Ivydene Gardens Companion Planting: Companion Planting Library: A-G

Planting design in the design section of this website should show you which starting plants to which these
companion plants will assist should be used for your purpose in that part of your garden, and the following book from the Garden Planting Design section of the Library with its cd should help:-


Title/ Author

Pictures of


ISBN Number

Flora the gardener's bible / tony lord

12000 plant photos

20,000 good descriptions of garden plants, some 12,000 with colour photographs. There is also an interactive CD with it which has all 20,000 plants on it. The plant chooser part of the CD can break up the list into plant groups, uses, hardiness zones, height, position (sun, half-sun, shade), flower colour and flowering season (spring, summer, autumn or winter). Extremely useful for getting plant lists with plant pictures.

0-304 36435-5



IBSN Number

21st century Organic Gardening

Practical guides to growing organically

This booklet introduces you to the principles and practices of organic gardening:- looking after the soil - recycling and reusing 'waste' materials - encouraging and protecting wildlife - creating and maintaining diversity - avoiding the use of pesticides and herbicides - avoiding the waste of natural resources. Thin Booklet

HDRA Publishing, Ryton Organic Gardens, Coventry. CV8 3LG

Adas Colour Atlas of Weed Seedlings

How to Identify Weed Seedlings


a-z of companion planting

Essays on companions of each plant described with scientific findings, folklore, herbal remedies and recipes; plants in alphabetical order


bob flowerdew the no-work garden

getting the most out of your garden for the least amount of work

Bob flowerdew has designed and maintained dozens of gardens and he reckons its easy to cut back the labour required with some jobs if you do other jobs better. For example, a good mulch properly applied reduces weeding and watering requirements significantly; prompt pruning in summer and winter prevents the spread and build up of pests and diseases, saving much effort later.’ Having designed, constructed and maintained private gardens for 14 years, I totally agree with that. This book contains very useful labour saving ideas.


Brogdale plant portfolio

Brogdale now has 2300 varieties of apple, 550 pear, 350 plums, 220 cherry, 320 varieties of bush fruits, and nuts and vines. Gives list of fruit with good flavour, details of soil analysis service, fruit variety source and description, with fruit tree order form. Thin Booklet

Catalogue produced by Brogdale Horticultural Trust, Brogdale Road, Faversham, Kent. ME13 8XZ

Bugs, slugs & other thugs

Controlling garden pests organically

Very useful essay on organic pest control of bad birds, rodent warriors, big game, friends and neighbours, lowlifes, what bugs you, and acquiring and managing beneficials


Building green

A guide to using plants on roofs, walls and pavements

Guide for architects, landscape designers and developers wishing to take a more ecological approach to urban design. Includes sections on courtyards, balcony gardens, green walls, building for birds and bats, green roofs. Lists of trees for urban situations, plants for containers on balcony or terrace, walls, and extensive green roofs


Classic plant combinations

Photos of classic plant combinations for 1) climbers and wall plants, 2) woodland and water, 3) kitchen gardens, 4) wildflower meadows, 5) cottage borders, and 6) plantsmen's borders


Companion gardening

Using plant companions in the ornamental and productive gardens


Companion planting

how to choose and use plants that thrive together

Plant list deters pests, plant list is host to insects, and plant list controls pests, tables of vegetables/herbs/fruit with good companions and poor companions. List of red/orange/yellow flower plants.


Companion plants and how to use them

Bio-Dynamic method of farming and gardening is based on the mutual influences of living organisms. Contains the companionate alphabet showing what can help plants.

The Devon Adair Company, Old Greenwich, Conn. (USA) 1991

Composting for all

Informs you on everything you need to know for successful home composting or get recycled organic garden compost from Eco-organics site, Cleanaway Ltd, Rainham, Essex on 01708 632 204


Creating a low-allergen garden

Describes allergic reactions to plants. How to design and plant a low-allergen garden with plant lists and good descriptions with colour photo


Creating small habitats for wildlife in your garden

Since intensive farming began in the 1940s, Britain has lost: 95% of its wildflower meadows, 72% of its lowland heaths, 50% of its remaining woodland, 50% of its lowland marshes, tens of 1000s of miles of hedgerows and most country ponds. Creation of woodland, wetland, grassland, rockland and container habitats for wildlife are explained and detailed.


Creating your own back garden nature reserve

Wildlife requires four things from your garden - food, water, shelter and places to breed. The aim of this book is to suggest a few methods, offer a few tips and ignite your enthusiasm and ingenuity for the wildlife you could attract.


Creative gardening for busy people

The educating gardeners section is very important in making sure that you have a thoroughly prepared plan, that the construction is strong enough for the purpose, that the resulting garden will decrease the amount of time required to maintain it rather than increase it. There is a plant directory of the top 100 perennials, 100 shrubs, 12 bulbs, 20 trees, 20 conifers and 50 climbers and wall shrubs. A well thought out book to reduce work load and give you a good garden.


Creative sustainable gardening

Offers advice on techniques for chemical-free gardening from soil conditioning to composting, mulching and creating a home worm farm. Has companion planting charts for vegetables and herbs and quick reference guides to easycare plants for every situation.


Design and plant a mixed border

How to design a mixed border using shape, texture, colour and the seasons with plant lists


English plants for your garden

Profiles of 200 native plants in herbaceous and trees, shrubs and climber sections. Directory of all English native plants with their Latin names with common names


Feeding plants the organic way

A very practical book for the gardener with an average garden, detailing exactly how to make the compost on 10% of your growing area. Then you use it as a mulch. Comfrey, green manures, worm compost, animal manures and straw, shredders, organic fertilizers and soil conditioners with home-made foliar feeds are also explained. A very good practical book for any organic gardener.


Feeding the Soil

Organic gardeners feed their soil, to feed the microscopic bacteria and fungi that have recycled minerals and organic matter into the natural diet of plants ever since life on earth began. Explains use of natural minerals, organic manures, green manures, leafmould and peat, organic fertilisers, foliar feeding and making garden compost. Thin Booklet.


Flower bulbs among the green

Combinations for borders of other perennials with bulbs. Perennial bulb genus data of habitat, soil requirements, moist, application, spreading, flowering months, and planting density table. Thin Booklet

International Flower Bulb Centre (I.F.C.), Parklaan 5, P.O.Box 172, 2180 AD Hillegom, Holland.

Flower of the Moment

Each chapter presents 6-15 plants as the best flowering plants for that month, because of their beauty, hardiness and ease of care as chosen by the Gardener's World production team. In addition there is a monthly calendar of 1000 flowering plants arranged in flower colour order. Very useful in putting together colour combinations in planting design!


Garden Basics Companion Planting

This book is about how plants relate to plants. Contains companion plant tables, companion planting as a cottage garden tradition, crop rotation, green manures, successional planting to achieve a maximum of colour and interest in the garden for as much of the year as possible. A useful "green gardening" book.


Garden for Birds

Plants and garden plans suitable for garden birds with feeding and nest boxes


Garden plants valuable to bees

Good descriptions in tables for - herbaceous, rock garden, herbs, bulbs, annual and biennial, wild garden, climbers, trees and shrubs. Good lists for hayfever sufferers. Thin Booklet


Gardening for butterflies

Lists of plants suitable for butterflies with plant plans for the garden. Thin Booklet


Gardening for fragrance

Essay on fragrant plant associations. Plant description tables - trees with fragrant flowers, trees with aromatic bark, wood or leaves, shrubs with fragrant flowers, shrubs with aromatic foliage, climbers with fragrant flowers, herbaceous plants with fragrant flowers, herbaceous plants with aromatic foliage, annuals and biennials with fragrant flowers, bulbs with fragrant flowers.


Gardening in shade

Good essay on rhododendron woodland with companion plants as well as all the other shade areas


Gardening with dwarf trees and shrubs

Dwarf rhododendrons with their companion plants. Encyclopedias of good descriptions of dwarf deciduous trees and shrubs and another for conifers. This discusses how these dwarf plants can be optimally incorporated into small gardens


Gardening with grasses

Essay on use of grasses in garden. Companion plants for grass borders with lists. Good descriptions of grasses and bamboos with lists


Gardening with old roses

Companion plants for old roses essay. How to use roses in different situations as essay


Gardening with the Enemy. A guide to Rabbit-proof Gardening

Rabbit-proof plants list with description. Thin book

0-9530013 0 X

Go organic

Successful organic gardening in 5 steps: improve your soil, make your own compost, avoid chemicals, choose the right plants and fifthly encourage wildlife. Short concise and very informative


Good planting

Explains the principles of harmonious association of colour shape and texture, discusses the plants that make good neighbours and shows how to put good companions together to create satisfying all-year-round plant pictures.




Site design and content copyright ©December 2006 Chris Garnons-Williams. Page structure amended September 2012. May 2017 Template created May 2017 for all pages.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  


Companion Introduction

Site Map
Franck's Veg Garden
Vegetable Garden
Katie Thear Veg Garden
Riotte Veg Garden
Create Companion Garden

Companion Plant A
Companion Plant B
Companion Plant C
Companion Plant D
Companion Plant E
Companion Plant F
Companion Plant G
Companion Plant H
Companion Plant I
Companion Plant J
Companion Plant K
Companion Plant L
Companion Plant M
Companion Plant N
Companion Plant O
Companion Plant P
Companion Plant Q
Companion Plant R
Companion Plant S
Companion Plant T
Companion Plant UV
Companion Plant W
Companion Plant XYZ

Pest Control

Companion References
Companion Library AG
Companion Library GW

Biodynamics Introduction
Preparation Use
Cropping Sequence



Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines Page for those photo galleries with Photos
(of either ones I have taken myself or others which have been loaned only for use on this website from external sources)


Choose 1 of these different Plant selection Methods:-

1. Choose a plant from 1 of 53 flower colours in the Colour Wheel Gallery.

2. Choose a plant from 1 of 12 flower colours in each month of the year from 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery.

3. Choose a plant from 1 of 6 flower colours per month for each type of plant:-
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Herbaceous Perennial
Odds and Sods
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Wild Flower

4. Choose a plant from its Flower Shape:-
Shape, Form

Flower Shape

5. Choose a plant from its foliage:-

6. There are 6 Plant Selection Levels including Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers in
Plants Topic.


7. When I do not have my own or ones from mail-order nursery photos , then from March 2016, if you want to start from the uppermost design levels through to your choice of cultivated and wildflower plants to change your Plant Selection Process then use the following galleries:-

  • Create and input all plants known by Amateur Gardening inserted into their Sanders' Encyclopaedia from their edition published in 1960 (originally published by them in 1895) into these
    • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery,
    • Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery being the only gallery from these 7 with photos (from Wikimedia Commons) ,
    • Stage 3 - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2
    • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery,
    • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery with
    • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery and
    • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery
    • Unfortunately, if you want to have 100's of choices on selection of plants from 1000's of 1200 pixels wide by up to 16,300 pixels in length webpages, which you can jump to from almost any of the pages in these 7 galleries above, you have to put up with those links to those choices being on
      • the left topic menu table,
      • the header of the middle data table and on
      • the page/index menu table on the right of every page of those galleries.


I like reading and that is shown by the index in my Library, where I provide lists of books to take you between designing, maintaining or building a garden and the hierarchy of books on plants taking you from

There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-




Before reaching for the pesticides, here are a few alternative natural, non-toxic methods of slug control:  

• Watering Schedule - Far and away the best course of action against slugs in your garden is a simple adjustment in the watering schedule. Slugs are most active at night and are most efficient in damp conditions. Avoid watering your garden in the evening if you have a slug problem. Water in the morning - the surface soil will be dry by evening. Studies show this can reduce slug damage by 80%.


• Seaweed - If you have access to seaweed, it's well worth the effort to gather. Seaweed is not only a good soil amendment for the garden, it's a natural repellent for slugs. Mulch with seaweed around the base of plants or perimeter of bed. Pile it on 3" to 4" thick - when it dries it will shrink to just an inch or so deep. Seaweed is salty and slugs avoid salt. Push the seaweed away from plant stems so it's not in direct contact. During hot weather, seaweed will dry and become very rough which also deters the slugs.


• Copper - Small strips of copper can be placed around flower pots or raised beds as obstructions for slugs to crawl over. Cut 2" strips of thin copper and wrap around the lower part of flower pots, like a ribbon. Or set the strips in the soil on edge, making a "fence" for the slugs to climb. Check to make sure no vegetation hangs over the copper which might provide a 'bridge' for the slugs. Copper barriers also work well around wood barrels used as planters.
A non-toxic copper-based metallic mesh Slug Shield is available which can be wrapped around the stem of plants and acts as a barrier to slugs. When slugs come in contact with the mesh they receive an electric-like shock. The mesh also serves as a physical barrier. These slug shields are reusable, long-lasting and weather-proof.


• Diatomaceous Earth - Diatomaceous earth (Also known as "Insect Dust") is the sharp, jagged skeletal remains of microscopic creatures. It lacerates soft-bodied pests, causing them to dehydrate. A powdery granular material, it can be sprinkled around garden beds or individual plants, and can be mixed with water to make a foliar spray.
Diatomaceous earth is less effective when wet, so use during dry weather. Wear protective gear when applying, as it can irritate eyes and lungs. Be sure to buy natural or agricultural grade diatomaceous earth, not pool grade which has smoother edges and is far less effective. Click for more information or to purchase Food Grade Diatomaceous Earth.


• Electronic "slug fence" - An electronic slug fence is a non-toxic, safe method for keeping slugs out of garden or flower beds. The Slugs Away fence is a 24-foot long, 5" ribbon-like barrier that runs off a 9 volt battery. When a slug or snail comes in contact with the fence, it receives a mild static sensation that is undetectable to animals and humans. This does not kill the slug, it cause it to look elsewhere for forage. The battery will power the fence for about 8 months before needing to be replaced. Extension kits are availabe for increased coverage. The electronic fence will repel slugs and snails, but is harmless to people and pets.


• Lava Rock - Like diatomaceous earth, the abrasive surface of lava rock will be avoided by slugs. Lava rock can be used as a barrier around plantings, but should be left mostly above soil level, otherwise dirt or vegetation soon forms a bridge for slugs to cross.

• Salt - If all else fails, go out at night with the salt shaker and a flashlight. Look at the plants which have been getting the most damage and inspect the leaves, including the undersides. Sprinkle a bit of salt on the slug and it will kill it quickly. Not particularly pleasant, but use as a last resort. (Note: some sources caution the use of salt, as it adds a toxic element to the soil. This has not been our experience, especially as very little salt is used.)

• Beer - Slugs are attracted to beer. Set a small amount of beer in a shallow wide jar buried in the soil up to its neck. Slugs will crawl in and drown. Take the jar lid and prop it up with a small stick so rain won't dilute the beer. Leave space for slugs to enter the trap.

• Overturned Flowerpots, Grapefruit Halves, Board on Ground - Overturned flowerpots, with a stone placed under the rim to tilt it up a bit, will attract slugs. Leave overnight, and you'll find the slugs inside in the morning. Grapefruit halves work the same way, with the added advantage of the scent of the fruit as bait.
Another trap method, perhaps the simplest of all, is to set a wide board on the ground by the affected area. Slugs will hide under the board by day. Simply flip the board over during the day to reveal the culprits. Black plastic sheeting also works the same way.


• Garlic-based slug repellents
Laboratory tests at the University of Newcastle-Upon-Tyne (UK) revealed that a highly refined garlic product (ECOguard produced by ECOspray Ltd, a British company that makes organic pesticides) was an effective slug killer. Look for garlic-based slug deterrents which will be emerging under various brand names, as well as ECOguard.

• Coffee grounds; new caffeine-based slug/snail poisons - Coffee grounds scattered on top of the soil will deter slugs. The horticultural side effects of using strong grounds such as espresso on the garden, however, are less certain. When using coffee grounds, moderation is advised.
A study in June 2002 reported in the journal Nature found that slugs and snails are killed when sprayed with a caffeine solution, and that spraying plants with this solution prevents slugs from eating them. The percentage of caffeine required in a spray (1 - 2%) is greater than what is found in a cup of coffee (.05 - 07%), so homemade sprays are not as effective. Look for new commercial sprays which are caffeine-based.

Case Studies

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants Garden Maintenance
Offbeat Glossary
...Poisonous Plants
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data


Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens
A 1, Photos
B 1, Photos
C 1, Photos
D 1, Photos
E 1, Photos
F 1, Photos
G 1, Photos
H 1, Photos
I 1, Photos
J 1, Photos
K 1, Photos
L 1, Photos
M 1, Photos
N 1, Photos
O 1, Photos
P 1, Photos
Q 1, Photos
R 1, Photos
S 1, Photos
T 1, Photos
U 1, Photos
V 1, Photos
W 1, Photos
X 1 Photos
Y 1, Photos
Z 1 Photos
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens
Flower Shape and Plant Use of
Evergreen Perennial
Herbaceous Perennial

...by Flower Shape

...Allium/ Anemone
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr

...P -Herbaceous
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Odds and Sods
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit


Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Wildflower Plants


Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form

you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index


Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-


(o)Adder's Tongue
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels


(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)


(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Rannock Rush
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses


(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Water Fern
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort


It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-


Closed Bud


Opening Bud


Juvenile Flower


Older Juvenile Flower


Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."


Mature Flower


Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower


Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!