers.

Night-scented Flowering Plants.

Scented Aquatic Plants.

Plants with Scented Fruits.

Plants with Scented Roots.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.

Scented Cacti and Succulents.

Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-

Indoloid Group.

Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.

Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.

Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.

Violet Group.

Rose Group.

Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.

Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.

Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.

Honey Group.

Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint,
Sulphur and
Urinous.

Miscellaneous Group with scents -
Balm,
Brandy,
Cedar,
Cloying,
Cowslip,
Cucumber,
Damask Rose, Daphne,
Exotic,
Freesia,
Fur-like,
Gardenia,
Hay-like,
Heliotrope, Honeysuckle,
Hops,
Hyacinth,
Incense-like, Jasmine,
Laburnham,
Lilac,
Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette,
Mint,
Mossy,
Muscat,
Muscatel,
Myrtle-like,
Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg,
Piercing,
Primrose,
Pungent,
Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras,
Seductive,
Slight,
Soft,
Stephanotis,
Sulphur,
Starch,
Sweet,
Sweet-briar,
Tea-rose,
Treacle and
Very Sweet.

 

Ivydene Gardens Colour Wheel - Plant Use and Flower Shape Gallery:
Plant Use is Attracting Birds
(Attracting Birds and Butterflies and end of this table)

 

 

Flowering Months range abbreviates month
to its first 3 letters (Apr-Jun is April, May and June).

Click on centre of thumbnail to move from this page to the
Plant Description Page of the Plant named in the Text box below that photo.

The Comments Row of that Plant Description
links to where you personally can purchase that plant via mail-order.

Bulb and Perennial Height from Text Border Colour

Brown =
0-12
inches
(0-30
cms)

Blue = 12-24 inches (30-60 cms)

Green = 24-36 inches (60-90 cms)

Red = 36-72 inches (90-180 cms)

Black = 72+ inches (180+ cms)

Bulb and Perennial Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

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Shrub
Height from Text Border Colour

Brown =
0-12
inches
(0-30
cms)

Blue = 12-36 inches (30-90 cms)

Green = 36-60 inches (90-150 cms)

Red = 60-120 inches (150-300 cms)

Black = 120+ inches (300+ cms)

Shrub
Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

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BAR-BERRY Oregon Grape EVER-GREEN SHRUB IN HEDGE-ROWS, ROAD VERGES, WOOD-LAND

Mar-May

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Tree
Height from Text Border Colour

Brown =
0-240
inches
(0-600
cms)

Blue = 240-480 inches (600-1200 cms)

Green = 480+ inches (1200+ cms)

Red = Potted

Black = Use in Small Garden

Tree
Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams1b1a

 

 

 

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Climber
Height from Text Border Colour

 

Blue = 0-36 inches (0-90 cms)

Green = 36-120 inches (90-300 cms)

Red = 120+ inches (180+ cms)

 

Climber
Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams1c1a

 

 

 

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Aquatic, Bamboo, Bedding, Conifer, Fern, Grass, Herb, Rhododendron, Rose, Soft Fruit, Top Fruit, Vegetable and Wildflower
Height from Text Border Colour

 

Blue = 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

Green = 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

Red =
72+ inches (180+ cms)

 

Aquatic, Bamboo, Bedding, Conifer, Fern, Grass, Herb, Rhododendron, Rose, Soft Fruit, Top Fruit, Vegetable and Wildflower
Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

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The Country Diary Book of Creating a Butterfly Garden by E.J.M. Warren (ISBN 0-86350-203-2) is a practical guide to planning and creating a butterfly garden.

Some suggestions for wildlife friendly gardening:-

  • No herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, slug - snail - worm or mole chemical killers, or lawndressings with their weed and worm killers, or poisonous chemicals of any kind whatsoever are ever to be used.
  • Plant everything in masses, never in single plants.
  • Plant flowers of one colour rather than mixed colours.
  • Plant single flowers rather than double ones.
  • Plant medium to pale-coloured flowers rather than dark ones.
  • Plant flowers fairly close together, thus leaving less room for weeds.
  • Save water by mulching the bed with 4 inch (100mm or 1 brick depth) deep organic compost in the autumn. Either use Spent Mushroom Compost for alkaline (chalk) soils or Forest Bark with sterilized bone-meal for acid soils as the Organic Compost.
  • Feed with liquid seaweed manure (Maxicrop) or seaweed meal on lawns and beds each year.

 

The Butterfly Gallery provides photos of butterflies with their egg, caterpillar and chrysalis stages. It also shows which plants they use/eat in their life-cycle.

Butterfly Name

Egg/ Caterpillar/ Chrysalis/ Butterfly

Plant Name

Plant Usage

Plant Usage Months

Adonis Blue

Egg

Horseshoe vetch

1 egg under leaf.

1

Adonis Blue

Caterpillar
 

Horseshoe vetch
 

Eats leaves.
 

June-March or September to July
 

Adonis Blue

Chrysalis

Leaf litter

---

3 weeks

Adonis Blue

Butterfly

Vetches, Trefoils, Clovers and Marjoram

Eats nectar.

1 Month

Berger's Clouded Yellow

Egg,


Caterpillar


Chrysalis
Butterfly

Horseshoe vetch






Clover and
Lucerne

1 egg on leaf.


Eats leaves.


---
Eats nectar.

8-10 days in Late May-June or Middle August-September
June-July or September to October
8-15 days
1 Month in May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November

Brimstone

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis
Butterfly

Buckthorn,
Alder Buckthorn


Wild flowers and purple flowers such as
Thistles and Greater Knapweed.
Ivy

1 egg under leaf.

Eats leaves.
---
Eats nectar.




Hibernates during winter

10 days in
May-June
28 days.
12 days.
12 months.
 

Brown Argus

Egg,




Caterpillar





Chrysalis
Butterfly

Rock-rose or Storksbilll
Leaf Litter









Rock-rose or Storksbilll

1 egg under leaf.




Eats leaves.





---
Eats nectar.

May and June and those of the second generation in July to September for 6 days.
28 to 33 days. Second generation hibernates from September-March on the under surface of the leaf.
21 days.
5 weeks.

Chalk-Hill Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar

Chrysalis
Butterfly

Horseshoe vetch
Birdsfoot Trefoil
Kidney Vetch
Leaf litter
Vetches, Trefoils, Clovers and Marjoram

1 egg at base of plant.
Eats leaves.

---
Eats nectar.

Late August-April

April-June

1 Month
20 days

Clouded Yellow

Egg,

Caterpillar

Chrysalis

Butterfly

Clover,
Lucerne
Trefoils,
Melilot.
---

Clover,
Lucerne
Thistles,
Greater Knapweed,
Marjoram,
Aubretia and
Marigolds in gardens

1 egg on leaf.

Eats leaves.



Eats nectar.

6 days in
May-June.
Pupates in
30 days.
18 days in July-August.
May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November

Comma

Egg,

Caterpillar

Chrysalis
Butterfly

Hop
Red Currant
Black Currant
Gooseberry

Stinging Nettle
Bramble
Creeping Thistle, Dwarf Thistle, Marsh Thistle, Meadow Thistle, Melancholy Thistle, Milk Thistle,
Musk Thistle, Seaside Thistle, Scotch Thistle, Spear Thistle, Tuberous Thistle, Welted Thistle, Woolly Thistle
Greater Knapweed
Hemp agrimony in the wild
and
Asters,
Buddleias and
Michaelmas Daisies in urban gardens.

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats leaves.

---
Eats nectar.

April. 17 days

47 days.

10 days.
July-October

Common Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Butterfly

Birdsfoot Trefoil, Clovers,
Black Medic, Vetches and Restharrow
.

---

Fleabanes, Marjoram and Thymes

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats buds and flowers.


Base of food plant.

Eats nectar.

-
-
Spend winter at the base of the food plant. They resume feeding in March.
2 weeks

3 weeks between May and September

Dark Green Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis
Butterfly

Dog Violet,
Violets





Thistles - usually taller ones

1 egg on underside of leaf or on stalk.
Hibernates where it hatches.
Eats leaves.

Base of food plant.
Eats nectar

July-August for 17 days.
Spends winter on plant until end of March. Eats leaves until end of May.
4 weeks.
July-August for 6 weeks

Glanville Fritillary

Egg,



Caterpillar






Chrysalis

Butterfly

Ribwort Plantain,
Sea Plantain









---

Vetches,
Trefoils

Eggs laid in
batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on
leaves until middle of August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats leaves until April-May.
---

Eats nectar

Hatches after 16 days in June.


June-April






25 days in April-May.
June-July

Green-veined White

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis



Butterfly

Charlock,
Cuckoo Flower,
Hedge-Mustard,
Garlic-Mustard,
Yellow Rocket,
Watercress
---

 

Wild Cabbage family

1 egg on underside of leaf.
Eats leaves.



---



Eats Nectar

July or August; hatches in 3 days
16 days



14 days in July or for caterpillars of August, they overwinter till May.
A Month during May-June or second flight in late July-August

Heath Fritillary

Egg,



Caterpillar





Chrysalis
Butterfly

Cow-Wheat,
Narrow-leaved Plantain







---
Cow-Wheat,
Bugle,
Germander Speedwell,
Wood Sage,
Ragged Robin, Narrow-leaved Plantain

Eggs laid in
batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until end of August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats young leaves until June.
---
Eats nectar

Hatches after 16 days in June.


June-April





25 days in June.
June-July

High Brown Fritillary

Egg,


Caterpillar


Chrysalis
Butterfly

Common Dog Violet,
Hairy Violet,
Heath Dog-violet
Pale Dog violet
Sweet Violet

Thistles
Bramble

1 egg on stem or stalk near plant base.
Feed on young leaves, stalks and stems
---
Eats nectar

July to hatch in 8 months in March.

9 weeks pupating in May

4 weeks
June-August
 

Holly Blue

Egg,


Caterpillar
Chrysalis



Butterfly

Holly
Ivy
Dogwood
Spindle-tree
Gorse
Buckthorn
Snowberry
Bramble
Lilac,
Bluebell
Dandelion
Oak
Birch

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---



Eats nectar


and sap exuding from trunks.

7 days.


28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.
April-Mid June and Mid July-Early September for second generation.

Large Skipper

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis
Butterfly

Cocksfoot grass False Brome grass
---
Wild flowers

1 egg under leaf.
Eats leaves.
---
Eats nectar


11 Months
3 weeks from May
June-August

Large Tortoiseshell

Egg,



Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Butterfly

Elm,
Wych Elm,
Willow,
Sallow,
Aspen,
Poplar,
Whitebeam,
Cherry
---

Tree sap and damaged ripe fruit, which are high in sugar

Eggs laid in
batches encircling the branch of the food plant.
Feeds on leaves.



Hangs suspended from stem. Hibernates inside hollow trees or outhouses until March. Eats sap or fruit juice until April.

Hatches after 18-22 days in April.


30 days in May



9 days in June.

10 months in June-April

Large White

Egg,



Caterpillar
Chrysalis


Butterfly

Cabbages




---
 

Cabbages,
Beans,
Clover and
Lucerne
Garden Nasturtiums,
Mignonettes

40-100 eggs
on both surfaces of leaf.

Eats leaves.
---
 

Eats nectar

May-June and August-Early September. 4.5-17 days.
30-32 days
14 days for May-June eggs, or overwinter till April
April-June or July-September

Marsh Fritillary

Egg,



Caterpillar





Chrysalis
Butterfly

Devilsbit Scabious, Plantains, Foxglove,
Wood Sage, Honeysuckle






---
Yellow flowers such as Dandelion, Birds-Foot-Trefoil, Hawkbit

Eggs laid in
batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until middle of August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats leaves until May.
---
Eats nectar

Hatches after 20 days in July.


July-May





15 days in May.
30 days in May-June

Orange Tip

Egg,


Caterpillar



Chrysalis

 

 

 

Butterfly

Garlic Mustard,
Cuckoo Flower,
Yellow Rocket,
Hedge Mustard,
Ladies Smock,
Charlock,
Creeping Yellow-cress,
Large Bittercress,
Wild Turnip,
Rock-cress,
Horseradish,
Dame's Violet,
Watercress,
Honesty (Lunaria biennis)
Hedge Parsley
Garlic Mustard and other wild flowers - mostly from Cabbage family

1 egg laid in the tight buds and flowers.
Eats leaves, buds, flowers and especially the seed pods.
---

 

 

 

Eats nectar

May-June 7 days.


June-July 24 days.



August-May

 

 

 

May-June for 18 days.

Painted Lady

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis



Butterfly

Thistles
Mallows
Burdocks
Stinging Nettle
Vipers Bugloss
---
Wild flowers like
Clover,
Lucerne,
Thistles,
Scabious,
Charlock and
Ivy

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
---



Eats nectar

2 weeks in June.
7-11days
7-11 days



July-October

Pale Clouded Yellow

Egg,


Caterpillar

Chrysalis

Butterfly

Clover,
Lucerne.



---

Clover,
Lucerne

1 egg on leaf.


Eats leaves.



Eats nectar.

10 days in May-June.


Pupates in July-August.
17 days in August-September.
May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November

Peacock

Egg,




Caterpillar



Chrysalis


Butterfly

Stinging Nettle.











Thistles,
Greater Knapweed,
Scabious,
Clover,
Buddleias,
Sedum,
Rotten fruit
Fruit tree blossom in Spring

Dense mass of 450-500 eggs
on the under side of leaves over a 2 hour period.
Eats leaves, and moves to another plant before pupating.
---


From July-September, eats the nectar or juice from rotten fruit, then


Eats nectar in April-May

14 days in
April-May.



28 days.



13 days.


July-May

Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar





Chrysalis
Butterfly

Dog Violet







---
Bluebell,
Bugles,
Violets and Primroses.

1 egg on leaf or stem.
Feeds on leaves
until July. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats young leaves until May.
---
Eats nectar

Hatches after 15 days in May-June.
July-May





9 days in June.
June.

Queen of Spain Fritillary

Egg,


Caterpillar





Chrysalis

Butterfly

Heartsease,
Borage,
Sainfoin


Mountain pansy,
Seaside Pansy,
Field Pansy and Culivated Pansy.
---

Clover,
Heartease,
Thistles and
Wild Flowers

1 egg laid under the leaf or on top of the flower.
Eats leaves, then before pupating it eats the bloom and leaves of the pansies.

---

Eats nectar

7 days in August.


23 days in August-September




3 weeks in September
May-September

Silver-washed Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis
Butterfly

Pine,
Oak.




Dog violet
Rock or Twig
Bramble,
Thistles,
Teasels,
Wild Flowers

1 egg on tree trunk

Hibernates in a crevice in the
bark of the tree trunk.
Eats leaves
---
Eats nectar

15 days in July.

August-March.


March-May.
Late June-July
7 weeks in July-August.

Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar





Chrysalis
Butterfly

Dog Violet,
Garden Pansy






---
Thistles,
Bluebell,
Bugles,
Violets and Primroses.

1 egg on leaf or stem.
Feeds on leaves until July. Hibernates on dead
leaves until March. Eats young leaves until April.
---
Eats nectar

Hatches after 10 days in May-June.
June-April





April- June.
June-August

Small White

Egg,



Caterpillar
Chrysalis



Butterfly

Cabbages,
Garden Nasturtiums,
Mignonettes

---
 



Cabbages,

Beans,
Clover and
Lucerne
Garden Nasturtiums,
Mignonettes

1 egg on underside of leaf.


Eats leaves.
---
 


Eats nectar

May-June and August. 7 days.


28 days
21 days for May-June eggs, or overwinter
till March
March-May or June-September

Swallowtail

Egg,




Caterpillar




Chrysalis


Butterfly

Milk Parsley
Hogs's Fennel
Wild Angelica

 

 

 



Thistles

1 egg on leaf. 5 or 6 eggs may be deposited by separate females on one leaf.
Eats leaves, and moves to stems of sedges or other fen plants before pupating.
---


Eats nectar

14 days in July-August



August-September




September-May


May-July

Wood White

Egg,


Caterpillar

Chrysalis
Butterfly

Bitter vetch,
Birds-foot-trefoil,
Vetchs,
Tufted Vetch,
Fyfield Pea,

Cuckoo Flower,
Bitter Vetch,
Birds-foot-trefoil,
Bugle,
Ragged Robin

1 egg laid on underside of leaflets or bracts.
Eats leaves.

---
Eats nectar.

7 days in June


32 days in
June-July.
July-May.
May-June

Butterflies and Moths in Britain and Europe by D. Carter (ISBN 0-330-26642-x) lists their favourite food plants.

The following plants attract butterflies:-

Buddleia
Buddleia davidii (Butterfly Bush)
Buddleia globosa
Syringa vulgaris (Lilac)
 

The following plants attract birds:-

Aster (Michaelmas Daisy)
Aucuba
Aucuba japonica
Berberis (Barberry)
Buddleia
Buddleia davidii (Butterfly Bush)
Buddleia globosa
Cotoneaster
Daphne
Daphne mezereum
Hypericum
Papaver (Poppy)
Papaver nudicaule (Iceland Poppy)
Ribes (Flowering Currant)
Ruscus
Ruscus aculeatus (Butchers Broom)
Sambucus (Elder)

The following plants are from Self Medication, Wildlife Style: How Birds and Other Creatures Use Medicinal Plants:-

Starlings use

  • Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
  • Goutweed (Aegopodium podagaria)
  • Hogweed (Heracleum spondylium)
  • Elder (Sambucus niger)
  • Cow Parsley (Anthriscus sylvestris) and
  • White Willow (Salix alba)

Tree Swallows use Yarrow (Achillea millefoilum).

Corsican blue tits use

  • Lavender (Lavandula stoechas)
  • Mint (Mentha suaveolens) and
  • an aster (Helichrysum italicum)

Eagles and Wood Storks use pine boughs (Pinus).

The following plants are from Plants for nesting birds by the RHS:-

It may not be fashionable to grow ivy on walls and fences, but it's another excellent shrub providing nest sites for colonies of house sparrows as well as robins and wrens.

Shrubs and climbers that grow in a tangle are much appreciated by some birds but eager pruners should leave the secateurs in the shed. Honeysuckles such as Lonicera periclymenum 'Serotina' are ideal. Blackbirds will also strip the loose bark from the base to help build their nests.

Brambles make dense thickets, but it’s a trade off: the birds appreciate the tangle of thorny branches but your crop will be more difficult to pick - although the birds will appreciate that too.

Pyracantha is pretty much top of the list for nesting and the varieties Saphyr Rouge ('Cadrou') AGM, Saphyr Orange ('Cadange') AGM (see right) and 'Teton' AGM not only have a supportive branch structure, especially when grown on walls, but are unusually disease resistant. Their pretty white flowers are followed by berries the birds love.

Elderberries are often used as sites for nests and for the huge crop of berries. Perhaps think twice before planting them as they're favourites with wood pigeons which can be a problem in rural areas, especially for veg gardeners.

Other plants to consider are

  • rambling roses (Rosa),
  • sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides),
  • barberries (Berberis) and
  • the vigorous clematis that you just allow to climb (Clematis vitalba - Birds such as Goldfinch and Greenfinch feed on the seedheads but many more birds may use it to nest in and take the fluffy seedheads for nesting material.).

But remember: no pruning during the nesting season.

Colour Wheel - Plant Use and Flower Shape Gallery

Site Map

 

Dark Tone
or Shades (Colours mixed with Black) is the outer circle of colours.

Mid-Tone
(Colours mixed with Grey) is the next circle of colours.

Pure Hue
(the Primary, Secondary or Tertiary Colour named) is the next circle of colours.

Pastel
(Colours mixed with White) is the innermost circle of colours.

 

These 12 colour spokes of Dark Tone, Mid-Tone, Pure Hue and Pastel are split into:-

Number

Primary Colour Name

Pure Hue Colour Name Used

1

Red

Red

2

Yellow

Yellow

3

Blue

Blue

Number

Secondary Colour Name

Pure Hue Colour Name Used

10

Orange

Vitamin C

11

Green

Lime

12

Violet

Magenta

Number

Tertiary Colour Name

Pure Hue Colour Name Used

100

Red Orange

Orange

101

Yellow Orange

Tangerine

102

Yellow Green

Lovely Lime

103

Blue Green

Light Teal

104

Blue Violet

Grape

105

Red Violet

Process Pagenta

Plant Bloom
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Plant Bloom
Apr-May
Jun-Aug

Plant Bloom
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-

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Click on Flower Colour above Colour Name to compare flowers of same colour and different plant types or 1,
then 2, 3, or 4 for following pages

 

 

 

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White 1, 2

 

White 3

 

White Wild-flower 1, 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gray

 

Silver
1
, 2

Black

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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105

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

100

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Blood Red 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Dried Blood
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chocolate 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

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10

 

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Fuzzy Wuzzy 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Forbidden
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heatland 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Royal Purple
1

 

 

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Rusty Pelican
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Red 1, 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Calihoe
1

 

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Process Pagenta
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Orange
1

 

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Tuscany
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Flat Pink
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Magenta
1

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Vitamin C 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pink
1
, 2

 

Orangelin
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

104

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

101

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Magenta Shift
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Atomic Tangerine
1

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Violet
1

The Bands
1

 

Grape
1

 

Mauve
1

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Sand
1

 

Tang-erine
1

Buddha Gold
1

Browser Caramel 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Off-White Blue
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bone
1
, 2

 

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Blue
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yellow
1
, 2

 

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Baby Blue
1

 

 

 

 

 

Lime-ade
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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2

 

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Periwinkle 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pine Glade
1

 

 

 

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Light Teal
1

 

Offwhite Green 1

 

Lovely Lime
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Navy Blue
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Grass Stain
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

103

 

Aqua
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lime 1

 

 

 

Slimer 2
1

 

102

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item28b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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item12b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blue Stone
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weak Green 1

 

 

 

Verdun Green
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item20b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pakistan Green 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

When you have reached the required Flower Colour Page, then click on Flowering Months of the required plant to compare this flower with others
from the same Plant Type - Bulbs, Climbers, Evergreen perennials - in that month
OR
with others from the plants at RHS Wisley in that month

Plant Selection by Flower Colour

Blue Flowers

Bedding.
Bulb.
Climber.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Wild Flower.
 

Orange Flowers

Bedding.

Wild Flower.

Other Colour Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Wild Flower.

Red Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.

White Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Decid Tree.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.
 

Yellow Flowers

Bedding.
Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.
 

 

Plant Index to all compared thumbnails of this flower colour in this page:-

Click on Flowering Period Month to compare this flower EITHER with others from the same Plant Type - Bulbs, Climbers, Evergreen Perennials - in that month OR with others from the plants at RHS Wisley in that month

Plant Name

Flower Colour with
Flower Thumbnail

Flowering
Months
with Link to Flower Colour Comparison Page in that month

Form Thumbnail

Height x Width in inches (cms) -
1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot,
36 inches = 3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour with Foliage Thumbnail

Plant Use

Comments

Deciduous Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aronia arbutifolia

 

 

48 x
(120 x )

 

 

Deciduous Shrub. Crimson fruit. Suckering shrub with good autumn foliage.

Aronia prunifolia

 

 

48 x
(120 x )

 

 

Deciduous Shrub. Purple fruit.

Aronia melano-carpa

 

 

36 x
(90 x )

 

 

Deciduous Shrub. Black fruit.

Berberis aggregata

 

 

48 x
(120 x )

 

 

Deciduous Shrub. Coral fruit. Prolific.
All berberis and cotoneasters will flourish on any garden soil, and being unaffected by salt-laden winds are exellent seaside shrubs.

Berberis coryi

 

 

40 x
(100 x )

 

 

Deciduous Shrub. Red fruit. For small garden.

Berberis polyantha

 

 

60 x
(150 x )

 

 

Deciduous shrub. Red fruit. Good autumn foliage

Berberis prattii

 

 

48 x
(120 x )

 

 

Deciduous shrub. Red fruit. Heavy cropper

Berberis thunbergii

 

 

60 x
(150 x )

 

 

Deciduous shrub. Red fruit.

Berberis thunbergii atro-purpurea

 

 

80 x
(200 x )

 

 

Deciduous shrub. Red fruit. Purple foliage.

Berberis wilsonae

 

 

60 x
(150 x )

 

 

Deciduous shrub. Red fruit. For smaller garden.

Berberis yunnanensis

 

 

60 x
(150 x )

 

 

Deciduous shrub. Red fruit. Attractive in autumn.

Callicarpa bodinieri giraldii (giraldiana)

 

 

60 x
(150 x )

 

 

Deciduous shrub. Lilac fruit. Plant 2 or 3 to ensure pollination.

Coriaria terminalis xanthocarpa

 

 

36 x
(90 x )

 

 

Deciduous. Amber fruit. Dies down each winter.

Cornus mas

 

 

40 x
(100 x )

 

 

Deciduous. Red fruit. Slow to produce fruit.

Cornus sanguinea

 

 

80 x
(200 x )

 

 

Decduous. Black fruit.

Cotoneaster adpressus

 

 

prostrate

 

 

Deciduous. Red fruit. Good on banks.
All berberis and cotoneasters will flourish on any garden soil, and being unaffected by salt-laden winds are exellent seaside shrubs.

Cotoneaster bullatus

 

 

120 x
(300 x )

 

 

Deciduous. Crimson fruit. Shrub or small tree.

Cotoneaster divaricatus

 

 

48 x
(120 x )

 

 

Deciduous. Red fruit. Very reliable.

Cotoneaster frigidus

 

 

120 x
(300 x )

 

 

Deciduous. Red fruit. Fast growing.

Crataegus monogyna

 

 

200 x
(500 x )

 

 

Deciduous. Red fruit. As a hedge or a tree; double hawthorns do not bear fruit.

Daphne mezereum

 

 

32 x
(80 x )

 

 

Deciduous. Red fruit. Dapnes require heavy soil; good on chalk

Daphne mezereum alba

 

 

32 x
(80 x )

 

 

Deciduous. Yellow fruit.

Frangula alnus

 

 

160 x
(400 x )

 

 

Deciduous. Black fruit. Better on acid soils.

Hippophae rhamnoides

 

 

80 x
(200 x )

 

 

Deciduous. Orange fruit. Excellent seaside shrub.

Lonicera periclymenum

 

 

---

 

 

Deciduous. Red fruit. Native honeysuckle.

Prunus spinosa (sloe)

 

 

200 x
(500 x )

 

 

Deciduous shrub. Black fruit. Best as impenetrable hedge.

Rhamnus cathartica

 

 

160 x
(400 x )

 

 

Deciduous. Black fruit. Does well on chalk.

Rubus laciniatus

 

 

---

 

 

Deciduous. Black fruit. There is a thornless variety.

Rubus phoeni-colasius

 

 

80 x
(200 x )

 

 

Deciduous. Amber fruit. Unusual and attractive

Sambucus nigra

 

 

240+ x
(600+ x )

 

 

Deciduous. Black fruit. All birds love it.

Sambucus racemosa

 

 

160 x
(400 x )

 

 

Deciduous. Red fruit. Flourishes in bleak areas.

Viburnum lantana

 

 

80 x
(200 x )

 

 

Deciduous. Black fruit. Good on chalk.

Viburnum opulus

 

 

80 x
(200 x )

 

 

Deciduous. Red fruit. Wet or boggy conditions.

Vitis vinifera 'Brandt'

 

 

---

 

 

Deciduous. Purple fruit. Hardy hybrid grapevine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aucuba japonica (several varieties)

 

 

120 x
(300 x )

 

 

Evergreen Shrub. Black fruit. Good in shade.

Berberis acuminata (veitchii)

 

 

80 x
(200 x )

 

 

Evergreen Shrub or hedge. Black fruit.
All berberis and cotoneasters will flourish on any garden soil, and being unaffected by salt-laden winds are exellent seaside shrubs.

Berberis darwinii

 

 

72 x
(180 x )

 

 

Evergreen shrub. Blue/black fruit. Indispensable

Berberis gagnepainii

 

 

50 x
(125 x )

 

 

Evergreen shrub. Black fruit. For small garden or as hedge.

Berberis linearifolia

 

 

80 x
9200 x )

 

 

Evergreen shrub. Orange fruit.

Berberis stenophylla

 

 

80 x
(200 x )

 

 

Evergreen shrub. Red fruit. Makes fine thorny hedge.

Berberis verruculosa

 

 

50 x
(125 x )

 

 

Evergreen shrub. Black fruit. Good hedge.

Cotoneaster buxifolius

 

 

prostrate

 

 

Evergreen. Red fruit. For small garden.
All berberis and cotoneasters will flourish on any garden soil, and being unaffected by salt-laden winds are exellent seaside shrubs.

Cotoneaster conspicuus decorus

 

 

20 x
(50 x )

 

 

Evergreen. Red fruit. Free fruiting, for banks.

Cotoneaster damneri

 

 

prostrate

 

 

Evergreen. Coral fruit. Groundcover.

Cotoneaster franchetii sternianus

 

 

80 x
(200 x )

 

 

Evergreen. Orange fruit. Highly recommended.

Cotoneaster henryanus

 

 

120 x
(300 x )

 

 

Evergreen. Crimson fruit. Similar to Cotoneaster salicifolius.

Cotoneaster horizontalis

 

 

80 x
(200 x )

 

 

Evergreen. Red fruit. Indispensable for walls.

Cotoneaster lacteus

 

 

72 x
(180 x )

 

 

Evergreen. Red fruit. Late; fruit lasts well.

Cotoneaster pannosus

 

 

48 x
(120 x )

 

 

Evergreen. Red fruit. Later and smaller than Cotoneaster franchetii.

Cotoneaster salicifolius flocossus

 

 

120 x
(300 x )

 

 

Semi-evergreen. Red fruit. Graceful and prolific.

Cotoneaster simonsii

 

 

120 x
(300 x )

 

 

Evergreen. Red fruit. Screening hedge.

Cotoneaster thymifolius (micro-phyllus)

 

 

prostrate

 

 

Evergreen. Red fruit. Draping walls and banks.

Cotoneaster watereri

 

 

120 x
(300 x )

 

 

Semi-evergreen. Red fruit. A hybrid; several forms.

Gaultheria procumbens

 

 

4 x
(10 x )

 

 

Evergreen. Red fruit. Ground cover; acid soils.

Gaultheria shallon

 

 

20 x
(50 x )

 

 

Evergreen. Red/brown fruit. Rampant cover; sun or shade.

Ilex altaclerensis 'Golden King'

 

 

indefinite

 

 

Evergreen. Red fruit. If alternative varieties of holly are offered insist on a female plant.

Ilex aquifolium 'Pyramidalis'

 

 

indefinite

 

 

Evergreen. Red fruit.

Laurus nobilis

 

 

120 x
(300 x )

 

 

Evergreen. Black fruit. Female plant required.

Ligustrum vulgare

 

 

100 x
(250 x )

 

 

Evergreen. Black fruit. Avois Ligustrum ovalifolium

Lonicera henryi

 

 

---

 

 

Evergreen. Black fruit. Rampant climber, provides good nesting sites.

Lonicera pileata

 

 

60 x
(150 x )

 

 

Semi-evergreen. Violet fruit. Shrub; good in shade.

Mahonia japonica

 

 

80 x
(200 x )

 

 

Evergreen shrub. Black fruit. 2 slighly different plants, both excellent.

Mahonia bealei

 

 

80 x
(200 x )

 

 

Evergreen shrub. Black fruit. 2 slighly different plants, both excellent.

Prunus laurocerasus 'Otto Luyken'

 

 

50 x
(125 x )

 

 

Evergreen shrub. Black fruit. Attractive small laurel.

Pyracantha angustifolia

 

 

160 x
(400 x )

 

 

Evergreen shrub. Orange fruit. North walls, hedge or shrub. All Pyracanthas are free fruiting.

Pyracantha atalantoides

 

 

200 x
(500 x )

 

 

Evergreen. Scarlet fruit

Pyracantha 'Orange Glow'

 

 

200 x
(500 x )

 

 

Evergreen. Orange fruit.

Pyracantha rogersiana 'Flava'

 

 

160 x
(400 x )

 

 

Evergreen. Yellow fruit.

Sarcocca hookerana digyna

 

 

16 x
(40 x )

 

 

Evergreen. Black fruit. Ground cover.

Vaccinium vitis-idaea

 

 

6 x
(15 x )

 

 

Evergreen. Red fruit. Acid soil; ground cover.

Mahonia aquifolium
BAR-BERRY
Oregon Grape

Yellow

Mar-Apr

48 x 36
(120 x 90)

Glossy pinnate green, turning red in winter

Wildflower Groundcover,
Low hedge, Grows in Full Shade.

Grows in any soil. Bird friendly. Bee friendly. Not fragrant. Prevents entry by human or animal. Grown for its foliage.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malus 'Golden Hornet'

 

 

200+ x
(500+ x )

 

 

Deciduous tree. Yellow fruit. All Malus make ideal small trees; the fruit often persists into midwinter.

Malus 'John Downie'

 

 

200 x
(500 x )

 

 

Deciduous tree. Red and yellow fruit.

Malus 'Red Sentinel'

 

 

200 x
(500 x )

 

 

Deciduous tree. Red fruit.

Malus 'Wisley'

 

 

200 x
(500 x )

 

 

Deciduous tree. Crimson fruit.

Photinia villosa

 

 

120 x
(300 x )

 

 

Deciduous tree. Red fruit. Small tree for acid soils.

Sorbus aria

 

 

200+ x
(500+ x )

 

 

Deciduous. Orange/red fruit. Good on chalk

Sorbus aucuparia

 

 

320 x
(800 x )

 

 

Deciduous. Red fruit. Many varieties, all good.

Sorbus 'Embley'

 

 

320 x
(800 x )

 

 

Deciduous. Red fruit. A most spectacular tree.

Sorbus 'Joseph Rock'

 

 

320 x
(800 x )

 

 

Deciduous tree. Amber fruit. Another outstanding tree.

Sorbus sargentiana

 

 

320 x
(800 x )

 

 

Deciduous tree. Red fruit. An improvement on the Common Mountain Ash.

Symphori-carpos chenaultii 'Hancock'

 

 

32 x
(80 x )

 

 

Deciduous. Purple fruit. Good low cover.

Vaccinium corymbosum

 

 

60 x
(150 x )

 

 

Deciduous. Black fruit. Acid soils only.

No height is given for the seaside trees since the amount of wind which they have to tolerate is usually the controlling factor.

Salix caprea

 

 

160 x
(400 x )

 

 

Deciduous. Early spring flowers attract insects.

Tamarix gallica

 

 

---

 

 

Deciduous. Seaside cover particulaly attractive to small migrants.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wildflower

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amaranthus retroflexus (Pigweed, Common Amaranth, Common tumbleweed)

Green

Aug till frosts

36 x 16
(90 x 40)

Green

It's seeds are an important source of food for birds.

Member of Amaranth Wildflower family.
An annual of disturbed, nutrient-rich waste ground, waysides, rubbish tips and cultivated land, usually casual but occasionally persisting in milder areas. Lowland. It grows where hogs are pasture-fed in well-drained soil. Pollinated by the wind and is self-fertile. Can be eaten in salads. A good companion for potatoes, onions, corn, tomatoes, peppers and aubergines. Grow in full sun.

Amaranthus albus
(White Pigweed,
White Amaranth,
Common Tumbleweed,
Prostrate Pigweed)

Green

Jul-Aug

20 x
(50 x )

Green

Cook and use it like spinach. Seeds eaten by birds.

Member of Amaranth Wildflower family.
An annual of disturbed, nutrient-rich waste ground and rubbish tips, predominantly casual and very rarely naturalised. It is introduced with fibre, grain, oil- and bird-seed, and with bark for tanning. Lowland. Green flowers from August till the frosts. Up to 20 (50 cms) tall. Greenish flowers in clumps in the axils of the leaves. Prefers a well-drained fertile soil in a sunny position. Requires a hot sheltered position if it is to do well. It is in leaf from May to October, in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from September to October. Prefers well-drained soil in full sun and moist soil. Pollinated by the wind and self-fertile.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stranvaesia davidiana

 

 

160 x
(400 x )

 

 

Evergreen. Red or yellow fruit. Good in cities.

There are over 80 varieties of cypress. With the exception of the true dwarfs all are useful as roosting and nesting places and as windbreaks in cold areas.

No height is given for the seaside trees since the amount of wind which they have to tolerate is usually the controlling factor.

Escallonia (numerous hybrids and varieties)

 

 

60 x
(150 x )

 

 

Evergreen. Excellent seaside shrubs

Garrya elliptica

 

 

160 x
(400 x )

 

 

Evergreen. North wall shrub for early nesting thrushes.

Juniperus communis (numerous varieties)

 

 

---

 

 

Evergreen. All tough, good on chalk or by the sea.

Pinus pinaster

 

 

---

 

 

Evergreen. Front-line seaside windbreak.

Pinus radiata

 

 

---

 

 

Evergreen. Useful on the coast; somewhat tender inland.

Quercus ilex (evergreen oak)

 

 

---

 

 

Evergreen. Can be clipped as a hedge around coastal gardens.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

Site design and content copyright ©July 2017. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the breakage of the link to the Safety Regulations for man walking with Red Flag before Automobile.  

If you are looking for specialist nurseries or garden centres in the UK our plant finder comes complete with an easy to use A-Z list of garden plants that makes finding plants for sale online easy. To help with plant identification we include many photographs and individual plant descriptions.

Once you have found the plant you are looking for we provide easy access to growers and nurseries who have these species for sale, many with mail order or 'online' buying facilities

 

PLANT USE AND FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

 

This Gallery compares the use and flower shape of plants in this website combined with those already compared in
Bedding, Bulb, Evergreen Perennial, Herbaceous Perennial and Roses pages as linked to in the table at the end of this page.
 

PLANTS FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

alliumcflohaireasytogrowbulbs1a1a1a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14c2a1a1a1a1a

irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1

aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a2a1a1a1

anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a2a1a1a1a

anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less

1

2

3

4

5

Above 5

 

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

alliumcflo1roseumrvroger1a1a1a1

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a

paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1

stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars with Single Flowers

Bowls

Cups and Saucers

Globes

Goblets and Chalices

Trumpets

Funnels

 

digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a2a1a1a1a

fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1

ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1

Rose Petal Count from Rose Use Gallery
 

Single:
1-7 Petals

Semi-Double:
8-15 Petals
 

Flower Shape - Simple

Bells

Thimbles

Urns

Salver-form

Double:
Page 1
,
Page 2
16-25 Petals

Full:
26-40 Petals

Very Full:
40+ Petals

 

prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a

aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a2a1a1a1

acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a2a1a1a

lathyrusflotvernus1a2a1a1a1

anemonecflo1coronariastbrigidgeetee1a1a1a

echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a2a1a1a1

centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Tubes, Lips and Straps

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Stan-dards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-Cushions

Tufts and Petal-less Cluster

 

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Rose Bloom Shape from Rose Use Gallery

High-Centred,

Cupped,
 

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Cushion

Umbel

Buttons with Double Flowers

Pompoms

Stars with Semi-Double Flowers

Flat,

Globular,
 

Pompon,

Rosette

 

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Natural Arrange-ments

Bunches, Posies and Sprays (Group)

Columns, Spikes and Spires

Whorls, Tiers and Cande-labra

Plumes and Tails

Chains and Tassels

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades

Sphere, Dome (Clusters), Drumstick and Plate

Plant Use

Bedding Out and Bedding Out of Roses

Bedding for Filling In

Bedding for Screening

Bedding for Pots and Troughs

Bedding in Window Boxes

Bedding in Hanging Baskets

Bedding Foliage

Bedding:- Spring

Summer

Winter

Foliage Only

Other than Green Foliage

Trees in Lawn

Trees in Small Gardens
 

Wildflower Garden

Attract Bird
Attract Butterfly
1
, 2

Climber on House Wall

Climber not on House Wall

Climber in Tree

Rabbit-Resistant
 

Woodland

Pollution Barrier

Part Shade

Full Shade

Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3

Ground-Cover
<60c
m
60-180cm
>180cm

Hedge

Wind-swept

Covering Banks

Patio Pot

Edging Borders

Back of Border

Poisonous

Adjacent to Water

Bog Garden
 

Tolerant of Poor Soil

Winter-Flowering
 

Fragrant

Not Fragrant

Exhibition

Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'

Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves

Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal

Coastal Con-ditions

Tolerant on North-facing Wall

Cut Flower

Potted Veg Outdoors

Potted Veg Indoors
 

Thornless

Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
 

Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R, S-Z

Grow in Acidic Soil

Grow in Any Soil

Grow in Rock Garden

Grow Bulbs Indoors

Potted Fruit Outdoors

Potted Fruit Indoors

Fruit Outdoors

Plants for Outdoor
Containers Index
A-C
,
D-M,
N-Z

 

 

 

 

The Complete Book of Container Gardening . Consultant Editor: Alan Toogood. Authors: Peter McHoy, Tom Miles , Roy Cheek. Published 1991. ISBN 0-7472-0415-2.

The plants for the containers are split into the following Planting Plans:-

  • Alpines and Miniatures
  • Attracting Wildlife
  • Containers for All Seasons
  • Containers for Scent
  • Country Containers
  • Fruit in Containers
  • Functional Containers
  • Summer Baskets
  • Summer Boxes and Troughs
  • Summer Pots, Tubs and Urns
  • The Exotic Look
  • The Oriental Influence
  • Vegetables and Herbs
  • Water Displays
  • Winter and Spring Displays

For the number of each plant required in these planting plans consult the book. For the plants used in the remainder of the above Planting Plans see Use in Patio Pot Page.

The plants for the containers are split into the following Planting Plans:-

For the Characteristics, Position, Compost and Special Maintenance of the plants in the Plants for Containers Index Pages, consult the book.

Planting Plan

Plant

Plant

Plant

Plant

Plant

Plant

Plant

Plant

Plant

Plant

Plant

Plant

Plant

Attracting Wildlife

Get closer to nature by attracting wildlife to your patio and windowsills. A pot will attract bees and butterflies, provided its contents are carefully selected. Water is vital to the survival of all living things, plants and animals alike. A small water feature is therefore the ideal centre-piece for an area aimed at attracting birds, butterflies and bees. The colour, movement and sound of these creatures introduces an extra dimension to any garden. A good choice of plants is important. Many fruit- and berry-bearing plants are paricularly attractive to birds, while plants whose flowers produce copious nectar will entice butterflies and bees. Suspended nets full of nuts are an additional attraction for birds. Endeavour to maintain a water supply, especially in very hot or very cold conditions, as the birds will come to rely on it. Position wildlife containers carefully to provide good growing conditions for the plants, and to allow them to be viewed clearly from window or garden.

A pot-grown wildlife garden - The stone bird bath acts as a centre piece for a collection of plants selected to attract butterflies, birds and bees over a long period.
The 3 groups of plants

  • start with the Malus on the left surrounded by the 2 Hebes, Aster, Mahonia and Pyracantha.
  • This is followed at the back by the 2 Ilexs and
  • the third group on the right of the bird bath is the Sorbus surrounded by the Aucuba, Cotoneaster, Ribes, Pyracantha atalantioides and the Lonicera.

Malus 'Red Jade' (crab apple)

Sorbus aria 'Lutescens'

Ilex 'Handsworth New Silver' (silver holly)

Ilex aquifolium 'Bacciflava' (a yellow-berried holly)

Aucuba japonica 'Crotonifolia'

Hebe Franciscana x 'Blue Gem'

Hebe 'Midsummer Beauty'

 

 

Aster amellus 'King George'
(Michaelmas Daisy)

Mahonia aquifolium
(oregon grape)

Pyracantha angustifolia (firethorn)

Cotoneaster salicifolius 'Gnom'

Ribes uva-crispa (gooseberry)

Pyracantha atalantioides
(firethorn)

Lonicera periclymen (common honeysuckle)

 

 

A nectar feast for butterflies and bees - This simple combination is attractive to both insects and humans alike within a 36 inch (90 cm) trough.

Lantana camara

Tagetes 'Starfire Mixed'

Alyssum maritimum (sweet alyssum)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bees and butterflies galore - A design to attract these useful insects over a long period with a succession of nectar-filled blossom within a 28 inch (70 cm) diameter pot.

Mahonia 'Charity'

Hebe 'Midsummer Beauty'

Lavandula stoechas
(French lavender)

Sedum spectabile

Thymus
(thyme)

Aster amellus 'King George'
(Michaelmas daisy)

Aubretia deltoidea

 

 

A living bird table - This 16 inch (40 cm) hanging basket, customized for wildlife, is especially useful where space is limited.

Lavandula stoechas (French lavender)

Fragaria vesca 'Semper-florens' (alpine strawberry)

Cotoneaster salicifolius 'Gnom'

Alyssum maritimum (sweet alyssum)

Iberis semper-virens (evergreen candytuft)

Hedera helix 'Glacier' (silver variegated ivy)

A dish of water

 

 

The butterfly bush - Small tortoiseshell butterflies feast on the nectar of Buddleia davidii. This easily grown shrub certainly lives up to its reputation. See Butterfly food page for food that British butterflies eat.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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