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Vegetable*

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

VEGETABLE GALLERY PAGES
Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction *

FOOD COLOUR
Blue
(o)Green
Orange

Other Colours
(o)Purple
(o)Red
(o)White
(o)Yellow

FOLIAGE COLOUR
Black
Blue
Brown
Bronze
(o)Green
Grey
Purple
(o)Red
Silver
Variegated White
Variegated Yellow
White
Yellow

VEGETABLE LIST
Artichoke
Asparagus
Aubergine

Beans :-
Broad

Climbing French
Dwarf French
Runner

(o)Beetroot
Beet
Borecole
(o)Broccoli
Brussels Sprouts
Cabbage
Cape Gooseberry
Capsicum(Pepper)
Cardoon
(o)Carrot
(o)Cauliflower
Celeriac
Celery
Chicory
(o)Chilli Pepper
Chinese Cabbage
Corn Salad
(o)Courgette
Cress
(o)Cucumber
Endive
Fennel
Garlic

Green Manure :-
Mustard

Phacelia Balo
Red Clover
Spinach

Herbs :-
Basil Gecofure

Basil Minette
Basil Red
Basil Sweet
Celery Par-cel
Chives
Cilantro
Coriander
Coriander Confetti
Dill
Dill Bouquet
Garlic Chives
Lemon Coriander
Lemon Grass
Marjoram Sweet
Mint
Oregano
Parsley
Rosemary
Sage
Thyme

Horseradish
Kale
Kohl Rhabi
Leaf Beet
Leaf Salads
Leek
(o)Lettuce
Marrow
Melon
Mushroom
Mustard
Okra
Onion
Pak Choi
Parsnip
Pea
Pepper
Potato
Pumpkin
Radicchio
Radish
Rocket
Salsify
Scorzonera
Shallot
Snap Pea
Spinach
Spinach Beet
Spring Onion

Sprouting Salad :-
Alfalfa

Fenugreek
Lentil
Mung Beans
Radish

Squash
Swede
Sweet Corn
Tomato
Turnip

GROUP PICTURES
Garden Pictures

Vegetable Height from Text Border for Vegetable Gallery

Blue = 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

Green = 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

Red = 72+ inches (180+ cms)

Vegetable Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

Click on thumbnail to add the Plant Description Page of the Vegetable named in the Text box below that photo.
The Comments Row of that Vegetable Description Page details where that Vegetable Plant is available from.

 

When creating a vegetable garden, the most common method of reducing the likelihood of disease and pest problems caused by planting the same plant in the same place every year is to use a rotation system:-

  • 4-Year Rotation: Legume, Brassica, Potato, Onions and Roots or Fixed Bed - for plants that stay in the same place for another 2 years
  • or
  • Gertrude Franck's Companion Planting: Spinach is sown in the spring and the rows between the rows of spinach are split into: Main Crop A, 0.5 Year Crop B, Short-lived Crop C or Perennial Crop D as shown below.

 

Gertrude Franck Companion Planting Vegetable Garden

Companion planting cultivation is concerned with which plants will respond well to a certain environment, and in which environment, pests can be discouraged and diseases prevented. In order to make such mixed vegetable cultivation possible, monoculture in beds is replaced by row-crop cultivation, in which the right plants will be properly spaced. The companion-planted garden has to be considered not only in relation to its plant material above ground, but also the affects on the soil and the biomass of that plant's roots. Ten ways that companion planting works is provided in the garden design section.

Companion Planting can also be used for pest control rather than chemicals.

The book "Companion Planting - successful gardening the organic way" by Gertrude Franck (based on her 35 years of practical experience in Germany) Thorsons Publishing Group 1983, ISBN 0-7225-0695-3 states the following:

Spinach is sown in spring in rows 20 inches (50cm) apart over the whole vegetable garden area for the following purposes:

  • these rows divide the vegetable garden up for the whole year,
  • the spinach roots prevent erosion, so the usual paths between beds are omitted,
  • young spinach plants provide protection and shade for the vegetable crops to be grown between them,
  • spinach provides ideal material for sheet surface composting, which becomes an intermediate space, a footpath, and
  • it is in between these lines of spinach that the other vegetable varieties are arranged.

The Garden Layout on the left shows that the rows are given letters. The main crop in the A rows is planted in May, but can follow an early crop almost immediately. They are 6.5 feet (2 metres) apart and are intended for:-

tomatoes,
runner beans,
cucumbers,
late cabbage,
broad beans,
potatoes and
courgettes.

 

Halfway between 2 A rows there is 1 B row, which is intended for plants which are going to require this space either in the first half or in the second half of the growing year. Each of these rows will yield at least 2 full crops. These are:-

leeks,
onions,
black salsify,
cauliflower,
celeriac,
kidney beans,
spring beans,
beetroot,
peas and
parsnips.

Halfway between the A row and the B row there is the C row, which is set with short-lived plants with a comparatively small, low growth. Each of these rows will produce 2 or often 3 crops one after another. These are:-

carrots,
lettuce,
endives,
kohlrabi and
fennel.

 

The perennial crops in Row D stay in the same place and the others are not planted in the same place for another 2 years:-

annuals
asparagus
chives
herbs
perennials

 

 

To avoid crop rotation problems the gardener :

  • changes his crops 2 or 3 times in the same row and
  • in the following year displaces the rows 10 inches (25 cm) away from where they were before, so that it is extremely unlikely that the same or a closely related plant will occupy the same place again.

Surface composting ensures a constant supply of nutrients and water to the soil, gives it protection and enriches it in humus. The strips where the compost is laid down this year will become the places where vegetables are grown next year, since the rows are displaced 10 inches (25 cm) sideways.

 

VEGETABLE INDEX

Vegetable Type links to Comparison Page .

 

Vegetable Name links to Description Page.

Supplier Name links to Mail Order seed supplier, who
supply seed sowing instructions.
 

Since Suttons have not donated more photos and no other seed supplier will (I have asked at shows from 2006-2015), I will take more photos from gardens available to the public, so that you the public can be visually informed about the vegetables whose seeds these mail-order suppliers will sell you.

4-Year Rotation:-

1. Legume
2. Brassica
3. Potato
4. Onions and Roots or

Fixed Bed. Succession gardening gives you the next veg to grow after the last one.

Companion Planting:-
Main Crop A,
0.5 Year Crop B, Short-lived Crop C or
Perennial Crop D

Foliage Colour

Food Colour

Good Companions

Bad Companions

The Companion Plant A-Z Table shows in tabular form the following, as a quick reference guide:-

  • name of original plant in alphabetical order
  • name of pest/disease of that original plant
  • name of antidote to that pest/disease as a companion plant, or name of companion plant or beneficial insect or animal to the original plant
  • name of antagonistic plant to that original plant or name of a Pest/Disease that this original plant is antagonistic to.

A

Artichoke

Fixed Bed
Perennial Crop D

aglobeartichokefol

Globe Artichoke

aglobeartichokefru

Globe Artichoke

...

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Asparagus

Fixed Bed
Perennial Crop D

aasparagusfol

'Purple Passion'

aasparagusfru

Tomato.
Parsley,
Basil.
Mulch with hay and leave undisturbed except for picking to aid growth.

Onion

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Aubergine

Potato
Main Crop A
 

aauberginefol

aauberginefru

'Galine'

Pea,
Tarragon,
Thyme

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

B

Broad Beans

Legume
Main Crop A

abroadbeanfol

'Aquadulce Claudia'

broadbeanaquadulceclaudiaIMG5788

Marigold ( Tagetes ).
Carrots,
Cauliflower, Cucumbers, Cabbages,
Celeriac,
Beets including Beetroot,
Borage,
Lettuce,
Peas,
Parsley,
Summer Savory.
Potato and Sweetcorn planted in alternate rows with Broad Beans increase each other's yield and health.
Broad beans planted in alternate rows with spinach which shades the soil and keeps it damp grow better.
1 Celery per 7 bean plants.
Strawberry.
Petunia.
Radish,
Oats,
Squash,
Sweetcorn,
Tomato,
Brassicas
Buckwheat

Garlic,
Shallots,
Chives,
Gladiolus,
Fennel,
Sunflower,
Kohlrabi,
Onions,
Walnut,
Leek,
Beetroot

Sunflowers fight climbing beans for light and space.

Plant World Seeds

 

 

 

Climbing French Beans

Legume
Main Crop A

item1i

item1i1

Same as above.

Same as above

Plant World Seeds

 

 

 

Dwarf French
Runner Beans

Legume
Main Crop A

item1i2

item1i3

Same as above.

Same as above

Plant World Seeds

 

 

 

(o)Beetroot

Root
0.5 Year Crop B

abeetrootfol

'Bolthardy' Light Green

abeetrootfru

'Bolthardy' Red

Bush Beans, Cabbage, Kohlrabi, Leek, Lettuce, Onion, Seaweed

Pole Beans, Field Mustard, Charlock

Bolthardy from Globe varieties

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Beet

Root
Main Crop A
 

item1i6

item1i5

Bush beans
Onion
Kohlrabi
Lettuce
Cabbage
Seaweed
Leek

Pole beans,
Field mustard, Charlock

Plant World Seeds

Suttons Seeds

 

 

 

Borecole

Brassica
Main Crop A

item1i4

item1i7

Late cabbage
Potato

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

(o)Broccoli

Brassica
0.5 Year Crop B

abroccolifol

'Claret'
Dark Green

abroccolifru

'Claret'
Purple Florets

Nasturtium to attract the aphids away from the Broccoli.
Dill, Celery, Camomile, Sage, Peppermint, Rosemary, Potato and Beets.
Onion.
Oregano ( Origanum vulgare ).
Pennyroyal ( Menta pulegium ),
Marjoram.
Bean,
Mint

Tomato, Pole beans, Strawberry and Lettuce

Rudolph from Sprouting Broccoli

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Brussels Sprouts

Brassica
0.5 Year Crop B
 

item1i8

item1i9

Pennyroyal.
Mustard,
Bean,
Celery,
Dill,
Hyssop,
Mint,
Nasturtium,
Potato,
Sage,
Rosemary.
Seaweed obtainable from Maxicrop products can help:-

  • reduce nematode damage
  • provide a source of food for benign and beneficial soil bacteria, and
  • provide greater maintenance of chlorophyll, leading to greener plants

Strawberry

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

C

Cabbage
 

Brassica
Main Crop A for late cabbage

item1i11

item1i10

The scent from
Sage,
Rosemary,
Hyssop,
Thyme,
Dill,
Southernwood,
Mint and
Chamomile
in a mixed border round the cabbages deters the white cabbage butterfly.
Tansy repels the caggage worm and cutworm.
Wormwood,
Caraway,
Celeriac,
Celery,
Coriander,
Peppermint,
Onion,
Potato,
Geranium,
Pennyroyal,
Spearmint,
Mustard,
Clover,
Bean,
Beetroot.
Orange Nasturtium grown within the cabbage area deter aphids, whilst yellow nasturtiums grown outside the cabbage area attract aphids.
Oregano,
Borage

Strawberry Tomato
Pole bean
Grape
Rue
Garlic

More likely to get club-root if the cabbages are grown in the same spot for 2 or more years

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Cape Gooseberry

Potato
Main Crop A
 

item1i13

item1i12

Related to tomatoes.

The plants are prone to root rots and viruses if on poorly-drained soil or if carried over to a second year.

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Capsicum (Pepper)

Potato
Main Crop A
 

item1i14

item1i15

Basil,
Carrot,
Lovage,
Marjoram,
Onion,
Oregano

Fennel,
Kohlrabi

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Cardoon

Fixed Bed
Perennial Crop D

item1i16

item1i17

...

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

(o)Carrot

Root
Short-lived Crop C

item1i18

Dark Green

item1i19

Orange

Carrots and Onions planted in alternate rows drive off both the onion or carrot fly.
Sage,
Rosemary and Wormwood planted nearby produce strong smells that repel carrot fly maggots, who attack the roots of carrots.
Sow leeks and carrots in the same row for protection against carrot fly. Then harvest the carrots and leave the leeks to mature for later.
Chives,
Parsley,
Black Salsify.
Radish,
Leaf lettuce,
Tomato,
Asparagus,
Marigold, Nasturtium,
Flax.
Keep the carrots on the sunny side of the Peas for best effect,
Deciduous tree sawdust laid as a mulch protects carrots from carrot fly.
Scorzonera hispanica,
Bean

Ethylene Gas from ripening Apples causes a bitter flavour in Carrots.

Potato, Kohlrabi, Fennel, Dill and Cabbage.

Creme De Lite F1

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

(o)Cauliflower

Brassica
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i17a

Dark Green

item1i17b

White

Celery to keep away the white cabbage butterfly.
Mustard,
Bean,
Beetroot,
Chamomile,
Hyssop,
Mint,
Nasturtium,
Onion,
Oregano,
Potato,
Sage,
Radish,
Rosemary,
Tansy,
Dill

Tomato, Strawberry and Celery Leaf Borer.

Boris

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Celeriac

Root
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i17c

item1i17d

Winter vetch sown before Celeriac provides potassium.
Leek and Scarlet runner beans in alternate rows.
Bean,
Cabbage,
Onion,
Tomato.

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Celery

Root
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i17e

item1i17f

Grow Celery in alternate rows with Leeks. Apply mulch of compost with some pig manure in it for increased yield.
The cabbage white butterfly does not like the scent of Celery so is a benefit to all members of the cabbage family.
Tomato
Cauliflower
Bush Bean
Dill
Onion

Cabbage white butterfly

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Chicory

Root
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i17g

item1i17h

Sow in pea rows after peas have been pulled out

 

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

(o)Chilli Pepper

...
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i17i

Green

item1i17j

Red

Basil, Carrot, Lovage, Marjoram, Onion and Oregano.

Fennel and Kohlrabi.

Bhut Jolokia Fiery Furnace

 

 

 

Chinese Cabbage

Brassica
Main Crop A

item1i17k

item1i17l

Brussels sprouts Cauliflower

Corn

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Corn Salad

Legume
Short-lived Crop C

item1i17m

item1i17n

...

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

(o)Courgette

Legume
Main Crop A

item1i17o

Dark Green

item1i17p

Green

Bean, Mint, Nasturtium, Radish, Sweetcorn and Basil

Potato

Cavili

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Cress

Legume
Short-lived Crop C

item1i17q

item1i17r

...

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

(o)Cucumber

Legume
Main Crop A

item1i17s

Green

item1i17t

Green

Radish and Nasturtium to counter the Cucumber beetle. Chives to counter Downy and Powdery Mildew. Beans, Pea, Dill, Sunflower, Lettuce, Sweetcorn, Kohlrabi, Savoy Cabbage, Broccoli, Celery, Chinese Cabbage, Tomato, Brassica, Basil and Jerusalem Artichoke.

Potato, Sage and Cress.

Cucino F1 from Mini-Cucumber

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

E

Endive

Root
Short-lived Crop C

item1i17u

item1i17v

...

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

F

Fennel

Root
Short-lived Crop C

item1i17w

item1i17x

Lettuce,
Leek,
Cabbage,
Basil.
Bees love fennel.
Use besides dog kennels to repel dog fleas.

Bush bean,
Caraway,
Kohlrabi,
Tomato,
Turnip,
Wormwood,
Coriander,
Dill

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

G

Garlic

Onions
0.5 Year Crop B
 

item1i17y

item1i17z

Keeps roses free from aphids.
Protects apple trees from scab.
Protects peach trees from leaf-curl.
Protects tomatoes from red spider.
Vetch,
Raspberry,
Carrot

Pea,
Bean,
Cabbage,
Grain Weevil,
Solanum late blight,
Stone fruit brown rot,
Strawberry.
Mosquitos keep away from areas where garlic is growing.

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Green Manure:-
Mustard

Legume
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i1727

item1i1728

Grape,
Turnip

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Green Manure:-
Phacelia Balo

Legume
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i1729

item1i1730

Bee

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Green Manure:-
Red Clover

Legume
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i1731

item1i1732

Deadly nightshade (Solanum nigrum),
Lawn grass

Henbane,
Buttercup

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Green Manure:-
Spinach

Legume
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i1733

item1i1734

Aubergine,
Cabbage,
Celery,
Onion,
Pea,
Strawberry

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

H Annual herbs should not be planted in the same spot the following year.

Herbs :-
Basil

Fixed Bed
Perennial Crop D

item1i1735

item1i1736

Tomato (Plant border of Basil round tomatoes to resist disease and add flavour to the Tomatoes).

Asparagus,
Parsley,
Apricot,
Cabbage,
Leek,
Bean.
Bees love basil.

Rue (Perhaps this is due to basil being sweet and rue being very bitter).
Aphid, Fruit-fly, White-fly and House Fly hate it.
Mosquito

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Herbs :-
Chives

Fixed Bed
Perennial Crop D

item1i1737

item1i1738

Cabbage,
Carrot,
Leek,
Tomato,
Cucumber,
Grape,
Parsley,
Soft and Tree Fruits.

Bean,
Pea

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Herbs :-
Coriander
and Cilantro

Fixed Bed
Perennial Crop D

item1i1739

item1i1740

Anise,
Dill, Chervil and Coriander growing between rows of carrots and cabbage will protect them from pests.
Radish,
Celery,
Spinach,
Potato.
Bees love Coriander.

Coriander will wilt when Fennel is planted alongside and prevent fennel from forming seed.

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Herbs :-
Dill

Dill added to cooking cabbage nullifies the smell of cabbage

Fixed Bed
Perennial Crop D

item1i1741

item1i1742

Lettuce,
Sweetcorn,
Cucumber,
Coriander,
Cabbage,
Leek,
Celery,
Spinach,
Radish,
Cress,
Onion,
Euphorbia,
Fennel,
Beetroot.
Bees love it and it repels the Cabbage White Fly

Carrot,
Tomato

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Herbs :-
Garlic Chives

Fixed Bed
Perennial Crop D

item1i1743

item1i1744

...

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Herbs :-
Lemon Coriander

Fixed Bed
Perennial Crop D

item1i1745

item1i1746

Same as Coriander above

Same as Coriander above

Suttons Seeds

 

 

 

Herbs :-
Lemon Grass

Fixed Bed
Perennial Crop D

item1i1747

item1i1748

...

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Herbs :-
Marjoram Sweet

Fixed Bed
Perennial Crop D

item1i1749

item1i1750

Stinging nettle,
Carrot

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Herbs :-
Mint

Plant in shade near house to repel mice.

Fixed Bed
Perennial Crop D

item1i1751

item1i1752

Stinging nettle,
Chamomile.

Mint repels Cabbage White Butterfly for Cabbages

Ant,
Flea beetle,
Cabbage butterfly,
Parsley

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Herbs :-
Oregano

Fixed Bed
Perennial Crop D

item1i1753

item1i1754

Beetles and White Cabbage Butterfly do not come near Oregano.
Cabbage,
Cucumber

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Herbs :-
Parsley

Root
Perennial Crop D
 

item1i1755

item1i1756

Tomato.
Grow Parsley with Asparagus,
Rose, and Tomato to deter aphids.
Celery,
Leek,
Dwarf Pea,
Carrot,
Chive.
Bees love its flowers.

Mint

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Herbs :-
Rosemary

Fixed Bed
Perennial Crop D

item1i1757

item1i1758

Sage,
Bean,
Cabbage,
Carrot,
Bee

Cucumber,
Carrot fly,
Potato
Cabbage worm butterfly

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Herbs :-
Sage

Fixed Bed
Perennial Crop D

item1i1759

item1i1760

Carrot.
Cabbage.
Rosemary,
Stinging nettle,
Marjoram,
Strawberry,
Tomato.
Bees love it

Cucumber,
Grass,
Basil,
Wormwood,
Rue.
Dry sage in the wardrobe kills moths

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Herbs :-
Thyme

Fixed Bed
Perennial Crop D

item1i1761

item1i1762

Cabbage.
Bees love it

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Horseradish
 

Root
Perennial Crop D

item1i1763

item1i1764

Protects Potato ( 1 at each end of the potato plot) and Fruit Trees (2 in an orchard) against fungus.
Tomato
Cabbage
Cucumber
Spinach

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

I

 

 

 

 

 

 

J

 

 

 

 

 

 

K

Kale

Brassica
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i1765

item1i1766

Late cabbage
Potato

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Kidney Beans

Legume
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i1767

item1i1768

Same as Broad Beans above

Same as Broad Beans above

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Kohl Rhabi

Brassica
Short-lived Crop C

item1i1769

item1i1770

Lettuce.
Onion,
Beet,
Beetroot,
Cucumber,
Mustard,
Celeriac,
Savoy cabbage,
Runner beans,
Borage

Kohlrabi harms tomatoes.

Beans harm kohlrabi.

Fennel,
Strawberry,
Pepper

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

L

Leaf Beet
Chard, Perpetual Spinach

Legume
Short-lived Crop C

item1i1771

item1i1772

Aubergine,
Cabbage,
Celery,
Onion,
Pea,
Strawberry

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Leaf Salads

Legume
Short-lived Crop C

item1i1773

item1i1774

...

...

Plant World Seeds

 

 

 

Leek

Onions
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i1775

item1i1776

Leeks and carrots grown in alternate rows protect each from insect attack.
Leeks and Celery grown in alternate rows enriched woth pig or goat manure, will both benefit from the supplied potassium.
Onion,
Celeriac,
Bush bean

Broad bean,
Broccoli,
Pea

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

(o)Lettuce

Legume
Short-lived Crop C

item1i1777

Red

item1i1778

Red

Plant in alternate rows with radish to protect the radish against the flea beetle.
Chervil to deter Greenfly. Onion, Strawberry, Cucumber, Carrot, Radish, Cabbage, Brussels Sprout, Broccoli, Beetroot, Clover, Pea, Bean, Kidney Bean and Mangold to deter Mildew, Snails and Ants.

...

Relic - Red Deers Tongue from Butterhead Lettuce

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

M

Marrow

Legume
0.5 Year Crop B
 

item1i1779

item1i1780

Bean,
Mint,
Nasturtium,
Radish,
Sweetcorn

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Melon

Legume
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i1781

item1i1782

Sweetcorn, Sunflower,
Morning Glory (Ipomaea),
Peanut

Potato

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Mushroom

Legume
Short-lived Crop C

item1i1783

item1i1784

...

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Mustard

Brassica
Short-lived Crop C

item1i1785

item1i1786

Grape,
Turnip

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

N

 

 

 

 

 

 

O

Okra

Legume
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i1787

item1i1788

Sweet bell pepper,
Eggplant

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Onion

Onions
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i1789

item1i1790

Grow in alternate rows with Carrots to ward off each others flies.
Onions planted near apple trees ward off apple-scab.
Amaranth,
1 Camomile plant per 12 feet.
Cabbage family,
Beet including Beetroot,
Strawberry,
Tomato,
Lettuce,
Summer Savory,
Potato,
Parsley,
Kohlrabi,
Radish

Pea,
Bean

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

P

Pak Choi

Brassica
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i1791

item1i1792

...

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Parsnip

Root
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i1793

item1i1794

Seaweed,
Onion,
Pea,
Potato,
Pepper,
Bean,
Radish,
Garlic

Carrot,
Celery,
Caraway

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Pea

Do not grow in the same ground 2 years in succession.

Legume
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i1795

item1i1796

2 rows of peas to 1 of potato benefits both vegetables.
Low-growing Carrots (on the sunny side of the rows),
Turnip and
Radish with peas help each other.
Cucumber,
Sweetcorn,
Bean,
Aubergine,
Lettuce,
Spinach,
Tomato,
Brassica,
Celery,
Swede

Gladiolus,
Onion,
Garlic,
Shallots

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Pepper

Potato
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i1797

item1i1798

Basil,
Carrot,
Lovage,
Marjoram,
Onion,
Oregano

Fennel,
Kohlrabi

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Potato

Potato
Main Crop A

item1i1799

item1i17100

Amaranth,
Cherry (Prunus avium).
Flax ( Linum usitatissimum ),
Bush bean.
Horseradish (Ammoracia rusticana).
Marigold repels Eelworm.
Dead nettle,
Sweetcorn,
Cabbage,
Eggplant (Aubergine),
Foxglove,
Nasturtium,
Watermelon,
Esparsette,
Pea,
Lettuce,
Onion,
Petunia,
Radish,
Nettle
2 rows of Broad Beans to 1 of potatoes improves output.

Apple.

Potatoes grown next to :-
Apple,
Cherry,
Pumpkin,
Cucumber,
Sunflower,
Tomato,
Raspberry cane make them susceptible to blight.

Walnut,
Cherry,
Jerusalem artichoke,
Squash,
Orach,
Rosemary

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Pumpkin

Legume
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i17101

item1i17102

Sweetcorn,
Datura stromarium,
Radish,
Bean,
Mint,
Nasturtium

Potato

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Q

 

 

 

 

 

 

R

Radicchio

Legume
Short-lived
Crop C

item1i17103

item1i17104

...

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Radish

Brassica
Short-lived Crop C
 

item1i17105

item1i17106

Grow with Lettuce to control the flea beetle.
Sage,
Mint.
Chervil,
Mustard,
Beet,
Spinach,
Carrot,
Parsnip,
Cucumber,
Squash,
Melon,
Tomato,
Kohlrabi,
Bush bean,
Pole bean.
Cress improves the flavour of the radish.
Nasturtium gives radishes a sharper flavour if grown nearby.
Pea,
Cabbage,
Cauliflower,
Onion.

Hyssop,
Cucumber beetle,
Grape,
Cucumber

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Rocket

Legume
Short-lived Crop C

item1i17107

item1i17108

...

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

S

Salsify

Root
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i17109

item1i17110

...

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Scorzonera

Root
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i17111

item1i17112

...

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Shallot

Onions
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i17113

item1i17114

...

Pea

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Snap Pea

Legume
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i17115

item1i17116

Same as Pea above.

Same as Pea above.

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Spinach

Legume
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i17117

item1i17118

Aubergine,
Cabbage,
Celery,
Onion,
Pea,
Strawberry

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Spinach Beet

Legume
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i17119

item1i17120

...

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Spring Onion

Onion
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i17121

item1i17122

Same as Onion above.

Same as Onion above.

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Sprouting Salad :-
Alfalfa

Grown in Kitchen

item1i17123

item1i17124

...

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Sprouting Salad :- Fenugreek

Grown in Kitchen

item1i17125

item1i17126

...

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Sprouting Salad :-
Lentil

Grown in Kitchen

item1i17127

item1i17128

...

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Sprouting Salad :-
Mung Beans

Grown in Kitchen

item1i17129

item1i17130

...

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Sprouting Salad :-
Radish

Grown in Kitchen

item1i17131

item1i17132

...

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Squash

Legume
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i17133

item1i17134

Radish,
Nasturtium,
Sunflower,
Bean,
Mint,
Sweetcorn

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Swede

Brassica
Main Crop A

item1i17135

item1i17136

Pea,
Onion

...

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Sweet Corn

Legume
0.5 Year Crop B

item1i17137

item1i17138

Potato,
Peas,
Broad Beans,
Cucumber,
Pumpkin,
Squash.
Odourless marigold,
Soya bean,
Geranium.
Sunflower in
alternate strips.
Morning glory ( Ipomoea ),
Lupine,
Dill,
Melon

Tomato

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

T

Tomato

has solanine in its leaves, which is an insecticide. Grow in a fixed bed.


 

Potato
Main Crop A

item1i17139

item1i17140

Grow French Marigolds with Tomato to protect from nematodes.
Tomatoes protect gooseberry bushes against insect attack.
Basil grow parallel to tomatoes,
Using discarded tights to tie plants to metal supports.
Beebalm ( Monarda ),
Chives,
Celery,
Garlic.
Marigold,
Asparagus.
Horehound (Marrubian vulgare),
Seaweed,
Stinging nettle,
Onion,
Parsley,
Foxglove,
Sweetcorn,
Nasturtium,
Carrot,
Cabbage,
Pea,
Sage,
Celeriac,
Kidney bean, Mustard,
Cress,
Borage

Tomato roots harm apricot tree roots.

Fennel,
Brassica family,
Kohlrabi,
Potato,
Walnut,
Strawberry,
Dill,
Rosemary,
Cucumber

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

Turnip
For best taste, harvest before they are fully mature.

Brassica
Main Crop A

item1i17141

item1i17142

Hairy vetch.
Mustard,
Pea,
Nasturtium,
Radish

Knotweed
(Polygonum aviculare),
Cabbage family,
Hedge mustard

B & T World Seeds

 

 

 

UVWXYZ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

 

Site design and content copyright ©October 2008. Page structure amended January 2013. Feet changed to inches (cms) July 2015. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

 

Ivydene Gardens Vegetable Gallery: Introduction

When creating a vegetable garden, the most common method of reducing the likelihood of disease and pest problems caused by planting the same plant in the same place every year is to use a rotation system:-

  • 4-Year Rotation: Potato, Legume, Brassica or Root
  • or
  • Gertrude Franck's Companion Planting: Spinach is sown in the spring and the rows between the rows of spinach are split into: Main Crop A, 0.5 Year Crop B, Short-lived Crop C or Perennial Crop D as shown below.

 

Gertrude Franck Companion Planting Vegetable Garden

Companion planting cultivation is concerned with which plants will respond well to a certain environment, and in which environment, pests can be discouraged and diseases prevented. In order to make such mixed vegetable cultivation possible, monoculture in beds is replaced by row-crop cultivation, in which the right plants will be properly spaced. The companion-planted garden has to be considered not only in relation to its plant material above ground, but also the affects on the soil and the biomass of that plant's roots. Ten ways that companion planting works is provided in the garden design section.

Companion Planting can also be used for pest control rather than chemicals.

The book "Companion Planting - successful gardening the organic way" by Gertrude Franck (based on her 35 years of practical experience in Germany) Thorsons Publishing Group 1983, ISBN 0-7225-0695-3 states the following:

Spinach is sown in spring in rows 20 inches (50cm) apart over the whole vegetable garden area for the following purposes:

  • these rows divide the vegetable garden up for the whole year,
  • the spinach roots prevent erosion, so the usual paths between beds are omitted,
  • young spinach plants provide protection and shade for the vegetable crops to be grown between them,
  • spinach provides ideal material for sheet surface composting, which becomes an intermediate space, a footpath, and
  • it is in between these lines of spinach that the other vegetable varieties are arranged.

The Garden Layout below shows that the rows are given letters. The main crop in the A rows is planted in May, but can follow an early crop almost immediately. They are 6.5 feet (2 metres) apart and are intended for:-

tomatoes,
runner beans,
cucumbers,
late cabbage,
broad beans,
potatoes and
courgettes.

 

Halfway between 2 A rows there is 1 B row, which is intended for plants which are going to require this space either in the first half or in the second half of the growing year. Each of these rows will yield at least 2 full crops. These are:-

leeks,
onions,
black salsify,
cauliflower,
celeriac,
kidney beans,
spring beans,
beetroot,
peas and
parsnips.

Halfway between the A row and the B row there is the C row, which is set with short-lived plants with a comparatively small, low growth. Each of these rows will produce 2 or often 3 crops one after another. These are:-

carrots,
lettuce,
endives,
kohlrabi and
fennel.

 

The perennial crops in Row D stay in the same place and the others are not planted in the same place for another 2 years:-

annuals
asparagus
chives
herbs
perennials

Gertrude Franck's Vegetable Garden Layout with Companion Planting

Fence with Flowers and Gate

D.
All
kinds
of
herbs,
annuals
and
perennials

Path

D.
Chives
and
Rhubarb

P
A
T
H

B.
Cauliflower
and
B.
Celeriac

P
A
T
H

C.
Late
Carrots

C.
Lettuce

A.
Cucumber

A.
Tomatoes
alternating
with
C.
radishes

A.
Cabbage
C.
Lettuce
(second
sowing)

C.
Late
Carrots

B.
Cauliflowers
and
B.
Celeriac

B.
Onions
followed
by
C.
corn salad

A.
Cabbage
C.
Lettuce
(third
sowing)

C.
Late
Carrots

A.
Late
Cabbage
and
B.
Celeriac

A.
Tomatoes
alternating
with
C.
Radishes

C.
Carrots
(second
sowing)

C.
Late
Carrots

B.
Black salsify

B.
Onions followed by
C.
Sugarloaf

C.
Carrots (second sowing)

C.
Late Carrots

A.
Late Cabbage and
A.
Celeriac

A.
Beans alternating
with
C.
Kohlrabi

C.
Carrots (second sowing)

C.
Endives or other salad crops

A.
New Potatoes

B.
Spring Greens alternating with
B.
Celeriac then
B.
Kidney Beans

B.
Beetroot

C.
Various Salad crops

A.
Brussels Sprouts
B.
and Kale

A.
Beans alternating with
C.
Kolhrabi and
C.
Radishes

B.
Beetroot

 

B.
Leeks

covering 3-year-old Strawberries

C.
Carrots

covering 3-year-old Strawberries

B.
Marrowfat Peas

 

C.
Carrots

 

B.
Onions

covering 2-year-old Strawberries

C.
Lettuces and radishes

covering 2-year-old Strawberries

B.
Peas followed in August by Strawberries (new planting)

 

Path

 

To avoid crop rotation problems the gardener :

  1. changes his crops 2 or 3 times in the same row and
  2. in the following year displaces the rows 10 inches (25 cm) away from where they were before, so that it is extremely unlikely that the same or a closely related plant will occupy the same place again.

Surface composting ensures a constant supply of nutrients and water to the soil, gives it protection and enriches it in humus. The strips where the compost is laid down this year will become the places where vegetables are grown next year, since the rows are displaced 10 inches (25 cm) sideways.

If you click on a thumbnail another window opens with 9 larger images (Food Colour, Foliage and Vegetable Shape - for Food, Foliage and Vegetable List pages) and the following plant description:-

  1. Common Name
  2. Botanical Name
  3. Growing Instructions
  4. Distance between Plants
  5. Sowing and Harvesting Times
  6. Plant in Rotation Type
  7. Height x Spread in feet
  8. Foliage
  9. Food Colour.
  10. Good Plant Companions, which aid this vegetable.
  11. Bad Plant Companions, which are antagonistic to this plant.
  12. Culinary Use
  13. Comments and where you can buy the seed or plug plant..

Some of these gallery photographs were provided by Suttons, Woodview Road, Paignton. TQ4 7NG.

Since Suttons have not donated more photos and no other seed supplier will (I have asked at shows from 2006-2015), I will take more photos from gardens available to the public, so that you the public can be visually informed about the vegetables whose seeds these mail-order suppliers will sell you.