Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill3 Plants Index Gallery:
Climber - Vertical Plant System Plants flowering in June

Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill3 Plants Index Gallery:
Climber - Vertical Plant System Plants flowering in June

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour

Sun Aspect of Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months

with row in each month that it flowers in that colour in
STAGE 4A
12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
/

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour


with row in relevant pages that it has foliage of that colour in
STAGE 4B
12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

or
Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

 

with data for rows in
STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY and
STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Pages

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with links to
STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2, 3
and
STAGE 3
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2
pages
 

Use

Description

Pruning

Training

Average Height and spread
5 years

10 years

20 years

Problems

Similar Forms of Interest

Ipomoea tricolor
'Heavenly Blue'
(Morning Glory Vine)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA - with Handheld Seed Spreader as a Suggested Companion Plant

'Heavenly Blue' is Azure-blue, trumpet-shaped flowers, each with a white eye, open in the morning and last just one day, but appear in a continuous stream throughout the summer.

Full Sun

Jun-Sep

120 x 80
(300 x 200)

Moderately fertile, well-drained soil

Annuals for The Base

Morning glory is a fast-growing, twining annual with heart-shaped light to mid-green leaves and vibrantly colored, funnel-shaped flowers to 3 inches across. Cultivars include

  • white-colored ‘Pearly Gates’;
  • ‘Heavenly Blue’;
  • crimson-colored, white-throated ‘Crimson Rambler’;
  • and ‘Flying Saucers’, a batik-looking blend of white and blue accented by a golden throat.

This is a spectacular annual or short-lived perennial climber, that is ideal for training over a pergola or arch in a sunny, sheltered site.

FOR POT PLANTS: Transplant in a soil-based compost to 20cm (8in) pots and grow in a cool, well ventilated position with shade from direct sun.

CAUTION: Seeds are poisonous.

ipomoeacflostricolorwikimediacommons1

Ipomoea tricolor heike 4. By Heike Loechel via Wikimedia Commons

Lathyrus odoratus with 900 results from RHS
(Sweet Pea)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

The National Sweet Pea Society promotes knwledge and cultivation of Lathyrus odoratus (Sweet Peas) and other members of the Lathyrus family.

Many flower colours

Full Sun

May-Aug

71 x 12
(180 x 30)

Grow sweet peas in fertile, well-drained, humus-rich soil and in full sun or very light dappled shade. For best results, incorporate organic matter such as garden compost or well-rotted manure at least four weeks before planting and apply a mulch of Spent Mushroom Compost with matured Cow Manure to provide fertiliser throughout the growing season. After planting, water the plants well during dry spells.

Annuals for The Base

Ann Cl

Sweet Pea 'Blue Shift'
Lathyrus odoratus

The astonishing colour-changing blooms of Sweet Pea 'Blue Shift' transform from light mauve to true blue as they mature. These extraordinary annuals make a spectacular display bearing different coloured blooms at the same time - flowers even change colour in the vase after cutting! Bred by renowned New Zealand Lathyrus breeder, Dr. Keith Hammett, this is a 'must have' for the sweet pea enthusiast. Height: 180cm (71"). Spread: 30cm (12").

Useful links:
How to grow sweet peas

Ideal For: patio, walls and fences, cottage gardens, scented gardens, cut flower garden

Flowering Period: May, June, July, August

Sowing Months: March, April, October

Position: full sun

See Growing Sweet Peas page from The National Sweet Pea Society for further sowing details,

or

Join The National Sweet Pea Society and receive the Booklet "Enjoy Sweet Peas" Produced by the Society - Softback – 9th edition 2008 (sent free to new members). First written in 1946, this completely revised and illustrated 88 page booklet contains invaluable information on cultivation of the Sweet Pea.

lathyruscfloodoratuswikimediacommons1

Lathyrus odoratus, Sweet Pea - Flower - Kerava, Finland. By Anneli Salo via Wikimedia Commons

Lathyrus odoratus 'Beaujolais'
(Spencer Sweet Pea)

Supplier in UK

 

 

72 x 18
(180 x 45)

 

Annuals for The Base

Flowers, which are so dark they almost look black, appear throughout the summer and gradually become a little paler, but still maintain a deep burgundy hue. The lower lip of the flower is a more distinct shade of purple, and these create a great contrast. Their bold colouring teams up well with lush purples and plums.

Summer Bedding,
Darkest Burgundy Flowers with
Long flowering
(June-September)
Scented Flowers
Acid Soil,
Clay Soil.
Chalky Soil.
Sandy Soil.
Bedding use in
Screening
and
Pots and Troughs

 

Flower Photo

Thunbergia alata (Black-eyed Susan vine)

Supplier in UK of Thunbergia alata 'Superstar Orange'
Supplier in USA

Salmon, White, Yellow

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Jun-Aug

96 x 96
(240 x 240)

Provide moist, well-drained soil in full sun with some afternoon shade. In cooler zones, grow in a warm or temperate greenhouse or treat as annuals.

Annuals for The Base

Ann Cl H

This tender perennial climber is evergreen in Zones 10 and warmer. Where grown as an annual, plants can reach 8 feet; when grown as a perennial, 20 feet. In warmer climates, grow perennial climbers along permanent structures and shrubs in mixed borders.

A butterfly, Junonia ovithya, or the eyed pansy, and moths also visit these plants to lay eggs, for the larvae eat the leaves. Hence this creeper, being attractive to insects, helps bring birds into a garden. Birds also often nest in the thickly tangled stems.

Use in Trellises, arbors, fences or other structures around the home. Also effective in hanging baskets where the vine can twist around the basket supports or in patio containers with a small trellis or obelisk burried in the container.

Soak Black-Eyed Susan Vine seed in water for 12 hours, then sow in 2 in. pots or cell packs, press into soil and completely cover. Kept at 75-80°F., germination is in 14-21 days. Transplant seedlings into the garden 12-18 in. apart, after all danger of frost.

thunbergiacfloalatawikimediacommons1

Thunbergia alata. By I, KENPEI, via Wikimedia Commons

Tropaeolum majus (Garden Nasturtium, Indian cress, monks cress)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
Supplier of Red Wonder nasturtiums are flowering, structured, frost tender annuals with trailing growth habit. It has showy, large, dark red flowers and green foliage

Summer Bedding plant whose flower colour varies from yellow to orange to red, frilled and often darker at the base of the petals

Full Sun

Jun-Sep

18-30
(45-75)

Well-drained sandy soil

Annuals for The Base

Ann Cl H

 

It is listed as invasive in several areas, including Hawaii, Lord Howe Island, New Zealand.

68 results from Royal Horticultural Society. Das Elisabeth Linné-Phänomen, or the Elizabeth Linnæus Phenomenon, is the name given to the phenomenon of "Flashing Flowers". Especially at dusk, the orange flowers may appear to emit small "flashes". Once believed to be an electrical phenomenon, it is today thought to be an optical reaction in the human eye caused by the contrast between the orange flowers and the surrounding green. The phenomenon is named after Elisabeth Christina von Linné, one of Carl Linnaeus's daughters, who discovered it at age 19.

All its parts are edible. The flower has most often been consumed, making for an especially ornamental salad ingredient; it has a slightly peppery taste reminiscent of watercress, and is also used in stir fry. The flowers contain about 130 mg vitamin C per 100 grams (3.5 oz), about the same amount as is contained in parsley. Moreover, they contain up to 45 mg of lutein per 100 gr, which is the highest amount found in any edible plant. The unripe seed pods can be harvested and dropped into spiced vinegar to produce a condiment and garnish, sometimes used in place of capers.

tropaeolumcflomajuswikimediacommons1

Tropaeolum majus, in a wild garden in Belgium. By Jamain, via Wikimedia Commons.

Used by Hummingbirds and butterflies, as groundcover and in pots.

Abutilon x suntense 'Jermyns'

Large, open, saucer-shaped flowers in very rich mauve.

May-Jun

160 x 96
(400 x 2.50) when mature

Strong felted stems and greyish, 12 cm (5 inch) leaves with 3 or 5 distinct lobes and serrated edges

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh D

Use - As a deciduous wall shrub in warmer regions or for growing in conservatories.

Foliage - Strong felted stems and greyish, 12 cm (5 inch) leaves with 3 or 5 distinct lobes and serrated edges.

Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK except in severe winters and a risk from sudden (early) frosts. May be hardy elsewhere with wall shelter or good micro-climate. Likely to be damaged or killed in cold winters. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -5°C (23°F)

Pruning - Remove one third of old flowering wood on established shrubs in early to mid spring.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to achieve a fan-trained shape.

Full Sun - shelter from cold, drying winds.

 

Abutilon vitifolium 'Tennant's White' , Corynabutilon vitifolium 'Tennant's White'
abutiloncflovitifoliumtennantswhitewikimediacommons
7155 Abutilon Vitifolium "Tennant's White". By crabchick from Bristol, England, via Wikimedia Commons

Large, delicate white flowers

May-Jul

120-180 x
(300-450 x )

Grey-green leaves.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Use - As a deciduous wall shrub in warmer regions or for growing in conservatories.

Foliage - Young shoots and foliage are covered with hair.

Pruning - Remove one third of old flowering wood on established shrubs in early to mid spring.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to achieve a fan-trained shape.

 

Adenocarpus decorticans is Silver Broom
adenocarpuscflosdecorticanswikimediacommons
Adenocarpus decorticans. Real Jardín Botánico, Madrid. By A. Barra, via Wikimedia Commons

Bright yellow, pea-shaped flowers in dense arching clusters to 6 cm from end to end of their branches.

May-Jun

96-120 x (240-300 x )

Tiny dark green leaves somewhat silvered with hair.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh D

Peaty soil suits it well. Needs good drainage.

Use - As a fan-trained deciduous shrub. Native (endemic) to the Sierra Nevada mountains of Spain.

Foliage - It has grey, flaking bark and tiny leaves somewhat silvered with hair.

Problems - It should have the sunniest position available, and is suitable for a hot bank in gardens where it can thrive in the open. For colder localities a place on a south wall is necessary.

 

Actinidia arguta is Hardy kiwi
actinidiacflosargutawikimediacommons
Actinidia arguta, Male flowers, Aizu area, Fukushima pref., Japan. By Qwert1234, via Wikimedia Commons.

0.75 inches (19 mm) across, white with dark purple anthers, fragrant; borne in pairs. Normally only produced in warm climates.

This perennial vine produces a small fruit resembling the kiwifruit.

All but the most exposed aspect. Light shade to full sun.

Wildlife friendly - attracts bees and other pollinating insects.

After flowering in June, small green fruits dotted white mature over the Summer ready for harvest late September / October.
actinidiacfrusargutawikimediacommons
Cross-sectioned and whole Hardy Kiwifruit (Actinidia arguta), commonly called "Baby Kiwis" or "Kiwi Berries". These particular Hardy Kiwis were grown in New Zealand during the February 2010 season. By Hiperpinguino, via Wikimedia Commons.

144 x 144 (370 x 370)

Light green turning a good yellow in autumn.

Twining Climber for Non-House Walls, Fences, Pergolas

Cl D

Requires a moist, rich, prefering slightly acidic soil.

Use - As a free-growing deciduous climbing plant for covering large areas, at its best when showing its autumn foliage colour. Produces fruit in favourable areas. Good on non-house walls, fences, or pergolas; can be allowed to ramble through large shrubs and trees to provide interest.

They require a sunny, sheltered position, ideally a south or west facing wall. They also grow well along a pergola. In milder areas they can be grown out in the open.

Foliage - Oval, pointed, with toothed edges, up to 5 inches (12 cm) long and 2 inches (5 cm) wide. Light green turning a good yellow in autumn.

Stem - Grey-green when young, becoming light brown; slightly downy texture. Twining and twisting. Attractive in winter. Medium to fast growing.

Fruit - Oblong, green-yellow, edible. Only produced in warm climates.

Pruning - Not normally required but can be contained by removal of any offending lateral shoots. It quickly rejuvenates itself with vigorous new growth.

Training - Allow to ramble through trees or large shrubs. Provide wires or other large-scale support systems. It twines and does not normally require tying in.

Height/spread
5 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)
10 years - 240 x 240 (600 x 600)
20 years - 360 x 360 (900 x 900)
Protrudes up to 24 inches (60 cm) from support.

Problems - Can be shy to flower and therefore shy to fruit in all but the warmest areas (like the Isle of Wight or Channel Islands in the UK), although it is worth growing for the autumn foliage effect. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 13 degrees Fahrenheit (-10 degrees Centigrade).

Actinidia arguta 'Cordifolia'. Narrow foliage, scarce.

Actinidia arguta 'Aureo-variegata'. Golden variegated foliage. Scarce.

Actinidia chinensis is Chinese Gooseberry, Kiwifruit
actinidiacflochinensiswikimediacommons
Female Kiwifruit-flower, about 5 cm in diameter. By Mnolf, via Wikimedia Commons.

Creamy-white becoming buff yellow, 1.5 inches (4 cm) wide, five-petalled, incurving cup shaped. Male or female on different plants both needed for pollination.

May-Jun


actinidiacfruschinensiswikimediacommons
Actinidia chinensis "Ashoka" / Frucht / Botanischer Garten Berlin. By Gerhard Elsner put it under the GFDL, via Wikimedia Commons.

After 10 years 240 x 240 (600 x 600)

Extremely ornamental light green foliage adorning a vigorous grower which can produce edible fruit in hot summers.

Twining Climber for Non-House Walls, Fences, Pergolas

Cl D

A deep, well-fed, light soil for best results although it is tolerant to a wide range except extremely waterlogged.

Use- As a fast-growing deciduous climber for non-house walls, fences, or through trees and large shrubs.

Foliage - Large, almost round, heavily veined, 5-8 inch (12-20 cm) across. Downy undersides. Light green when young becoming more brown/green with age, good yellow/light orange autumn colour.

Stem - Mid green when young becoming light brown. Vigorous, twisting yet not clinging, wide ranging habit. Medium to fast growing.

Fruit - Small, hairy, oblong, round-ended. Up to 2 inches (5 cm) long with gosseberry flavour, not always reliable in all but hottest areas.

Pruning - Train shoots to cover required area, prune back all surplus shoots either after fruiting or in late summer to 2 buds from the point of origin.

Training - Tie young shoots of newly planted plants to wires on no-house walls and fences; they normally become sel-twining and supporting. In trees and large shrubs, clings by twining.

Height/spread
5 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)
10 years 240 x 240 (600 x 600)
20 years (456 x 456 (1200 x 1200)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cms) from support.

Problems - Often planted in areas too small to accomodate it. Can be shy to fruit. Male and female plants may be difficult to find. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 14 degrees Fahrenheit (-10 degrees Centigrade0. Some damage to the tips of growth may be caused in spring by frost but normally to no great harm.

Actinidia chinensis 'Atlas'. A good male form for pollinating other varieties; free flowering.

Actinidia chinensis 'Heywood'. Good female form, heavy cropping on warm south walls, will require a male variety for pollination.

Actinidia chinensis 'Tomurii'. Male, free flowering, disease resistant.

Actinidia kolomikta is Kolomikta vine, michurin actinidia
actinidiacfloskolomiktawikimediacommons
The fly on the flower of cultivated Actinidia kolomikta. Moscow region, Russia. By Bff, via Wikimedia Commons.

Unattractive white fragrant flowers with yellow anthers 0.5 (1 cm) wide; borne in groups of one to 3.

Requires some shelter from exposed aspects. Tolerates light shade but prefers full sun.

Jun


actinidiacfruskolomiktawikimediacommons
Kiwis arctiques (Actinidia kolomikta) du Jardin de la Paix de l'école primaire Louis-Colin à Montréal, Québec, Canada. By Linsouciant1, via Wikimedia Commons.

200 x 160
500 x 400)

Tips start white and age to pink, contrasting with dark green remainder, some yellow autumn colour.

Twining Climber for Non-House Walls, Fences, Pergolas

Cl D

Tolerates both alkaline and acid conditions but may produce more growth on neutral to acid types. Well drained and well fed soil is advised.

Use - As an attractive foliaged climber for sunny positions both on non-house walls and fences.

Foliage - 3-6 inch (7.5-15 cm) long 2-4 inches (5-10 cm) wide oblong ovate leaves with pronounced veins and toothed edges; tips start white and age to pink, contrasting with dark green remainder, some yellow autumn colour.

Stem - Slender, deep mahogany brown. Not normally self clinging. Medium to fast growing.

Fruit - Oval, yellow, 1 inch 92.5 cm) long, sweet and edible but not normally used for culinary or dessert purposes.

Pruning - Normally requires none other than cutting in early spring to keep within bounds.

Training - Tie main vines to wires against walls and fences as required.

Height/spread
5 years - 60 x 60 (150 x 150)
10 years - 156 x 156 (400 x 400)
20 years - 240 x 240 (600 x 600)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support.

Problems - Can, on very dry soils, lose its leaves prematurely in late summer. Attractive to cats which claw the vines, causing damage. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 14 degrees Fahrenheit (-10 degrees centigrade).

 

Actinidia polygama is Silver Vine, Cat Powder
actinidiacflospolygamawikimediacommons
日本語: マタタビの両性花 福島県会津地方. By Qwert1234 at Japanese Wikipedia, via Wikimedia Commons.

Fragrant white flowers followed by Yellow fruit if both male and female plants are present.

Succeeds in semi-shade but full sun is best for fruit production.

Jun-Jul and the seeds ripen from Oct-Nov


actinidiacfruspolygamawikimediacommons
日本語: マタタビ 青森県大鰐町折紙. By Aomorikuma at ja.wikipedia, via Wikimedia Commons.

240 x
(600 x )

The green leaves are ovate, 6" long, often variegated w/ white or pale yellow.

Moist well-drained soil.

Twining Climber for Non-House Walls, Fences, Pergolas

Cl D

Use - As a deciduous climber on south or west non-house walls and over shrubs and trees.
The silvervine kiwi owes its name to the silvery discoloration of the leaves, which is especially common among male plants. The leaves, which seem to be grey-green at first, gradually change to a yellowish colour and gain their sweet taste after the first night of frost. For this purpose, they have a spicy flavour which is somewhat comparable to that of a red pepper.

Foliage - The leaves are hallucinogenic and sedative. The leaves contain substances that make them very attractive to cats and for this reason they are especially useful as a sedative for lions etc in zoos. When consumed in large quantities the leaves can have a mild hallucinatory effect.

Fruit - raw or cooked. Not very palatable, it is eaten salted. Some cultivars have nice flavoured fruits. The fruit contains up to 5 times the vitamin C. of blackcurrants.

Pruning - Best carried out in the winter.

Problems - The flowers are dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required) and are pollinated by bees, insects.The plant is not self-fertile.
Plants are hardy to about -30°c. when dormant but young growth in spring can be cut back by late frosts.

"Forest Gardening / Food Forests

Design Course

Learn how to design, implement and maintain a temperate forest garden or food forest, with frequent visits into our 22-year-old established forest garden." from The Agroforestry Research Trust is a non-profit making charity, registered in England, which researches into temperate agroforestry and into all aspects of plant cropping and uses, with a focus on tree, shrub and perennial crops.

Albizia julibrissin is Pink Mimosa, Pink siris, Silk Tree
albiziacflosjulibrissinwikimediacommons
合欢树

摄于北京植物园 Beijing Botanical Garden. By Shizhao, via Wikimedia Commons.

Terminal clusters of flowerheads on long stalks, producing a mop-like cluster of pink stamens up to 1 inch (2.5 cm) across. Dense all-over flowering makes a spectacular effect.

Requires a very sheltered aspect. Full sun to very light shade.

Jun-Aug

The seeds are used as a food for livestock and by wildlife, and the sweet-scented flowers are a good nectar source for honeybees and butterflies.

After 10 years - 192 x 192 (490 x 490)

Its grey/green leaves slowly close during the night and during periods of rain, the leaflets bowing downward.

Climbers and Wall Shrubs needing or responding
well to Con-servatory or Green-house

Tr D

Any soil types except dry. In the wild, the tree tends to grow in dry plains, sandy valleys, and uplands.

Use - As a small fan-trained tree for large walls or for fan-training on conservatory walls. The broad crown of a mature tree makes it useful for providing dappled shade.

Folage - Bipinnate leaves, 9-18 inches 923-45 cm) long. Each of the 6-12 branches of the pinnate leaf carries 20-30 pairs of small, oblong, grey/green leaflets.

Stem - Grey-green, upright when young, quickly spreading. Medium rate of growth, slower in container.

Fruit - Insignificant

Pruning - Prune young trees hard in the spring following planting. Tie resulting 5 to 7 shoots into a a fan-trained shape. In subsequent year, remove all side growths back to 2 points from their origin and maintain original main branches in fan shape.

Training - Will require fixing to wires or individual anchor points.

Height/spread
5 years - 96 x 96 (240 x 240)
10 years - 192 x 192 (490 x 490)
20 years - 288 x 288 (730 x 730)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support.

Problems - Often chosen because seen growing well in warm climates, but not adaptable to harsher conditions.
Can only flourish in frost-free areas. It has become an invasive species in Japan. Because of its invasive tendencies and disease susceptibility, it is rarely recommended as an ornamental plant in the US, though it is still widely planted in parts of Europe.

Albizia julibrissin 'Rosea'. Smaller variety with bright pink flowers, reaching two-thirds average height and spread. It is often used for non-traditional bonsai.

Ampelopsis breviped-unculata is Porcelain Berry, Amur Peppervine
ampelopsiscflobrevipedunculatawikimediacommons
Ampelopsis breviped-unculata, flower; Soaⁿ-phô-tô, hoe; 山葡萄, 花. By Albert, via Wikimedia Commons.

Yellow.

Flowers on new growth, so this vine may be cut to the ground in late winter (optional) to control growth.

Does well in all aspects. Light shade to full sun.

Jun-Aug

It is a major invasive plant species in parts of the Eastern United States. It is invasive in urban settings as well as in more pastoral settings. Porcelain berry is often found in disturbed areas such as roadsides, old fields, and floodplains where sunlight is abundant. Birds consume the seeds of porcelain berry and act as a vector to transport it.

After 10 years - 156 x 156 (400 x 400)

Deep Green

It is one on the list of Current Research Organisms for Control in New Zealand

Self-Clinging Climber for Non-House Walls, Fences, Pergolas

Cl D

Dislikes extremely wet, dry or poor cinditions. Does well on both acid or alkaline soil types.

Use - Attractive autumn foliage climber to cover non-house walls, fences and pergolas; when used on the latter makes a good shade cover. May also be grown without support along the ground to cover old stumps or rock piles.

Foliage - Three or five-lobed broadly ovate leaves, up to 6 inches (15 cm) long. Coarse texture. Downy undersides with pronounced veins often purple red in colour. Good yellow/orange autumn colour.

Stem - Light to green/brown, becoming darker, twining in habit, may be self-clinging on old brick walls. Medium to fast growing.

Fruit - Bright blue, grape-like in shape, 0.25-0.5 inches (5mm-1cm) wide. May require warm summers to fruit well.

Pruning - Not normally required other than that needed for shaping, although in confined spaces can be cut hard back in spring without ill effect.

Training - Tie young shoots to wires or wall fixings, normally becomes self-entwining and clinging on walls and fences or over pergolas.

Height/spread
5 years - 60 x 60 (150 x 150)
10 years - 156 x 156 (400 x 400)
20 years - 240 x 240 (600 x 600)
Protrudes up to 24 inches (60 cm) from support.

Problems - Can become invasive in good conditions. In too deep shade can become open and lax in habit. In wet autumns may fail to produce good autumn colour. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 14 degrees Fahrenheit (-10 degrees Centigrade).

 

Ampelopsis breviped-unculata 'Elegans'
ampelopsiscflosbrevipedunculataeleganswikimediacommons
Ampelopsis breviped-unculata 'Elegans'. Real Jardín Botánico, Madrid. By A. Barra, via Wikimedia Commons.

Small clusters of creamy white inconspicuous flowers. May in hot summers produce 0.375 inch (2 mm) wide clear blue berries with black spots.

Requires a sheltered aspect. Light shade for preference, will tolerate full sun if adequate moisture is available; if not, scorching may be a problem.

Jun-Jul

After 10 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)

Grey/green undersides, upper surface white to pink with green variegation.

Self-Clinging Climber for Non-House Walls, Fences, Pergolas

Cl D

Moderately alkaline to acid, requiring a high degree of organic content with good moisture retaining qualities.

Use - As an attractive coloured foliage deciduous climber for sheltered non-house walls and fences or under protection in greenhouses or conservatories. May also be grown without support along the ground to cover old stumps or rock piles.

Foliage - Hand-shaped leaves with some lobed indentations on outer edges varying in size from 2-4 inches (5-10 cm) long; some with toothed edges. Grey/green undersides, upper surface white to pink with green variegation.

Stem - Attractive, pink to red when young becoming green to green/brown with age, not sel-clinging but twining, interlacing itself around a support. Slow to medium growth rate

Fruit - None of interest.

Pruning - Prune back all side shoots produced last year to within 2 buds of origin except shoots which are required for training the main framework, so encouraging a high production of good new pink foliage.

Training - Allow to ramble over wires and secure as required, or allow to scramble through an uninteresting shrub both in the open or under protection.

Height/spread
5 years - 60 x 60 (150 x 150)
10 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)
20 years - 180 x 144 (460 x 370
Protrudes up to 24 inches (60 cm) from support.

Problems - Foliage scorching may be caused by late frosts and strong midday summer sun. Can be attacked by mildew in mid to late summer. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 23 degrees Fahrenheit (-5 degrees Centigrade).

Ampelopsis megalophylla (Giant Pepper Vine) is hardy to -5 degrees Centigrade. Large, vigorous climber with huge deeply cut leaves to 2ft across and small green flowers followed by clusters of green, ripening to purple berries in autumn. The leaves turn red in autumn adding to the season of interest. Looks spectacular growing over a large pergola. Best for medium to large gardens. For part shade in moisture retentive soil. Deciduous. Prune side shoots back to 2-3 buds in when dormant.

Azara dentata

See Photo --->

Clusters of fragrant yellow flowers in spring, borne in profusion.

Very sheltered aspect. Tolerates full sun to mid shade.

May-Jun

After 10 years - 96 x 96 (240 x 240)

Bright green to glossy dark green with felted undersides.

Fastest covering Climbers and Wall Shrubs

Sh E

Does well on most soils but dislikes excessive alkalinity and waterlogging.

Use - As a fan-trained shrub for walls and fences in sheltered areas or in conservatories and greenhouses. This scented flowering evergreen is on the tender side, requiring the protection of a wall in winter if outside.

Foliage - Leaves ovate or oblong, 1-1.5 inches (2.5-4 cm) long, bright green to glossy dark green with felted undersides.

Stem - Light green to mid green. Upright when young, becoming more twiggy and spreading with age. Moderate rate of growth.

Pruning - None required.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

Height/spread
5 years - 60 x 60 (150 x 150)
10 years - 96 x 96 (240 x 240)
20 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)
Protrudes up to 48 inches (120 cm) from support.

Problems - None, apart from its lack of hardiness. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 23 degrees Fahrenheit (-5 degrees Centigrade).


azaracflosdentatawikimediacommons
Showing the development of Corcolen flowers, Chilean Lake District. By Dick Culbert from Gibsons, B.C., Canada, via Wikimedia Commons.

Azara lanceolata. Narrow, lanceolate leaves and mustard yellow flowers in early summer which are as fragrant as those of Azara dentata.

Azara serrata. Often confused with Azara dentata, producing similar scented flowers under the edges of each leaf. Leaves more serrated. In hot climates, or in hot summers, small white berries may be produced. One of the hardier forms.

Billardiera longiflora (Drymophila cyanocarpa) is Climbing Blueberry, Purple appleberry
billardieracfrulongiflorawikimediacommons
Billardiera longiflora. By JJ Harrison (jjharrison-
89@-facebook.com), via Wikimedia Commons.

Yellow/green turning purple, borne singly over the total area of climber in mid summer.

Requires a very sheltered aspect. Prefers light shade but will tolerate degrees either side.

May-Jun

After 10 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)

Light Green

Climbers and Wall Shrubs with least protruding growth when fan-trained

Cl E

Neutral to acid although may tolerate small degrees of alkalinity. Requires a high organic content for best results. Mulch well with composted manure or compost.

Use - As an attractive evergreen climber for sheltered walls and fences outside or for use under protection in greenhouse or conservatory in exposed, cold areas where frost occurs.

Foliage - Hanging, narrow, lance-shaped light-green leaves, 1.75 inches (4.5 cm) long and 0.5 inches (1 cm) wide, leathery exterior; may be sparsely presented.

Stem - Light green turning finally to green/brown, twining not self-clinging. Medium rate of growth.

Fruit - Attractive and interesting oval-shaped, blue, 1 inch (2.5 cms) long fruits in mid autumn.

Pruning - Trim lightly in spring.

Training - Allow to grow over wires or up some type of framework.

Height/spread
5 years - 60 x 60 (150 x 1500
10 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)
20 years - 180 x 180 (460 x 460)
Protrudes up to 18 inches (45 cm) from support.

Problems - Not fully hardy. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 32 degrees Fahrenheit (0 degrees Centigrade).
Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK except in severe winters and a risk from sudden (early) frosts. May be hardy elsewhere with wall shelter or good micro-climate. Likely to be damaged or killed in cold winters.

Billardiera longiflora 'Cherry Berry'. Creamy-white flowers followed by large red berries.

Billardiera longiflora 'Fructo Albo'. White fruits.

Bougainvillea spectabilis is Great bougainvillea
bougainvilleacflospectabiliswikimediacommons
Bougainvillea spectabilis (flowers). Location: Midway Atoll, Cable Company buildings Sand Island. By Forest & Kim Starr, via Wikimedia Commons.

Tubular white flowers surrounded by large magenta bracts, up to 1.5 inches (4 cm) wide and long, carried in panicles 9-12 inches (23-30 cm) long.

Must be in a fully protected aspect. Best in full sun bt will tolerate light shade.

The plant shows a versatility to climates which allows it to flower continually throughout the year.

At Westdale Nurseries, we have been steadily collecting varieties of bougainvillea from all over the world for a number of years and we now have over 200 varieties.

After 10 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)

Grey/green to dull green.

Climbers and Wall Shrubs needing or responding
well to Con-servatory or Green-house

Cl D

If grown in large containers a good quality potting compost should be used. If grown in soil, the latter should be lightened with the addition of 25 per cent sand and 25 per cent sedge peat.

Use - Although in all but the mildest of areas in the Uk, bougainvillea is included in this gallery, for its use as a deciduous climber for conservatories and large greenhouse planted in large containers, or in greenhouse borders.

Foliage - Pointed, oval, grey/green to dull green, 1.5 inches (4 cm) long by 0.75 inches (2 cm) wide. Normally leathery in texture. The plant can support itself on other plants by means of thorns carried in the leaf axils. Bougainvillea likes a climate from subtropical to tropical, but prefers a tropical climate, growing in dense forests where it can cling and grab onto other plants to reach the sunlight.

Stem - Angular, branching, grey/green, stiff, vigorous. Medium to fast growth rate.

Pruning - Prune all previous season's shoots, other than those needed to form a structure, back to 1 inch 92.5 cm) from the base annually in early spring.

Training - Tie to wires or individual anchor points.

Heght/spread
5 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
10 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)
20 years - 288 x 288 (730 x 730)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support.

Problems - Foliage may be attacked by insects such as red spider or whitefly. Roots often attacked by mealy bug. Proprietary controls should be used. Keep ventilation as open as possible, particularly in winter, but do not allow temperature to drop below 50 degrees Fahrenheit (10 degrees Centigrade), since that is its mimimum winter temperature.

Bougainvillea spectabilis 'Lady Wilson'. Cerise flowers.

Bougainvillea spectabilis lateritia. Brick-red bracts.

Bougainvillea spectabilis lindleyana 'Mrs Loise Wathen' (syn. Bougainvillea spectabilis lindleyana 'Orange King'). Cinnamon-coloured bracts.

Bougainvillea spectabilis 'Mrs Butt'. Bright rose bracts.

All varieties are difficult to obtain outside very temperate areas.

tomatoketchup

Caesalpinia gilliesii is Crimson Threadflower, Yellow Bird of Paradise, Bird of paradise bush
caesalpiniacflogilliesiiwikimediacommons
Caesalpinia gilliesii, Bird of Paradise, flowers and fruits; Salses-le-Château, France. By H. Zell, via Wikimedia Commons

Produces large erect racemes of up to 40 individual yellow flowers with scarlet stamens, which flowers are 3.5cm (1½in) across in erect racemes 15-30 (6-12in) long.

Full Sun

Jun-Jul

Juniper Level Botanic Garden (JLBG), established in 1988, actively promotes and preserves botanic diversity by bridging the gap between botany and horticulture through plant study, identification, educational outreach, and plant exploration, both in the US and abroad.

72-120 x 36-96
(200-300 x 100-250)

Mid- to dark-green 2 pinnate leaves to 20cm (8in) long with many oblong leaflets.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh E

Fertile moist well-drained soil or loam-based compost (JI No. 3) under glass with added leaf mould in conservatory.

Use - Erect to spreading shrub or small tree, which can be grown outside in summer. Plant can withstand temperatures down to 5°C (41°F), so is best inside a container within a conservatory in the UK. Good cut flowers.

Flowers on the new growth, it can be trimmed or coppiced every Autumn or can be trained to form a small tree. Best to grow in large pots on the patio (or planted in the garden for the Summer) but in Britain, it should be overwintered frost free in an unheated room or in conservatory.

Pruning - Plants under glass may need a restrictive prune after the first flush of flowers.

Problems - Needs frost protection except in the mildest locations.
The seeds and the green seed pods of this plant are toxic, provoking severe vomiting and other abdominal symptoms.

Companion Plants

Carpenteria californica
carpenteriacflocalifornicawikimediacommons
Carpenteria californica at Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, Santa Barbara, California, USA. Identified by sign. By Stickpen, via Wikimedia Commons

2-3 inch (5-7.5 cm) wide, pure white, saucer-shaped flowers with yellow anthers, borne in mid summer on mature wood.

A sheltered aspect in full sun.

Jun-Jul

After 10 years - 84 x 84 (210 x 210)

Light to bright green.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh E

Deep, rich soil. Tolerates both acidity and alkalinity. Grow in well-drained or moist but well-drained soil in full sun with shelter from cold, drying winds.

Use - As an evergreen, summer-flowering shrub for mild areas. Ideal for fan-training on a sunny wall, particularly in mild regions.

Foliage - Leaves light to bright green, broad, lanceolate, 2-4 inch (5-10 cm) long.

Stem - Light to dark green, upright at first, slightly spreading with age, forming a good fan-shape with training. Medium rate of growth.

Fruit - Small brown seedheads give limited winter attraction.

Pruning - Remove one third of oldest wood each spring to maintain health. May be cut back hard and will rejuvenate, but can take up to 2 years to flower again.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

Height/spread
5 years - 60 x 60 (150 x 150)
10 years - 84 x 84 (210 x 210)
20 years - 108 x 108 (270 x 270)
Protrudes up to 48 inches (120 cm) from support.

Problems - When young the shrub appears weak, but it develops well after planting. Reacts badly to temperatures below 23 degrees Fahrenheit (-5 degrees Centigrade) but normally rejuvenates from ground level.

Carpenteria californica 'Ladham's Variety'. Said to be more free-flowering than the parent, with larger flowers in Jul-Sep.

Carpenteria californica 'Bodnant' has cup-shaped anemone flowers with a central boss of yellow stamens. Its leaves are dark green and glossy and is bark is pale and peeling.

Companion Plants from California Native Plants Society -
Common Manzanita (Arctostaphylos manzanita), Sticky Whiteleaf Manzanita (Arctostaphylos viscida),
Spice Bush (Calycanthus occidentalis),
Pinemat (Ceanothus diversifolius) or other Ceanothus species,
Interior Live Oak (Quercus wislizeni),
California Blackberry (Rubus ursinus),
Blue Elderberry (Sambucus nigra ssp. caerulea),
California Wild Grape (Vitis californica), and
Bay Laurel (Umbellularia californica).

Catalpa bignonioides - Indian Bean Tree, Southern Catalpa
catalpacflosbignonoideswikimediacommons
Catalpa bignonioides, Bignoniaceae, Southern Catalpa, Indian Bean Tree, flowers; Karlsruhe, Germany. By H. Zell, via Wikimedia Commons.

Native to the southeastern United States in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, and Mississippi.

Upright panicles 8-10 inches |(20-25 cm) long of white, trumpet-shaped flowers with frilled edges, yellow markings and purple spotted throats, produced mid summer.

Requires a moderately sheltered aspect. Golden-leaved varieties scorch in full sun.

Jun-Jul

The flowers refuse to be self-fertilized. Each flower has its own stamens and its own stigma but the lobes of the stigma remain closed until after the anthers have opened and discharged their pollen; after they have withered and become effete then the stigma opens and invites the wandering bee. The entire Pink family behave in this way.

After 10 years - 360 x 360 (900 x 900)

The bright green leaves appear late and as they are full grown before the flower clusters open, add much to the beauty of the blossoming tree. They secrete nectar, a most unusual characteristic for leaves, by means of groups of tiny glands in the axils of the primary veins.

Fastest covering Climbers and Wall Shrubs

Tr D

Requires a deep, rich, moist soil to do well. Shows signs of chlorosis on extremely thin alkaline soils.

Use - As a large, fan-trained tree for walls.

Foliage - Broadly ovate leaves, 6-10 inches (15-25 cm) long and 3-8 inches (7.5-20 cm) wide, presented on long stalks. Good yellow autumn colour. Foliage smells unpleasant when crushed.

Stem - Light grey/green, becoming green/brown. Strong and upright. Pruning increases branching. Medium to fast growth rate, becoming slower and more spreading after the first 5 years.

Fruit - Long, narrow, green, ageing to black, slender pods, 8-15 inches (20-38 cms) long, produced in early autumn and retained into early winter.

 

Ceratomia catalpae caterpillars. have a longstanding ecological relationship with the tree, and may defoliate a tree three or more times in a summer without killing it. Fishing enthusiasts prize the caterpillars as bait, particularly for catfish, and may freeze them for months after collecting them in the spring.

Pruning - Prune young trees hard in spring following planting. Select and train resulting 5 to 7 shoots and tie into a fan-trained shape. In subsequent years, remove all side growths back to 2 points from their origin and maintain main branches in fan shape.

Training - Will require tying to wires or individual anchor points.

Height/spread
5 years - 192 x 192 (490 x 490)
10 years - 360 x 360 (900 x 900)
20 years - 468 x 468 (1200 x 1200)
Protrudes up to 60 inches (150 cm) from support.

Problems - Flowering may be decreased by fan-training but leaves will increase in size, particularly on golden-leaved varieties. May be damaged by high winds or heavy snow; consider location when planting. Young trees rarely look attractive, especially while in nursery production.
Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 4 degrees Fahrenheit 9-15 degrees Centigrade), but stem damage can be caused by winter frosts, especially in the golden-leaved varieties; however, this may in fact be an advantage in encouraging the plant to branch.

Catalpa bignonioides 'Aurea'. Attractive, broad, large, golden-yellow leaves. A less hardy form, even slightly tender. One-third average height and spread, but may reach more in ideal conditions.

Catalpa bignonioides 'Variegata'. Attractive large-leaved foliage, grey/green leaves margined with gold.

Catalpa x hybrida 'Purpurea'. New growth purple to purple/green, ageing to dark green. White flowers. Two-thirds average height and spread.

This intense desire to get people closer to nature is the reason Nativ Nurseries was founded. For years, Toxey had collected special seed and hand grew many plants and trees in his backyard. As Mossy Oak grew, we needed a source for plants and trees for our own properties; one that carried the many wildlife varieties that you couldn’t find readily available and one that appreciated their effects on habitat and food sources. Not only did we need a source for these "naturally beneficial" plants and trees, but we wanted a source that would provide us with genetically advanced varieties from superior parent trees; varieties that had preferred characteristics like taste, vigorous growth, health and early abundant mast production; characteristics that wildlife and outdoor enthusiasts prefer.

Ceanothus (Evergreen Forms)

Various shades of blue flowers, some tufted, borne in panicles or umbels in mid to late spring, some varieties early or late summer and even autumn.

Requires a sheltered aspect; prefers full sun,tolerates light to medium shade

See on right for months of flowering of each variety

After 10 years - 144 x 144 (350 x 350)

Light to dark green leaves with shiny upper surfaces and dull grey undersides.

Fastest covering Climbers and Wall Shrubs

Sh E

Good, deep, rich soil, by providing 4 inch (10 cm) depth of matured winter bedded cow manure in February. Tolerates both acidity and mild alkalinity. Thin chalk or limestone soils will induce severe chlorosis.
Ceanothus is also suitable and ideal for planting in coastal areas.

Use - As a fan-trained evergreen wall shrub for walls and fences.

Foliage - Leaves mostly ovate, 0.5-1.5 inches (1-4 cm) long, light to dark green, in a few varieties broad to narrow lanceolate. All with shiny upper surfaces and dull grey undersides. In some varieties leaves have pronounced tooth edge, others convex, inturned shapes.

Stem - Light green to grey/green. Upright when young, becoming very twiggy. Medium rate of growth.

Fruit. Insignificant.

 

 

Ceanothus 'Blue Cushion'. Very deep blue flowers, spreading but close-growing.

Ceanothus 'Burkwoodii'. Rich blue flowers borne mainly late spring and early summer, with good displays intermittently until autumn. Slightly more tender and slightly less height and spread than the average.

Ceanothus 'Cascade'. Powder blue flowers in open panicles in spring (in May-Jun). Foliage light green and more lanceolate than normal. Branches more lax and open, forming attractive, almost pendulous habit.

Ceanothus divergens. Deep blue flowers, spreading habit.

Ceanothus 'Edinburgh' (syn Ceanothus 'Edinensis') Mid blue panicles of flowers in spring. Broad, olive-green leaves. Less than average hardiness.

Ceanothus gloriosus 'Emily Brown'. Fluffy violet/blue flowers in early summer. Low growing. May be more tender.

Ceanothus 'Floribundas' Large clusters of mid blue flowers in late spring.

Ceanothus 'Hurricane Point'. Cornflower-blue flowers late spring/early summer. Good foliage. Low growing.

Ceanothus 'Ray Hartman'. Large deep blue flowers in mid spring to late summer. Hardy.

Ceanothus rigidus. Very dark blue flowers in small, short tufted panicles profusely borne mid to late spring. Interesting foliage, very dark olive green, small and crinkled. Tender.

Ceanothus 'Snow Flurries'. Snow-white flowers. Less hardy than average.

Ceanothus 'Sothmead'. Sky blue flowers in late spring and early summer. A very dense-growing shrub, with light green, broad, lanceolate leaves. Slightly less hardy than average.

Ceanothus thyrsiflorus. An abundance of medium-sized, well-spaced, mid blue flower panicles in spring and early summer. Dark green leaves. One of the hardiest varieties.

Pruning - Prune shoots by one third on 3-4 year old shrubs, annually after flowering. This will encourage new growth. Treat severe winter damage by cutting back into non-damaged wood.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

Height/spread
5 years - 96 x 96 (250 x 250)
10 years - 144 x 144 (350 x 350)
20 years - 216 x 216 (550 x 550)
Protrudes up to 60 inches (150 cm) from support.

Problems - Leaves liable to scorching by cold winds. Will not attain full height and spread in unsuitable areas and likely to experience chlorosis on unsuitable soils.
Tolerates a mimimum winter temperature of 14 degrees Fahrenheit (-10 degrees Centigrade). Foliage very susceptible to scorch by cold winter winds.
Not suitable for containers.

 

Ceanothus 'Concha'. Bright blue summer flowers in May-Jun.

Ceanothus 'Delight'. Deep blue flowers, produced in panicles 3-4 inches (7.5-10 cm) long in mid to late spring. Leaves broad, lanceolate and green. Said to be one of the hardiest varieties.

Ceanothus impressus. Deep blue flowers, small, but borne in great profusion. Distinctive foliage effect, with small, curled, dark green leaves, veins being very deeply impressed within the surface. New shoots red to purple/red in colour. One of the hardiest of the ceanothus varieties.

Ceanothus impressus 'Puget Blue'. Deeper blue flowers and larger foliage in May-Jun. Possibly less hardy than its parent.

Ceanothus 'Indigo'. Indigo blue flowers in early summer.

Ceanothus 'Italian Skies'. Mid to soft sky-blue panicles of flowers, borne in trusses on branching stems in spring. Medim-sized, round to ovate light green leaves. Less hardy than average.

Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 'Blue Mound'. Covered in short panicles of deep blue flowers, late spring and early summer. Dark green leaves.

Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 'Repens' (Creeping Blue Blossom). Rich blue flowers in abundance in mid-spring. Good-sized, dark green, tooth-edged foliage.

Ceanothus thyrsiflorus repens 'Gnome'. Light blue flowers in spring, deep green leaves. Low habit.

Ceanothus americanus (New Jersey Tea). Panicles of white flowers in early to mid summer (in Jun-Aug); dark green ovate leaves. A slightly tender variey reaching two-thrids average height and spread.

Ceanothus arboreus (Tree Ceanothus). Deep, vivid blue flowers in panicles borne in spring. Large, ovate, dark green leaves. Slightly more tender than the average and attains one third more height and spread.

Ceanothus arboreus 'Trewithen Blue'. Flowers slightly scented and deeper blue than Ceanothus arboreus.

Ceanothus 'A.T. Johnson'. Mid to pale blue panicles of flowers, late spring, some early autumn flowering. Alight green, large-leaved variety. Very vigorous in habit, in some situations exceeding average height and spread.

Ceanothus 'Autumnal Blue'. Good-sized panicles of dark blue flowers, late summer and autumn. One of the hardiest varieties. It can easily be trained against a wall or fence to form a hedge.

Ceanothus dentatus (Santa Barbara Ceanothus). Bright blue flowers in late spring, small, tooth-edged dark green leaves.

Ceanothus 'Dignity'. Dark blue flower panicles and dark green foliage. Normally flowers in spring, sometimes intermittently in autumn.

Ceanothus 'Joyce Coulter'. Deep blue flowers. Groundcover plant.

Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. Deep cobalt-blue flowers and deep green leaves. Attracts bees.

Ceanothus x lobbianus 'Russelianus'. Bright blue flowers, freely borne in mid to late spring. Less hardy than average.

Ceanothus pappillosus 'Roweanus'. Dark blue flowers in late spring; sticky leaves. Tender.

Ceanothus prostratus (Squaw Carpet). Bright blue flowers borne freely in spring on this creeping, spreading plant with small, dark green to light green, broad to lanceolate leaves. Groundcover plant.

Ceanothus 'Topaz'. Large, well-spaced panicles of indigo blue flowers, mid to late summer. Large, round or ovate, mid green leaves. In cold climates should be considered semi-evergreen or even deciduous.

Ceanothus x veitchianus. Deep blue flowers, late spring and early summer. Medium-sized, dark green, broadly lanceolate leaves. Taller than average varieties and said to be one of the hardiest.

Ceanothus griseus 'Yankee Point'. Panicles of light blue flowers in mid spring. Light to mid green, medium-sized, narrow, ovate leaves. Compact habit.

Celastrus orbiculatus is Staff Vine, Climbing Bittersweet, Oriental Bittersweet
celastruscflosorbiculatuswikimediacommons
Celastrus orbiculatus. By Dalgial, via Wikimedia Commons.

PlantThis and its Plant Selector are for those at any stage of their affair with plants. A reference for newcomers looking for guidance; a resource for knowledgeable enthusiasts; a selection tool for the practical and professional garden-maker; and inspiration for all the plant dreamers. The right plant for you is out there.

Small green flowers carried in clusters of up to 4 in early summer, of little interest. Flowers may be of single sex.

Full sun to medium shade with no particular preference.

Jun-Jul

 

Considered to be an invasive species in eastern North America. When Celastrus orbiculatus grows by itself, it forms thickets; when it is near a tree or shrub, the vines twist themselves around the trunk. The encircling vines have been known to strangle the host tree to death, which is also true of the American species, C. scandens.
One of Oriental bittersweet’s invasive characteristics is its effective utilization of energy to increase plant height, thus giving it a competitive advantage over similar plants.

After 10 years - 240 x 240 (600 x 600)

The Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States is a collaborative project between the National Park Service, the University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, the Invasive Plant Atlas of New England and the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. The purpose of the Atlas is to assist users with identification, early detection, prevention, and management of invasive plants.

Light to mid green, very good yellow autumn colouring.

This is recorded in Australia as being
a weed of the natural environment, escaping from cultivation,
a noxious (declared weed) and
as an 'invasive species'. This 'invasive species' term is only applied to serious high impact environmental and /or aggricultural weeds.

It might be thought that this plant is not one of their favourites in America or Australia, whereas in good old Britain we have nurseries selling this to us mugs.

Twining Climber for Non-House Walls, Fences, Pergolas

Cl D

Does well on all soil types, both alkaline and acid, with no particular preference except for adequate root run in moist, well-drained soil.

Use - For growing over large buildings such as garages and sheds, through large established trees and shrubs or over large constructions such as pergolas, since it is a large deciduous vigourous vine requiring careful space location to produce its best fruiting results.

Foliage - Oval, up to 5 inches (12 cm) long, with points; carried on short stalks up to 1 inch (2.5 cm) long; light to mid green, very good yellow autumn colouring.

Stem - Twsting, twining, not self-clinging; light grey/green when young becoming light creamy brown with age. Some limited winter attraction in good light. Very fast growing.

Fruit - The main attraction. Capsules, bright yellow in colour when ripe, oen to reveal a scarlet-coated seed within. Carried in large numbers on mature climbers. The hermaphrodite- flowered form is self-fertile and bears frit without a pollinator; otherwise male and female plants will be necessary.

Pruning - Not normally considered practical as it covers an extremely large area but can be reduced in size if required after fruiting.

Training - Leave to ramble through whatever type of construction or tree it is to cover. Self supporting by twining effect but not self-clinging.

Height/spread
5 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)
10 years - 240 x 240 (600 x 600)
20 years - 360 x 360 (900 x 900)
Protrudes up to 48 inches (120 cm) from support.

Problems - Its overall size is often underestimated and it must be allowed to achieve this size to produce good displays of fruit. Some all male forms may exist when propagated from seed, but most plants produced in commercial horticulture are of the hermaphrodite form so the problem of also finding space for a female plant normally does not arise.
Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 4 degrees Fahrenheit ( -15 degrees Centigrade).

celastruscfrusorbiculatuswikimediacommons
Celastrus orbiculatus, Fruit, Aizu area, Fukushima pref., Japan. By Qwert1234, via Wikimedia Commons.
Oriental bittersweet is a strong competitor in its environment, and its dispersal has endangered the survival of several other species. One attribute that contributes to the success of this species is having attractively colored fruit. As a result, it is eaten by mammals and birds, which excrete the seeds to different locations.

Choisya ternata is Mexican Orange Blossom
choisyacflosternatawikimediacommons
Choisya ternata. By MPF, via Wikimedia Commons

Fragrant, single, 0.5 inch (1 cm) wide, white, star-shaped, orange-scented flowers, borne in flat-topped clusters, late spring to early summer.

Tolerates all but the most exposed aspects. Equally good in full sun or deep shade.

They produce attractive white flowers (citrus fragrance) from late April to early June and sometimes a second flowering in October / November.

After 10 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)

Leaves glossy, mid to dark green, which when crushed give off an aromatic scent.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh E

Does well on most, although very severe alkaline soils may lead to chlorosis.

Use - As a very attractive evergreen shrub for scented, late spring to early summer flowering, but with training can become ann interesting wall shrub or an excellent low hedge. Choisyas can be grown in containers although they do need a bit of care in the winter. Potted plants are more susceptible to frost damage compared to those in the ground so we recommend placing your potted Choisya in a porch, open garage or in a protected position up against the house during the winter - November to March ideally.

Foliage - Leaves glossy, mid to dark green, trifoliate, 3-6 inches (7.5-15 cm) long, which when crushed give off an aromatic scent.

Stem - Light to bright green, glossy, upright, becoming spreading and twiggy with age, forming a fan-shaped shrub. Fast to medium rate of growth when young or pruned back, slowing with age.

Fruit - Insignificant.

Pruning - 3 methods of pruning are advocated:

  • cut back to within 12 inches (30 cm) of ground level after 3 to 4 years so it can rejuvenate itself and repeat process every third or fourth year following. This keeps the foliage glossy and encorages flowering.
  • Otherwise, on mature shrubs, remove one third of the oldest wood to ground level after flowering to encorage rejuvenation from centre and base and repeat annually. (I tend to prefer this method when I have maintained client's gardens)
  • Prune established plants in spring immediately after flowering, removing 25-30cm (10-12in) of the flowered stems. This encourages a second flush of flowers in late-summer and autumn. At the same time, remove any frost-damaged stems to the base.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

Height/spread
5 years - 60 x 60 (150 x 150)
10 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
20 years - 84 x 84 (210 x 210)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support.

Problems - If pruning is neglected, plant becomes old, woody and unproductive. Plants are always relatively small when purchased but quickly mature when planted out.
Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 14 degrees Fahrenheit (-10 degrees Centigrade). Leaf damage can occur in lower temperatures or in severe wind chill. In some winters, may die back to ground level but can normally rejuvenate itself the following spring.

Choisya 'Aztec Pearl'. Clusters of fragrant, pink-tinged white flowers in late spring.

choisyacfloternataaztecpearlwikimediacommons
Choisya 'Aztec Pearl' (hybride between Choisya arizonica en Choisya ternata). By Wouter Hagens, via Wikimedia Commons

Choisya ternata 'Sundance'. Yellow/green foliage in spring, quickly becoming golden yellow which persists through winter. Slightly more tender. Two thirds average height an spread. Requires very light shade.

 

Partner plants - The glossy, evergreen leaves provide an excellent backdrop for medium-sized perennials and pale-grey or purple foliage plants.

The secret to stunning shrubs? Mix woody plants with perennials.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3
PAGES

Site Map

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY PAGES Links to pages in Table alongside on the left with Garden Design Topic Pages

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Plant Type
 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 with its Cultivation Requirements

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border
1
, 2

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime 1, 2

Alpines and Walls
Dry Sunny Walls 1a, b
Tops of Walls 2a, b
Dry Shady and Conifers 3a, b

Alpines and
Paving
1
, 2

Sink and Trough gardens
1
, 2

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion River-bank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
1
, 2

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Water-side Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
1
, 2

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------



 

 

ANY PLANT TYPE for
Cut Flowers in
January 1, 2
February
March 1, 2
April
May 1, 2
June 1, 2
July 1, 2
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Con-tainers

Cut Flowers
1
, 2, 3 Ever-lasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attract-ing bene-ficial insects
1
, 2

Scent / Fra-grance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas and Colour Schemes with Annuals
1
, 2

Low-Growing Annuals
1
, 2

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers and Cut Flowers
Page
1
, 2, 3

White Flowers
1
, 2

Yellow or Orange Flowers
1
, 2

Dec-orative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade
1
, 2

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attract-ive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elabo-rated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screen-ing

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

 

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens
1
, 2

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Con-tainers with Biennials for Pots in Green-house / Con-servatory

Bene-ficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explan-ation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
Dec-ember
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for Sep-tember
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes
1
, 2

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs natural-ised in Grass

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Apr-May
Jun-Aug 1, 2, 3, 4

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Any Plant Type Blooming in Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Wood-land Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achi-menes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Aris-aemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomar-eas, Calad-iums

Clivias,
Colo-casias, Crinums, Cyclam-ens, Cyrt-anthuses, Euchar-ises, Urceo-charis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachen-alias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone 1, 1a

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloom-eria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calo-chorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Col-chicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Mon-tbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Ery-thrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Gal-anthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hya-cinth, Hya-cinths in Pots,
Scilla, Pusch-kinia, Chion-odoxa, Chiono-scilla, Muscari

Iris,
Kniphofia, Lapey-rousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip,
Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidan-thera, Albuca, Alstroe-meri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixio-lirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogal-ums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooper-ias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant each Bedding Plant with a Ground, Edging or Dot Plant for
Spring
1
, 2
or
Summer
1
, 2

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with

Any Plant Type flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1, 2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec
 

----------
Choosing the right Plant

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vege-tables

1d.
Cut
flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised
Bed
for Wheel-chair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least prot-ruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Ground-cover

1,2
Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conserv-atory or Green-house

Large
Pots and Con-tainers
1
, 2

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming
Salverform

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elaborated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a
Standards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock
Disks and Florets

andosacecforyargongensiskevock
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms

 

STAGE 4A 12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Brown

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Cream

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
White

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Multi-Colou-red

1
Each Flower Diff-

1
erent Colour

 

STAGE 4B 12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
Deciduous Shrubs or Trees, Herbaceous Perennials or Bulbs- if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.
Evergreen Shrubs or Trees, Evergreen Perennials - if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.

Jan Win

Feb Win

Mar Spr

Apr Spr

May Spr

Jun Sum

Jul Sum

Aug Sum

Sep Aut

Oct Aut

Nov Aut

Dec Win

Decid
Herba

Ever-green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Black

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Bronze

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Grey

1
White

1
Silver

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Varie-gated

1

1

1

1

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©October 2016.
Top menus revised June 2018. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

Ivydene
Horticultural
Services

Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders - was first published in 1977 and this paperback edition was published on 1 August 1994 ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-
This comprehensive book looks at scented flowers and leaves of plants from all over the world. The work has been prepared to the standards of the Index Kewensis, and is filled with the most interesting facts about the scented flora of the world.

I am using the above book from someone who took 30 years to compile it from notes made of his detailed observations of growing plants in preference to
The RHS Companion to Scented Plants Hardcover – 16 Oct 2014 by Stephen Lacey (Author), Andrew Lawson (Photographer) ISBN 978-0-7112-3574-8 even though this is the only major reference work on scent and scented plants which is endorsed by the Royal Horticultural Society. See reasons for stopping infilling of previous Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page.

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species. Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design

...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants

...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens

A 1, Photos
B 1, Photos
C 1, Photos
D 1, Photos
E 1, Photos
F 1, Photos
G 1, Photos
H 1, Photos
I 1, Photos
J 1, Photos
K 1, Photos
L 1, Photos
M 1, Photos
N 1, Photos
O 1, Photos
P 1, Photos
Q 1, Photos
R 1, Photos
S 1, Photos
T 1, Photos
U 1, Photos
V 1, Photos
W 1, Photos
X 1 Photos
Y 1, Photos
Z 1 Photos
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens
Flower Shape and Plant Use of
Bedding
Bulb
Evergreen Perennial
Herbaceous Perennial
Rose


Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...Infill2 Plants
...Infill3 Plants *
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...All2 Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden

1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9, 10,
11,12,
13,14,
15,16,
uses of tree/ shrub

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

1

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

Growing Plants for the Church

1



1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9,10,
11,12,
13,14

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Trumpets
acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1a1a

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club.
Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN
13:978
0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb
Growing by
Edward Pearson
. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in
Window-boxes.

Colour All The
Year In My Garden
: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour
in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book
from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.
The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by
Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to
Bulbs by Patrick
M. Synge
. ISBN
0 00 214016-0
First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and
republished by Forgotten Books in 2012
(Forgotten Books
is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have
372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or
purchase in print.).

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated
Gardening Encyclopedia
by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by
Daily Express Publication,
reprinted 1941
for the individual
cultivar names with evergreen/
deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Tree and Shrubs in Garden Design -

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Clay Soils (neutral to slightly acid)

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Dry Acid Soils

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Shallow Soil over Chalk

Trees and Shrubs tolerant of both extreme Acidity and Alkalinity

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Damp Sites

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Industrial Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Cold Exposed Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Seaside Areas

Shrubs suitable for Heavy Shade

Shrubs and Climbers suitable for NORTH- and EAST-facing Walls

Shrubs suitable for Ground Cover

Trees of Pendulous Habit

Trees and Shrubs of Upright or Fastigiate Habit

Trees and Shrubs with Ornamental Bark or Twigs

Trees and Shrubs with Bold Foliage

Trees and Shrubs for Autumn Colour

Trees and Shrubs with Red or Purple Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Golden or Yellow Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Grey or Silver Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Variegated Foliage

Trees and Shrubs bearing Ornamental Fruit

Trees and Shrubs with Fragrant or Scented Flowers

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Foliage

Flowering Trees and Shrubs for Every Month:-
Jan
, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec

The following table shows the linkages for the information about the plants
described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening in The Gardeners' Golden Treasury, revised by A. G. L Hellyer F.L.S, Editor of 'Amateur Gardening', (thirty-first impression of original published in 1895) was published in 1960 by W. H. & L. Collingridge Limited,
between:-

  • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery (in this Table) and Stage 1 Fragrant Plants (in Table on left), then
  • Stage 2 - 3 Infill Plants Index Galleries (in Table on right), then
  • Stage 3a - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2 (in this Table)
  • Stage 3b - All2 Plants Index Gallery for Alpines without a Garden for your health and productivity (in this Table)
  • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right)
  • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right) with
    column for Deciduous / Herbaceous plants with the same foliage colour during their growing season and
    column for Evergreen plants with the same foliage colour during the entire year
  • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery (in Table on left)
  • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery (in Table on left)

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
It would be useful if when you decide to change your garden that you use a uniform garden style throughout your garden and the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY aims to provide pointers.
The new pages (April 2016) in the gallery will have a suitable list of plants on each page (as that plant gets further detailed in the ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY), then each row containing that plant name in the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY will also be updated. I aim to input details of plants starting with A in alphabetical order to Z.

Private Garden Design:-
What is your Budget and What are the purposes for your garden?
Designing for a purpose: Areas which require answers before answering your Designing for a Purpose Questionaire.
Then, do the Site Survey with Photographs, before putting the Current Garden Design on paper or in your computer.
Using the Broad Design elements of Scale, which Garden Style to use:-
Low Maintenance Garden Style, Cottage Garden Style, Wildlife Garden Style or Japanese Garden Style and the
Hard and Soft Landscaping elements, create the Broad Proposed Design. Then, the Detailed Design of each Hard Landscaping item followed by the Soft Landscaping elements: The Soil, changing the Microclimate; and the
Plant Selection is influenced by the Colour Wheel, with Plant Quantities determined by time to establish versus width between plants and Companion Planting will provide helpful neighbouring plants
or
Click on text in cells below to jump to that page describing that data
.

 


Container

Gardening at my work-place

 

<----

 

Yes
|
v


Do you want to garden and grow plants?

 

No

Cannot be bothered.
If you wish to improve your productivity and health, then, plant an Alpine Pan in your work area or at home using the information within Alpines without a Garden by Lawrence D. Hills, using these pages:-


Potted
House-plant


<----
|
|
v


No
Garden

At Home with Gard-ening Area


Yes


---->

Balcony Garden or Roof Garden


Yes
---->

Grow flowers for flower arranging and vegetables on Balcony Garden or Roof Garden

Pan Plant Back-grou-nd Colour

STAGE 3b
ALL2 PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

|
v


Conservatory Gardening

|
<--
|

 

|
No
-->

Outside Garden
|
v

Pan, Trough and Window-Box Odds and Sods
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14,
15

The beginner's dozen for the small pan

Plants for the pan gar-den


Stovehouse for Tropical Plants

|
<--

An extra dozen for the larger pan

Kinds of Pan Plants that may be split up and tucked in Corners and Crevices

|
|
v

Miniature trees and shrubs for pan

The leafy soil pan

The gritty soil pan

The Limy Soil Plan

Blue Flower Colour Pan Plants

Lilac, Violet and Purple Flower Colour Pan Plants

Reds, Carm-ines Flower Colour Pan Plants

Pinks Flower Colour Pan Plants

White Flower Colour Pan Plants and Bicol-ored

Yellow Flower Colour Pan Plants

Blue Flower Colour Trough Plants

Violet, Lilac and Purple Flower Colour Trough Plants

|
|
v

Reds and Carm-ines Flower Colour Trough Plants

Pinks - all shades Flower Colour Trough Plants

Yellow Flower Colour Trough Plants

White and Cream Flower Colour Trough Plants

Bi-colour-ed Flower Colour Trough Plants

Feb Flower Season Pan

Mar Flower Season Pan

Apr Flower Season Pan

May Flower Season Pan

Jun Flower Season Pan

Jul Flower Season Pan

Aug Flower Season Pan

Sep Flower Season Pan

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Pan

Nov Flower Season Pan

Pans for Semi-shade

Pans for In-doors

Mini-ature Pot

Feb Flower Season Trough

Mar Flower Season Trough

Apr Flower Season Trough

May Flower Season Trough

Jun Flower Season Trough

Jul Flower Season Trough

Aug Flower Season Trough

Sep Flower Season Trough

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Trough

Nov Flower Season Trough

Dec Flower Season Trough

Bulb Pan

Bulb Cover-ing Carp-eters

Trough and Window-box plants 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trough and Window-Box Background Colour

Pan Plant
Alpines without a Garden

ABC 1
Pan Plants

DEF 1
Pan Plants

GHI
Pan Plants

JKL 1
Pan Plants

|
|
v

MNO 1
Pan Plants

PQR 1
Pan Plants

STU 1
Pan Plants

V 1
Pan Plants

WXYZ 1
Pan Plants

You need to know the following:-
1. How much time per week are you prepared to look after your garden or prepared to pay someone else to do it for you?
2. How much are you are prepared to spend on creating your garden and then on its maintenance for its feeding and replacement of its plants and hard landscaping?
3. In order for you to go into your garden, there must be mystery in it, so that from any position in the house you cannot see all the garden, otherwise you will not be tempted to go out into it.
4. You must decide what garden style you are going to use THROUGHOUT the garden and make sure of using 3. the mystery in it as well.
5. What plants do you want to keep in your existing garden and incorporate into your new garden?
6. What Human Problems do you have and what Site Problems are there?

A) Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers List leads onto the
B) Bee Pollinated Bloom in Month galleries and
C) extra Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers.


<----

Human Prob-lems
v


---->

Blind,
Deaf,
in a Wheelchair, or
you cannot bend easily

 

 

 

Garden Style, which takes into account the Human Problems above

 

 

Classic Mixed Style


<----

Cottage Garden Style


<----

.
v


---->

Naturalistic Style

Formal English Garden

 

Mediterranean Style


<----

Meadow and Corn-field


<----

.
.
v


---->

Paving and Gravel inland,
Coastal Conditions near the sea, Seashore with shingle/sand

 

 

 

 

Problem Sites within your chosen Garden Style from the above

 

 

Exposure to Wind


<----

Excess Shade


<----

Exce-ssively Dry Shade


<----


<----

.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Exce-ssively Hot, Sunny and Dry Site is suitable for Drought Resistant Plants

Excessively Wet Soil - especially when caused by poor drainage

Control of Pests (Aphids, Rabbits, Deer, Mice, Mole, Snails) / Disease by Companion Planting in Garden

Whether your Heavy Clay or Light Sandy / Chalk Soil is excessively Alkaline (limy) / Acidic or not, then there is an Action Plan for you to do with your soil, which will improve its texture to make its structure into a productive soil instead of it returning to being just sand, chalk, silt or clay.


<----

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Problems caused by builders:- 1. Lack of soil on top of builders rubble in garden of just built house.
2. Clay soil of Garden slopes towards house with no drainage of this rainwater by the house wall.

In planning your beds for your garden, before the vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman planting is inserted into your soft landscaping plan, the following is useful to consider:-
1. The ground plan usually depends upon 1 or more unalterable existing features. The position of the doors of the house will dictate the positions of paths, the shortest route to the kitchen may indicate the best place for a paved area for eating and drinking out of doors, or the kept trees/shrubs may indicate what garden style is used.
2. Rules of Proportion -
A. A border should be roughly 1/2 as wide as the hedge or wall behind it.
B. The proportion of planted areas to paved or turfed areas should be 1/3 to 2/3, or a 1/4 to 3/4, not 1/2 and 1/2.
C. Within a bed or border, unless a 2-dimensional pattern on the ground is the objective, the height and bulk of the plants should be varied to avoid monotony; it is particularly important to provide strong planting, in terms of either height or bulk or both, at either end of a long bed.
D. The ground surface provides a background to the plants that is as important as the hedges, walls or fences that surround it. Grass is perhaps the most satisfying carpet to use, the cool green forming a restful antidote to the dancing colours of the flowers. Use different coloured pea-shingle inside Cedar Gravel for people in wheelchairs, or infirm in their legs or who suffer from Hay Fever.

Reasons for stopping infilling of Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page. From September 2017 will be creating the following new pages on Sense of Fragrance using Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders.
ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-

 

 

 

|
v

 

 

 

 

 

After you have selected your vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman plants for each bed or border, you will need to infill with plants taking the following into account:-

 

 

 

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark 1, 2, 3
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Sandy Soil 1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves 1, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit 1, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants 1, 2
Scented Aquatic Plants.
Plants with Scented Fruits.
Plants with Scented Roots 1, 2
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.
Scented Cacti and Succulents.
Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell 1, 2

Flower Perfume Group:-
Miscellaneous Group with scents - Balm, Brandy, Cedar, Cloying, Cowslip, Cucumber, Damask Rose, Daphne, Exotic, Freesia, Fur-like, Gardenia, Hay-like, Heliotrope, Honeysuckle, Hops, Hyacinth, Incense-like, Jasmine, Laburnham, Lilac, Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette, Mint, Mossy, Muscat, Muscatel, Myrtle-like, Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg, Piercing, Primrose, Pungent, Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras, Seductive, Slight, Soft, Stephanotis, Sulphur, Starch, Sweet, Sweet-briar, Tea-rose, Treacle and Very Sweet.

Flower Perfume Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.
Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.
Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.
Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-
Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.
Honey Group.
Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint
Sulphur and
Urinous,

Leaf Perfume Group:-
Turpentine Group.
Camphor and Eucalyptus Group.
Mint Group.
Sulphur Group.
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Heavy Group.
Aromatic Group.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group.
Fruit-scented Group.
Animal-scented Group.
Honey Group.

Scent of Wood, Bark and Roots Group:-
Aromatic Group.
Turpentine Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Stale Perspiration Group.

 

Scent of Fungi Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Sulphur Group.
Aromatic Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Fruit Group.
Animal Group.
Honey Group

Sense of Sight

Emotion of
Hot /Cool; Calm / Agitated

Emotion of
Low-key / High Key


<----

.
.
.
v

Emotion of
Inviting
/ Forbidding

Emotion of Intellectual versus Emotional

Sense of Touch

Sense of Taste

Sense of Sound

 

 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 for
lists of plants of 1 plant type for 1 cultivation requirement is in Table on right

 

 

 

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
Click on Blue or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour in the
Other Plant Photo Galleries. RedPP is Red, Pink, Purple and Other is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

ABC

DEF

GHI

JKL

MNO

PQR

STU

VWX

YZ

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial,
Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Aquatic

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Annual/ Biennial

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bamboo

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bedding, 25
RHS Mixed Border Beds 75 and
Flower Shape, Flower Colour and Bedding Plant Use

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb, 746 with Use, Flower Colour/Shape of
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus and Tulip

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Climber 71 Clematis, 58 other Climbers with Use, Flower Colour and Shape

1

Blue

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Conifer

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Deciduous Shrub 43 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Deciduous Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Evergreen Perennial 104 with Use, Flower Colour, Flower Shape and Number of Petals

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Shrub 46, Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather 74 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Fern with 706 ferns
within 21 types and 41 uses

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Grass

1

1

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

Herbaceous Perennial 91,
RHS Mixed Border Beds 176 and
Peonies 46 with Flower Colour/Shape

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Herb

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Odds and Sods

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rose with 720 roses within Flower Colour, Flower Shape, Rose Petal Count and Rose Use

1

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

 

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Soft Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Sub-Shrub

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Top Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Vegetable

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Wildflower 1918 with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK
I am inserting the plants described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening into STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

Red

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Multi-colour

Cream

Mauve

Brown

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Finally, you might be advised to check that the adjacent plants to the one you have chosen for that position in a flower bed are suitable; by checking the entry in Companion Planting - like clicking A page for checking Abies - and Pest Control page if you have a pest to control in this part of the flower bed.
Companion Planting
- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Pest Control using Plants

 

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
The planning a Rose Garden chapter from Rose Gardens by Jane Fearnley-Whitingstall ISBN 0 7011 3344 9 and
Plant Solutions by Nigel Colborn provides information for this gallery.

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 Reference books for these galleries in Table on left

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
In addition to these 10 galleries, there are links to the Other Plant Photo Galleries in the table above like Bulb , which have plant descriptions accessed by clicking a flower thumbnail in its flower comparison page. Click the respective flower colour - like Green - to change page to that flower colour comparison page. Then, you can also choose these other plants.
It will also state the Plant Combinations for each plant from The Ulimate Visual Guide to Successful Plant Harmony - The Encyclopedia of Planting Combinations by Tony Lord ISBN 1-55209-623-8

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY
Some extra details about the Cultivation Requirements of Plant:- Outdoor /Garden Cultivation, Indoor / House Cultivation, Cool Green-house Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter, Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year, and Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

Since 2006, I have requested photos etc from the Mail-Order Nurseries in the UK and later from the rest of the World. Few nurseries have responded.
I worked for a lady, who with her husband took 35 mm slides of plants in the 1960's and 1970's. She allowed me to digitise some of her Kodachrome slides, which I have used in my website. I discovered that at least the green colour of the foliage became very much darker over that period of years to 2008, by comparing wildflower photos from her slides with digital photos supplied by a current Wildflower mail-order nursery, so I stopped creating my Foliage Galleries.
I bought myself a camera some years ago and started taking photos, some of which have been put into the website. I started taking photos of the Heathers at the Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley garden. I have displayed the Heathers foliage in closeup since their leaves are 2mm long and in macro-scale in the Heather Galleries - sometimes the foliage colour at the terminal end of the foliage stem is only a few leaves, whereas others have the same foliage colour throughout the stem. I discovered that some of the heathers did not have the correct plant label, since the flower colour did not correspond with the flower colour in the literature. I was informed that since kids have free rein, that perhaps they move the plant labels. Since, I cannot rely that the heather plant label next to the heather plant is valid, I have stopped taking photos of those heathers.
This leaves a small problem, especially since very few gardens open to the public have their plants labelled so that the public can use the data on their label to buy that named plant from a nursery or garden centre. Currently (June 2018) I insert photos from Wikimedia Commons as well as my own.
I have found the above book - which does not contain any colour plant photos. Since it had the following experts help in creating it, I have decided to use its information in these 10 galleries to help the public:-

  • T.W. Sanders Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1895.
  • A.J Macself Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1926 - both Sanders and Macself had worked entirely to the handlists published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • A.G.L. Hellyer in this work of revision and also in checking the all-important cultural notes sought the help of experts in the various classes of plant:-
    • Mr S.A. Pearce, Assistant Curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew undertook the revision of those genera of plants which in this country are mainly grown under glass.
    • Mr Will Ingwersen dealt with the Rock plants,
    • Mr N. Catchpole made himself responsible for trees and shrubs;
    • Mr G.A Phillips for herbaceous plants,
    • Mrs Francis Perry for water plants,
    • Mr A.J. Macself for ferns,
    • Mr E. Cooper for orchids,
    • Mr J.S Dakers for annuals,
    • Miss Doreen Crowther for fruit and vegetables

with the aid of further information from other books, magazines and cross-checking on the internet.
In this edition of the book Sander's Encyclopaedia, the individual soil mixtures to grow plants have been retained, for it was considered that many gardeners might still wish to use them in certain circumstances. The John Innes mixtures may be substituted wherever desired. Details of these individual mixtures will be put into these galleries.