Site Map for Direct Link to Plant Description Page from their Petal Colour being nearest Colour to Colour in a Colour Wheel Page


Small size plant in Flower Colours

Miniature size plant in Flower Colours

Small Size plant flower in Month

Miniature Size plant flower in Month

including those from the Camera Photo Galleries as detailed in row 3 of the Topic Table on the left.
Click on the centre of each thumbnail in the following flower colour month pages to transfer to the description of that plant in a Camera Photo Gallery Page:-

Dark Tone or Shades
(Colours mixed with Black)
(Colours mixed with Grey)
Pure Hue
(the Primary, Secondary or Tertiary Colour named)
(Colours mixed with White)

(o)Rock Plant: A
(o)Rock Plant: B
(o)Rock Plant: C
(o)Rock Plant: D
(o)Rock Plant: E
(o)Rock Plant: F
(o)Rock Plant: G
(o)Rock Plant: H
(o)Rock Plant: I
(o)Rock Plant: J
(o)Rock Plant: K
(o)Rock Plant: L
(o)Rock Plant: M
(o)Rock Plant: NO
(o)Rock Plant: PQ
(o)Rock Plant: R
(o)Rock Plant: S
(o)Rock Plant: T
(o)Rock Plant: UVWXYZ




Rock plants for Sunny Sites.

Rock plants for Shady Sites.

Early Bloom in the Rock Garden.

Summer Bloom in the Rock Garden.

Late Bloom in the Rock Garden.

Rock plants of Creeping and Trailing Habit.

Rock plants with Evergreen Foliage.

Rock Plants with Silvery or Variegated Foliage.

Rock plants needing the protection of Sheet of Glass in Winter.

Rock plants which hate Lime.

Lime Lovers.

Peat Lovers.


Plants for sunny sites in the Wall Garden.

Plants for Shady Sites in the Wall Garden.

Plants for a Dry Site on a Wall.

Plants for a Moderately Dry Site on a Wall.

Plants for a Moist Site on a Wall.

Plants for Positions on Top of Walls.

Plants to Hang Down from the Upper Parts of a Wall.

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines



Some Good Rock Plants
with Some Plants that Thrive on the Moraine

Plants for the Alpine House

Plants for the Miniature Rock Garden
with Some Bulbs and Tubers for the Rock Garden,
Some Bulbs for the Alpine House and
Bulbs and Tubers suitable for Naturalizing in Grass

Shrubs for the Rock Garden
with Rounded, Pyramidal, and Erect Growth. Then, Heath-like Lime Haters and last is Trailers and Prostrate Shrubs. Next Table has Gentiana for the Rock Garden followed by Pinks (Dianthus) for the Rock Garden

Moisture-loving Trees and Shrubs for Bog or Water Garden
with Conifers (Dwarf) and Ornamental Grasses for the Rock or Marsh Garden


Plants for Wall Garden
with Plants for the Paved Garden

Plants for the Water Garden

Plants for the Bog Garden
with Alpine Primulas for the Rock Garden,
Alpine Primulas for the Bog Garden and
Campanulas for the Rock Garden


The Moraine or Scree Garden - Many of the alpines will not prosper in the ordinary rock garden. They require that the natural conditions under which they live in the wild state shall be copied as nearly as possible in the rock garden. The plants to which we refer grow on mountain slopes covered with loose stones, where the melting of the snow during summer provides them with plenty of ice-cold water and where a blanket of snow protects them during the winter. The conditions we must endeavour to reproduce are, therefore: adequate moisture for the roots in summer while the plants are growing, but at the same time good drainage:
and secondly, protection from damp in the winter. The moraine is intended to provide these requirements, and can be made quite cheaply anywhere in the rock garden. Plants requiring very diverse kinds of soil may thus, with great effect, be grown in close proximity.

Making the Moraine
An ideal and natural position for the moraine would be in the sun at the lower end of a miniature valley between 2 rocky spurs, the gorge gradually expanding into a flat bed of scree with occasional boulders strewn over it. The extent of the moraine will vary in proportion to the size of the whole rock garden. If the latter is large, the moraine may cover an area of many square yards (square metres); on the other hand, it may be nothing more than a small, well-drained pocket or crevice filled with moraine mixture in which a single specimen is grown.
To construct the moraine, dig out about 30 inches (75cms) of the soil and make the bottom of the basin or trench slope slightly towards the front: the slope must not be too steep or the moraine will become over-dry in summer. The lower 10 inches (25cms) must be made water-tight by means of puddling with clay or by means of cement. Make an outlet in front, which when closed keeps about 10 inches (25 cms) of water, but not more, in the lowest parts of the basin, while when the outlet is open no water can remain in the basin. Now cover the bottom of the trench with about 10 inches (25 cms) of rubble, stones, or any material that will afford good drainage. Above this place another 6 inches (15 cms) or so of smaller stones roughly 2 inches (5 cms) in diameter; these will fill the gaps between the larger stones and prevent the small grit above from sinking through and blocking the drainage. The hollow is then filled up with a mixture of stone chips and gravel. Over this again is thrown a covering, an inch or so (2.5 cm) in thickness, formed of a mixture of equal parts of ordinary garden soil, leaf mould, and small stone chips similar to those used in frosty weather for sprinkling on wood-paved roads. Limestone or sandstone chips are excellent and easily obtained; flint chips should not be used, as they do not conserve moisture. Place a few boulders in the moraine to break up the surface and to give the plants some protection. A natural trickle of water may be led into the top of the moraine, or each day sufficient moisture may be given from a watering-can to cause an overflow from the outlet at the bottom. From November to May, when no additional moisture is needed in the moraine, the outlet should be left open.
The overflow from the moraine may be led into a small pool, which will add great charm to the rock garden, and is easy to construct while the garden is being made. In it may be grown rushes and small water plants, while the overflow from it will provide an excellent situation for bog plants or for any alpines loving plenty of moisture. When planting, the gardener should remember the conditions under which each plant lives in its native state, and should set it in the rock garden accordingly. Many plants that have proved failures in the rock garden proper will, on transplantation to the moraine, flourish.
The inhabitants of the moraine are not so rampant as many alpines grown in the rock garden proper, but for all that, the more vigorous should be kept in check. A light top-dressing of equal parts of loam, leaf-mould, and stone chips will be required in spring and again in early autumn.

Protection of Plants in Winter
Plants whose leaves are covered with fluff or down are, when in their natural haunts, usually protected from damp during the winter by a coat of snow. When they are grown out of doors in England, they must, therefore, be given a covering of glass during the winter months: that is, from the middle of October to the beginning of March. When the plant is a small one nestling in a crevice between the rocks, it is often possible to cover it with a sheet of glass resting on the surrounding rocks; but when this cannot be done, 4 pieces of stiff galvanized wire should be inserted firmly in the ground and bent over at the top to hold the glass plate securely in position over the plant. If the weather is especially severe or the plant very delicate, 4 additional pieces of glass may be set in the soil and supported by the wires so as to form 4 walls protecting the plant. Sufficient space between the glass roof and the tops of the 4 walls should be left for adequate ventilation (but not enough to admit the rain or snow) or the plants will be liable to damp-off. Hand-lights and bell-glasses may also be used, but in all cases adequate ventilation should be provided. The frost will often raise the plants from the soil, especially those planted the previous autumn. In spring, therefore, each plant should be carefully scrutinized, and, if necessary, gently pressed down into the soil. Dead leaves must be removed from around the plants, and a top-dressing of fine, sandy loam and leaf-mould should be sifted round and close up to the crowns.

Ivydene Gardens Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery:
Rock Garden Plant Lists of Plants Suitable for Rock, Wall and Water Gardens - How to plan and plant them including wall, paved and water gardens by A. Edwards in charge of the rock garden Kew. Published by Ward, Lock & Co. in 1929.


Moisture-loving Trees and Shrubs
(Suitable to the Bog or Water Garden)
* denotes best Berry-bearing Shrubs.
! denotes Coloured Foliage in autumn.

Botanical plant Name (Common Name)

When in Bloom


Height in inches (cms)

Special Utility


Abies nobilis (American Silver Fir)






Abies pectinita (Silver Fir)






!Acer rubrum (Red Maple)






Alnus glutinosa (Cut-Leaved Alder)






Alnus laciniata (Drooping Alder)






!*Ameanchier (June Berry)






Andromeda polifolia (Rosemarry)






Arundinaria japonica (Bamboo)






Arundo donax(Great Reed)






Azalea rustica fl. pl.






Bambusa (various) (Bamboo)






*Berberis stenophylla (Barberry)






Betula alba






Betula pendula






Chionanthus retusus (Fringe Tree)






*Cornus alba florida (Dogwood)






!*Cotoneaster (Rockspray)






!*Crataegus (Thorns)






Cupressus (various) (Cypress)






Deutzia discolor






!Enkianthus camp-anulatus






*Enkianthus japonicus






!*Gaultheria procumbens (Winter Green)






!*Gaultheria Shallon (Winter Green)






!Hamamelis (various) (Witch Hazel)






Itea virginica






Juniperus (various) (Juniper)






Leiophyllum prostratum






*Leycesteria formosa (Flowering Currant)






Mitraria cocconia






Pieris formosa






Salix alba (Willow)






Salix caerulea (Willow)






Salix purpurea (Willow)






Salix babylonica (Weeping Willow)






*Sambucus canadensis






Spiraea arguta






Spiraea japonica, etc






Spiraea lindleyana






Tilia oliveri, etc. (Lime)






!Taxodium distichum (Summer-leafing Cypress)






Thuya japonica (Japanese Arbor-Vitae)






Thuya orientalis (various) (Chinese Arbor-Vitae)






Tsuga albertiana (Hemlock Spruce)






Vaccinium corymbosum (Swamp Blueberry)






Zenobia speciosa















































































Moisture-loving Conifers (Dwarf)
(Suitable to the Bog or Water Garden)
* denotes best Berry-bearing Shrubs.
! denotes Coloured Foliage in autumn.

Abies balsamea var. Hudsonia






Abies pectinata nana, etc.






!Cedrus atlantica aurea






!Cedrus atlantica fastigiata






Cedrus atlantica glauca, etc.






Cedrus deodora var pendula






Cedrus libani brevifolia






!Crytomeria japonica nana






!Crytomeria japonica spiralis






!Crytomeria japonica vilmorin-iana






Cupressus Fletcheri






!Cupressus Lawsoniana argentea compacta






!Cupressus minima glauca, etc.






Cupressus obtusa nana






!Cupressus pisifera var. squarrosa






Cupressus thyoides var. ericoides






!Cupressus Sanderae






Juniperus chinensis prostrata






Juniperus chinensis aurea






Juniperus chinensis pfitzeriana






Juniperus communis compressa






Juniperus communis alpina






Juniperus communis alpina aurea






Juniperus sabina






Juniperus sabina procumbens






Juniperus sabina prostrata






Juniperus recurva






Juniperus recurva pendula






Juniperus recurva squamata






Picea excelsa conica






Picea excelsa compacta






Picea excelsa diffusa






Picea excelsa dumosa






Picea excelsa globosa nana






Pinus contorta var Murrayana






!Pinus densiflora var. aureo-variegata






Pinus montana






Taxus baccata ericoides























































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































Site design and content copyright ©October 2010. Page structure amended November 2012. Rock Plant Photos Gallery added August 2013. Topic Menu amended July 2015. This page added March 2020. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Rock Plant Colour Wheel - Flowers Link Map

Click on Number in Colour Wheel or Black sections below:-





Rock Garden Plant Lists of Plants Suitable for Rock, Wall and Water Gardens - How to plan and plant them including wall, paved and water gardens by A. Edwards in charge of the rock garden Kew. Published by Ward, Lock & Co. in 1929.

Collins Pocket Guide - Grasses, Sedges, Rushes & Ferns of Britain and Northern Europe. Text by R. Fitter and A. Fitter. Illustrated by A.Farrer. Published by Harper Collins in 1984. ISBN 0 00219136 9


Ornamental Grasses for the Rock or Marsh Garden

Botanical plant Name (Common Name)

When in Bloom


Height in inches (cms)




It is scarcely possible to overestimate the decorative qualities of ornamental grasses, both as marsh plants and for providing variety in the rock garden. The graceful and curious are best suited for planting in the wild garden, while the neat, compact-growng kinds make beautiful subjects for the rock garden.
By the sides of streams and ponds the larger-growing species make handsome specimens.
All the species may be gathered and dried for winter decoration.

Tall-Growing Grasses

Let us consider Cortaderia argentea, Cortaderia argentea elegans and Cortaderia conspicua (Syn Arundo conspicua), the Pampas-grass. In severe winters these should have some dry, strawy litter thown over them, and a few spruce boughs or evergreen shrubs stuck round to prevent the litter blowing away. The pampas-grass resists the cold of our UK ordinary seasons, but in many instances succumbs to the severity of an unusually cold and wet winter. Old plants seem hardier than young ones, arising probably from the larger top affording a more efficient protection to the roots. The old leaves should not be removed until the end of April, as they give the best possible protection as far as it goes; experience, however, shows that of themselves they will not always provide sufficient protection in our UK climate: hence the necessity of a little extra litter.

As the centre group of a grassery, or placed in a shady dell, near rocks or water, it finds a congenial home. A rich alluvial soil, at least 36 inches (90 cms) deep, abundance of space to unfold its large, graceful leaves and throw up its flower-stems, an unlimited supply of water, and shelter from strong winds, are all the conditions its successful culture demands. It can be raised from seed, and with liberal treatment, seedlings will flower in their third or fourth year. By sowing thinly in February or March in pots, and planting out in prepared beds in May, almost a season may be gained in the growth of the plants.

Like all the grasses, the seed should be barely covered with soil, and the surface kept moist, until germination is assured. There are however, several varieties of this grass, in addition to its sexual distinctions. When practical it is, therefore, best to purchase plants divided from those that have grown the finest flower-stems; the pampas-grass can be rapidly increased by division. Plants thus divided are more tender than others, and will require more protection until they are thoroughly established. If the flower-stem is cut before it begins to fade, it is almost as showy when dried. In addition to the localities here pointed out for them, they also contrast admirably with large masses of yews or other dark-foliaged shrubs.

A companion grass to this, with broad-striped foliage and large feathery flowers, is the Erianthus ravennae, the Woolly Beard Grass, growing to 48 inches (120cms) or more in height.
Other tall-growing grasses are:

  • Arundo donax and
  • Arundo conspicua (syn Cortaderia conspicua), which much resembe the Pampas-grass;
  • and a beautiful, little-known kind, Glyceria aquatica variegata.

The Tussock Grass and some of the common reeds and rushes also form beautiful features when used in connection with these.

Cortaderia argentea (Pampas-grass)






Cortaderia argentea elegans






Cortaderia conspicua
(Syn Arundo conspicua)






Erianthus ravennae (Woolly Beard Grass)






Arundo donax






Arundo conspicua (syn Cortaderia conspicua)






Glyceria aquatica variegata












Annual Grasses

Among the annual grasses we have Holcus saccharatus, or Sugar-cane, whose elegant leaves, stately stems, and variously-coloured heads of corn are highly ornamental. These are half-hardy annuals, and should be sown in gentle heat, being pushed rapidly forward so as to secure strong plants for planting out in May. The variegated, white-striped, and beautifully marbled Zea, or maize, requires similar treatment, and has a most pleasing effect when planted among other subjects. The pretty Millet Grass, Milium effusum, charming Love Grasses (Eragrostis amabilis capillaris, Eragrostis elegans, Eragrostis multi-flora (syn Eragrostis megastachya), Eragrostis papposa, and Eragrostisaegyptiaca), and the several varieties of Briza, or Quaking Grass, especially Briza geniculata and Briza minor var. gracilis, should be sown either in pots or in a rather sheltered site out of doors.

Other beautiful annual grasses are Agrostis laxiflora, Agrostis pulchella, Desmazeria sicula (syn. Brizopyrum siculum), whose branches rival in beauty the deciduous cypress, Bromus brizaeformis, Bromus lanuginosus, and Lagurus ovatus, the Hare's Tail Grass. Stipa arundinacea and Panicum teneriffae (syn. Tricholaena rosea) are also useful, and, like all other annual grasses, should be raised from seed sown in spring.

Sorghum saccharatum (syn. Holcus saccharatus, Sorghum bicolor) (Sugar-cane)






Milium effusum (Millet Grass)






Eragrostis amabilis capillaris






Eragrostis elegans






Eragrostis multiflora (Syn. Eragrostis megastachya)






Eragrostis papposa






Eragrostis aegyptiaca






Briza geniculata (Quaking Grass)






Briza minor var. gracilis






Agrostis laxiflora






Agrostis pulchella






Desmazeria sicula (Syn. Brizopyrum siculum)






Bromus brizaeformis






Bromus lanuginosus






Lagurus ovatus






Stipa arundinacea






Panicum teneriffae (Syn. Tricholaena rosea)












Perennials and Biennials

The various Eulalias, the 2 Feather Grasses,
Stipa pennata and Stipa gigantea, hardy perennials,
and the hardy biennial Hordeum jubatum, or Crested Barley Grass,
are also most useful for mixing with other flowers, and very elegant in themselves.
The smallest Feather Grass almost rivals the Festuca glauca for edgings. The handsome silver foliage of the Festuca contrasts beautifully with red gravel paths, and is said to harbour fewer pests than any other living edging. It is neat, graceful, and easily kept. The only attention required being to cut off the flower-stems in summer; this should not be neglected as the cutting off of the flower-stems maintains the leaves in health and beauty.

Stipa pennata






Stipa gigantea






Hordeum jubatum






Festuca glauca












Culture of Grasses

Ornamental grasses will grow in any ordinary soil with very little care from the gardener, especially the annual species. All kinds, however, by their more luxuriant growth, well repay any attention shown them; above all do they appreciate the constant use of the hoe. It should be kept at work continually breaking up the surface of the soil and estroying weeds.

Annuals -
The hardy annuals are best sown where they have to grow, the seed being put in in April, or in May in colder localities. Except in cold, damp soils and in exposed districts, most hardy annuals are all the better if treated as biennials and sown where they are to grow in July or August.Half-hardy annuals are sown under glass in a temperature of from 60-70 F (15-21C), hardened off in May, and planted out in June; or they can be sown where they are to grow about the middle of May.

Perennials -
Hardy perennials are sown in a nursery bed of fine soil in the open in May and June, and are transplanted to their permanent positions in Octber; half-hardy species being sown under glass in March to be planted out in the open in the next October. All grasses sown where they are to grow must be thinned when from 2 or 3 inches (5-7.5 cms) high, if bushy plants are to result. Almost all species thrive in good, well-drained loam, in a sunny, open position. In cold, damp situations it is frequently necessary to treat many of the perennials as annuals and to raise fresh plants each year. Perennial grasses are also propagated by dvision of roots either in April or October, at which times they also be planted, if moved, from one part of the garden to another.







Cutting and Drying for Winter Use

Many ornamental grasses, when correctly dried, can be used effectively to fill the flower vases, or at least to supplement the cut flowers during the pperiod of shortage of blooms through the winter months. They must, however, be cut at the right time, usually between June and the end of August, and must be correctly dried; otherwise they quickly assume a sickly, dull colour, and the seeds soon drop.

In cutting, which must be done before the heads are fully out, and while the grass is still green, the stalks should be kept as long as possible. The grasses should be tied up in bunches and dried in a cool, airy place. Gathering must take place in fine weather and when the grass is quite dry.

























































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































Topic -
Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CEDAdrive creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.
8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants
to provide a Companion Plant to aid your selected plant or deter its pests


with ground drains
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.

Plants Chalk
(Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z Heavy
Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z Light
Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...Poisonous Plants.
...Extra Plant Pages
with its 6 Plant Selection Levels

Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years.

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed


Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries

If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 or 7 flower colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries, as a low-level Plant Selection Process
Bedding Flower Shape

Bulb with its 7 Flower Colours per Month Comparison Pages
...Allium/ Anemone
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Gladiolus with its 40 Flower Colours
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil

Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs



...Forcing Lily of the Valley



...Hyacinths in Pots


...Lilium in Pots
...Narcissi in Pots



Half-Hardy Bulbs



Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding Windowboxes Border
...naturalized in Grass Bulb Frame Woodland Garden Rock Garden Bowls Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-




...Plant Bedding in

...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr

...P -Herbaceous
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Odds and Sods

...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use - page links in row 6. Rose, RHS Wisley and Other Roses rose indices on each Rose Use page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Pruning Methods
Photo Index
R 1, 2, 3
Peter Beales Roses
RV Roger

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit

Wild Flower and
Butterfly page links are in next row

Topic -
Butterflies in the UK mostly use native UK wildflowers.

Butterfly Species.

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly Usage
of Plants.

Plant Usage by
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly.

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
Site Map page in its flower colour NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Botanical Names
...Cream Common Names
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note

Wildflower Plants.

You know its name, use
Wild Flower Plant Index a-h, i-p, q-z.
You know which habitat it lives in, use
Acid Soil,
(Chalk) Soil
Marine Soil,
Neutral Soil,
is a
is a
is a
Rush, or
is a
You have seen its flower, use Comparison Pages containing Wild Flower Plants and Cultivated Plants in the
Colour Wheel Gallery.

Each plant named in each of the 180 Wildflower Family Pages within their 23 Galleries may have a link to:-
1) its Plant Description Page in its Common Name column in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links,
2) to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name column,
3) to see photos in its Flowering Months column and
4) to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

(o)Adder's Tongue
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 1

(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 2

(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 3

(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
Clover 1

Clover 2

Clover 3

(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Rannock Rush
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Water Fern
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort

Topic -
The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process

dependent on the Garden Style chosen
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form

Topic -
Plant Selection Process comparing relevant plants of all types within each of the number of colours for each Flower or Foliage Colour Gallery.

All Flowers 53 with
...Use of Plant and
Flower Shape
- page links in next row

All Foliage 53
instead of redundant
...(All Foliage 212)

All Flowers
per Month 12

Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers
per Month

Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours
per Month Index

...All Plants Index

Topic -
Use of Plant in your Plant Selection Process

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.
Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bird
...Attract Butterfly
, 2
...Climber on House Wall
...Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
, 2, 3
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Not Fragrant
...Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'
...Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...Coastal Conditions
...Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...Cut Flower
...Potted Veg Outdoors
...Potted Veg Indoors
...Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R,
...Grow in Acidic Soil
...Grow in Any Soil
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Grow Bulbs Indoors

Uses of Bedding
...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Uses of Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Lime-Free (Acid)

Uses of Rose
...Climber /Pillar
...Exhibition, Speciman
...Grow In A Container
...Climber in Tree
...Edging Borders
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Tolerant of Shade
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water

Topic -
Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop as part of a Plant Selection Process:-

RHS Garden at Wisley

Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.

Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1

with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall

Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden

Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger

Roses - Pages
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page


Topic -
Fragrant Plants as a Plant Selection Process for your sense of smell:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
, 2

Topic -
Website User Guidelines

My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020.

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