Ivydene Gardens Bulb Flower Shape, Bulb Form, Bulb Use and Bulb in Soil Gallery:
Site Map









Number of Flower Petals







Above 5









Flower Shape - Simple

Stars with Single Flowers


Cups and Saucers


Goblets and Chalices











Flower Shape - Simple
















Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Tubes, Lips and Straps

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Stan-dards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets


Tufts and Petal-less Cluster









Flower Shape - Elabor-ated



Buttons with Double Flowers


Stars with Semi-Double Flowers











Natural Arrange-ments

Bunches, Posies and Sprays (Group)

Columns, Spikes and Spires

Whorls, Tiers and Cande-labra

Plumes and Tails

Chains and Tassels

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades

Sphere, Dome (Clusters), Drumstick and Plate

















Bulb Form


Prostrate or Trailing

Cushion or Mound-forming

Spreading or Creeping


Stemless. Sword-shaped Leaves

Erect or Upright

Bulb Use

Other than Only Green Foliage

Bedding or Mass Planting



Tolerant of Shade

In Woodland Areas


Tolerant of Poor Soil

Covering Banks

In Water

Beside Stream or Water Garden

Coastal Conditions

Edging Borders

Back of Border or Back-ground Plant

Fragrant Flowers

Not Fragrant Flowers

Indoor House-plant

Grow in a Patio Pot

Grow in an Alpine Trough

Grow in an Alpine House

Grow in Rock Garden

Speciman Plant

Into Native Plant Garden

Naturalize in Grass

Grow in Hanging Basket

Grow in Window-box

Grow in Green-house

Grow in Scree



Natural-ized Plant Area

Grow in Cottage Garden

Attracts Butter-flies

Attracts Bees

Resistant to Wildlife

Bulb in Soil




Lime-Free (Acid)













The empty Flower Shape Pages are in the following list:-

Empty Pages

The Daily Telegraph Best Flowers to Grow and Cut by David Joyce (ISBN 0 7112 2366 1) groups plants according to defined characteristics of flower simple shape, elaborated shape, flower details and flower textures. Using that system, this plant gallery has thumbnail pictures in:-

  • Number of Flower Petals
  • Flower Simple Shape of a flower,
  • Flower Elaborated Shape of a flower,
  • Flower Elaborated Shape of a composite of flowers and
  • Flower Natural Arrangement Pages

A thumbnail of a plant can be in 4 of the above 5.
The text menu above links to those pages and the thumbnails in the menu link to the Plant Description Page of that flower.
Explaination of each page is at the bottom of that page.

There are 167 bulbs in this Gallery with Flower Shape from:-


Floral Diagrams: An Aid to Understanding Flower Morphology and Evolution by Ronse De Craene Louis P. (ISBN-10: 0521493463 and ISBN-13: 978-0521493468) ." Floral morphology remains the cornerstone for plant identification and studies of plant evolution. This guide gives a global overview of the floral diversity of the angiosperms through the use of detailed floral diagrams. These schematic diagrams replace long descriptions or complicated drawings as a tool for understanding floral structure and evolution. They show important features of flowers, such as the relative positions of the different organs, their fusion, symmetry, and structural details. The relevance of the diagrams is discussed, and pertinent evolutionary trends are illustrated. The range of plant species represented reflects the most recent classification of flowering plants based mainly on molecular data, which is expected to remain stable in the future. This book is invaluable for researchers and students working on plant structure, development and systematics, as well as being an important resource for plant ecologists, evolutionary botanists and horticulturists." from Product Description by Amazon. Very useful book if you understand the language of botany.


There are 134 bulbs in this Gallery with Bulb Form, Bulb Use and/or Bulb in Soil from:-


A list which gives the meanings of many flowers and foliage that can be used to create special symbolic meanings on your wedding day.


"Bulbs (which are referred to as "true bulbs") grow in layers, much like an onion. At the very center of the bulb is a miniature version of the flower itself. Helping the bulb to stay together is something called a basil plate, which is that round and flat hairy thing (those are the beginnings of roots) on the bottom of the bulb. Bulbs reproduce by creating offsets. These little bulbs are attached to the larger bulb.




Image via University of Illinois Extension Service


Corms look a lot like bulbs on the outside but they are quite different. They have the same type of protective covering and a basal plate like the bulb does, but do not grow in layers. Instead the corm is the actual base for the flower stem and has a solid texture. As the flower grows, the corm actually shrivels as the nutrients are used up. Essentially the corm dies, but it does produce new corms right next to or above the dead corm, which is why the flowers come back year after year. Depending on the type of flower, it may take a couple years to reach blooming size.




Image via University of Illinois Extension Services


So a corm is a swollen stem base that is solid stem tissue rather than layers (the modified leaves)." from the Butterfly Jungle.


Being a National Trust Member, I travelled to Sissinghurst Castle Garden on Thursday 12 April 2018, in order to take photos of the plants in the garden -

  • the layout and plants in the cutting garden whose flowers would be used to create flower arrangements,
  • the bulbs in flower like the daffodils in the orchard, the lime walk and the pots scattered through the garden
  • the prepared birch supports for the roses and
  • the emerging plants like the peonies


I took photos in the cutting garden, which is open each Thursday.


The orchard was still shut down to visitors due to the effects of rain. The daffodil season is not long. Knowing that the visitor numbers of 2 a day might do too much damage to the ryegrass in that orchard and the turf elswhere, perhaps the National Trust could put out another appeal to bolster their miniscule budget to use Grass Reinforement Plastic Mesh on all their turfed areas - the following is one company:-

"Suregreen Ltd provide a range of GR11 and GR14 grass reinforcement plastic mesh. Plastic mesh is ideal to reinforce grass as it can be fixed to the ground, and when the grass grows, the roots and sward of the grass intertwine with the mesh filaments to create a strong, stable, protected and reinforced grass surface. Suitable for areas that get worn, rutted and become muddy by excess traffic (cars, vans, people, trucks). Suregreen off two products, a turf reinforcement mesh for occasional frequent traffic and grass reinforcement mesh for more regular and heavier traffic".
Then, providing it was a tornado with 4 inches of rain falling per hour, the visitors could either walk or swim along the draining streams to see the plants.

Many of the spring bulbs were in flower in the Lime Walk, but were unidentified. A piece of paper was available to state the names of the bulbs in the pots scattered throughout the garden and where the pots were. The flowering bulbs in the remainder of the garden were also unidentified.


The prepared supports could then educate you in informing you how to support your own roses and other climbers.


The emerging foliage was great to see as long as it had a label with it.


A new bed had been created beyond the Lime Walk with new plants and mulched with bark and a new bark path, but with no plant labels.


When one inspected the labelling in the remainder of the beds which were bounded by paths ( the others bounded by lawns were roped off due to the rain); one found broken plant labels and more than 30% of the plants unlabelled.


When I spoke to 1 of the gardeners, I was informed that visitors steal the labels and that they were in discussion as to whether they would label any of the plants in the future.


Now, this is a famous GARDEN with PLANTS in it that visitors come to see and you have a plant shop that sells plants grown and shown in the garden. IF you have no labels on the plants in the garden, how do you expect your visitors to know what to ask for when they do not know the name?

A possible solution is that you replace all the plant labels with a label with a bed identity followed by a plant number starting with 1.
There will also be 1 notice per bed stating the following - If a plant label is missing, then this complete section will become unavailable for visitors for a week.

A ringbinder book with 2 pages facing each other will be produced for sale to the public. The plan of a bed with the permanent planting will be on the left and the bedding or changed permanent planting will be on the right. The Book will be updated to the next version in October each year. An Appendix with the Bedding and changed permanent planting will be produced in June for buyers of the ring-binder to change the relevant pages.

Since the gardener specified that most people are not interested in the names of the plants and just simply enjoy the garden, then for those who wish to use the garden for what it was designed for when first opened to the public, then the public can learn and start to copy better practice and be able to see the name of the plant they like in the garden before the possibility of buying it in the shop. This would hopefully upgrade the handwritten scribbles on paper plans and one would hope that a valid history of each of the plants in the garden could be produced to aid the cultivation of the same by the public when it is released.

Otherwise, what is the garden for and why do the gardeners and volunteers work there? Simply to provide employment?


I have indicated what I think is wrong with the labelling system at Wisley including the Trade Name (Retail Name) label for roses in the a large Bowes-Lyon Rose Garden and the fact that being 6 inches away from a plant in the Alpine House, then you still cannot read that alpine's plant label. Why do we have people who put plant labels in 7 rows in a public garden in the Spring and then the tulips grow and hide those plant labels from Rows 2 to 7? Then in July; the public are asked to choose which tulip they prefer (Each Tulip occupies an area 36 x 36 inches - 90 x 90 cms - with a 6 inch - 15 cm - gap between each tulip area). Do the designer's never look at the result? I suppose as a member of the British Public, we have learnt to withstand being treated like 3 month old babies - being sold a tumble dryer - designed and made by people from Germany - that if the condensed water does in fact clean the condenser, then you will need to buy another since you cannot get to the matchbox-sized waste in the water trap and that stops the machine from working causing £200 bills from the maintenance engineer - with the British Stiff Upper Lip. Once you need another machine, you can still go to the shops and buy the same design fault again!!!

That is why a 1 year course for students at Wisley is so crass - they do not provide a history of what has happened with the work that they have done, so that they cannot correct it the next year; and then also not correct their pruning technique to what should be done to buddlejas rather than haircutting them? The students should also question the plant labelling system and if they cannot find an answer, then consult the American Universities who perhaps found the answer back in 1872. Since I am as thick as 2 short planks, I do not realise that foreigners might be more intelligent than us superior British idiots.


I wonder what would happen if members only attended these gardens of The National Trust or The Royal Horticultural Society, brought their own water with bread/dripping and no money or credit cards for the shops/cafes/restaurants, until all plant areas were properly labelled or some other non-electronic method (for ancients like me; who do not have laptops, tablets or mobile phones with the internet on them with them) like the ring-binder above was adopted at all the garden properties of that organisation?

Perhaps on my birthday of 7 August.




"Bulbs have a tendency to die out unless lifted every other year, the divisions
separated and planted out to maintain vigor. My plants eventually died out from
neglect, but bulbs are freely available wherever large selection of Holland bulbs
 are sold in the autumn." from PlantBuzz - Plantbuzz.com is the starting point to Mark McDonough's eclectic horticultural musings and illustrated plant studies on the web.  From here, you can access several areas of horticultural study that monopolized my attention over the past 30 years.  The section for which I have greatest ambition is Allium Central, the goal being the most complete resource on the web dedicated to the genus Allium.  With similar scarcity of on-line information as Allium, the hardy hibiscus are a wonderful group of woody shrubs and herbaceous perennials worthy of greater prominence in gardens and literature.  Visit the Hardy Hibiscus Home to learn more about these late blooming plants, and to access pertinent links.   To round out the miscellany of horticultural topics, Cleome Studies provides links and information on this large genus of showy annual plants, for which only a few species are known and grown.  And last, there is the Rock Gardening page, a miscellany unto itself, exploring any and all alpine, rock garden, and woodland plants that interest me.




A bulb is an under ground storage organ consisting of a series of scales attached to a basal plate ,such as tulip , allium ,lily.

A corm is a solid tissue mass with specific points for growth nodes and roots, such as gladiolus, crocus.

A tuber is and underground stem capable of producing buds and roots, such as begonia or calla.

A rhizome is a swollen root modified to be come a storage organ and capable of the same, eremurus, lily of the valley,aconitum.

They are in general called "bulbs". They are underground storage organs developed to overcome adverse climate conditions and capable of producing above ground plants at certain times and survive mostly by division.



DDD Foundation
The Dig Drop Done Foundation was founded to promote the joy of bulb gardening and ensure its future in North America. This diverse and committed group of companies has devoted its time, knowledge and financial support to educating consumers on the simple, surprising beauty that flowering bulbs bring to our lives.


I visited The Salutation - The Secret Gardens of Sandwich in April 2018.
Some of the plants were labelled, some had the nursery/retailers white thin labels on and others with no label. When I suggested to the reception/ticket office staff about having the above ring-binder book idea, they suggested I talk to the gardeners. When I talked to the gardeners, they did point out that a visitor had tramped over a bed to its back, taken off a label and then asked them if they had that plant for sale. It was pointed out to me that they were very busy at maintaining and improving the garden, providing day-long courses including lunch to the public and attending Chelsea, so they would be too busy to create such a document - besides which some of the beds could be completely changed each year.
It is a shame that gardens open to the public fail to link with the education system to aid the learning for tomorrow's students, or to help the older generation in creating their own gardens. The students could also see what changes had occurred each year, with perhaps why stated in the same ring-binders.
They had compiled an impressive compost heap - I wonder if they have, are or will use it? I have to admit that when I had either mulched a client's garden with spent mushroom compost or shreddings from it's prunings and grass mowings, that hoeing or weeding time to keep it weed-free was vastly reduced; but who am I to preach to modern gardener's expertise, when all I do is what used to be done by gardeners before the Second World War?
White labels on black backgrounds could be read at the path edge, but not at the back of the border and nor could the white thin plastic labels hanging down from their support.
One must admire the work carried out in the several acres of the garden and the beauty of the plants.
A miniscule number of visitors like myself want to know the name of the plant they like before locating it in the garden's plant shop at the end of the visit - tramping over the bed to locate the name is not beneficial to the other plants.






Now, if you want a low maintenance garden, where you could relax with a cup of Green Tea without the harmful effects of caffeine, whilst cavorting with your pet rabbits, then:-


Of course, it might be better to build an Alpine House, then:-

  • Put the Rabbit hutches on the floor with ramps up to the shelf above, where pots of plants are sunk into a drawer of sand area.
  • The shelf on the other side is where those pots get planted with seeds and then transferred to the rabbit run shelf on the other side when ready for the rabbits; after the rabbit run side by the armchair has been lifted out and placed on the floor.
  • An armchair at one end is where you can recline and make your green tea on the propagating shelf. You can then unlatch the rabbit run door to retrieve your pet rabbits.

This could be used by wheelchair users, retired people in retirement homes and those recuperating from illness or accident.
For those who could not reach the rabbit hutchs or the compost for the pots from the floor, then these items could put on the rabbit run shelf and propagating shelf respectively.


Case Studies

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants Garden Maintenance
Offbeat Glossary
...Poisonous Plants
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data


Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
...by Flower Shape

Bulb with its 7 Flower Colours per Month Comparison Pages
...Allium/ Anemone
...Colchicum/ Crocus

......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty


...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape *
...Bulb Form *
...Bulb Use *
...Bulb in Soil

Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs



...Forcing Lily of the Valley



...Hyacinths in Pots


...Lilium in Pots
...Narcissi in Pots



Half-Hardy Bulbs



Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-




...Plant Bedding in

...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr

...P -Herbaceous
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Odds and Sods
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit


Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Wildflower Plants


Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form

you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index


Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.


(o)Adder's Tongue
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels


(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)


(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Rannock Rush
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses


(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Water Fern
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort


Links to external sites were valid when I inserted them but they may no longer connect since either the page has been removed or that website is no longer active, so you will have to use your search engine to find either the plant or data yourself



with 7 Flower Colours (Red, Pink and Purple on same page) per Month in Colour Wheel below.

Click on Black or White box in Colour of Month.



BULB INDEX link to Bulb Description Page:-


Site Map of pages with content (o)


BULB, CORM, RHIZOME AND TUBER INDEX - There are over 700 bulbs in the bulb galleries. The respective flower thumbnail, months of flowering, height and width, foliage thumbnail, form thumbnail use and comments are in the relevant index page below:-
(o): A
(o): B
(o): C 1, 2
(o): D
(o): E
(o): F
(o): G
(o): H
(o): I
....: J
....: K
(o): L
(o): M
(o): N
(o): O
(o): P
....: Q
....: R
(o): S
(o): T
....: U
(o): V
....: W
(o): XYZ





Acis autumnalis
- autumn

Acis autumnalis pulchellum - autumn
Acis autumnale 'September Snow' - autumn
Acis valentinum
- autumn

Group 1(b). Single Dahlias - Singles
Dahlia 'Summertime'

Gladiolus in Autumn Bulb Gallery
Gladiolus communis
subsp. byzantinus

Gladiolus papilio




Oxalis adenophylla
Oxalis chrysantha
Oxalis enneaphylla
Oxalis hirta
'Gothenburg' - tender

Oxalis purpurea
- tender

Oxalis lobata
Oxalis obtusa

Gladiolus Bulb American registered in 2008

'Alpen Glow'
'Anna Lynn'
'Ant. Peeters'
'Beauty Mark'
'Blushing Blonde'
'Charm School'
'Cherokee Nation'
'Christmas Orchid'
'Cindy B'
'Cool White'
'Court Jester'
'Fancy Ruffles'
'Fragrant Lady'
'Glad Boy'
'Goluboj Vodopad'
'Harvest Sunset'
'Huron County'
'Island Sunset'
'Kiss of Rose'
'Lava Dandy II'
'Leah Carolyn'
'Lemon Blush'
'Lemon Meringue'
'Lemon Tart'
'Light Snow'

'Nochnaya Melodiya (night Melody)'
'Opal Splash'
'Orange Dart'
'Osenni Karnaval'
'Peppi (female cat)'
'Perth Silence'
'Pete's Gold'
'Powerful Lady'
'Raspberry Cream'
'Red Deer'
'Red My Mind'
'Rosy Posy'
'Rozovaya Fantazia (pink fantasy)'
'Showman's Delight'
'Small Star'
'Snow Owl'
'Superior Champ'
'Vosmoe Marta
(8th of March)'
'Watermelon Wine'
'Willy Wonka'

Allium aflatunense 'Purple Sensation'
Allium altissimum

Allium ampeloprasum
Allium amplectens
Allium angulosum
Allium azureum
Allium 'Beau Regard'
Allium caesium
Allium carinatum pulchellum 'Album'
Allium callimischon callimischon - autumn
Allium cepa var viviparum
Allium cernuum
Allium christophii
Allium cowanii
Allium crenulatum
Allium cupanii
Allium cyaneum
Allium cyathophorum
var farreri

Allium falcifolium
Allium flavum
Allium flavum nanum
Allium geyeri
Allium giganteum
Allium 'Gladiator'
Allium 'Globemaster'
Allium 'Globus'
Allium hirtifolium

Allium 'His Excellency'
Allium x hollandicum
Allium jesdianum

Allium jesdianum ssp angustitepalum
Allium jesdianum
'Michael Hoog
Allium jesdianum
'Purple King
Allium jesdianum

Allium karataviense
Allium karataviense
'Ivory Queen
Allium lenkoranicum
Allium 'Lucy Ball'
Allium macleanii
Allium macranthum
Allium 'Mars'
Allium maximowiczii
Allium moly
Allium moly 'Jeannine'
Allium 'Mont Blanc'
Allium multibulbosum
Allium neapolitanum
Allium nevskianum
Allium nigrum
Allium nutans
Allium obliquum
Alium paradoxum
ssp normale

Allium plummerae
Allium oreophilum
Allium pulchellum
Allium ramosum
Allium rosenbachianum
Allium roseum
Allium 'Round
and Purple
Allium saxatile
Allium schoenoprasum
Allium schoenoprasum

Allium schoenoprasum 'Forescate'
Allium schubertii
Allium scorodoprasum

Allium stipitatum
Allium stipitatum

Allium stipitatum
'Mount Everest
Allium triquetrum
Allium unifolium
Allium ursinum
Allium vineale 'Hair'
Allium wallichii
Allium zebdanense

Group 2. Anemone-Flowered Dahlias
Dahlia 'Purpinka'
Dahlia 'Toto'


Polyxena odorata
- tender

Polyxena paucifolia
- tender


Group 3(a). Collarette Dahlias - Collarette Singles
Dahlia 'Alstergruss'









Group 4(a). Waterlily Dahlias - Medium-flowered
Dahlia 'Glory of

Gladiolus Bulb American registered in 2009

'Blazing Arrow'
'Bold Heart'
'Crowd Pleaser'
'Eye Opener'
'Fiesta Americana'
'Fire Poker'
'Flower Girl'
'Grand Girl'
'Heavenly Gold'
'Holy Moly'
'Lavender Ice'
'Mercy Me'
'Miss Midas'
'Pure Poetry'
'Royal Touch'
'Secret Lady'
'Smarty Pants'
'Stately Lady'




Sanguinaria canadensis

Scilla siberica
Scilla peruviana
Sparaxis grandiflora acutiloba - tender
Sparaxis metelerkampiae - tender
Sparaxis parviflora
- tender

Sparaxis tricolor
- tender






Group 4(b). Waterlily Dahlias - Small-flowered
Dahlia 'Gerrie Hoek'
Dahlia 'Twilight Time'

Gladiolus Bulb American registered in 2010

'Best Bet'
'Blue Bay'
'Cool Companion'
'Dream On
'Extravagant Eyes'
'Fiesta Frenzy'
'Fragrant Art'
'Frosted Grape'
'Gussy Up'
'Huron Destiny'
'Mary's Dream'
'Rose Flash'
'Rusty Red'
'Warm White'

Tricyrtis hirta
Tritonia crocata - tender
Tritonia crocata 'Bridal Veil' - tender
Tritonia crocata 'Pink Sensation' - tender
Tritonia crocata 'Serendipity' - tender
Tritonia crocata 'Tangerine' - tender


Tulipa Division 1:
Single Early
'Couleur Cardinal' 1M24R

Tulipa Division 4:
Darwin Tulips
'Bleu Aimable' 4M22PU
'Queen of Night' 4L24PU


Anemone baldensis
Anemone blanda
Anemone blanda 'Blue
Anemone blanda

Anemone blanda
'Pink Star
Anemone blanda

Anemone blanda rosea
Anemone blanda
'Violet Star
Anemone blanda 'White Splendour'
Anemone coronaria
'de Caen
Anemone coronaria
'St Brigid
Anemone demissa
Anemone hupehensis
Anemone x
lipsiensis 'Pallida'

Anemone narcissiflora
Anemone nemorosa
Anemone nemorosa
'Alba Plena
Anemone nemorosa

Anemone nemorosa
'Bracteata Pleniflora
Anemone nemorosa

Anemone nemorosa

Anemone nemorosa

Anemone ranunculoides
Anemone ranunculoides 'Pleniflora'
Anemone rupicola
Anemone trullifolia

Group 5(a) - Decorative Dahlias -
Dahlia 'Edinburgh'
Dahlia 'Fleur'
Dahlia 'Kelvin Floodlight'
Dahlia 'White Perfection'

Gladiolus Bulb American registered in 2011


'Coral Sea'
'Cypress Creek'
'High Stakes'
'Immaculate Heart
'Irish Cream'
'Mother Nature'
'Orange Effect'
'Peppermint Delight'
'Peta Christina'
'Solar Star'
'Velvet Revolution'

Tulipa Division 4:
Darwin Hybrid
'Apeldoorn' 4L24R
'Beauty of Apeldoorn' 4L24MC
'Jewel of Spring' 4M20Y

Tulipa Division 6:
'White Triumphator' 6L26W

Tulipa Division 7:
'Daytona' 7L26W

Tulipa Division 8:
'Flaming Spring Green' 8L20MC
'Spring Green' 8L20MC
'Virichic' 8L18MC


Group 5(b) - Decorative Dahlias -
Dahlia 'Red/White

Gladiolus Bulb American registered in 2011

'Bald's Beauty'
'Farmer's Daughter'
'French Rose'
'Gypsy Belle'
'Happy Face'
'Happy Hour'
'Juicy Fruit'
'Magic Rose'
'Natural Flame'
'Orange Ensemble'
'Professor Plum'
'Sacia Lynn'
'Scarlet Starlet'
'Tabasco Cat'
'The King's Kisses'
'Velvet Mistress'
'William Tell'

Tulipa Division 10:
'Black Parrot' 10L20MC
'Blue Parrot' 10M12MC


Tulipa Division 11:
Double Late or Peony-flowered
'Angelique' 11L14MC

Tulipa Division 12:
'Stresa' 12M12MC


Tulipa Division 13:
Fosteriana (Emperor)
'Purissima' 13E16W
'Yellow Purissima' 13E16Y


Tulipa Division 15:
Species (Botanical)
batalinii 15M15Y
tarda 15M6MC
turkestanica 15E12W
urumiensis 15M6Y
violacea 15E10MC


Arum italicum
Aruncus dioicus

Group 5(c) - Decorative Dahlias -
Dahlia 'Duet'
Dahlia 'Funny Face'
Dahlia 'Golden Emblem'
Dahlia 'Lilac Time'
Dahlia 'Rosella'
Dahlia 'Smokey'
Dahlia 'Snow Country'








Helleborus orientalis
Hyacinthoides hispanica




Group 5(d) - Decorative Dahlias -
Dahlia 'Abba'
Dahlia 'Arabian Night'
Dahlia 'Arnhem'
Dahlia 'Canary Fubuki'
Dahlia 'Christine'
Dahlia 'Claudette'
Dahlia 'Cobra'
Dahlia 'El Paso'
Dahlia 'Gallery
Dahlia 'Sisa'
Dahlia 'Wittem'




abiana stricta - tender
Biarum bovei
- autumn

Biarum ochridense
- autumn

Biarum tenuifolium
- autumn

Biarum tenuifolium var. abbreviatum - autumn


Iris laevigata
Iris pseudacorus
Ixia 'Blue Bird' - tender
Ixia 'Castor' - tender
Ixia flexuosa - tender
Ixia 'Giant' - tender
Ixia 'Hogarth' - tender
Ixia 'Holland's Gloire'
- tender

Ixia 'Mabel' - tender
Ixia maculata - tender
Ixia 'Marquette' - tender
Ixia 'Rose Emperor'
- tender

Ixia 'Titia' - tender
Ixia 'Venus' - tender
Ixia 'Vulcan' - tender
Ixia 'Yellow Emperor'
- tender

Veltheimia bracteata
- tender



Group 5(e) - Decorative Dahlias -
Dahlia 'Gallery
Dahlia 'Little Tiger'





Centaurea montana

Group 6(b) - Ball Dahlias - Miniature Ball
Dahlia 'Orange Nugget'
Dahlia 'Stolze
von Berlin


Zantedeschia elliottiana 'Black-eyed Beauty'


Colchicum autumnale
Colchicum autumnale 'Alboplenum'
Colchicum autumnale
Colchicum autumnale

Colchicum autumnale
'Nancy Lindsay'

Colchicum autumnale 'Pleniflorum'
'Autumn Herald'

Colchicum baytopiorum
Colchicum boissieri
Colchicum byzantinum
Colchicum cilicium
Colchicum cilicium
Colchicum cupanii
'Dick Trotter'

Colchicum 'Disraeli'
Colchicum giganteum
Colchicum 'Gracia'
Colchicum graecum
Colchicum 'Harlekijn'
Colchicum 'Jochem Hof'
Colchicum laetum
'Lilac Bedder'
'Lilac Wonder'
Colchicum luteum
Colchicum parlatoris
Colchicum 'Poseidon'
'Rosy Dawn'

Colchicum speciosum
Colchicum speciosum
Colchicum speciosum bornmeulleri
Colchicum speciosum
Colchicum tenorei
'The Giant'

'Violet Queen'
'Water Lily'

'William Dykes'

Group 7 - Pompon
Dahlia 'Golden






Group 8(c) - Cactus Medium-flowered
Dahlia 'Garden
Dahlia 'Nuit d'Ete'
Dahlia 'Orfeo'



Lachenalia aloides -

Lachenalia aloides
aurea -tender

Lachenalia aloides
quadricolor - tender

Lachenalia aloides
pearsonii - tender

Lachenalia aloides
vanzyliae - tender

Lachenalia bulbifera
- tender

Lachenalia contaminata
- tender

Lachenalia elegans
- tender

Lachenalia 'Fransie'
- tender

Lachenalia glaucina var. pallida - tender
Lachenalia juncifolia
- tender

Lachenalia 'Namakwa'
- tender

Lachenalia namaquensis
- tender

Lachenalia 'Nova'
- tender

Lachenalia orthopetala
- tender

Lachenalia pustulata
- tender

Lachenalia 'Robyn'
- tender

Lachenalia 'Rolina'
- tender

Lachenalia 'Romaud'
- tender

Lachenalia 'Romelia'
- tender

Lachenalia 'Ronina'
- tender

Lachenalia 'Rosabeth'
- tender

Lachenalia rosea
- tender

Lachenalia 'Rupert'
- tender

Lachenalia splendida
- tender

Lachenalia unifolia
- tender

Lachenalia viridiflora
- tender

Lachenalia zeyheri
- tender


Group 8(d) - Cactus - Small-flowered
Dahlia 'Playa Blanca'


If all else fails in how to use this educational website, how about reading the instructions in the red text on the
Welcome Page and the entire following page:-

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Group 9(b) - Semi-Cactus Dahlias -
Dahlia 'Colour Spectacle'


Tessellated-flowering Colchicums
Colchicum agrippinum
'Autumn Queen'

Colchicum bivonae
Colchicum bivonae
'Glory of Heemstede'

Colchicum bivonae
Colchicum sfikasianum
Colchicum sibthorpi

Group 9(d) - Semi-Cactus Dahlias -
Dahlia 'Extase'
Dahlia 'Hayley Jane'
Dahlia 'Ludwig

Leucocoryne 'Andes'
Leucocoryne 'Caravelle'



I Asiatic Hybrid Lilies
Lilium 'Apollo'
Lilium 'Cancun'
Lilium 'Citronella'
Lilium 'Claire'
Lilium Cote 'd'Azur'
Lilium 'Fata Morgana'
Lilium 'Gironde'
Lilium 'Gran Paradiso'
Lilium 'Kingdom'
Lilium 'King Pete'
Lilium 'Lennox'
Lilium 'Lollpop'
Lilium 'Montreux'
Lilium 'Orange County'
Lilium 'Prunotto'
Lilium 'Rosella's Dream'


Colchicum crocifolium

Colchicum kesselringii
Colchicum hungaricum albiflorum
Colchicum szovitisii

Colchicum szovitisii
'White Forms'

Group 9(e) - Semi-Cactus Dahlias -
Dahlia 'Autumn Fairy'
Dahlia 'Munchen'



Winter- and Spring-Flowering Colchicums
Colchicum hungaricum

Group 10PE(c) - Miscellaneous Dahlias -
Dahlia 'Bishop of Llandaff'

I Dwarf Asiatic Hybrid
Lilium 'Buff Pixie'
Lilium 'Butter Pixie'
Lilium 'Ceb Crimson'
Lilium 'Inuvik'
Lilium 'Pink Pixie'
Lilium 'Tailor Made'



Crocus banaticus
Crocus asturicus var. atripurpureus
Crocus asumaniae
Crocus boryi
Crocus cambessedesii
Crocus cancellatus
Crocus cancellatus
Crocus cancellatus
cartwrightianus 'Albus'
Crocus goulimyi
Crocus goulimyi 'Albus'
Crocus hadriaticus
Crocus hadriaticus
'Indian Summer'

Crocus kotschyanus kotschyanus
Crocus kotschyanus kotschyanus 'Albus'
Crocus kotschyanus
Crocus laevigatus
Crocus ligusticus
Crocus niveus
Crocus nudiflorus
Crocus ochroleucus
Crocus oreocreticus
Crocus pallasii
ssp. pallasii

Crocus pulchellus
Crocus pulchellus 'Albus'
Crocus pulchellus

Crocus pulchellus 'Michael Hoog'
Crocus pulchellus

Crocus sativus
Crocus serotinus

Crocus serotinus

Crocus serotinus salzmanii 'Erectophyllus'
Crocus speciosus

Crocus speciosus

Crocus speciosus
Crocus speciosus

Crocus speciosus

Crocus speciosus

Crocus speciosus

Crocus speciosus

Crocus veneris


II Martagon Hybrid
Lilium x marhan 'Mrs R.O. Backhouse'






V Longiflorum Hybrid
Lilium formosanum var. pricei 'Snow Queen'



VI Trumpet Hybrid
Lilium 'African Queen'
Lilium 'Golden
Lilium 'Pink Perfection'
Lilium 'Regale'


Ferraria crispa
- tender

VII Oriental Hybrid
Lilium 'Acapulco'
Lilium 'Arena'
Lilium 'Barbaresco'
Lilium 'Bergamo'
Lilium 'Black Beauty'
Lilium 'Casa Blanca'
Lilium 'Cobra'
Lilium 'Con Amore'
Lilium 'Garden Party'
Lilium 'La Reve'
Lilium 'Mona Lisa'
Lilium 'Robert Swanson'
Lilium 'Siberia'
Lilium 'Starfighter'
Lilium 'Star Gazer'
Lilium 'Visa Versa'


Freesia alba
- tender

Freesia andersoniae
- tender
Freesia corymbosa
- tender

Freesia elimensis
- tender

Freesia speciosa 'Athene'
- tender
Freesia speciosa 'Ballerina'
- tender

Freesia speciosa 'Bloemfontein'
- tender

Freesia speciosa 'Chiron'
- tender

Freesia speciosa 'Clazina'
- tender

Freesia speciosa 'Corona'
- tender

Freesia speciosa 'Diana'
- tender

Freesia speciosa 'Epona'
- tender

Freesia speciosa 'Fantasy'
- tender

Freesia speciosa 'Golden Melody'
- tender

Freesia speciosa 'Jessica'
- tender

Freesia speciosa 'Magdalena'
- tender

Fritillaria imperiallis

Fritillaria imperiallis 'Lutea'
Fritillaria imperiallis
'Rubra Maxima'

VIII Miscellaneous
Lilium 'Conca d'Or'
Lilium 'Red Dutch'
Lilium 'Triumphator'


IX Species Lilies
Lilium auratum
Lilium cernuum
Lilium duchartrei
Lilium formosanum
Lilium formosanum

Lilium hansonii
Lilium henryi
Lilium leichtilinii
Lilium martagon
Lilium nepalense
Lilium pardalinum
Lilium superbum
Lilium wallichianum


Unspecified Lilies
Lilium lancifolium

Lilium speciosum


Crocus ancyrensis
'Golden Bunch'

Crocus biflorus
'Miss Vain
Crocus chrysanthus 'Ard Schenk'
Crocus chrysanthus
'Blue Pearl
Crocus chrysanthus
'Cream Beauty
Crocus chrysanthus

Crocus chrysanthus
'E.A. Bowles'

Crocus chrysanthus 'Fusco-tinctus'
Crocus chrysanthus

Crocus chrysanthus 'Prince Claus'
Crocus chrysanthus
'Princess Beatrix'

Crocus chrysanthus

Crocus chrysanthus
Crocus chrysanthus
'Snow Bunting'
Crocus chrysanthus
Crocus chrysanthus 'Zwanenburg Bronze'

Crocus sieberi
atticus 'Firefly'

Crocus sieberi atticus
'Violet Queen
Crocus sieberi 'subsp. sublimis Tricolor'

Crocus tommasinianus 'Barrs Purple'
Crocus tommasinianus 'Ruby Giant'
Crocus tommasinianus 'Whitewell Purple'





Galanthus elwesii

Massonia echinata
Melasphaerula ramosa
Mitella breweri


Gladiolus Bulb European

Gladiolus 'Amsterdam'
Gladiolus 'Atom'
Gladiolus 'Ben Venuto'
Gladiolus callianthus

Gladiolus carneus
Gladiolus 'Carthago'
Gladiolus 'Charming Beauty'
Gladiolus 'Charming Lady'
Gladiolus 'Cherry Berry'
Gladiolus colvillei

Gladiolus 'Cream
of the Crop
Gladiolus 'Deciso'
Gladiolus 'Ed's Conquest'
Gladiolus 'Elvira'
Gladiolus 'Espresso'
Gladiolus 'Eurovision'
Gladiolus 'Evergreen'
Gladiolus 'Flevo Smile'
Gladiolus 'Florence
Gladiolus 'Friendship'
Gladiolus 'Golden
Gladiolus 'Goldfield'
Gladiolus 'Grand
Gladiolus 'Her Majesty'
Gladiolus 'Hotline'
Gladiolus 'Huron Fox'
Gladiolus 'Huron Jewel'
Gladiolus 'Impressive'
Gladiolus 'Jayvee'
Gladiolus 'Jessica'
Gladiolus 'Karen 'P' '
Gladiolus 'Lady Elenore'
Gladiolus 'Little Jude'
Gladiolus 'Marj 'S' '
Gladiolus 'Mirella'
Gladiolus 'Mr Chris'
Gladiolus 'Perth Pearl'
Gladiolus 'Pink
Gladiolus 'Pinnacle'
Gladiolus 'Plaisir'
Gladiolus 'Prins Claus'
Gladiolus 'Raymond
'C' '

Gladiolus 'Rose Elf'
Gladiolus 'Ruth Ann'
Gladiolus 'Slick Chick'
Gladiolus 'Tesoro'
Gladiolus 'Tristis'
Gladiolus 'Whistle



Narcissus - Division 1:
Trumpet Daffodil
'Brabazon' 1Y-Y
'Bravoure' 1W-Y
'Dutch Master' 1Y-Y
'Golden Harvest' 1Y-Y
'Little Beauty' 1W-Y
'Rijnveld's Early
' 1Y-Y
'Small Talk' 1Y-Y
'Spellbinder' 1Y-Y


Narcissus - Division 2:
Large-Cupped Daffodil Cultivars
'Altun Ha' 2YYW-W
'Armada' 2Y-O
'Border Beauty' 2Y-O
'Carlton' 2Y-Y
'Ceylon' 2Y-O
'Glen Clova' 2Y-ORR
'Home Fires'
'Ice Follies' 2W-Y
'Redhill' 2W-OR
'Romance' 2W-PPO
'Rustom Pasha' 2Y-O
'St. Keverne' 2Y-Y


Winter and Spring-Flowering Crocus
Crocus etruscus
Crocus flavus ssp. flavus 'Golden Yellow'




Cyclamen coum

Cyclamen hederifolium

Narcissus - Division 3:
Small-Cupped Daffodil Cultivars
'Badbury Rings' 3Y-YYO
'Merlin' 3W-YYR



Narcissus - Division 4:
Double Daffodil
'Abba' 4W-O
'Replete' 4W-P
'Sir Winston
' 4W-O


Narcissus - Division 5:
Triandrus Daffodil
'Hawera' 5Y-Y



I have a suspicion that any Mail-order Nursery in the world wishes to sell its plants. I have asked the trade for 12 years for use of their photos and succeeded with those detailed in my Copyright Permissions Page.

Currently from May 2017; I am requesting any mail-order nursery to upload their photos to Wikimedia Commons with Public Domain License, which I could then use to show its

  • flower,
  • foliage,
  • form and
  • seed/fruit

as I would believe that the respective photo was of the relevant plant named in its description, since that photo is from the grower of that plant.

This educational only website intends to describe and include photos for any cultivated plant or native wildlower plant, which is either grown and/or sold in the UK, with links to mail-order nursery in

who will sell the plant, plug or seed/bulb to the public either only in their country or other countries as well.


Narcissus - Division 6:
Cyclamineus Daffodil
'Beryl' 6Y-YYO
'February Gold' 6Y-Y
'Garden Princess' 6Y-Y
'Jack Snipe' 6W-Y
'Jetfire' 6Y-O
'Peeping Tom' 6Y-Y
'Spring Dawn' 6Y-Y



Narcissus - Division 7:
Jonquilla and Apodanthus Daffodil Cultivars
'Baby Moon' 7Y-Y Min
'Bell Song' 7W-P
'Golden Dawn' 7Y-O
'Kokopelli' 7Y-Y
'Pipit' 7Y-Y
'Quail' 7Y-Y



Narcissus - Division 8:
Tazetta Daffodil
'Falconet' 8Y-O
'Geranium' 8W-O
'Minnow' 8Y-Y
papyraceus 8W-W



Narcissus - Division 9:
Poeticus Daffodil



Narcissus - Division 10:
Bulbocodium Daffodil
"Golden Bells" 10Y-Y
subsp. obesus 10Y-Y
pseudonarcissus 10W-Y





Narcissus - Division 11:
Split-Corona Daffodil Cultivars
a) Collar Daffodils
'Cassata' 11aW-Y





Narcissus - Division 12:
Other Daffodil Cultivars





Narcissus - Division 13:
Daffodils distinguished solely by Botanical Name
asturiensis 13Y-Y
bulbocodium 13Y-Y
cyclamineus 13Y-Y
obvallaris 13Y-Y
poeticus var




The following details come from Cactus Art:-

"A flower is the the complex sexual reproductive structure of Angiosperms, typically consisting of an axis bearing perianth parts, androecium (male) and gynoecium (female).    

Bisexual flower show four distinctive parts arranged in rings inside each other which are technically modified leaves: Sepal, petal, stamen & pistil. This flower is referred to as complete (with all four parts) and perfect (with "male" stamens and "female" pistil). The ovary ripens into a fruit and the ovules inside develop into seeds.

Incomplete flowers are lacking one or more of the four main parts. Imperfect (unisexual) flowers contain a pistil or stamens, but not both. The colourful parts of a flower and its scent attract pollinators and guide them to the nectary, usually at the base of the flower tube.



Androecium (male Parts or stamens)
It is made up of the filament and anther, it is the pollen producing part of the plant.
Anther This is the part of the stamen that produces and contains pollen. 
Filament This is the fine hair-like stalk that the anther sits on top of.
Pollen This is the dust-like male reproductive cell of flowering plants.

Gynoecium (female Parts or carpels or pistil)
 It is made up of the stigma, style, and ovary. Each pistil is constructed of one to many rolled leaflike structures.
This is the part of the pistil  which receives the pollen grains and on which they germinate. 
This is the long stalk that the stigma sits on top of ovary. 
The part of the plant that contains the ovules. 
The part of the ovary that becomes the seeds. 

The colorful, often bright part of the flower (corolla). 
The parts that look like little green leaves that cover the outside of a flower bud (calix). 
(Undifferentiated "Perianth segment" that are not clearly differentiated into sepals and petals, take the names of tepals.)"




The following details come from Nectary Genomics:-

"NECTAR. Many flowering plants attract potential pollinators by offering a reward of floral nectar. The primary solutes found in most nectars are varying ratios of sucrose, glucose and fructose, which can range from as little a 8% (w/w) in some species to as high as 80% in others. This abundance of simple sugars has resulted in the general perception that nectar consists of little more than sugar-water; however, numerous studies indicate that it is actually a complex mixture of components. Additional compounds found in a variety of nectars include other sugars, all 20 standard amino acids, phenolics, alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenes, vitamins, organic acids, oils, free fatty acids, metal ions and proteins.

NECTARIES. An organ known as the floral nectary is responsible for producing the complex mixture of compounds found in nectar. Nectaries can occur in different areas of flowers, and often take on diverse forms in different species, even to the point of being used for taxonomic purposes. Nectaries undergo remarkable morphological and metabolic changes during the course of floral development. For example, it is known that pre-secretory nectaries in a number of species accumulate large amounts of starch, which is followed by a rapid degradation of amyloplast granules just prior to anthesis and nectar secretion. These sugars presumably serve as a source of nectar carbohydrate.

WHY STUDY NECTAR? Nearly one-third of all worldwide crops are dependent on animals to achieve efficient pollination. In addition, U.S. pollinator-dependent crops have been estimated to have an annual value of up to $15 billion. Many crop species are largely self-incompatible (not self-fertile) and almost entirely on animal pollinators to achieve full fecundity; poor pollinator visitation has been reported to reduce yields of certain species by up to 50%."


Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©June 2017.
Bulb Form, Bulb Use and Bulb Soil Comparison Pages added in March 2018 and contents added thereafter.
Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  


There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-





Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines Page for those photo galleries with Photos
(of either ones I have taken myself or others which have been loaned only for use on this website from external sources)


Choose 1 of these different Plant selection Methods:-

1. Choose a plant from 1 of 53 flower colours in the Colour Wheel Gallery.

2. Choose a plant from 1 of 12 flower colours in each month of the year from 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery.

3. Choose a plant from 1 of 6 flower colours per month for each type of plant:-
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Herbaceous Perennial
Odds and Sods
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Wild Flower

4. Choose a plant from its Flower Shape:-
Shape, Form

Flower Shape

5. Choose a plant from its foliage:-

6. There are 6 Plant Selection Levels including Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers in
Plants Topic.


7. When I do not have my own or ones from mail-order nursery photos , then from March 2016, if you want to start from the uppermost design levels through to your choice of cultivated and wildflower plants to change your Plant Selection Process then use the following galleries:-

  • Create and input all plants known by Amateur Gardening inserted into their Sanders' Encyclopaedia from their edition published in 1960 (originally published by them in 1895) into these
    • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery,
    • Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery being the only gallery from these 7 with photos (from Wikimedia Commons) ,
    • Stage 3 - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2
    • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery,
    • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery with
    • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery and
    • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery
    • Unfortunately, if you want to have 100's of choices on selection of plants from 1000's of 1200 pixels wide by up to 16,300 pixels in length webpages, which you can jump to from almost any of the pages in these 7 galleries above, you have to put up with those links to those choices being on
      • the left topic menu table,
      • the header of the middle data table and on
      • the page/index menu table on the right of every page of those galleries.


I like reading and that is shown by the index in my Library, where I provide lists of books to take you between designing, maintaining or building a garden and the hierarchy of books on plants taking you from


Colour Wheel of All Flowers



















Primary Colours:-

Secondary Colours:-

Tertiary Colours:-
Red Orange.
Yellow Orange.
Yellow Green.
Blue Green.
Blue Violet.
Red Violet.


Bee-pollinated plants in Colour Wheel of 12 Flower Colours Per Month


Inner circle of Grey is 12 months of Unusual or Multi-Coloured Flower Colour


Rock Garden (Alpines) suitable for Small Gardens in 53 Colours




Functional combinations in the border from the International Flower Bulb Centre in Holland:-

"Here is a list of the perennials shown by research to be the best plants to accompany various flower bulbs. The flower bulbs were tested over a period of years in several perennial borders that had been established for at least three years.

In combination with hyacinths:

In combination with tulips:

In combination with narcissi:

For narcissi, the choice was difficult to make. The list contains only some of the perennials that are very suitable for combining with narcissi. In other words, narcissi can easily compete with perennials.

In combination with specialty bulbs:


White Flower Farm's list of Deer-and-Rodent-Resistant Bulbs.

item1b item1b item2 item2 item33 item33 item30 item30 item31 item31 item32 item32 item36a1a item36a1a item1 item1 item1b2a1 item1b2a1 item38a1a item38a1a item37a1a item37a1a item34a1a item34a1a item35a1a item35a1a item40a item40a item45a item45a item43a1 item43a1 item44a item44a item46 item46 item47 item47 item1c item1c item1d item1d item3 item3 item32a item32a item31a item31a item49a item49a item50a item50a item52a item52a item51a item51a item11a1 item11a1 item3b item3b item1g item1g item1e1 item1e1 item1f1 item1f1 item2t item2t item53a1a1a1a1a1a1a item52a1a1a1a1a1a1a1 item51a1a1a1a1a1a1a item48a1a1a1a1a1a1a item47a1a1a1a1a1a1a item44a1a1a1a1a1a1a item43a1a1a1a1a1a1a item40a1a1a1a1a1a1a item39a1a1a1a1a1a1a item38a1a1a1a1a1a1a item33a1a1a1a1a1a1a item32a1a1a1a1a1a1a item31a1a1a1a1a1a1a item27a1a1a1a1a1a1a item24a1a1a1a1a1a1a item23a1a1a1a1a1a1a item16a1a1a1a1a1a1a item15a1a1a1a1a1a1a item13a1a1a1a1a1a1a item12a1a1a1a1a1a1a item10a1a1a1a1a1a1a item9a1a1a1a1a1a1a item8a1a1a1a1a1a1a item7a1a1a1a1a1a1a item5b1a1a1a1a1a1a item4a1a1a1a1a1a1a item3a1a1a1a1a1a1a item2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1 item53a1a1a1a1a1a1a item52a1a1a1a1a1a1a1 item51a1a1a1a1a1a1a item48a1a1a1a1a1a1a item47a1a1a1a1a1a1a item44a1a1a1a1a1a1a item43a1a1a1a1a1a1a item40a1a1a1a1a1a1a item39a1a1a1a1a1a1a item38a1a1a1a1a1a1a item33a1a1a1a1a1a1a item32a1a1a1a1a1a1a item31a1a1a1a1a1a1a item27a1a1a1a1a1a1a item24a1a1a1a1a1a1a item23a1a1a1a1a1a1a item16a1a1a1a1a1a1a item15a1a1a1a1a1a1a item13a1a1a1a1a1a1a item12a1a1a1a1a1a1a item10a1a1a1a1a1a1a item9a1a1a1a1a1a1a item8a1a1a1a1a1a1a item7a1a1a1a1a1a1a item5b1a1a1a1a1a1a item4a1a1a1a1a1a1a item3a1a1a1a1a1a1a item2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1 item2a1a1a item54a1a1a1a item53a1a1a1a item52b1a1a1a item51a1a1a1a item50a1a1a1a item49a1a1a1a item48a1a1a1a item47a1a1a1a item46a1a1a1a item45a1a1a1a item44a1a1a1a item43a1a1a1a item42a1a1a1a item41a1a1a1a item40a1a1a1a item39a1a1a1a item37a1a1a1a item36a1a1a1a item35a1a1a1a item34a1a1a1a item33a1a1a1a item32a1a1a1a item31a1a1a1a item29a1a1a1a item28a1a1a1a item27a1a1a1a item26a1a1a1a item25a1a1a1a item24a1a1a1a item23a1a1a1a item22a1a1a1a item20a1a1a1a item19a1a1a1a item18a1a1a1a item17a1a1a1a item16a1a1a1a item15a1a1a1a item14a1a1a1a item11a1a1a1a item10a1a1a1a item9a1a1a1a item8a1a1a1a item7a1a1a1a item4a1a1a1a item3a1a1a1a item2a1a1b1a item54a1a1a1a item53a1a1a1a item52b1a1a1a item51a1a1a1a item50a1a1a1a item49a1a1a1a item48a1a1a1a item47a1a1a1a item46a1a1a1a item45a1a1a1a item44a1a1a1a item43a1a1a1a item42a1a1a1a item41a1a1a1a item40a1a1a1a item39a1a1a1a item37a1a1a1a item36a1a1a1a item35a1a1a1a item34a1a1a1a item33a1a1a1a item32a1a1a1a item31a1a1a1a item29a1a1a1a item28a1a1a1a item27a1a1a1a item26a1a1a1a item25a1a1a1a item24a1a1a1a item23a1a1a1a item22a1a1a1a item20a1a1a1a item19a1a1a1a item18a1a1a1a item17a1a1a1a item16a1a1a1a item15a1a1a1a item14a1a1a1a item11a1a1a1a item10a1a1a1a item9a1a1a1a item8a1a1a1a item7a1a1a1a item4a1a1a1a item3a1a1a1a item2a1a1b1a item32b1a1a item29b1a1a item27b1a1a item25b1a1a item23b1a1a item22b1a1a item21b1a1a item51a1b1a1a item43a1b1a1a item39a1b1a1a item14a1b1a1a item12a1b1a1a item11a1b1a1a item9a1b1a1a item7a1b1a1a item3a1b1a1a item2a1b1a1a item32b1a1a item29b1a1a item27b1a1a item25b1a1a item23b1a1a item22b1a1a item21b1a1a item51a1b1a1a item43a1b1a1a item39a1b1a1a item14a1b1a1a item12a1b1a1a item11a1b1a1a item9a1b1a1a item7a1b1a1a item3a1b1a1a item2a1b1a1a item53a1a2a1a item52a1a2a1 item51a1a2a1a item45a1a2a1a item37a1a2a1a item36a1a2a1a item35a1a2a1a item34a1a2a1a item32a1a2a1a item31a1a2a1a item29a1a2a1a item28a1a2a1a item27a1a2a1a item25a1a2a1a item24a1a2a1a item23a1a2a1a item22a1a2a1a item18a1a2a1a item14a1a2a1a item11a1a2a1a item8a1a2a1a item7a1a2a1a item4a1a2a1a item3a1a2a1a item2a2a1a1 item53a1a2a1a item52a1a2a1 item51a1a2a1a item45a1a2a1a item37a1a2a1a item36a1a2a1a item35a1a2a1a item34a1a2a1a item32a1a2a1a item31a1a2a1a item29a1a2a1a item28a1a2a1a item27a1a2a1a item25a1a2a1a item24a1a2a1a item23a1a2a1a item22a1a2a1a item18a1a2a1a item14a1a2a1a item11a1a2a1a item8a1a2a1a item7a1a2a1a item4a1a2a1a item3a1a2a1a item2a2a1a1