aubretiaflo1a

aubretiafol1

aubretiafor1

Flower

Foliage

Form in Ground

See Aubretia time lapse video

Plant Name

Aubrieta

Common Name

Aubretia

Soil

Chalk

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

Soil Moisture

Dry

Plant Type

Evergreen Alpine Perennial

Height x Spread in inches (cms)
(1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot
12 inches = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet,
3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms)

2 x 24 (5 x 60)

Foliage

Mid Green

Flower Colour in Month(s). Fruit

Purple in April-May

Comment

Mat-forming form. Pruning Group 16. Native UK plant.

"I can guarantee that somewhere within the past few weeks your eye has been drawn to a curtain of purple, blue or pink tumbling down a wall or clinging to a sunny slope. It is aubrieta, a plant that used to be very popular on rockeries but, like them, has fallen from favour. It is a shame. Few flowers perform with such generosity, or are so good at attracting bees.

Instead of aubrieta, we tend to rely on the winter pansy for our splash of early spring colour. But aubrieta will grow just as well in a container, and the best will flower for far longer than the pansy, up until the end of May.

Botanists previously recorded 20 species but present thinking has reduced these to 12. Their four-petalled flowers tell us that they are crucifers or members of the brassica family. There are six European species and take their name from Claude Aubriet (1688-1743), a French botanical artist. All are found on limestone, but some appear on open scree, others in crevices while some crop up in coniferous woodland.

The crevice formers are trickiest to grow at home. Pottertons Nursery (01472 851714; www.pottertons.co.uk) sells some of these alpine species, and some rare garden varieties too. 'Valerie’, newly collected from 'Denmark’, is a variegated cream and green with lilac flowers.

Most named garden forms are seedlings probably raised from A. deltoidea, a species found in the Balkan Peninsula, the Aegean and south-west Europe. It varies naturally and includes lilac and red-flowered forms, with doubles also recorded in the wild. Alpine nurseries tended to grow and select their own seedlings. These varied naturally, and also hybridised where several species grew together. The name A. x cultorum covered these hybrids, though many aubrietas are not attributed to a species at all.

Alan Bloom, who began his career raising alpine plants at Oakington near Cambridge, listed 39 varieties in his wholesale 1939 catalogue. At that time most of the major British nurseries were selecting and naming their own seedlings. Mr EJ Barker of Kelmscott near Ipswich is credited with raising the first doubles in the Thirties and his 'Barker’s Double’ was reputedly the first red-crimson. Although many of these varieties seem to have gone now, two listed by Blooms in 1939 are still available: 'Dr Mules’ AGM is a violet-blue and 'Gurgedyke’ an intense crimson-purple; there is now also a variegated form of 'Dr Mules’.

Alan Bloom went on to produce his own Bressingham series between 1969 and 1984 with the help of Lawrence Flatman, his alpine specialist. 'Bressingham Pink’ (1969) and 'Bressingham Red’ (1984) are still available.

Because taking cuttings tends to weaken stock plants, many aubrietas today are seed-raised. The Mead Nursery (01373 859990; www.themeadnursery.co.uk) in Wiltshire has a fine collection, although it does not do mail order. Nurserymen Stephen and Emma Lewis-Dale rate the double violet-blue 'Blue Beauty’, and the dark magenta-red 'Gloria’, for their vibrance. The subtler 'Bicolor’ has lavender and purple flowers that eventually fade to white so it shows all three colours at once; 'Greencourt Purple’ AGM is a trailing purple with frilly flowers.

With so many varieties disappearing over the past 70 years, it’s a good thing that there is a collection at Leicester Botanic Garden. Ring 0116 271 2933 for more information.

 

Alan Bloom, who always had a succinct way of summing up a plant, records that aubrietas “have no liking for richness”, an attribute he also shared. Thin soil, preferably alkaline, in full sun, is their preferred diet. That said, aubrietas seem to flower happily on many garden soils.

The technique to keep aubrietas going year after year is to shear them hard as they finish their display, so that they develop a new cushion of tight foliage. Cuttings can be taken, and ideally these need to have three inches of brown stem below the rosette of foliage. The technique is to tug them away with a heel rather than cut them. This can be done in September and October (when the cushion of foliage is dense), or in late summer. A cold frame is ideal as it keeps the root cool. Sow seeds in spring." from The Telegraph of 21 April 2011.

Further details from how to grow it and 6 cultivars are available from the Alpine and Grass Nursery. Aubretia mixed colours Red or Purple is available from Nikau Hill Nursery and Water Gardens in New Zealand.

Companion Plants

"Because all aubrietas – naturally suited to cold, high-altitude climates – tend to look ragged in hot summer months, find a partner that follows on afterwards. Possibilities include Dianthus alpinus, Geranium cinereum 'Ballerina’, or 'Lawrence Flatman’. Rock roses (Helianthemum nummularium) also fit in well and these sprawling plants also like lime." from The Telegraph of 21 April 2011.

aubretiaforwalls

Flower

Foliage

Form Trailing over Wall

 

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Odds and Sods*

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Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
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ODDS AND SODS GALLERY PAGES
Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction

FLOWER COLOUR
(o)Blue
Orange
(o)Other Colour
(o)Pink
Red
(o)White
(o)Yellow

FOLIAGE COLOUR
Black
Blue
Brown
Bronze
(o)Green
(o)Grey
Purple
Red
Silver
Variegated White
Variegated Yellow
White
Yellow
Autumn Colour
4 Season Colour

FORM
(o)Mat-forming
(o)Trailing
(o)Mound-forming
(o)Spreading
Clump-forming
Stemless
(o)Erect
Climbing
Arching

SHAPE
Columnar
Oval
(o)Rounded
Flattened Spherical
Narrow Conical
Broad Conical
Egg-shaped
Broad Ovoid
Narrow Vase-shaped
Fan-shaped
Broad Fan-shaped
Narrow Weeping
Broad Weeping
Single-stem Palm
Multi-stem Palm

SEED COLOUR
(o)Seed

BED PICTURES
(o)Garden

OTHER FLOWER PICTURES
(o)Cut Flower
 

Odds and Sods Height from Text Border for Odds and Sods Gallery

Blue =
0-24 inches
(0-60 cms)

Green=
24-72 inches
(60-180 cms)

Red =
72+ inches
(180+ cms)

Odds and Sods Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

Click on thumbnail to add the Plant Description Page of the Odds and Sods named in the Text box below that photo.
The Comments Row of that Odds and Sods Description Page details where that Odds and Sods Plant is available from.

 

simonaandferucciobymadeleinepires1a1a

"Simona and Feruccio" by Madeleine F. Williamson Pires.

Can Simona and Feruccio (the flowers) with
Ron and Christine Foord (both deceased)
assist you in your choice of plants?
 

Plant Type in the following table is:-

  • A for Aquatic
  • An for Annual
  • Ba for Bamboo
  • Bu for Bulb
  • Cl for Climber
  • Co for Conifer
  • F for Fern
  • G for Grass
  • H for Herb
  • P for Perrenial
  • Rh for Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia
  • Ro for Rose
  • Sh for Shrub
  • So for Soft Fruit
  • Su for Succulent
  • To for Top Fruit
  • Tr for Tree
  • V for Vegetable
  • W for Wildflower

followed by:-

  • E for Evergreen or
  • D for Deciduous or
  • H for Herbaceous

 

ODDS AND SODS INDEX

Odds and Sods Name.
 

Flower Colour

Flowering Months

Height x Spread in inches (cms)
(1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot
12 inches = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet,
3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms)

Foliage Colour

Plant Type

A

Aster alpinus

Violet with Yellow (may be pink, violet/lavender, dark purple/black, or white/near white) florets

asterfloalpinus1a1

June, July

10 x 18
(25 x 45)

Mid-Green

asterfolalpinus1a1

P H

Aubrieta

Purple

aubretiaflo1a1

April, May

2 x 24
(5 x 60)

Mid Green

aubretiafol1a1

P E

B

Bracteantha bracteata

Bright White, yellow, pink or red

bracteanthaflotbracteata1a1

June, July, August, September, October

48 x 12
(120 x 30)

Grey-Green

bracteanthafoltbracteata1a

An H

C

Chrysan-themum 'Pennine Digger' and others

Golden Yellow

chrysanthemumpenninediggerflot1a1

October

48 x 30
(120 x 75)

Dark Green

P H

Cornus canadensis

White

cornusflotcanadensis1a1

May, June

5 x 12
(12 x 30)

Mid-Green

cornusfoltcanadensis1a1

P H

D

Daphne cneorum

Pale to Deep Rose-Pink

daphneflotcneorum1a1

June

6 x 72
(15 x 180)

Dark Green above, Grey-Green below

daphnefoltcneorum1a

Sh E

E

Euphorbia myrsinites

Greenish-Yellow

euphorbiaflotmyrsinites1a1

April, May, June

4 x 12
(10 x 30)

Blue-Grey

euphorbiafoltmyrsinites1a1

P E

F

Fragaria moschata Duchesne

White

June

6 x 6
(15 x 15)

Bright Green

fragariafoltmoschataduches1a

P H

G

Gentiana verna

White-throated Sky-Blue

gentianaflotverna1a1a

April, May, June, July

1 x 4
(3 x 10)

Dark Green

gentianafoltverna1a

P E

H

Helianthus annuus

Yellow ray-florets with Brown disc florets

helianthusflotannuus1a1

August, September

180 x 24
(450 x 60)

Mid to Dark Green

helianthusfoltannuus1a

An

I

Iberis umbellata

White, lavender, purple, pink, or crimson

iberisflotumbellata1a1

May, June

8 x 10
(21 x 25)

Mid Green

sellieraradicansfolt1jul71a1a

An

Impatiens glandulifera

Scented Purple, Rose-Pink or White

impatiensflotglandulifera1a1

July, August, September

54 x 36
(135 x 90)

Light Green

impatiensfoltglandulifera1a1

An

J

 

 

 

 

 

 

K

 

 

 

 

 

 

L

Lunaria annua

White to light Purple

lunariaflotannuasep78a1a

May, June, July

36 x 12
(90 x 30)

Light to Mid Green

lunariafoltannua1a1

An

Lupinus luteus 'Yellow Javelin'

Bright Golden Yellow

lupinusflotluteusyellowjavelinoct75a1a

July, August

24 x 12
(60 x 30)

Mid Green

lupinusfoltluteusyellowjavelinoct75a1a

An

M

Morus nigra

Pale Green

May, June

480 x 600
(1200 x 1500)

Mid Green

morusfoltnigra1a1

To D

N

Nicotiana alata

Greenish-Yellow

nicotianaflotalataoct71a1a

July, August, September

60 x 12
(150 x 30)

Dark Green

nicotianafoltalata1a1

An

Nicotiana x sanderae

Red, White, Rose-Pink or Purple

nicotianaflotxsand1a

July, August, September

18 x 12
(45 x 30)

Dark Green

nicotianafoltxsand1a

An

Nicotiana x sanderae Domino Series

Domino Series cultivars have upward-facing flowers in Red, White, Crimson-Pink, Lime-green, Pink with White-eyes, Purple, Purple with White eyes, Salmon-Pink, or White with Rose-Pink margins

nicotianaflotxsanddom1a

July, August, September

18 x 12
(45 x 30)

Dark Green

nicotianafoltxsanddom1a

An

Nicotiana x sanderae Starship Series

Starship Series cultivars have good all-weather tolerance with flowers in Red, White, Rose-Pink, Lime-green or Pink

nicotaniaflotxsandstar1a

July, August, September

18 x 12
(45 x 30)

Dark Green

nicotaniafoltxsandstar1a

An

O

 

 

 

 

 

 

P

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q

 

 

 

 

 

 

R

 

 

 

 

 

 

S

Selliera radicans

White

sellieraradicansflotjul71a1a

July

6 x 12
(15 x 30)

Inch long, dark Green, club-shaped leaves with silvery undersides

sellieraradicansfoltjul71flowers1a1

Su E

TUVWXYZ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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