CHALK, SAND. Tulipa 'Stresa'



















In horticulture, tulips are divided up into fifteen groups (Divisions) mostly based on flower morphology and plant size:-

  • Division 12: Kaufmanniana - these have waterlily-like flowers, which open out flat to 6cm (2.5 inches) wide; are usually bi-coloured and the leaves of some are striped or mottled with reddish- or brownish- purple. Plants grow to 10-25cm (4-10 inches) tall and bloom early.


Kaumanniana are certainly among the most attractive and brilliant tulips introduced in recent years. While not so large as the Double Late group, they are distinguished by the pointed petals, often short stems and very early flowering, often even towards the end of March. Many have strongly mottled or striped leaves, which have arisen from crosses with Tulipa greigii. Mixtures of these tulips are sold under a variety of names such as Peacock tulips, Colour Parade or Rainbow Mixture. The named varieties are now very numerous and are nearly all striking in early spring in the rock garden or part of the border. The majority do not exceed 12 inches (30 cms) in height and are often less when they first open. A long series have been named after musicians.


Flower colour and details from Collins Guide to Bulbs by Patrick M. Synge. Published in 1961 and Reprinted in 1973. ISBN 0 00 214016-0


See photos of Kaufmanniana cultivars from The Tulip Gallery.

'Alfred Cortot'

Deep scarlet with black base. Leaf mottled.


" 'Alfred Cortot' is a small, bulbous perennial with mottled, lance-shaped, grey-green leaves and in early-spring, single, bowl-shaped, bright red, fragrant flowers with a black base and deep scarlet interior.
It is clump-forming and erect.
8 x 6 (20x15 cms) in height.
Use on banks and slopes, within and edging beds, in containers and cottage garden as well as a Cut Flower." from Shoot.

'Cesar Franck'

Carmine-edged with yellow outside, deep yellow inside. Early flowering.

"There are almost.70 tulips registered in the Kaufmanniana Tulips Division and more are being introduced as they are being developed." from Elegant Tulip Bulbs.

Available from Gartenstauden in Germany.

'Fritz Kreisler'

Deep pink with a deeper yellow base and carmine-red blotches, outside flushed mauve with a yellow edge.

"Soft salmon-pink with creamy edges, deeper pink inside with a red-ringed yellow base.
Requires Full Sun and is 12 inches (30 cms) in height." from McClure & Zimmerman


Sulphur-yellow with deeper yellow base, outside banded carmine-red.

"Plant in Full Sun or Part Shade at 5 inches depth (12 cm) and 4-5 inches (10-12 cms) apart.
Leave in ground all year.
Height 8-10 inches (20-25 cms).
Flowers in Mar-Apr." from Gardenseedsmarket - Seeds are sent by Post Office by priority mail. Garden Seeds Market welcomes orders from all over the world. The delivery cost for seeds-only shipments is only $2.7, irrespective of the country to which the order is sent. Your items are dispatched immediately after your payment is received, the latest on the next working day following the day of payment receipt.
Delivery takes from 3 to 5 working days for Europe and 4 to 9 working days for other continents.

"A stunning Dwarf Tulip. This tulip bears solitary, carmine-red flushed, sulphur-yellow flowers on sturdy upright stems which have several mottled leaves. The tulip has been the favored spring bulb for centuries.
Incorporate organic matter into the soil to improve both clay and sandy soils making them much more suitable for tulips. Apply Growmore or chicken manure pellets (70g per sq m or 2oz per sq yd) before planting to help nutrient-poor soils.
Free-draining soil is important as bulbs are susceptible to rotting." from Blackmoor - Blackmoor is one of very few Nurseries in the UK offering gardeners the opportunity to buy fruit plants direct from our Nursery. Blackmoor Orchards still grows apples, pears, plums and cherries for many of the high street multiple retail outlets on 250 acres of orchards.

'Heart's Delight'

Carmine-red with paler edge, inside white flushed rose and with yellow base, tall.

"Companionable possibilities may be found among the smaller bulb varieties of alliums, any that will send up a bit of tallish thin grass to get started early in the year (when the Kaufmannianas are active) but not be ready to bloom until the tulip's leaves are yellowing & its time to cut those back, resulting in less conflict.
We tried permitting a large drift of Muscari latifolium intrude into the Kaufmanniana patch, not too many because of the fear the muscaris would be too small to compete with the larger tulip leaves, but they did right fine. Their very few smaller leaves were able to reach upward just enough to get their share of sunlight. Well before the Kaufmannianas were finished blooming, there were poking up here & there amidst the red & white tulips with sparkling blue heads of the bicolor muscaris.
The bright blue blooms of this muscari are maturing immediately after the kaufmannianas are going full guns. The water-lily tulips are already showing off very early in March, & the bicolor grape hyacinth catches up with it by mid-month, its flowers being before then unobtrusively eency.
When the muscaris do catch up to the tulips, they make a charming mix, blooming together the rest of March. The water-lily tulips are done by April, but muscari's persist through the month, keeping color in the location. Further, since we planted eighteen 'Heart's Delight' bulbs in front of a taller lily-flowering T. retroflexa 'Ballerina,' when the water-lily tulips are finished, the lily-flowering tulips take over.
Some varieties of Kaufmanniana or Waterlily Tulips can be a bit floppy, but 'Heart's Delight' is well sustained by its own large leaves. Having a second bulb's leaves in & amidst the Waterlily Tulips adds to the thickness of the patch so that blooms are decreasingly apt to flop.
Kaufmannianas are called "waterlily type" because when fully opened on a very sunny day, they are flat & starshaped, reminiscent of waterlilies. They do not, of course, live in water, nor even require much watering, liking moist well-drained soil when active, & rather dry soil when dormant." from Paghat.


Salmon flushed and blended with scarlet, base yellow, a flower of subtle and unusual colouring.

"It is a small, bulbous perennial with lance-shaped, grey-green leaves and in early-spring, single, bowl-shaped, bright red flower edged in yellow, with a salmon and scarlet interior and a golden yellow base. Fragrant.
Clump-forming and erect. It will reach a height of 0.15m and a spread of 0.15m (6 inches)after 1-2 years.
Use on banks and slopes, in containers and cottage garden, as an edging and cut flower.
Grow in a sheltered spot in fertile, well-drained soil. Plant bulbs 10 to 15cm deep in late summer or autumn. Protect from strong winds and excessive wet." from Shoot Gardening.

'Stresa' 12M12MC

Outside deep golden-yellow with orange-red vertical band on outer petals, inside deep yellow with red markings at the base. One of the tallest in this group and a very striking flower.



"Stresa is one of the true classics of the tulip world. It was one of the earliest hybrids from the mostly crocus-sized 'wild tulips,' and one that had two important rare characteristics: It was naturally a bi-color, and the flowers were large. The hybridizers quickly 'improved' it a bit, giving us a beauty that is still one of the most popular 'rockgarden' tulips in the world. Stems are only 10 to 12', but the blooms are large and retain their long, elegant shape and beautiful coloring. Best of all, Stresa, like other species or near-species tulips is dependably perennial. In many areas, it actually spreads. Grow in Containers and as star-shaped Cut Flowers in mid season of April. Chalk or Sand dry soil.
Plant in Full Sun or Part Shade 5 inches (12.5 cms) deep with 9 bulbs per square foot = 12 x 12 (30 x 30cms)." from American Meadows - Several flower bulbs are part of the onion family, and because of this I like to use Onions as a representation of how important bulb size is. Which of the onions on your shelf go bad first? The smallest ones! Larger onions are more resilient, taking longer to dry out/rot and can withstand swings in temperature better. Flower bulbs are the same. Larger bulbs will withstand disease, draught, large amounts of moisture, and colder temperatures significantly better than the smaller ones. Here at American Meadows we are committed to providing you with the highest quality bulbs. This means we do everything we can to source the largest bulbs possible. Other things to be aware of when it comes to bulb quality is making sure they are firm and without signs of external damage or cracking. Do your best to avoid bulbs that are already growing and have shoots or freshly grown roots. This is difficult when purchasing online, but if you are ordering through a reputable company, they should be checking for these things regularly.

Next time you are looking to buy bulbs, think about how much time you put into planning and planting your garden and then anxiously waiting for your flowers to grow and bloom. Don’t be disappointed after all that effort by planting sub-par bulbs. Buy the largest, firmest, disease free bulbs you can afford, and you will have the best possible results.



The Tulip 'Stresa', 'Tulipa Kaufmanniana', produces yellow and red flowers. The plant is native to Turkestan and is one of earliest to flower. The flowers are on short stems and open fully in sunlight.
By David Wright, via Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository.

'The First'

Ivory-white with yellow base and some red flushing on outside. Very early flowering and close to original species.

"When the flowers are fully open they resemble waterlilies. This variety is the first to flower of all the tulips we grow. In bud it has white edged carmine petals and the opens to ivory white with a yellow throat." from Lambley Nurseries in Australia - Wild tulips don’t need to be lifted each year. I plant them in 15 cm deep in well drained soil with a handful of lime added to each square metre. If your soil isn’t acid like mine obviously you don’t need to add lime.
During summer low growing perennials or winter dormant perennials cover the soil where the tulips are planted. I grow some of the smaller or rarer species in my scree bed which is mulched with about 2 cm of small blue metal aggregate. All the species listed here can be left in the same spot in the garden for many years. Most will increase well.
These tulips are not for coastal New South Wales or subtropical Queensland but most will be happy in inland gardens and some could do well planted in gardens close to the coast. Planted in deep pots they are a joy. Pot up during March, feed well and keep the soil well watered through the winter and spring. When the top begins to die down put the pot of tulips in a shed and keep dry until the following March and repot into fresh soil.

Lambley has a Vegetable and flower cutting garden as well as the ornamental gardens. Do not forget to buy the Vegetable Gardening DVD. and Dry Climate Gardening DVDs.










Originally established in Wakefield Yorkshire England in 1836 by local tulip fanciers and enthusiasts, we now have supporters and members from many parts of the UK, and several countries around the world.

We are an old florist's society dedicated to growing and showing tulips, but particularly the English Florists' Tulip. Many of the tulip varieties that we grow date back to the 1800's, and we maintain the traditional strict standards of Form, Purity and Colour set down by the early florists.

The English Florists' Tulip is distinguished by flamed and feathered markings caused by Tulip Breaking Virus, highly valued during Tulipomania.

English Florists' Tulips had their peak of popularity in the early Nineteenth Century, with many florist's societies growing the tulip and other florist's flowers like the ranunculus, carnation, anemone and the auricula, when standards of what represented a good flower were first laid down.

Since then the number of tulip societies has declined, and when the Royal National Tulip Society closed in 1936, our society held the last remaining tulip shows in Britain.

The English Florists' Tulip has to conform to certain strict standards, particularly in having a shape like half a hollow ball, and having a base colour cleanly white or yellow, on top of which the darker colour is overlaid. The attractive markings on some of the flowers exhibited arise from infection with tulip breaking virus of the bulb from which the flower grows. The markings have been known about since the days of Tulipomania in the Seventeenth Century, when livelihoods were gambled on the values of individual bulbs. During the 1930's, Tulip Breaking Virus was discovered to be the cause. The flowers do not seem to suffer from infection: one of the oldest cultivars known to us is Habit de Noce (Wedding Coat), dating from the 1790's, and still grown by Society members today.

Breeder, flamed, feathered forms
Each variety can exist in three different forms:-

  • Breeder Tulips are flowers unaffected by virus in which the base colour, either white or yellow, forms a base to petals of a solid colour.
  • Flamed Tulips have been affected by virus so that the petal colour intensifies into a central bar up the petal and flame-like markings around the edge of the petals. A flower will be marked down if there are "skips" where the colour has missed, or if the markings are too heavy.
  • Feathered Tulips are less heavily marked and have no central bar, the edge being finely feathered with the body colour.

" from Wakefield & North of England Tulip Society.


"When planting tulips, it is nice to place them close to one another to avoid having them standing by themselves in the Spring. This is one flower that always looks better in groups. You can place bulbs as close as six inches away from each other in the ground, and for long rows of tulips, sometimes it is nice to dig a trench to plant them in. Tulips require ground that does not retain much water, because with prolonged exposure to water in the ground they tend to rot. You can test the ground by pouring water in a hole and checking to make sure it drains away in a reasonable amount of time.

When tulips begin to die in the summer, its important to leave them until they have all become brown. This ripens the soil for the next year, and also allows the tulips to live to their full life span. Be sure to rake away the browned and dead parts of tulips in June or July, however." from Growing Tulips


Ivydene Gardens Tulip Bulb Gallery:

Classification Division 12 - Kaufmanniana Hybrids and Varieties

Bulb Height from Text Border

Brown =
(0-10 cms)

Blue =
(10-20 cms)

Green = 8-12 inches (20-30 cms)

Magenta = 12-16 inches (30-40 cms)

Red = 16-20 inches (40-50 cms)

Black = 20-24 inches (50-60 cms)

Orange =
(60+ cms)

Bulb Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

Click on thumbnail to change to the Tulip Description Page of the Tulip named in the Text box below that photo.
The Comments Row of that Tulip Description Page details where that Tulip is available from.

Site Map of pages with content (o)



.Other Colours

Other Colour


(o)1 Single Early
(o)2 Double Early
(o)3 Triumph
(o)4 Darwin Tulips and Darwin Hybrids
(o)5 Single Late
(o)6 Lily-flowered
7 Fringed
8 Viridiflora
9 Rembrandt
10 Parrot
11 Double Late
12 Kaufmanniana
13 Fosteriana
14 Greigii
(o)15 Species
16 Multiflowering
17 Breeder
18 Flamed
19 Feathered

Seed Colour

(o) Garden

(o)Early Season/ March
(o)Mid Season/ April
(o)Late Season/ May






Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines









7 Flower Colours per Month in Colour Wheel below in BULB, CORM, RHIZOME and TUBER GALLERY.

Click on Black or White box in Colour of Month.


Tulip - a plant with a large, brightly coloured, bell-shaped flower on a stem that grows from a bulb, or the flower itself.


Besides the above Bulb Flower Colour Comparison Pages, you also have the following Comparison Pages:-
...Bulb Flower Shape -
7 pages of Number of Petals ...... 5 petals,
23 pages of Flower Shape ......... Stars and
7 pages of Natural Arrangements Drumstick

...Bulb Form
7 pages of Bulb Form ...Clump-forming
...Bulb Use
33 pages of Bulb Use ...Mass Planting,
Grow in Patio Pot and
Use in Coastal Conditions
...Bulb Preferred Soil

5 pages of Soil preferred by Bulb ...Chalk

BULB, CORM, RHIZOME AND TUBER INDEX - There are over 700 bulbs in the bulb galleries. The respective flower thumbnail, months of flowering, height and width, foliage thumbnail, form thumbnail use and comments are in the relevant index page below:-
(o): A
(o): B
(o): C
(o): D
(o): E
(o): F
(o): G
(o): H
(o): I
....: J
....: K
(o): L
(o): M
(o): N
(o): O
(o): P
....: Q
....: R
(o): S
(o): T
....: U
(o): V
....: W
(o): XYZ








A tulip classification code can be created as follows:-

Division Number, Flowering Season, Height in inches and Main Flower Colour.

So Tulipa 'Apeldoorn' 4L24R is:-

  • Division 4
  • Late Season Flowering
  • 24 inches high and
  • Red is Main Colour

Elegant Tulip Bulbs has lists of tulips in the following colours:-

  • Cream - C
  • Green - G
  • Orange - O
  • Multi-colour - MC
  • Pink - PI
  • Purple - PU
  • Red - R
  • Salmon - S
  • Violet - V
  • White - W
  • Yellow - Y
  • Other Colours - apricot, black, bronze, brown, blue, maroon, vermilion - OC

See Introduction Page for details on Tulipa Divisions

Bulb, Corm, Rhizome or Tuber Name

Flower Colour with
Flower Thumbnail

What colors do Tulips come in?


Form Thumbnail

Height x Width in inches (cms) -
1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot,
36 inches = 3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour with Foliage Thumbnail

Bulb Use


Tulipa Division 1: Single Early

'Brilliant Star',
'Couleur Cardinal',
'General De Wet'
(Emperor's Crown)

'Couleur Cardinal' 1M24R







Tulipa Division 2: Double Early

'Murillo Maxima',
'Orange Nassau'
'Peach Blossom'







Tulipa Division 3: Triumph

'Garden Party',







Tulipa Division 4: Darwin Tulips

'Sweet Harmony',
'Clara Butt',
'Queen of Bartignons',
'Paul Richter',
'Bleu Aimable' and
'Queen of Night'

'Bleu Aimable' 4M22PU


'Queen of Night' 4L24PU






Tulipa Division 4: Darwin Hybrids
The Darwin Hybrids have become the most important tulip class for garden and landscape use in the United States.

Tulipa 'Apeldoorn' 4L24R




After flowering dead-head and apply a balanced liquid fertiliser each week for the first month. Once the foliage has died down naturally lift the bulbs and store in a cool greenhouse.

24 x 6
(60 x 15)



Darwin Group Hybrid tulip suitable for bedding, naturalizing, pots and good for cut flowers.

Upright, Stemless Form. This can be planted with wall flowers (Erysimum cheiri or Cheiranthus) and Anemone to give a long flowering and beautiful spring display unsurpassed in colour and scent.

'Beauty of Apeldoorn',
'Big Chief',
'Holland's Glory',
'Jewel of Spring',
'Red Matador'

'Beauty of Apeldoorn' 4L24MC


'Jewel of Spring' 4M20Y






Tulipa Division 5: Single Late

'Blushing Bride',
'Elsie Eloff',







Tulipa Division 6: Lily-flowered

'China Pink',
'Queen of Sheba',
'Red Shine',
'West Point'
'White Triumpator'

'White Triumph-ator' 6L26W







Tulipa Division 7: Fringed (Crispa)

'Burgundy Lace',
'Cool Crystal',
'Fringed Elegance',
'Sensual Touch'
'Sunset Miami'

'Daytona' 7L20W







Tulipa Division 8: Viridiflora

'China Town',
'Flaming Spring Green',
'Golden Artist,
'Green Star',
'Night Rider',
'Spring Green'

'Flaming Spring Green' 8L20MC


'Spring Green' 8L20MC


'Virichic' 8L18MC





Tulipa Division 9: Rembrandt

'Cordell Hull'







Tulipa Division 10: Parrot

'Black Parrot',
'Blue Parrot

'Black Parrot' 10L20MC


'Blue Parrot' 10M12MC






Tulipa Division 11: Double Late or Peony-flowered

'Gerbrand Kieft'
'Mount Tacoma'

'Angelique' 11L14MC







Tulipa Division 12: Kaufmanniana

'Alfred Cortot',
'Cesar Franck',
'Fritz Kreisler',
'Heart's Delight',
'The First'

'Stresa' 12M12MC







Tulipa Division 13: Fosteriana (Emperor)

'Golden Eagle',
'Madame Lefeber',
'Albert Heijn',
'Apricot Emperor',
'Exotic Emperor',
'Flaming Purissima',
'Orange Emperor',
'Red Emperor',
'Sweet Sixteen',
'White Emperor' and
'Yellow Purissima'

'Purissima' 13E16W


'Yellow Purissima' 13E16Y






Tulipa Division 14: Greigii

Margaret Herbst',
'Oriental Splendour'
'Red Riding Hood'







Tulipa Division 15: Species (Botanical)
Wild or species tulips are perennials. Under optimal conditions, they will come back year after year and usually increase in numbers. They are less vulnerable to stormy spring weather, and their generally short stems don't bend in strong winds.Their flowers usually remain closed through the morning or on cloudy days, showing only the outside color of the petals. When warmed by the sun, they open to reveal another petal color on the inside. It's like having two different flowers in the same space at once.

Tulipa batalinii 15M15Y

Pale Yellow


April, May


15 x 6
(37.5 x 15)

Grey-green with wavy red margins


Grow in rock garden and keep dry in the summer dormancy.

Upright and Stemless Forms with star-shaped flowers.
Tulipa batalinii is a native of Soviet Central Asia where it grows on stony hillsides.

Tulipa tarda 15M6MC

White with Yellow


April, May


6 x 6
(15 x 15)

Shiny bright green


Grow in rock garden and keep dry in the summer.

Stemless Form.
This little gem is a dwarf, clump-forming species, bearing star-shaped, deep orange flowers with the petals tipped with cream and marked on the back red and green.

Tulipa turkestanica 15E12W



March, April


12 x 6
(30 x 15)



Suitable for a rock garden. Keep dry in summer dormancy.

Upright and Stemless Forms with star-shaped flowers.

Readily self-seeds and naturalizes an area.

Tulipa urumiensis 15M6Y



April, May


6 x 6
(15 x 15)

Glaucous Mid-Green


Tulip suitable for a rock garden. Keep dry in summer dormancy.
Good for the front of borders. Good in pots mixed with grape hyacinths.

Upright and Stemless Forms, slightly fragrant, star-shaped flowers.
Needs well drained, preferably neutral to alkaline soil in sun.
It likes best prairie conditions of damp springs & dry summers.

It certainly can naturalize if given an ideal location in full sun and not too damp during dormancy. If conditions don't quite permit it to naturalize, it will at least perennialize, returning each spring for many years.

Tulipa violacea 15E10MC



March, April


10 x 6
(25 x 15)

Glaucous Grey-Green


Suitable for a rock garden. Keep dry in summer dormancy. Excellent for potsand look ideal mixed with other mid-spring delicate bulbs such as anemones and the smaller fritillaries in a border.

Tulips make supreme cut flowers. Strip the bottom leaves, tie the stems in paper and soak for 8 hours. This helps keep the stems straight.

Upright and Stemless Form with goblet-shaped flowers.

acuminata ,
many others as detailed in
The Tulip by Anna Pavord. Published 1999 by Bloomsbury Publishing Plc. ISBN
0 7475 4296 1







Tulipa Division 16: Multiflowering

'Candy Club'
'Happy Family'







English Florist Tulipa Division 17: Breeder

"Flames and Feathers

Wakefield and North of England Tulip Society  April 2012

Paperback 128pp  16.5 x 22.5 cm

Colour photographs

A new publication produced by the Wakefield and North of England Tulip Society. This is a comprehensive guide for all those interested in growing and showing English Florist's Tulips and is a significant update on the society's previous publications. The book includes many new colour photographs to aid identification and also has sections on the history of the society, science and art. An attractive new feature is the timeline that runs through the whole book outlining notable people and events in the society's history."

Publication by Wakefield and North of England Tulip Society -
The Wakefield and North of England Tulip Society is along established floral society with a tradition of growing English Florists' Tulips or Old English Tulips.
An Old Tulip Tradition
Today only one society remains specialising in tulips, the Wakefield and North of England Tulip Society dating from 1836, and is one of the oldest florist's societies.

Shows & Events
The Annual Show is held in the Wakefield Area each year, and open to the public. As well as the classes for English Florists' Tulips, there is a section for Dutch Tulips.


English Florist Tulipa Division 18: Flamed








English Florist Tulipa Division 19: Feathered









"In horticulture, tulips are divided up into fifteen groups (Divisions) mostly based on flower morphology and plant size:-

  • Division 1: Single early – with cup-shaped single flowers, no larger than 8 cm across (3 inches). They bloom early to mid season. Growing 15 to 45 cm (6-18 inches) tall.
  • Division 2: Double early – with fully double flowers, bowl shaped to 8 cm across. Plants typically grow from 30–40 cm (12-16inches) tall. They bloom in mid season.
  • Division 3: Triumph – single, cup shaped flowers up to 6 cm wide. Plants grow 35–60 cm (14-24 inches) tall and bloom mid to late season. Originally the result of hybridization between cultivars of the Single early group and the Single late group.
  • Division 4: Darwin hybrid – single flowers are ovoid in shape and up to 8 cm wide. Plants grow 50–70 cm (20-28 inches) tall and bloom mid to late season. This group should not be confused with older Darwin tulips, which belong in the Single Late Group below. Originally the result of hybridization between cultivars of the Darwin group with Tulipa fosteriana, and the result of hybridization between other cultivars and botanical tulips have habits similar to that of the T. fosteriana, but which lack the other characteristics of the wild species.
  • Division 5: Single late – cup or goblet-shaded flowers up to 8 cm wide, some plants produce multi-flowering stems. Plants grow 45–75 cm (18-30 inches)tall and bloom late season. This group includes such tulips as those from the former Darwin and Cottage groups.
  • Division 6: Lily-flowered - the flowers possess a distinct narrow 'waist' with pointed and reflexed petals. Plants grow to 50-65cm (20-26 inches (15 cms)) tall and bloom late season. Previously included with the old Darwins, only becoming a group in their own right in 1958.
  • Division 7: Fringed (Crispa) - the flowers have sharply fringed petals. Plants grow up to 80cm (32 inches) tall and bloom late season.
  • Division 8: Viridiflora - these are known as green tulips and are distinguished by having distinct green streaks on their petals. Plants grow to 80cm (32 inches) tall and bloom late season.
  • Division 9: Rembrandt - these are affected by a harmless virus, which causes the flower colours to streak into striped or blotchy patterns. Plants grow to 80cm (32 inches) tall and bloom late.
  • Division 10: Parrot - these have large flowers with frilled and/or twisted petals. Many are bi-coloured. Plants grow to 80 cm (32 inches) tall and bloom late.
  • Division 11: Double late or Peony-flowered - these have large, fully double, rather squat flowers up to 12cm (5inches) wide. Plants grow to 40-60 cm (16-24 inches) tall and bloom late.
  • Division 12: Kaufmanniana - these have waterlily-like flowers, which open out flat to 6cm (2.5 inches) wide; are usually bi-coloured and the leaves of some are striped or mottled with reddish- or brownish- purple. Plants grow to 10-25cm (4-10 inches) tall and bloom early.
  • Division 13: Fosteriana (Emperor) - their flowers are slender when closed up, opening to 18-20cm (7-8 inches) wide in full sun and have a flower colour ranging from scarlet to yellow or white. Plants grow to 20-40cm (8-16 inches) and blooms in mid season.
  • Division 14: Greigii - these have flowers which are large and brightly coloured with their leaves having wavy edges and bold purple-brown or maroon stripes. Plants grow to 20-30cm (8-12 inches) tall, but some up to 50cm (20 inches) and bloom in mid season.
  • Division 15: Species (Botanical) - this group covers a wide range of flower colours, shapes and sizes, to make up this division. Most are smaller and more delicate in appearance than the modern hybrids, but are nevertheless equally hardy.
  • Division 16: Multiflowering – not an official division, these tulips belong in the first 15 divisions but are often listed separately because they have multiple blooms per bulb.

They may also be classified by their flowering season:-

  • Early flowering: Single Early Tulips, Double Early Tulips, Greigii Tulips, Kaufmanniana Tulips, Fosteriana Tulips, Species Tulips. Early season is March and early April.
  • Mid-season flowering: Darwin Hybrid Tulips, Triumph Tulips, Parrot Tulips. Mid season is April and early May.
  • Late season flowering: Single Late Tulips, Double Late Tulips, Viridiflora Tulips, Lily-flowering Tulips, Fringed Tulips, Rembrandt Tulips. Late season is May.

" from Wikipedia.

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©April 2012.
Page structure amended November 2012.

Bulb Menus updated May 2018.

Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  


It is popular to restore gardens with heirloom flower bulbs that may have been included in one's grandparent's gardens. The varieties of heirloom flower bulbs included in this listing all predate the 1930s and are horticulturally viable.


"Getting Tulips to Last

For a start, you need to be in USDA Zone 7 or colder. Next, keep them dry in summer (as in their native homes). Try planting a few where you never water-or near a thirsty shrub or tree-and see how well they return.

Beyond that, basics include well-drained soil, good sun, regular fertilizing, and letting the foliage ripen to yellow. Some authorities recommend deep planting (to 12 inches), especially in the South, but six to eight inches is usually deep enough.

Another age-old method involves digging them up every summer, storing them in a cool, dry spot, and replanting them in the fall. This also allows you to increase your stock by separating the offset bulbs.

Some varieties simply last better, such as the single earlies, species, single lates, and lily-flowereds. In general, old varieties perennialize better because they were bred for gardens rather than as commercial pot flowers or for the cut-flower trade, as most modern tulips have been." from Horticulture Magazine -
Without gardeners, there are no gardens. Horticulture is dedicated to celebrating the passion of avid gardeners, who take delight not just in gardens but in garden-making. Our informative, engaging writing and brilliant photography enables gardeners to create spaces that make them proud, beautify their hometowns and provide a gathering place for family and friends.
But Horticulture is more than a print magazine that has been in continuous publication for more than 100 years. It’s a thriving community of gardeners who are passionate about sharing their collective wisdom with like-minded souls across the United States and around the world. Between print editions, these CoHorts (as we call ourselves) are in constant connection on Facebook and Twitter, participating in conversations in the forum and sharing updates on the blogs (The Editors’ Blog, The Gardening Blog).
In print and online, we cultivate and nurture the gardening community by spotlighting noteworthy gardeners, gardens and nurseries across the country, and providing unparalleled information on exceptional plants, inspirational garden designs and the gardening products and accessories gardeners want and need.
Get Your Free Guide: Expert Advice on Container Gardening in Small Spaces
Learn how to use containers for emphasis in your garden beds or hardscape, and how to grow edibles, as well as flowers in containers, in this downloadable eBook from the editors of Horticulture.

"Tulips are spring-blooming perennials that grow from bulbs. Depending on the species, tulip plants can grow as short as 4 inches (10 cm) or as high as 28 inches (71 cm). The tulip's large flowers usually bloom on scapes or subscapose stems that lack bracts. Most tulips produce only one flower per stem, but a few species bear multiple flowers on their scapes (e.g. Tulipa turkestanica). The showy, generally cup- or star-shaped tulip flower has three petals and three sepals, which are often termed tepals because they are nearly identical. These six tepals are often marked near the bases with darker colorings. Tulip flowers come in a wide variety of colors, except pure blue (several tulips with "blue" in the name have a faint violet hue)." from Wikipedia.


Elegant Tulip Bulbs provides a great deal of information about tulips.


"When you shop for bulbs, you'll see some labeled as "good for naturalizing." This means that they can be counted on to come up year after year, and spread informally throughout your garden.
This list of spring- and summer-flowering bulbs:-

are reliably perennial in habit. Plant bulbs in autumn." from The Old Farmer's Almanac in America.


"Flower Bulb Research Program
50 years of flowerbulb research in North America
2015 marks 50 years of flower bulb research in the U.S. To celebrate this anniversary, Anthos, the Dutch flower bulb exporters association, has published a commemorative book that traces the program through the earliest days at Michigan State University to the present at Cornell.
Download the book. [3.6 MB .pdf]

Forcing research

• Potted lilies
Potted tulips
• Potted hyacinth
• Potted narcissus
• Cut lilies
Cut tulips
• Calla Lilies
• Specialty bulbs


• Cooling & Forcing New 
Muscari Cultivars
• Timing Tools for
Hybrid Lilies

In the landscape

• Updated: Bulbs and vole damage
• Lily perenialization
• Bulb and Perennial Combinations
• Flower bulb labyrinth
• Bluegrass Lane Perennials
• BGL Perennial List [.pdf]
• Right perennial, right place
• Bluegrass Lane Annuals
• Deer-resistant plant list - From Mohonk Mountain House

iBulb - This foundation focuses on funding activities important to the Dutch flower bulb sector: promotion, technical research and market access. It was started by Anthos in 2012.

Cornell Floriculture Field Day -- Mark your calendars: August 8, 2018. Programs for floriculture professionals. View annual and perennial flower trials." by Cornell University.

Functional combinations in the border from the International Flower Bulb Centre in Holland:-

"Here is a list of the perennials shown by research to be the best plants to accompany various flower bulbs. The flower bulbs were tested over a period of years in several perennial borders that had been established for at least three years.

In combination with hyacinths:

In combination with tulips:

In combination with narcissi:

For narcissi, the choice was difficult to make. The list contains only some of the perennials that are very suitable for combining with narcissi. In other words, narcissi can easily compete with perennials.

In combination with specialty bulbs:


There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-






"Tulips normally are planted in home gardens for color and form, but about 15 to 20 percent of all varieties have the added bonus of being fragrant as well," said Jo-Anne van den Berg-Ohms, the fourth-generation owner of John Scheepers Beauty from Bulbs in Bantam, Connecticut.
Their scent varies, she said.
"It's not strong or overpowering. Rather, it's a sweet, lingering fragrance that floats on the spring air," she said.

Most fragrant tulip varieties are orange or apricot in color, van den Berg-Ohms said, and they're sprinkled through all of the species divisions, from heirlooms to the more familiar, modern-day hybrids.

"If you're interested in their fragrance, plant them in places that are traveled that time of year, especially near walkways," she said. "Take advantage of the fragrant varieties rather than planting them out in more distant areas."

Cutting gardens would be perfect, she said, although there is one downside: "They really would have to be considered annuals then." That's because cutting off a tulip's foliage during or shortly after it blooms also cuts off its energy supply. That all but eliminates any chance it will flower for another season.

"You may experience their fragrance lots more indoors as potted bulbs and cut flowers than you do out of doors, where the scent can disperse," said Sally Ferguson, a spokeswoman for the flower bulb company "Probably some of this has to do with temperature.

"A single pot of 'T. Monte Carlo' will scent an entire room indoors," Ferguson said. "Same is true for a few cut stems of 'Prinses Irene'."

Scott Kunst, owner and head gardener at Old House Gardens in Ann Arbor, Michigan, said few of his customers know much about the floral fragrance of tulips, although he includes information about them in his catalogs every year.

"Fragrance is not a trait anyone is breeding for in tulips today, and it's elusive," said Kunst, who specializes in heirloom bulbs.

Among his favorites: Prince of Austria, Apricot Beauty, Generaal de Wet, Orange Favorite, Prinses Irene, Willem van Oranje, Peach Blossom, Florentine and Elegans Alba.

Some other fragrant varieties are the cherry-red miniature species Little Beauty, the double early tomato red Abba, the ivory yellow Montreaux, the unusually colored Salmon Pearl, the peony-like Black Hero and the rose-colored single late tulip variety dubbed Temple of Beauty." from Stop and smell the tulips; Some varieties, anyway by The Times


"List of Award of Garden Merit tulips
The following is a list of tulip species and cultivars which have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. They are bulbous perennials, originally from sunny, open habitats in Europe and Asia. Thousands of cultivars are available in a huge range of sizes, shapes and colours (other than pure blue). They are usually sold as bulbs to be planted in autumn and winter for flowering in mid- to late spring. They are frequently treated as bedding plants, accompanied by other seasonal favourites such as wallflowers and forget-me-nots, flowering for one season before being discarded. However, in favoured locations they can be left in the ground to re-appear the following and subsequent years. Like many other bulbous plants they require a hot, dry dormant period in the summer" from Wikipedia.


"The Bulb Lasagna Method
Bulb lasagna or bulb layering is a technique of layering bulbs in containers that will produce a miniature bulb display next spring. By choosing a variety of bulbs that all bloom within a few weeks of each other you can create continuous blooms for nearly two months.
The most important consideration in creating a bulb lasagna is choosing a container that is both wide enough and deep enough. For example, a 10-inch deep container can only hold two layers of bulbs and a 14-inch deep container will hold three layers of bulbs. Choose bulbs that grow to different heights to create a more interesting spring display. For example, a classic combination is tulips, daffodils and grape hyacinth. Avoid planting bulbs too close to the sides of the pot. Bulbs perform better in groupings - read the planting depth instructions on the bulb packaging when designing your layered container garden to ensure that your plan will work with the container you’ve chosen.
To layer, first place a layer of gravel across the bottom of the container, then apply a thick layer of potting soil mixed with bulb food. Place the first layer of bulbs in the pot and cover with a layer of soil. Continue layering. Cover the top layer of bulbs with a final layer of soil, as if you were planting outdoors.
Water thoroughly, then let the fall rains take over. And anticipate a beautiful spring!" from Molbak.

Case Studies

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants Garden Maintenance
Offbeat Glossary
Plants Chalk (Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z Heavy Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z Lime-Free (Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z Light Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...Poisonous Plants
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data


Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens
A 1, Photos
B 1, Photos
C 1, Photos
D 1, Photos
E 1, Photos
F 1, Photos
G 1, Photos
H 1, Photos
I 1, Photos
J 1, Photos
K 1, Photos
L 1, Photos
M 1, Photos
N 1, Photos
O 1, Photos
P 1, Photos
Q 1, Photos
R 1, Photos
S 1, Photos
T 1, Photos
U 1, Photos
V 1, Photos
W 1, Photos
X 1 Photos
Y 1, Photos
Z 1 Photos
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens
Flower Shape and Plant Use of
Evergreen Perennial
Herbaceous Perennial

Bedding Flower Shape

Bulb with its 7 Flower Colours per Month Comparison Pages
...Allium/ Anemone
...Colchicum/ Crocus

......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty


...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Tulip *
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil

Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs



...Forcing Lily of the Valley



...Hyacinths in Pots


...Lilium in Pots
...Narcissi in Pots



Half-Hardy Bulbs



Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding Windowboxes Border
...naturalized in Grass Bulb Frame Woodland Garden Rock Garden Bowls Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-




...Plant Bedding in

...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley
...Flower Shape
Odds and Sods
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit


Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Wildflower Plants


Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form

you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index


Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-


(o)Adder's Tongue
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels


(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)


(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Rannock Rush
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses


(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Water Fern
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort


It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-


Closed Bud


Opening Bud


Juvenile Flower


Older Juvenile Flower


Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."


Mature Flower


Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower


Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!


Links to external sites were valid when I inserted them but they may no longer connect since either the page has been removed or that website is no longer active, so you will have to use your search engine to find either the plant or data yourself


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