Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill2 Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - The Alpines that Dislike Lime Page 1 of 2

Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill2 Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - The Alpines that Dislike Lime

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour

Sun Aspect of Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months

with row in each month that it flowers in that colour in
STAGE 4A
12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
/

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour


with row in relevant pages that it has foliage of that colour in
STAGE 4B
12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

or
Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

 

with data for rows in
STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY and
STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Pages

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with links to
STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2, 3
and
STAGE 3
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2
pages
 

Comments

A plant of first-class merit, suggested as 'First Choices'

Adjacent Planting

Plant Associations

It is sad to reflect that in England so few gardens open to the public label their plants or label them so that the label is visible when that plant is in flower, so that visitors can identify; and then later locate and purchase that plant.

Few mail-order nurseries provide the detail as shown in my rose or heather galleries.

If you want to sell a product, it is best to display it. When I sold my Transit van, I removed its signage, cleaned it and took photos of the inside and outside before putting them onto an advert in Autotrader amongst more than 2000 other Transit vans - it was sold in 20 minutes.

If mail-order nurseries could put photos to the same complexity from start of the year to its end with the different foliage colours and stages of flowering on Wikimedia Commons, then the world could view the plant before buying it, and idiots like me would have valid material to work with.

I have been in the trade (until ill health forced my Sole Trader retirement in 2013) working in designing, constructing and maintaining private gardens for decades and since 2005 when this site was started, I have asked any nursery in the world to supply photos. R.V. Roger in Yorkshire allowed me to use his photos from his website in 2007 and when I got a camera to spend 5 days in July 2014 at my expense taking photos of his roses growing in his nursery field, whilst his staff was propagating them. I gave him a copy of those photos.

 

Alpine - The Alpines that Dislike Lime

In their soil preferences, alpine plants may be divided into those that are tolerant of lime and those that dislike it. In horticultural jargon, the former are termed calcicole, and the latter calcifuge, though the gardener may designate them as lime-loving and lime-hating. Fortunately, the alpines that are tolerant of lime far outnumber those that dislike it.

The liking or disliking of plants for lime, however, is not so much an active or direct reaction to lime itself, but to the growing conditions and chemical status that the presence or absence of lime in the soil creates.

Lime as a base element plays a major role in influencing the acid-alkaline balance, usually expressed in terms of pH values - a measurement of the hydrogen ion concentration or power - is not static but subject to slight incessant changes as chemical reactions take place.

On the pH scale, the figure 7 represents approximately neutrality with acid and base (alkali) elements more or less in equilibrium. Values below 7 indicate acidity. The smaller the number, the greater the acidity. Values above 7 indicate alkalinity. The numbers are in geometric progression. A soil of pH 5.0 is ten times more acid than one of pH 6.0. The pH value of a soil can be ascertained with sufficient accuracy by means of a small soil-testing outfit based on indicator fluid.

Since calcium - the element provided by lime - is the chief base-forming mineral in our soils, the pH of a soil is a fair indication of its lime status. No soils lack calcium, but the more acid a soil is, the less exchangeable lime (or calcium) is available to enter into chemical reactions.

This is important since it affects the availability of other mineral nutrients to plants. For instance, with increasing acidity phosphates become less available, while with decreasing acidity and alkalinity the availability of potassium, iron, manganese, phosphate, and some minor or trace nutrient elements is reduced.

Most plants, however, have a fair tolerance of several degrees of acidity. In the majority of cases, the ideal pH lies within pH 6 and 6.5, or moderate to slight acidity. But some plants have wider, some narrower tolerances. A number of plants, for instance, grow quite well in alkaline-reacting soils of a pH 7 to 7.5, though the number is limited. On the other hand, the limit of acidity for many plants is just below pH 5.5.

There is also a more or less select group of plants which are unable to thrive in soils of an acidity much greater than pH 5.0, and which are happiest in soils of pH 5-0 to 4.5. These are the so-called calcifuge or lime-hating plants. Their difficulty is that the presence of lime in soils of less acidity not only makes iron unavailable to them but also prevents them utilizing any iron they may be able to take up. Iron is, of course, essential to the formation and functioning of the green colouring matter, chlorophyll, of plants. Without iron, the calcifuge plants develop pale green to yellow leaves, or chlorosis, and eventually die unless iron is made available to them.

So sensitive are these plants to iron deficiency, that they must be grown on strongly acid soils to thrive, since only such soils can provide enough soluble and available iron to them. Consequently, the alpines that dislike lime must be set apart in cultivation, and the orthodox and easiest way of meeting their needs is to plant them in strongly acid soil devoid of mineral lime.

On acid sands, peaty soils and soils reclaimed from woodlands and rich in leaf-mould, there is lttle difficulty. On soils of a pH greater than 5.5, however, special soil provision must be made for the calcifuge alpines. On soils that are acid, but not sufficiently acid, between pH 55 and 6.8, it is possible to grow these alpines by making separate beds of a suitably acid soil, or by taking out the existing soil and replacing it with a very acid one.

On soils containing much lime, however, an oasis of acid soil will be subject to corruption from the surrounding soil, as in time earthworms and other soil agencies will bring in lime, and slow chlorosis will be the fate of the plants.

Unfortunately, chlorosis among calcifuge plants is not very amenable to correction by supplying iron salts. The iron, applied in a simple soluble chemical salt such as ferrous sulphate, is promptly precipitated out of solution by the lime present in the soil and very little gets through to the plants.

Recently, however, it has been found that this reaction can be circumvented by the application of iron in association with an organic compound known as chelate , or sequestrene. Broadly, iron in a chelated compound can be absorbed by the plant without being precipitated in the soil. The amounts required are in terms of a fraction of an ounce per plant, and it seems likely that with the help of the chelates the growing of the calcifuge plants in soils containing a little too much lime will be greatly eased.

Whether the chelates will permit the growing of calcifuge plants on highly calcareous soils, such as chalk, is not yet certain, for the chelates themselves are subject to decomposition. Moreover, an alkaline soil, such as one on chalk, often raises problems concerning other nutrients and their availabilty.

Peat Beds
One of the easiest and most sensible ways of growing the lovely calcifuge alpines is in a peat bed, bounded by peat walling, instead of stone.

The peat walls are constructed of peat blocks or turves, taken from the top of a natural peat deposit, and preferably fibrous in character. If they are full of plant roots, such as heather or sedges, so much the better. Most peat producers can offer these blocks from the strippings taken off in exposing the sterile peat underneath. The dried blocks of fuel peat are not satisfactory.

The blocks should be at least 4, preferably 6 inches (10-15 cms) thick, 8 inches (20 cms) wide, and 12 inches (30 cms) long. The site for the peat bed is deeply dug, and if of a limy soil, liberally dusted with powdered sulphur (0.5-0.75 lb. per square yard - 227-340 grammes per square 0.836 square metres). The peat blocks are laid in the way a brick wall is laid, being bonded with the vertical joints of one course being overlapped by the blocks in the course laid on top of it. But the wall should have a gradual slope inwards, each course being stepped back about an inch (2.5 cms).

Each block should be scrutinized for dangerous perennial weeds like Sheep's Sorrel or Horsetails which need to be removed, roots and all. Grass is less important as the blocks are placed grass-side down. If at all dryish, it is well worth while soaking the blocks overnight in a bath of water. They do need to be thoroughly moist prior to laying.

On a bank or sloping site, the peat bed can take the form of a terrace, and the peat walling can be informal and irregular in line in an informal garden, or as straight as desired. Walls can be built up to 48-60 inches (120-150 cms) high, but it is wise to allow for a gradual settling of 1 inch in 6 (2.5 cms in 15 cms) in the completed peat bed. A 48 inch (120 cms) wall is usually ample, and if necessary a second terrace can be constructed on top of the first terrace.

On a flat site, the island bed can be made, or a series of beds with a path winding through. Here, the walling will be fairly low at the base, though it can be varied in heioght for effect, while to the centres of the beds, somewhat irregular, angled or bow-shaped, bank-like promontories of peat can be constructed, simulating natural banks or mounds arising from the ground.

The filling of the peat beds should go forward as the walls are raised, the soil mixture - one of 2 parts by volume leaf-mould, 1 part peat, 1 part loam, 1 part coarse sand - being firmed in behind each layer of peat blocks. Each course of peat blocks should be trodden down very firm, a little of the soil mixture sprinkled on as 'mortar' and the next course then laid. When finished it may look rather rough, but with weathering and plant growth, the peat-walled bed becomes mellowed and moulded to fit in beautifully with the garden scene.

The surface of the beds or terraces should have a slight slope forward, to display the plants and give them even lighting. But the peat bed does not need full sun. Many calcifuge plants are happiest in part shade, while some can tolerate much shade. So the peat bed is often a good solution for the shadier part of the garden.

In management, it is important that the peat walls should not be allowed to dry out, especially in the first year or so when plant cover is not extensive. Once peat becomes dry, it is very difficult to moisten it again, and it is best to turn the hose spray on at the first signs of the peat turning lighter coloured at the exposed surfaces.

There is a tendency for peat beds to settle and sink gradually. This can be circumvented by top-dressings of original soil mixture or peat or even the decayed mould of pine needles, beech or oak leaves. Many plants, such as Ericas will grow upward and accomodate themselves to the top-dressings; others may need to be lifted a few inches in the soil occasionally.

Nevertheless, the tendency of organic matter such as peat will be to decay and gradually moulder away. The life of peat walling and peat beds is not for ever, tthough well-made gardens of this kind often have a life period of 10 years or more. Much depends upon their planting, for a bed well penetrated with the interlacing of roots and a good cover of top growth will go on being a delight for a considerable number of years.

Botanical Plant Name

Exposure

Flower Colour and
Flowering Months

Height in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Soil Preference

 

 

 

 

Andromeda polifolia 'Nana' (Bog Rosemary member of Wildflower Heath Family)

Supplier in USA

Part Shade

Pink
May

6 (15)

Lime-free, moist

Sh E

Compact, evergreen shrub, dark green leaves, beset with pinkish, lily-of-the-valley-like flowers. May. Lime-free soil, part shade. Propagated by cuttings in May or layers.

Heather Society plant.

It is splendid in a bog garden, rock garden, or combined with heaths, dwarf rhododendrons, and other acid-loving plants.

There are other andromeda described in Shrub Heather Index Gallery and Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

Andromeda - so named by Linnaeus because he found it solitary - blooming an a watery waste.

 

Androsace carnea (Pink Rock Jasmine)

Supplier in UK
 

Photo

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Pink
May

4 x 4
(10 x 10)

Emerald-green mat

Well-drained peat and gritty loam soil on chalk or sand

P E

All prefer well-drained soil, good sun or part shade.

Propagated by division or cuttings, into well-drained, gritty soil in pots.

There are other androsace used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Grow in rock garden, scree or trough.

androsacecfloscarneawikimediacommons

Androsace carnea près du Tourmalet, Pyrénées. By Meneerke bloem via Wikimedia Commons.

Arcterica nana (Pieris nana)


Supplier in USA

Requires some shade from hot summer sun

Fragrant White
Apr-May

2 x 8-12
(5 x 20-30)

Dark Green, sometimes bronzy-red in winter

Well-drained, lime-free sand

Sh E

Evergreen, cushion-like growth, with drooping small white bells of flowers in terminal clusters in April-May. Propagated by cuttings, July-August. Layers, or seed.

There this plant used as an alpine in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Habitat in high alpine boulders and cliffs, not uncommon in the mountains of Japan.

arctericacfornanawikimediacommons

Arcterica nana (Maxim.) Makino, with flower in Mount Haku, Japan. By Alpsdake via Wikimedia Commons.

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (Arktos, a bear; staphyle, grape - Bears eat its berries. Bearberry is a member of Wildflower Heath Family)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Part Shade

White tinged with Pink, urn-shaped flowers
Apr-May
with bright red berries in autumn

6-12 x 180
(15-30 x 450)

Yellow-green in spring, dark green in summer, reddish-purple in autumn

Well-drained, lime-free loam with a pH between 4.0 and 6.0. Sandy peat.

Sh E

Evergreen Red Bearberry. Prostrate-growing, rather rampant and needs to be watched. Propagated from divisions or side-shoots with heel in August-September; or by seed, which should be soaked in water at boiling point for at least 20 seconds.

There are other Arctostaphylos used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

A good carpeter for a rock garden.

It is often used as a native groundcover on dry, sandy and rocky soils, in full sun to light shade. Grows naturally on sandy beaches and dry, open woodlands in sandy soil.

arctostaphyloscflosuvaursihansen

Photo of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi from The Wild Garden: Hansen's Northwest Native Plant Database - No, we are not a nursery: Originally our website was all about a native plant nursery, Wallace W Hansen Northwest Native Plants. But in 2011, all that changed when the nursery closed its doors for good. We felt it was imperative to preserve the vast amount of native plant information, so the website morphed from a commercial entity into what you see today: an ever-expanding non-profit repository of information about plants native to the Pacific Northwest. We don’t have plants, we don’t sell anything, we do share everything we know about native plants.
Our Journal can be viewed right from the web, you can download it to your computer or you can print a copy and enjoy it in the comfort of your easy chair or on your coffee break.

Cassiope lycopodioides
(Andromeda
lycopodiodes, Erica lycopodioides, Ericoides lycopodiodes, Haida Gwaii mountain-heather, Clubmoss mountain heather)

Supplier of Cassiope lycopodioides 'Beatrice Lilley' in UK, who also have other Cassiope Plants for sale

Supplier in USA

White, bell-shaped from the leaf axils on short red stems

cassiopecfor91lycopodioideswikimediacommons1

Full Sun (needs protection from the hot afternoon sun),
Part Shade

Apr-May

Rock Garden and suitable for Coastal Conditions

Associated species include yellow mountain heath (Phyllodoce glanduliflora), partridgefoot (Luetkea pectinata), rusty menziesia (Menziesia ferruginea), and juniper (Juniperus communis).

2 x 15
(5 x 38)

Mat-forming.

Tolerates temperatures down to -12°C (USDA zone 8).

Greyish-green

Well-drained soil, or sandy peat with moist, cool, north aspects position to keep the roots cool.

cassiopecfol8lycopodioideswikimediacommons

Sh E

Acid

ALL PLANTS
Page
INFILL PLANTS Page

Native to Alaska, British Columbia and Washington - it is found on rocky slopes in arctic and alpine tundra, often near waterfalls, streams or generally moist areas

Plant in airy semi-shaded positions in damp non-calcareous soils. Propagation by seed, layers, or cuttings in August.

A key to success is keeping the roots cool in the afternoon.  They need good drainage as well.

There are other Cassiope used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

cassiopecfor1lycopodioideswikimediacommons

English: Cassiope lycopodioides, Mount Chōkai, Yamagata pref., Japan

日本語: イワヒゲ 山形県鳥海山. By Qwert1234 via Wikimedia Commons.

Cassiope selaginoides

Supplier in UK
Supplier of seeds sold worldwide

Part Shade

It resents summer heat and drought conditions but will also succumb to prolonged severe frost.

Creamy-White
May-Jun

9 x
(22.5 x )

Dark Green

Moist, humus-rich, acidic sand

Sh E

Plant in airy semi-shaded positions in damp non-calcareous soils. Propagation by seed, layers, or cuttings in August.

A key to success is keeping the roots cool in the afternoon.  They need good drainage as well.

In the wild it would often grow amongst dwarf rhododendron species, where, during the growing season, it would be both shaded and sheltered from the wind.

It is best adapted for a shady moist place in the rock garden where the soil is of a peaty nature.

cassiopecforselaginoideswikimediacommons

Cassiope selaginoides. By Ghislain118 http://www.fleurs-des-montagnes.net via Wikimedia Commons.

Cassiope tetragona (White Arctic Mountain Heather)

Supplier in UK?
Supplier in USA?

Photos and more Photos

Part Shade

Needs protection from hot afternoon sun.

White with Pink lobes and pink anthers
Jul-Aug

4-8 x
(10-20 x )

Green

Moist, humus-rich, chalk or alkaline sand with good drainage

Sh E

Plant in airy semi-shaded positions in damp calcareous soils. Propagation by seed, layers, or cuttings in August.

A key to success is keeping the roots cool in the afternoon.  They need good drainage as well.

It grows on ridges and heaths and gravel.

There are other cassiope used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

cassiopecfortetragonawikimediacommons

Cassiope tetragona - Arctic bell-heather in Northern Norway. By Bjørn Christian Tørrissen via Wikimedia Commons.

Calluna vulgaris (Heather of Scotland, Ling of England. Ling is a member of the Wildflower Heath family) and varieties

Supplier in UK
Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Aug-Sep

 

Lime-free soil, enriched with peat or leaf-mould. Needs good drainage.

Sh E

The Heather Society can provide further details.

Propagated by cuttings in July. Should be trimmed after flowering.

A good "bee" flower, and the honey made therefrom is highly prized.

 

Heathers are tough little guys, and they make excellent companion plants for rhododendrons.

There are many Calluna in Shrub Calluna B Gallery
and others in
Shrub Heather Index Gallery

callunacflsvulgariswikimediacommons

Besenheide (Calluna vulgaris) im Schwetzinger Hardt. By AnRo0002 via Wikimedia Commons.

Daboecia cantabrica (Daboecia polifolia, Connemara Bell Heather, St. Dabeoc's Heath is a member of the Wildflower Heath family, Irish heath) and varieties

Supplier in UK
Supplier
in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Rosy-Purple
Jun-Sep

12-18 x
(30-45 x )

Lime-free soil, either all peat, or light sandy loam with leaf-mould.

Suitable for USDA zone 6 with protection but some winter damage can occur if planted in heavy ground or frost pockets.

Sh E

The Heather Society can provide further details.

Plant in lime-free soils, either all peat, or light sandy loam with leaf-mould. Propagation is by seed, and for the varieties by cuttings in June. Pruning consists in going over the early plants in early spring, removing all flower-spikes.

Admirable edging to large beds, and is very charming in the mass. Very useful for indoor decoration. The more the flowers are cut the more freely the pkants grow. They have the distinction of bearing the largest flowers of the heathers.

daboeciacfloscantabricawikimediacommons

Daboecia cantabrica. By Merce- from Madrid, España via Wikimedia Commons.

Epigaea asiatica (Iwanashi)

Supplier for Japan

 

 

 

 

 

Suitable for Japan. Leaves with an acutely pointed apex.

A ground cover plant for a shady position, forming a carpet of growth in Japan. Plants should be spaced about 25cm apart each way.

This species is probably not very worthwhile for ground cover in Britain because of its difficulty to cultivate.

There are other epigaea used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

epigaeacforasiaticawikimediacommons

English: Epigaea asiatica, Aizu area, Fukushima pref., Japan

日本語: イワナシ 福島県会津地方. By Qwert1234 via Wikimedia Commons.

Epigaea repens (Mayflower or Trailing Arbutus)


Supplier in USA
Supplier in USA

Part Shade, Full Shade

Very fragrant, Pink fading to nearly white
Mar-May

4-6 x 24
(10-15 x 60)

Well-drained moist, acidic (humus-rich) soil in sandy to peaty woods or clearings

Sh E

Trailing arbutus is very difficult to establish and perpetuate. It will not tolerate disturbance, is extremely susceptible to failure during drought or flood, and is slow-growing even in good conditions. A mycorrhizal association may be necessary for survival.

Best planted under pines or oaks.

There are other Epigaea used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Attracts butterflies.

The seeds are dispersed by ants that carry the soft placental tissue back to their nests with the seeds attached.

epigaeacforrepenswikimediacommons

Photo of Epigaea repens in flower. This is a native plant growing wild in Great Falls Park, Fairfax county Virginia, USA. This species is a member of the Ericaceae family. By Fritzflohrreynolds via Wikimedia Commons.

Erica ciliaris (Dorset Heath)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Pale Purple
Jun-Oct

12-15 x 18-24
(30-37.5 x 45-60)

Moist, Lime-free

Sh E

"Propagated by 1 inch (2.5 cms) long cuttings of the tender tops of the young shoots of any of the Erica heathers in June-July. Insert into pots or pans filled with pure white sand, moistened and firmly pressed down. Having inserted the cuttings, water so as to settle the sand about the roots, and having given a little time for the moisture to subside, cover them with bell-glasses , pressing the edges into the sand so as to completely exclude the air, only removing the glasses to wipe off accumulated moisture. They should then be placed in the propagating house, or in a spent hotbed. When they begin to root, which will be seen by the starting of the shoots, they should have air given daily to harden them preparatory to the removal of the bell-glasses." from Beeton's New Gardening Book: A popular Exposition of the Art and Science of Gardening - published in 1905.

There is another Erica ciliaris in Shrub Heather Gallery
and in
Shrub Heather Index Gallery

Heathers are ideal in the foreground of collections of larger growing plants such as Azaleas, Gaultherias and Rhododendrons.

dorsetcflosheathwikimediacommons

Dorset Heath. By Alastair Rae via Wikimedia Commons.

Erica cinerea 'Apple Blossom'

Supplier in France
Supplier in USA

Erica cinerea 'Golden Hue'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Shell-pink

Full Sun

Jun-Nov

12 x 18
(30 x 45)

Mid-Green

Sh E

Erica cinerea, the Bell Heather (Scotch Heather), provides
'Apple Blossom', 12 x 18 inches (30 x 45 cms), shell-pink flowering in summer, neat spreading habit and
'Golden Hue', 15 x 18 (38 x 45 cms), pink, and with golden foliage that is very effective in winter. Open situation.

All need sunny positions, but broadly, the summer-flowering species and varieties require lime-free soil; while the winter-flowering tolerate lime in the soil, or can be grown without it. Propagated by cuttings, in June-July.

There is another Erica cinerea in Shrub Heather Gallery
and in
Shrub Heather Index Gallery

The taller heathers are useful in woodland scenery and the smaller in rock gardens.

ericacfloscinereawikimediacommons

Erica cinerea - Gillies Hill, Cambusbarron, Scotland. By Peigimccann via Wikimedia Commons.

Erica tetralix

Supplier in UK
 

The ‘Heather Garden’ in Dorset supplies the widest range of varieties available direct from our extensive specialist heather nursery.They also answer the question "What do you need to know about planting and growing heather in your garden?"

 

 

 

 

 

Cross-leaved Heath, flowering June-October. Good varieties are:
alba mollis, 12-18 inches (30-45 cms) high, 18 inches (45 cms) spread, ivory-white-bells to the ends of shoots
'Con Underwood', 12-15 inches (30-37.5 cms) high, 18 inches (45 cms) spread, greyish foliage, large crimson bells;
'Silver Bells', 6 inches (15 cms) high, 12 inches (30 cms) spread, silver-pink flowers. Moist, lime-free soil.

The Heather Society of the UK provides further data.

Secret of heathers in gardens is to prune immediately after the flowering period. Surest way of propagating is layering. A good mixture of peat and loamy soil should be placed around the plant, and the centre filled up, at the same time bending and spreading the growth out from the centre. Some good sized stones placed on the growths will hold them down. Layers will take from 9-12 months to root, and in the month of September the growth can be cut off from the parent with safety.

ericacflostetralixwikimediacommons

Blütenstand der Glocken-Heide (Erica tetralix), Nordwestdeutschland. By Elke Freese via Wikimedia Commons.

Gaultheria cuneata

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Part Shade

White

Jun

12 (30)

Moist, acid soil

Sh E

The Gaultherias are evergreen alpine shrubs for a moist position with peaty soil in the woodland garden. All are most swiftly increased from cuttings. These are taken before flowering in April or May, without a heel, soaked in rooting compound and inserted in the peat and shade frame. Pot peaty soil, winter in the cold frame to maintain root action and plant in spring. Pot stocks should be carried in a peat plunge. Seed can also be extracted from the berries and sown in peaty soil in September, these take about 2 years to make a sizeable plant.
The dwarf forms may be found useful in lime-free soil, and partial shade, for carpeting or ground cover.

There are other Gaultheria used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Gaultheria cuneata, 12 inches (30 cms) high. Compact, tufted shrub, small white flower in June, and attractive white berries in autumn.

gaultheriadiagramcuneatawikimediacommons

Gaultheria cuneata, from Curtis's Botanical Magazine, London., vol. 145 [= ser. 4, vol. 15]: Tab. 8829. By M.S. del., J.N.Fitch lith via Wikimedia Commons.

Gaultheria miqueliana

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun,
Part Shade

White

Spring

7-12 x
(17.5-30 x )

Moist, Acid Soil

Sh E

An easy species with white flowers and clean white berries.

There are other gaultheria used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

 

Gentiana x 'Macaulayi'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Blue

Aug-Oct

4 (10)

Lime-free, heavish gritty loam, enriched with leaf-mould

P Semi-evergreen

4 inches (10 cms) high. Hybrid of G. farreri x G. sino-ornata. Fre-flowering with deep blue, funnel-shaped flowers, August-October. Full sun, lime-free, heavish gritty loam, enriched with leaf-mould. Propagated by cuttings or division in earl spring.

There are other Gentiana used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

 

Gentiana ornata and hybrids

Supplier in UK


There are other gentiana used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

Full Sun

Pale Blue

Sep-Oct

1-3 (4-7)

Acid, well-drained, medium and never allowed to dry out during the growing season.

 

A very lovely and rare gentian. Increase by cuttings of non-flowering growth in July and August inserted in the peat and shade frame, pot leafy soil, with bone meal, winter in a cold frame, and plant in April. Does best on a lime-free loam with a soil that is half leafmould, in a moist, but sunny position. Will grow well in standard leafy soil, in semi-shade like Gentiana sino-ornata, but do not plant too near, as the last named will swamp it.
--->

Can be divided in March when dormant, potting the small thongs and growing on in a frame for about a month to recover before planting.
Seed when available, should be sown in January, in gritty soil with coal dust and frozen well; if the seedlings come away fast, pot about June, otherwise leave in the pan until the following spring. Seed is not often set in the UK, but when it is, it should be sown and treasured, as a stronger race may be the result.
--->

The seed is supposed to vary in hardiness.
The only other difficult lime-hating Gentian, Gentiana gilvostriata, is increased in the same way; this differs little from the normal routine except for extra care. As a general rule all Gentians with thin leaves are either lime-haters or humus-lovers, and though species like Gentiana Farreri will tolerate lime, one cannot go wrong with unknown narrow-leaved species, in using plenty of leafmould.

Iris gracilepes

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

The National Gardening Association has a Plants Database (There are 697,551 plants, and 410,465 images in this world class database of plants, which is collaboratively developed by 2,036 Garden.org members from around the globe.) with an Irises Database.

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Lilac pink with yellow crests

Jun

9 (22.5)

Moist, leaf-enriched soil

P H

9 inches (22.5 cms) high. Rhizomatous; lilac-pink, with golden crests, flowers, June. Moist, leaf-mould-enriched soil; partial shade. Propagated by division in late July or August.

There are other Iris used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

 

Welcome to the Rock Garden Plants Database

It contains 21267 species with more than a thousand photos. For each plant you will find here known synonyms of its name, short description, origin, territory and altitude of its natural location, size, color, bloom, if it is calciphile (Ca+) or calciphobe (Ca-), its type (rosette etc.), cultivation and propagation.

iriscforgracilipeswikimediacommons

Iris gracilipes

日本語: ヒメシャガ

Place:Osaka Prefectural Flower Garden,Osaka,Japan. By I, KENPEI via Wikimedia Commons.

Iris tenax

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Reddish-claret

Jun-Jul

9-12 (22.5-30)

Humus-rich, acid soil

Rhizome

9-12 inches (22.5-30 cms) high. Rhizomatous, reddish-claret, yellow-ridged falls, flowers June-July. Humus-rich, acid soil, full sun. Propagated by division, July.

 

 

Iris innominata

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Orange-yellow

Jun

9 (22.5)

well-drained, humus-rich soil, without lime

Rhizome

9 inches (22.5 cms) high. Rhizomatous, single orange-yellow flowers, June, grass-like leaves. Well-drained, humus-rich soil, without lime, and full sun, preferred.

 

iriscfloinnominatawikimediacommons

Photo of Iris innominata at the Regional Parks Botanic Garden, Berkeley, California. By Stan Shebs via Wikimedia Commons.

Leiophyllum buxifolium (Kalmia buxifolia) and varieties

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Part Shade

White

May-Jun

12-36 x
(30-90 x )

Moist, Acid Sand/Peat Soil

Sh E

A small shrub for a peat bed in semi-shade. Increased by heel cuttings in July and August soaked in Hortomone, inserted in a pan of peaty soil or the peat and shade frame. Pot when rooted in standard peaty mixture, stop when established, and grow on through the first winter in a cold frame. --->

About April the plants will be ready for a peat plunge in semishade through the summer and planting in September.

There this plant used as an alpine in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

 

Lewisia species

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Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

They like cool sun, lime-free, well-drained but leafy soil and no great variation in winter temperatures. Do well in the north England and Scotland. Propagated by seed or by division after flowering.

There are other Lewisia used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

lewisiacfloswoodcottagenursery
Photo of Lewisia from Wood Cottage Nursery

Linnaea borealis (Twinflower)

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National flower of Sweden

Part Shade, Full Shade; cool northern forest

Pink

Jun-Aug

3-6 x
(7.5-15 x )

Native pine woodland.

Moist, wet, acidic, humus-rich soils.

Requires good drainage but will not tolerate drought.

P E

It needs a moist position in semi-shade on a soil composed of 2 parts each of peat and decayed pine needles and one part of sand. The best means of increase is to get some growing fast in a large pan.
Fill the pan about two thirds full with the growing mixture, and cover the surface with the moss which can be found growing on pine needles in the woods, or ordinary spagnum moss, and plant your specimens in the cetre, giving a generous water supply from April to September, less during the winter.


--->

The runners can be pinned down with small pieces of wire, and they root freely for removal and potting in the same pine needle mixture. If potted in June they will be thriving plants by September. Soft cuttings can also be rooted from June to August in the peat and shade frame, but they take until the following spring to make good plants, with a greater risk of winter loss.

linnaeacflosborealiswikimediacommons

日本語: リンネソウ(リンネ草、学名:Linnaea borealis L. )、白馬岳の高山帯(長野県白馬村)にて

English: Linnaea borealis in Mount Shirouma, Hakuba, Nagano prefecture, Japan. By Alpsdake via Wikimedia Commons.

Lithospermum diffusum (L. prostratum)

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Full Sun

Gentian-blue

May-Jun

6 (15)

Lime-free, humus-rich soil

Sh E

6 inches (15 cms) high. Evergreen prostrate growing shrub, best in forms 'Heavenly Blue', bright blue flowers in June-July, or 'Grace Ward'. Both need lime-free, humus-rich soil; are excellent to grow over rock ledges, and need trimming back after flowering.

There are other Lithospermum used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

 

Pernettya mucronata (Gaultheria mucronata) and varieties

Supplier in UK
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Part Shade, Full Shade

Pinkish-white, bell-shaped

May-Jun

60 x 60
(150 x 150)

Acid, Sand, well-drained and moist

Sh E

To encourage the berrying female Gaultheria to flower, one male is recommended to every five female berrying varieties.

There is another Pernettya used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

pernettyacflosmucronatawikimediacommons

Gaultheria mucronata (= Pernettya mucronata). Real Jardín Botánico, Madrid. By A. Barra via Wikimedia Commons.

Pernettya tasmanica (Gaultheria tasmanica)

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Part Shade

Snow-white, bell-shaped

3 x 6
(8 x 15)

Acid moist soil.

Sh

This miniature prostrate species for a shady position on peaty soil is best increased from heel cuttings taken in June and July. These should be treated with Hortomone and inserted in the peat and shade frame,
----->

when rooted they should be potted in standard peaty soil, and will need stopping, ready for planting in spring, or, where the plants have to travel, September, after spending the summer in a shady peat plunge.

 

Phyllodoce breweri (Brewer's mountain heather)

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Full Sun

Purple-pink

Jul-Aug

6-12 x
(15-30 x )

It grows in rocky subalpine mountain habitat, such as slopes and meadows.

Sh E

Phyllodoce are Heath-like evergreen shrubs, easily grown in lime-free, humus-rich soils, and partial shade. Propagated by heeled cuttings, taken about June-July, or layering.

There are other Phyllodoce used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

phyllodocecflosbreweriwikimediacommons

Red heather (Phyllodoce breweri). At 2800m on SW bank of Barrett Lake, Sierra Nevada, California. By Dcrjsr via Wikimedia Commons.

Phyllodoce empetriformis (Pink mountain heather)

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Full Sun

Terminal rose-pink

Apr-May

6-8 x
(15-20 x )

Grows in acid soils in moist meadows and seeps in subalpine, alpine.

Sh E

Many of the species described do best in the soil mixtures used at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, they can either be used only for the particular plants for which they are recommended, or adopted in place of normal alpine soil and standard leaf-compost.

Kew No. 2 seed mixture is used where membership of the order Ericaceae, or the plant collector's notes, give indication of a lime-hating or woodland species:-

  • 4 parts loam (lime-free if possible)
  • 4 parts sifted leaf-mould
  • 1 part peat
  • 4 parts sharp sand
  • 2 parts crushed pot

---->

Kew No. 2 potting soil, for seeds raised in the compost alongside, is composed of:-

  • 6 parts lime-free loam
  • 4 parts leafmould
  • 1 part peat
  • 1 part sharp sand
  • 1 part crushed pot

The crushed pot is a very valuable ingredient, as it adds the power of retaining moisture to its mechanical properties as a grit, it is smashed or ground by a machine, about as fine as a good cutting sand, that is particles from the size of a radish seed down to dust. It can also be bought from flower-pot makers, they usually sell it to firms who lay down hard tennis courts. It should not be confused with normal hard tennis court dressing which is smashed bricks, mainly under-baked, and without the necessary angular shape.

phyllodocecflosempetriformiswikimediacommons

Phyllodoce empetriformis

English: Pink Mountain-heath. By Walter Siegmund via Wikimedia Commons.

Phyllodoce x intermedia

Supplier in UK
Supplier in New Zealand

Full Sun

Rosy-mauve

Apr-May

6-9 (15-22.5)

Acid soil

 

6-9 inches (15-22.5 cms) high. Compact shrub, with terminal heads of rosy-mauve flowers, April-May.

 

 

Phyllodoce nipponica

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Full Sun

Compact and upright-growing, terminal heads of white flowers, May

4-6 x
10-15 x)

Acid soil in rocky habitats

 

The Phyllodoces are easy but slow from soft-tip cuttings taken in July or August, or half-ripened older wood with a heel. Treatment with a rooting compound increases the rooting system, but they will do almost as well without it. Insert in a pan of peat and sand or direct in the peat and shade frame. Pot in peaty soil and winter in a cold frame to keep them growing slowly, stop when established, and transfer to a peat plunge in April or May. They will be good planting stuff by September though small, and if desired they will increase in size in the peat bed by spring. In this case, a re-plunge is advisable as they will root through the bottoms of the pots and will feel their eventual move more severely.

Species in cultivation as alpine shrubs from a peaty soil suitable for the small rock garden include

  • P. aleutica,
  • P. Breweri,
  • P. caerulea,
  • P. empetriformis,
  • P. glanduliflora and
  • P. nipponica.

phyllodocecflosnipponicawikimediacommons

日本語: ツガザクラ(栂桜、学名:Phyllodoce nipponica Makino)、剱岳の高山帯(富山県上市町)にて

English: Phyllodoce nipponica, in Mount Tsurugi, Kamiichi, Toyama prefecture, Japan. By Alpsdake via Wikimedia Commons.

Pulsatilla sulphurea (Anemone pulsatilla sulphurea, Yellow Alpine Pasqueflower)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

A genus flowering in spring somewhat ahed of the leaves. Open positions, good drainage, and no disturbance suits them well. They do not mind lime, and do well on chalk. Propagated best by seeds, sown immediately they are ripe.

There are other Pulsatilla used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Variety sulphurea with flowers of sulphur-yellow, with some intolerance for lime in the soil. Propagated by seed, but seedlings take 5 years or more to build up to flowering.

 

Rhododendron calostrotum

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

Light pink to magenta or purple

May

4-48 x
(10-120 x )

Rocky slopes, alpine meadows and cliffs

 

Their propagation varies but little, and except where otherwise directed in the notes on the individual species, the same routine applies throughout the Rhododendrons detailed in

There are other Rhododendron used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery.
Rosy-purple flowers, cuttings only, seed rare.

 

Rhododendron campylogynum (Lily Bell)

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Supplier in Canada

Full Sun, Part Shade

Bell-shaped pink

May-Jun

40 x 40
(100 x 100)

moist, well-drained, humus-rich, acid soil or ericaceous compost

Sh E

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950. Cuttings are on the whole the simplest method for the amateur. These are young wood removed with a heel just after flowering, or

There is a form that is a 6-inch (15 cms) bush of prostrate habit with pale blue flowers, others run taller. Layering and cuttings, but among the easiest from seed.

 

Rhododendron charitopes

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

Whitish-pink to rose or purple

Apr-May

10-36 x
(25-90 x )

 

Sh E

normal cuttings, with one joint of the old wood at the base, the last method allows more cuttings to be taken without harm to a slow-growing bush. They should be soaked in rooting compound and inserted

More details provided by American Rhododendron Society.

 

Rhododendron fastigiatum

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Part Shade

Purple-blue

Mar

16 x 12-18
(40 x 30-45)

Carpeting plants, best grown in clumps in full light away from the drips of trees. Moist, acid soil.

Sh E

either in the peat and shade frame, or round the edges of a pot, filled with a mixture of one part peat to four of sand, sunk in the sand of an intensive or semi-intensive frame. They root slowly, and if

Lilac flowers, upright habit, 18 inches (45 cms) high, cuttings easiest but seed reasonably good germination.

Cut flower and attracts bees.

 

Rhododendron haematodes

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun, Part Shade

Crimson scarlet

May

 

Acid soil with pH 4.5 to 6 with good drainage

 

they have not struck by October, it is best to clear the cuttings and re-insert them in a pan of the cutting mixture, and keep it in a cool green-house, where they will continue to grow. Unrooted and dormant in a peat and shade frame, winter

Crimson scarlet, 12 or 24 inches (30 or 60 cms). Cuttings only, seed if it can be saved, but slow.

 

Rhododendron hanceanum nanum

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
Supplier in New Zealand

Full Sun, Part Shade

 

 

Acidic, well-drained

Sh E

losses may be heavy.
With luck, and a rooting compound, a good proportion will be struck in from 3 to 5 weeks. These should be potted in Kew No. 2 or standard leafy mixture, with the addition of a 3-inch (7.5 cms) potful

18 inches (45 cms) high. Evergreen of dark green foliage, producing its many-flowered clusters of pale yellow flowers freely in March-April.

 

Rhododendron impeditum

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun, but prefers Part Shade

Violet-blue

Apr-May

4-20 x 20-40
(10-50 x 50-100)

cool, moist

SH D

of dried blood to the barrow-load, and a pinch of bone-meal on top of the crocks. Where the loam may be limy, add a 3-inch (7.5 cms) potful of epsom salts also to cancel it out. The peat should if possible be taken from round the roots of other Rhododendrons, or at least some of this should be added, to make sure that the symbiotic fungi are in the soil. Pine-needle peat is also appreciated, and half the peat in the mixture can be made

Lilac flowers, upright habit, 18 inches (45 cms), cuttings or seed ( see propagation details by seed in The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills).

rhododendroncfloimpeditumwikimediacommons

Rhododendron impeditum. By Kurt Stüber via Wikimedia Commons.

Rhododendron intricatum

Supplier in Germany
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Lavender-blue

Mar

24-60 x
60-150 x )

moist, well-draining, acidic

Sh E

up of this type of humus with advantage.
The young plants in small 60s or 72s should stand in a cold frame through the first winter; June-taken cuttings, rooted by August, have a good

Purple flowers, April and May, cuttings.

 

Rhododendron leucaspis

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

chance of becoming well established, and though cuttings can be inserted as late as August, these need a cool green-house if they are potted after the end of October. The problem is not

Dark leaves, flowers in the Autumn as well as the Spring, cuttings. 12-18 inches (30-45 cms) high. Evergreen, with hairy shoots and leaves, and pure white flowers in ones to threes, February-April. Needs a sheltered spot.

 

Rhododendron myrtilloides

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Part Shade

Mauve-pink thimbles

May-Jun

16 x 12-18
(40 x 30-45)

Acid soil with pH 4.5-6

Sh E

because they are frost tender but because they need growing time to grip hold of the soil, before they stop growing in the frame.

Ideal for small garden, rock garden, trough, in well-drained soil. Likes cool roots so part day shade in Southern England.

Forms neat and dense cushion that requires no pruning to look good.

 

The standard potting and seed-soil recipes from The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills are alongside:

Normal Alpine Soil, potting and planting
7 parts loam
4 parts peat or leafmould
3 parts sharp sand

Lime-Lover's Mixture
7 parts loam
2 parts peat
3 parts sand
2 parts mortar rubble

Peaty Mixture
7 parts peat
4 parts sand
3 parts loam

Leafy Mixture
3 parts loam
4 parts sand
7 parts leafmould

Gritty Mixture
2 parts standard alpine soil
1 part pounded slate
1 part limestone chippings

Normal Seed Soil
2 parts loam
1 part sifted peat or leafmould
1 part sharp sand

Peaty Seed Soil
2 parts sifted peat of leafmould
1 part loam
1 part sharp sand

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 2
PAGES

Site Map

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY PAGES Links to pages in Table alongside on the left with Garden Design Topic Pages

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Plant Type
 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 with its Cultivation Requirements

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border
1
, 2

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime 1, 2

Alpines and Walls
Dry Sunny Walls 1a, b
Tops of Walls 2a, b
Dry Shady and Conifers 3a, b

Alpines and
Paving
1
, 2

Sink and Trough gardens
1
, 2

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion River-bank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
1
, 2

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Water-side Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
1
, 2

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------



 

 

ANY PLANT TYPE for
Cut Flowers in
January 1, 2
February
March 1, 2
April
May 1, 2
June 1, 2
July 1, 2
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Con-tainers

Cut Flowers
1
, 2, 3 Ever-lasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attract-ing bene-ficial insects
1
, 2

Scent / Fra-grance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas and Colour Schemes with Annuals
1
, 2

Low-Growing Annuals
1
, 2

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers and Cut Flowers
Page
1
, 2, 3

White Flowers
1
, 2

Yellow or Orange Flowers
1
, 2

Dec-orative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade
1
, 2

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attract-ive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elabo-rated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screen-ing

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

 

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens
1
, 2

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Con-tainers with Biennials for Pots in Green-house / Con-servatory

Bene-ficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explan-ation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
Dec-ember
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for Sep-tember
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes
1
, 2

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs natural-ised in Grass

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Apr-May
Jun-Aug 1, 2, 3, 4

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Any Plant Type Blooming in Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Wood-land Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achi-menes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Aris-aemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomar-eas, Calad-iums

Clivias,
Colo-casias, Crinums, Cyclam-ens, Cyrt-anthuses, Euchar-ises, Urceo-charis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachen-alias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone 1, 1a

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloom-eria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calo-chorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Col-chicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Mon-tbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Ery-thrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Gal-anthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hya-cinth, Hya-cinths in Pots,
Scilla, Pusch-kinia, Chion-odoxa, Chiono-scilla, Muscari

Iris,
Kniphofia, Lapey-rousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip,
Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidan-thera, Albuca, Alstroe-meri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixio-lirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogal-ums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooper-ias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant each Bedding Plant with a Ground, Edging or Dot Plant for
Spring
1
, 2
or
Summer
1
, 2

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with

Any Plant Type flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1, 2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec
 

----------
Choosing the right Plant

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vege-tables

1d.
Cut
flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised
Bed
for Wheel-chair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least prot-ruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Ground-cover

1,2
Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conserv-atory or Green-house

Large
Pots and Con-tainers
1
, 2

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1a1a1a1a1a
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming
Salver-form

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1a1a1a1a1a
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elabo-rated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a1a1a1a1a1
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a1a1a1a1a1
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock
Disks and Florets

andosacecforyargongensiskevock
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms

 

STAGE 4A 12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Brown

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Cream

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
White

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Multi-Colou-red

1
Each Flower Diff-

1
erent Colour

 

STAGE 4B 12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
Deciduous Shrubs or Trees, Herbaceous Perennials or Bulbs- if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.
Evergreen Shrubs or Trees, Evergreen Perennials - if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.

Jan Win

Feb Win

Mar Spr

Apr Spr

May Spr

Jun Sum

Jul Sum

Aug Sum

Sep Aut

Oct Aut

Nov Aut

Dec Win

Decid
Herba

Ever-green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Black

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Bronze

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Grey

1
White

1
Silver

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Varie-gated

1

1

1

1

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©July 2016.
Top menus revised June 2018. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

Ivydene
Horticultural
Services

Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders - was first published in 1977 and this paperback edition was published on 1 August 1994 ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-
This comprehensive book looks at scented flowers and leaves of plants from all over the world. The work has been prepared to the standards of the Index Kewensis, and is filled with the most interesting facts about the scented flora of the world.

I am using the above book from someone who took 30 years to compile it from notes made of his detailed observations of growing plants in preference to
The RHS Companion to Scented Plants Hardcover – 16 Oct 2014 by Stephen Lacey (Author), Andrew Lawson (Photographer) ISBN 978-0-7112-3574-8 even though this is the only major reference work on scent and scented plants which is endorsed by the Royal Horticultural Society. See reasons for stopping infilling of previous Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page.

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species. Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design

...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants

...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens

A 1, Photos
B 1, Photos
C 1, Photos
D 1, Photos
E 1, Photos
F 1, Photos
G 1, Photos
H 1, Photos
I 1, Photos
J 1, Photos
K 1, Photos
L 1, Photos
M 1, Photos
N 1, Photos
O 1, Photos
P 1, Photos
Q 1, Photos
R 1, Photos
S 1, Photos
T 1, Photos
U 1, Photos
V 1, Photos
W 1, Photos
X 1 Photos
Y 1, Photos
Z 1 Photos
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens
Flower Shape and Plant Use of
Bedding
Bulb
Evergreen Perennial
Herbaceous Perennial
Rose


Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...Infill2 Plants *
...Infill3 Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...All2 Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden

1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9, 10,
11,12,
13,14,
15,16,
uses of tree/ shrub

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

1

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

Growing Plants for the Church

1



1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9,10,
11,12,
13,14

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Trumpets
acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1a1a

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club.
Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN
13:978
0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb
Growing by
Edward Pearson
. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in
Window-boxes.

Colour All The
Year In My Garden
: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour
in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book
from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.

The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by
Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to
Bulbs by Patrick
M. Synge
. ISBN
0 00 214016-0
First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and
republished by Forgotten Books in 2012
(Forgotten Books
is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have
372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or
purchase in print.).

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated
Gardening Encyclopedia
by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by
Daily Express Publication,
reprinted 1941
for the individual
cultivar names with evergreen/
deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Tree and Shrubs in Garden Design -

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Clay Soils (neutral to slightly acid)

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Dry Acid Soils

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Shallow Soil over Chalk

Trees and Shrubs tolerant of both extreme Acidity and Alkalinity

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Damp Sites

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Industrial Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Cold Exposed Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Seaside Areas

Shrubs suitable for Heavy Shade

Shrubs and Climbers suitable for NORTH- and EAST-facing Walls

Shrubs suitable for Ground Cover

Trees of Pendulous Habit

Trees and Shrubs of Upright or Fastigiate Habit

Trees and Shrubs with Ornamental Bark or Twigs

Trees and Shrubs with Bold Foliage

Trees and Shrubs for Autumn Colour

Trees and Shrubs with Red or Purple Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Golden or Yellow Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Grey or Silver Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Variegated Foliage

Trees and Shrubs bearing Ornamental Fruit

Trees and Shrubs with Fragrant or Scented Flowers

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Foliage

Flowering Trees and Shrubs for Every Month:-
Jan
, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec

The following table shows the linkages for the information about the plants
described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening in The Gardeners' Golden Treasury, revised by A. G. L Hellyer F.L.S, Editor of 'Amateur Gardening', (thirty-first impression of original published in 1895) was published in 1960 by W. H. & L. Collingridge Limited,
between:-

  • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery (in this Table) and Stage 1 Fragrant Plants (in Table on left), then
  • Stage 2 - 3 Infill Plants Index Galleries (in Table on right), then
  • Stage 3a - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2 (in this Table)
  • Stage 3b - All2 Plants Index Gallery for Alpines without a Garden for your health and productivity (in this Table)
  • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right)
  • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right) with
    column for Deciduous / Herbaceous plants with the same foliage colour during their growing season and
    column for Evergreen plants with the same foliage colour during the entire year
  • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery (in Table on left)
  • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery (in Table on left)

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
It would be useful if when you decide to change your garden that you use a uniform garden style throughout your garden and the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY aims to provide pointers.
The new pages (April 2016) in the gallery will have a suitable list of plants on each page (as that plant gets further detailed in the ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY), then each row containing that plant name in the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY will also be updated. I aim to input details of plants starting with A in alphabetical order to Z.

Private Garden Design:-
What is your Budget and What are the purposes for your garden?
Designing for a purpose: Areas which require answers before answering your Designing for a Purpose Questionaire.
Then, do the Site Survey with Photographs, before putting the Current Garden Design on paper or in your computer.
Using the Broad Design elements of Scale, which Garden Style to use:-
Low Maintenance Garden Style, Cottage Garden Style, Wildlife Garden Style or Japanese Garden Style and the
Hard and Soft Landscaping elements, create the Broad Proposed Design. Then, the Detailed Design of each Hard Landscaping item followed by the Soft Landscaping elements: The Soil, changing the Microclimate; and the
Plant Selection is influenced by the Colour Wheel, with Plant Quantities determined by time to establish versus width between plants and Companion Planting will provide helpful neighbouring plants
or
Click on text in cells below to jump to that page describing that data
.

 


Container

Gardening at my work-place

 

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Yes
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v


Do you want to garden and grow plants?

 

No

Cannot be bothered.
If you wish to improve your productivity and health, then, plant an Alpine Pan in your work area or at home using the information within Alpines without a Garden by Lawrence D. Hills, using these pages:-


Potted
House-plant


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No
Garden

At Home with Gard-ening Area


Yes


---->

Balcony Garden or Roof Garden


Yes
---->

Grow flowers for flower arranging and vegetables on Balcony Garden or Roof Garden

Pan Plant Back-grou-nd Colour

STAGE 3b
ALL2 PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

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v


Conservatory Gardening

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<--
|

 

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No
-->

Outside Garden
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v

Pan, Trough and Window-Box Odds and Sods
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14,
15

The beginner's dozen for the small pan

Plants for the pan gar-den


Stovehouse for Tropical Plants

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<--

An extra dozen for the larger pan

Kinds of Pan Plants that may be split up and tucked in Corners and Crevices

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v

Miniature trees and shrubs for pan

The leafy soil pan

The gritty soil pan

The Limy Soil Plan

Blue Flower Colour Pan Plants

Lilac, Violet and Purple Flower Colour Pan Plants

Reds, Carm-ines Flower Colour Pan Plants

Pinks Flower Colour Pan Plants

White Flower Colour Pan Plants and Bicol-ored

Yellow Flower Colour Pan Plants

Blue Flower Colour Trough Plants

Violet, Lilac and Purple Flower Colour Trough Plants

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v

Reds and Carm-ines Flower Colour Trough Plants

Pinks - all shades Flower Colour Trough Plants

Yellow Flower Colour Trough Plants

White and Cream Flower Colour Trough Plants

Bi-colour-ed Flower Colour Trough Plants

Feb Flower Season Pan

Mar Flower Season Pan

Apr Flower Season Pan

May Flower Season Pan

Jun Flower Season Pan

Jul Flower Season Pan

Aug Flower Season Pan

Sep Flower Season Pan

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v

Oct Flower Season Pan

Nov Flower Season Pan

Pans for Semi-shade

Pans for In-doors

Mini-ature Pot

Feb Flower Season Trough

Mar Flower Season Trough

Apr Flower Season Trough

May Flower Season Trough

Jun Flower Season Trough

Jul Flower Season Trough

Aug Flower Season Trough

Sep Flower Season Trough

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v

Oct Flower Season Trough

Nov Flower Season Trough

Dec Flower Season Trough

Bulb Pan

Bulb Cover-ing Carp-eters

Trough and Window-box plants 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trough and Window-Box Background Colour

Pan Plant
Alpines without a Garden

ABC 1
Pan Plants

DEF 1
Pan Plants

GHI
Pan Plants

JKL 1
Pan Plants

|
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v

MNO 1
Pan Plants

PQR 1
Pan Plants

STU 1
Pan Plants

V 1
Pan Plants

WXYZ 1
Pan Plants

You need to know the following:-
1. How much time per week are you prepared to look after your garden or prepared to pay someone else to do it for you?
2. How much are you are prepared to spend on creating your garden and then on its maintenance for its feeding and replacement of its plants and hard landscaping?
3. In order for you to go into your garden, there must be mystery in it, so that from any position in the house you cannot see all the garden, otherwise you will not be tempted to go out into it.
4. You must decide what garden style you are going to use THROUGHOUT the garden and make sure of using 3. the mystery in it as well.
5. What plants do you want to keep in your existing garden and incorporate into your new garden?
6. What Human Problems do you have and what Site Problems are there?

A) Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers List leads onto the
B) Bee Pollinated Bloom in Month galleries and
C) extra Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers.


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Human Prob-lems
v


---->

Blind,
Deaf,
in a Wheelchair, or
you cannot bend easily

 

 

 

Garden Style, which takes into account the Human Problems above

 

 

Classic Mixed Style


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Cottage Garden Style


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v


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Naturalistic Style

Formal English Garden

 

Mediterranean Style


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Meadow and Corn-field


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v


---->

Paving and Gravel inland,
Coastal Conditions near the sea, Seashore with shingle/sand

 

 

 

 

Problem Sites within your chosen Garden Style from the above

 

 

Exposure to Wind


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Excess Shade


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Exce-ssively Dry Shade


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.
.
.
.
v


---->

Exce-ssively Hot, Sunny and Dry Site is suitable for Drought Resistant Plants

Excessively Wet Soil - especially when caused by poor drainage

Control of Pests (Aphids, Rabbits, Deer, Mice, Mole, Snails) / Disease by Companion Planting in Garden

Whether your Heavy Clay or Light Sandy / Chalk Soil is excessively Alkaline (limy) / Acidic or not, then there is an Action Plan for you to do with your soil, which will improve its texture to make its structure into a productive soil instead of it returning to being just sand, chalk, silt or clay.


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.
.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Problems caused by builders:- 1. Lack of soil on top of builders rubble in garden of just built house.
2. Clay soil of Garden slopes towards house with no drainage of this rainwater by the house wall.

In planning your beds for your garden, before the vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman planting is inserted into your soft landscaping plan, the following is useful to consider:-
1. The ground plan usually depends upon 1 or more unalterable existing features. The position of the doors of the house will dictate the positions of paths, the shortest route to the kitchen may indicate the best place for a paved area for eating and drinking out of doors, or the kept trees/shrubs may indicate what garden style is used.
2. Rules of Proportion -
A. A border should be roughly 1/2 as wide as the hedge or wall behind it.
B. The proportion of planted areas to paved or turfed areas should be 1/3 to 2/3, or a 1/4 to 3/4, not 1/2 and 1/2.
C. Within a bed or border, unless a 2-dimensional pattern on the ground is the objective, the height and bulk of the plants should be varied to avoid monotony; it is particularly important to provide strong planting, in terms of either height or bulk or both, at either end of a long bed.
D. The ground surface provides a background to the plants that is as important as the hedges, walls or fences that surround it. Grass is perhaps the most satisfying carpet to use, the cool green forming a restful antidote to the dancing colours of the flowers. Use different coloured pea-shingle inside Cedar Gravel for people in wheelchairs, or infirm in their legs or who suffer from Hay Fever.

Reasons for stopping infilling of Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page. From September 2017 will be creating the following new pages on Sense of Fragrance using Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders.
ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-

 

 

 

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v

 

 

 

 

 

After you have selected your vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman plants for each bed or border, you will need to infill with plants taking the following into account:-

 

 

 

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark 1, 2, 3
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Sandy Soil 1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves 1, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit 1, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants 1, 2
Scented Aquatic Plants.
Plants with Scented Fruits.
Plants with Scented Roots 1, 2
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.
Scented Cacti and Succulents.
Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell 1, 2

Flower Perfume Group:-
Miscellaneous Group with scents - Balm, Brandy, Cedar, Cloying, Cowslip, Cucumber, Damask Rose, Daphne, Exotic, Freesia, Fur-like, Gardenia, Hay-like, Heliotrope, Honeysuckle, Hops, Hyacinth, Incense-like, Jasmine, Laburnham, Lilac, Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette, Mint, Mossy, Muscat, Muscatel, Myrtle-like, Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg, Piercing, Primrose, Pungent, Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras, Seductive, Slight, Soft, Stephanotis, Sulphur, Starch, Sweet, Sweet-briar, Tea-rose, Treacle and Very Sweet.

Flower Perfume Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.
Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.
Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.
Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-
Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.
Honey Group.
Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint
Sulphur and
Urinous,

Leaf Perfume Group:-
Turpentine Group.
Camphor and Eucalyptus Group.
Mint Group.
Sulphur Group.
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Heavy Group.
Aromatic Group.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group.
Fruit-scented Group.
Animal-scented Group.
Honey Group.

Scent of Wood, Bark and Roots Group:-
Aromatic Group.
Turpentine Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Stale Perspiration Group.

 

Scent of Fungi Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Sulphur Group.
Aromatic Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Fruit Group.
Animal Group.
Honey Group

Sense of Sight

Emotion of
Hot /Cool; Calm / Agitated

Emotion of
Low-key / High Key


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v

Emotion of
Inviting
/ Forbidding

Emotion of Intellectual versus Emotional

Sense of Touch

Sense of Taste

Sense of Sound

 

 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 for
lists of plants of 1 plant type for 1 cultivation requirement is in Table on right

 

 

 

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
Click on Blue or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour in the
Other Plant Photo Galleries. RedPP is Red, Pink, Purple and Other is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

ABC

DEF

GHI

JKL

MNO

PQR

STU

VWX

YZ

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial,
Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Aquatic

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Annual/ Biennial

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bamboo

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bedding, 25
RHS Mixed Border Beds 75 and
Flower Shape, Flower Colour and Bedding Plant Use

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb, 746 with Use, Flower Colour/Shape of
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus and Tulip

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Climber 71 Clematis, 58 other Climbers with Use, Flower Colour and Shape

1

Blue

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Conifer

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Deciduous Shrub 43 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Deciduous Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Evergreen Perennial 104 with Use, Flower Colour, Flower Shape and Number of Petals

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Shrub 46, Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather 74 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Fern with 706 ferns
within 21 types and 41 uses

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Grass

1

1

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

Herbaceous Perennial 91,
RHS Mixed Border Beds 176 and
Peonies 46 with Flower Colour/Shape

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Herb

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Odds and Sods

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rose with 720 roses within Flower Colour, Flower Shape, Rose Petal Count and Rose Use

1

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

 

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Soft Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Sub-Shrub

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Top Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Vegetable

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Wildflower 1918 with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK
I am inserting the plants described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening into STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

Red

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Multi-colour

Cream

Mauve

Brown

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Finally, you might be advised to check that the adjacent plants to the one you have chosen for that position in a flower bed are suitable; by checking the entry in Companion Planting - like clicking A page for checking Abies - and Pest Control page if you have a pest to control in this part of the flower bed.
Companion Planting
- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Pest Control using Plants

 

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
The planning a Rose Garden chapter from Rose Gardens by Jane Fearnley-Whitingstall ISBN 0 7011 3344 9 and
Plant Solutions by Nigel Colborn provides information for this gallery.

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 Reference books for these galleries in Table on left

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
In addition to these 10 galleries, there are links to the Other Plant Photo Galleries in the table above like Bulb , which have plant descriptions accessed by clicking a flower thumbnail in its flower comparison page. Click the respective flower colour - like Green - to change page to that flower colour comparison page. Then, you can also choose these other plants.
It will also state the Plant Combinations for each plant from The Ulimate Visual Guide to Successful Plant Harmony - The Encyclopedia of Planting Combinations by Tony Lord ISBN 1-55209-623-8

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY
Some extra details about the Cultivation Requirements of Plant:- Outdoor /Garden Cultivation, Indoor / House Cultivation, Cool Green-house Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter, Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year, and Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

Since 2006, I have requested photos etc from the Mail-Order Nurseries in the UK and later from the rest of the World. Few nurseries have responded.
I worked for a lady, who with her husband took 35 mm slides of plants in the 1960's and 1970's. She allowed me to digitise some of her Kodachrome slides, which I have used in my website. I discovered that at least the green colour of the foliage became very much darker over that period of years to 2008, by comparing wildflower photos from her slides with digital photos supplied by a current Wildflower mail-order nursery, so I stopped creating my Foliage Galleries.
I bought myself a camera some years ago and started taking photos, some of which have been put into the website. I started taking photos of the Heathers at the Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley garden. I have displayed the Heathers foliage in closeup since their leaves are 2mm long and in macro-scale in the Heather Galleries - sometimes the foliage colour at the terminal end of the foliage stem is only a few leaves, whereas others have the same foliage colour throughout the stem. I discovered that some of the heathers did not have the correct plant label, since the flower colour did not correspond with the flower colour in the literature. I was informed that since kids have free rein, that perhaps they move the plant labels. Since, I cannot rely that the heather plant label next to the heather plant is valid, I have stopped taking photos of those heathers.
This leaves a small problem, especially since very few gardens open to the public have their plants labelled so that the public can use the data on their label to buy that named plant from a nursery or garden centre. Currently (June 2018) I insert photos from Wikimedia Commons as well as my own.
I have found the above book - which does not contain any colour plant photos. Since it had the following experts help in creating it, I have decided to use its information in these 10 galleries to help the public:-

  • T.W. Sanders Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1895.
  • A.J Macself Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1926 - both Sanders and Macself had worked entirely to the handlists published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • A.G.L. Hellyer in this work of revision and also in checking the all-important cultural notes sought the help of experts in the various classes of plant:-
    • Mr S.A. Pearce, Assistant Curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew undertook the revision of those genera of plants which in this country are mainly grown under glass.
    • Mr Will Ingwersen dealt with the Rock plants,
    • Mr N. Catchpole made himself responsible for trees and shrubs;
    • Mr G.A Phillips for herbaceous plants,
    • Mrs Francis Perry for water plants,
    • Mr A.J. Macself for ferns,
    • Mr E. Cooper for orchids,
    • Mr J.S Dakers for annuals,
    • Miss Doreen Crowther for fruit and vegetables

with the aid of further information from other books, magazines and cross-checking on the internet.
In this edition of the book Sander's Encyclopaedia, the individual soil mixtures to grow plants have been retained, for it was considered that many gardeners might still wish to use them in certain circumstances. The John Innes mixtures may be substituted wherever desired. Details of these individual mixtures will be put into these galleries.